Christianism

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Christianity
Founder
• Jesus
of
Nazareth
was
born of a virgin
named
Mary,
who
was
supposed to wed
Joseph,
a
carpenter in a
manger
in
Bethlehem.
• Jesus was raised as a Jew, he obeyed the
laws and learned Hebrew scriptures.
Thus, he was condemned to death due
to His unorthodox teachings, through
the aggressiveness of the Chief Priests
and Pharisees.
History
• Jesus Christ founded the Christianity in
Jerusalem, on Pentecost Day of the year
33 AD, fifty days after His resurrection.
The Holy Spirit came down upon the
followers of Jesus, in the form of wind
and fire, to inspire them to spread their
leader’s teaching and starting to
evangelized the people in the name of
Christ
• The globalization of
Christianity was done
by St. Paul, formerly
known as Saul, who
travelled across the
globe to gives the
message of Christ and
to founded many
churches. Thru, his
efforts
Christianity
become known in the
Roman Empire.
• About 64 AD , Rome was devastated by a terrible fire.
A persistent rumour said that the Emperor Nero did it
to blame the growing number of Christians. So as a
result, Nero persecuted a great number of Christians
may be in the form of burning, crucifixion and
exposure to wild beasts.
• The most terrible persecution of the
Christians was launched under Emperor
Decius in 249 AD and the last was occurred
under Diocletian in 303 AD.
• The
Roman
persecution ended
in 313 AD with
Emperor
Constantine
the
Great through the
Edict of Milan, he
granted permanent
freedom of religion
to the Christians.
• Emperor Constantine
promoted the material
and spiritual welfare
of the church. He is
also considered as the
first Christian Roman
Emperor in the history
but he was baptized
only at his death-bed.
• In 380 AD, Emperor
Theodosius
eliminated
paganism and made
Christianity the only
official religion of
the roman empire.
• The barbarians were North European
populations that began migrating
southward, around the year 400 AD. The
Visigoths were the first Barbarians to
defeat the Roman Army followed by
Huns who invaded and plundered the
Roman Empire with diabolic violence. In
568 AD, the Longbards made bloody
raids throughout the Italy, causing famine
and deadly pestilence.
• The religion of
Islam, was founded
in
Arabia
by
Mohammed in the
year 622 AD.
• Christians in Europe
trembling with fear
to the Muslim
because of their
rapid
growing
number and their
large
conqueredruled territory.
• When the Muslim captured Jerusalem,
Christians with the authority of the pope do
their best to recaptured it by doing the
Crusades. The crusades was called and
organized by Pope Urban II on 1096-1099
• After the death of
Charlemagne in 814,
the
Holy
Roman
Empire fell into ruins.
St. Francis and St.
Dominic repaired the
wakening church by
making the order of
Franciscan
and
Dominicans.
• Hence, there was a
time that the whole
populace
of
Christianity got a
confusion on who
will rule when the
Great
Schism
happened, the ruling
of the 3 popes.
• The vast reformation done in the church
was happened during the construction of
St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome, when Martin
Luther outraged by the practice of selling
indulgences. On October 31, 1517,
Luther posted his famous Ninety-five
Theses on the door of the Wittenberg
Church.
• The
vast
reformation done
in the church was
happened during
the construction of
St. Peter’s Basilica
in Rome, when
Martin
Luther
outraged by the
practice of selling
indulgences.
• On October 31, 1517, Luther posted his
famous Ninety-five Theses on the door of the
Wittenberg
Church
and
he
gets
excommunicated because of that and
repudiated his religious vows and married a
former nun. His followers grew and it was
called Lutheran or Protestant.
• Today Christianity have different modes
of interpreting, following or knowing
Jesus crystalized into hundreds of
churches and denominations.
Sacred Books
• Christian Bible includes the Hebrew Bible
as their Old Testament, and the New
Testament.
• The New Testament is divided into four
parts: the Gospels, the Acts of the
Apostles, the Epistles, and the
Revelation
Place of Worship
Antipolo Cathedral
Religious Organization
Belief System
• The majority of the Christians believe that
there is only one God but he has different
persona: God the Father (Yahweh/El
Shadai/Jehovah), God the Son (Jesus Christ),
and the God the Holy Spirit.
• The Holy Trinity have different roles in
the humanity. It was the God the Father
who created the world, and God the Son
often speaks about Him in the Gospels.
Jesus was sent to save the world from
sin. And the God the Holy Spirit appeared
in the Baptism of Jesus and was also sent
down to the disciples to guide them in
spreading Christianity and guide also the
believers.
• Christian holds that Jesus is the “Son of
God or the incarnation of God”; the
bearer of the gospel; the messiah; the
King of all kings; he resurrected on the
third day of his death and ascended into
the heaven after 40 days, and the way,
the light and the guide to the father.
• Christians agree that without Jesus
Christ, the faith they identify themselves
with would not exist.
• The whole Christian conviction could be
summarized in Jesus’ two great
commandments:
-Love the Lord your God with all your heart
and with all your soul and with all your
mind
-Love your neighbor as you love yourself
• Christians believe in the life after death.
After death, the soul will be judged
according to his deeds in his life in the
world, and either will go to heaven or
hell.
• There is also a belief in Purgatory, where
there is temporary punishment for those
who do not deserve to go either in
Heaven or Hell.
• Most of the Christians believe and also
devoted to Mary, the mother of Christ.
• Christians believed on the fruits of the
sacraments, signs of God’s grace:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Baptism
Eucharist
Confirmation
Reconciliation
Matrimony
Ordination
Anointing
• Saint is referred to a Christian who has
lived a particularly good and holy life on
earth, and with whom miracles are
claimed to have been associated after
their death.
• Prayer is the means by which Christians
communicate with God. The Christians
are encouraged to address their prayer to
the Father and submit it through Jesus
Christ.
Sign & Symbol
The Donkey and Ox
• The donkey and the ox symbolize that the
humblest and least of the animal creation were
present when jesus was born and that they
recognized him as the son of god.
The Bee
• The bee, because of its industrious habits, has
become the symbol of activity, diligence, work,
and good order.
The Dove
• The dove has been the symbol of purity and
peace.
The Fish
• The most frequent use of the fish is as a symbol of
Christ.
The Grasshopper Or Locust
• The grasshopper, or locust, was one of the plagues
visited upon the Egyptians because the pharaoh’s
heart was hardened against the word of the lord.
The Lamb
• The lamb, as a symbol of Christ, is one of the
favorite, and most frequently used, symbols in all
periods of Christian art.
The Apple
• In Latin, the word for apple and the word
for evil, malum, are identical. It is for this
reason that the legend has grown up that
the tree of knowledge in the garden of
Eden, the fruit of which Adam and eve
were forbidden to eat, was an apple tree
(genesis 3:3). The apple may also be
symbolic of Christ, the new Adam, who
took upon himself the burden of man’s
sin.
The Grape
• Bunches of grapes with ears of grain were
some-times used to symbolize the wine and
bread of holy communion. In general, the
grape, like the eucharistic wine, is a symbol of
the blood of Christ.
The Laurel
• The laurel symbolizes triumph, eternity, and
chastity
The Olive
• The olive is a true biblical tree, a tree "full of
fatness" which yields great quantities of oil. Its
rich yield symbolized the providence of god
toward his children. The olive branch has
always been regarded as a symbol of peace.
The Palm
• Among the romans, the palm frond was
traditionally the symbol of victory.
The Reed
• The reed is one of the symbols of the passion,
for, on the cross, Christ was tendered a sponge
soaked in vinegar on the end of a reed. It thus
symbolizes the humiliation of greatness.
The Thorn
• Thorns and thorn branches signify grief,
tribulation, and sin. It is a symbol of
martyrdom
The East
• East, being the direction in which the sunrise
appears, is symbolic of Christ, the sun of the
universe.
Honey
• The purity and sweetness of honey have made
it a symbol of the work of god and the
ministry of christ. Paradise, the reward of the
faithful in their labors for christ, is known as
"the land of milk and honey."
Oil
• Oil is the symbol of the grace of god. It is used
in the church in the sacraments of baptism,
confirmation, ordination, and union.
Smoke
• Symbolically, it is a reminder of the shortness of
this life and the futility of seeking earthy glory. The
anger and wrath of god were of times indicated by
smoke.
The Star
• The star, lighting the darkness of the heavens at
night, is a symbol of divine guidance or favor. The
star of the east, often seen in pictures of the magi,
was the star that guided the wise men to
Bethlehem and stood in the sky over the manger
where Christ was born.
Water
• Water is a symbol of cleansing and purifying.
Wings
• Wings are the symbol of divine mission. That
is why the angels, archangels, seraphim, and
cherubim are painted with wings.
Blood
• By its very nature, blood is the symbol of life
and of the human soul. Red, the color of
blood, has become the common attribute of
all those martyrs who died rather than deny
Christ.
I H S, I H C
• These letters are the first three letters OF IHSUS,
or IHCUC, the name of Jesus in Greek. The S and
the C are variant forms in the Greek alphabet.
This refers to the legend that Constantine, on the
eve of battle and before his conversion, had a
vision. In this vision he beheld a banner on which
these words were inscribed: "In Hoc Signo
Vinces" (in this sign you will conquer). After
victory in the battle, he is said to have embraced
the Christian religion. Furthermore, these letters
are sometimes misinterpreted as being an
abbreviation of the Latin phrase, "Iesus Hominum
Salvator" (Jesus Savior of Men).
The Foot
• The human foot, because it touches the dust of
the earth, is used to symbolize humility and
willing servitude.
Bells
• Bells in church towers and spires summon the
faithful to worship.
The Censer
• A censer is the vessel in which incense is burned.
It is cup-shaped, with a pierced cover, and is
suspended by chains. In Christian symbolism, the
smoke of the incense symbolizes the prayers of
the faithful ascending to heaven.
INRI
• These represent the first four letters of the Latin
words, “Jesus Nazarenus Rex Judaeorum,”
meaning “Jesus of Nazareth, king of the Jews.”
XP
• Xp: the two Greek letters Chi and Rho, which
most frequently appear in a monogram, are the
first two letters of the Greek word for Christ. The
combination of these two letters readily gives the
form of a cross. Furthermore, as rho resembles
“p” and chi is similar to “x” , the monogram could
be read as the Latin word pax, meaning peace.
The Cross
• The cross is one of the oldest and most universal
of all symbols. It is, of course, the perfect symbol
of Christ because of his sacrifice upon the cross.
In a broader sense, however, the cross has
become the mark or sign of the Christian religion,
the emblem of atonement, and the symbol of
salvation and redemption through Christianity.
The Chalice
• A chalice is the cup from which the consecrated
wine and water of the Eucharist are partaken at
holy communion. It refers to the last supper and
the sacrifice of Christ upon the cross, thus, the
chalice is a symbol of the Christian faith
Clothing & Accessories
Ceremony/Ritual/Festival
All Saints Day
Is a holiday honoring
all Christian saints. In
Western Christianity,
All Saints' Day begins
at
sundown
on
October
31
(Halloween)
and
finishes at sundown
on November 1 (All
Saints' Day).
Advent
The season of
Advent (adventus,
"coming") marks
the beginning of
the church year
and the approach
of Christmas.
Christmas
Is the celebration of the birth of Jesus. The
English word "Christmas" derives from the old
English Christes maesse, or "Christ's mass."
Boxing Day
Celebrated in Great Britain, Canada, Australia
and New Zealand, this was when servants and
the poor were traditionally given gifts.
Epiphany
The celebration of
Epiphany (epiphaneia,
"manifestation") recalls
the visit of the Magi,
symbolizing
Christ's
manifestation
to
Gentiles.
Lent
Lent is a 40-day period of fasting and repentance in
preparation for Easter.
Ash Wednesday
The first day of Lent, a period of fasting that
leads up to Easter. Its central ritual is placing of
ashes on the forehead.
Palm Sunday
Palm Sunday is the sixth Sunday of Lent and the
last Sunday before Easter. It commemorates the
triumphal entry of Jesus into Jerusalem.
Good Friday
Good Friday is the
Friday before Easter
Sunday. It is a solemn
holiday
commemorating the
crucifixion of Jesus
Christ.
Easter/Lord's Day
(Sunday)
Easter is the spring festival
that
celebrates
the
resurrection of Christ. It is
the
oldest
Christian
holiday and the most
important day of the
church
year.
In
Christianity, the day of the
week devoted to rest and
worship is Sunday, or the
"Lord's Day."
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