Trends from the old English word; Tredan meaning to revolve or rotate. referred to as a common course of interest that is happening, changing or developing in a certain area that requires a clear understanding on its implication. The people should not only know the latest or newest occurrences of trends but of course they must have the capacity and ability to predict or decipher what is going to transpire or happen in the near future. Fads A form of collective interest which characterizes popularity and familiarity by general public within a certain culture, locale or area and monitored actively by a group of individuals for a brief or short period of time. Trends Serves for a period of time Fads long A definite period or undertaking More or less permanent that give precise continuation of interest Temporary nature that subject modification preference considered momentarily in is for of or as Trends Fads Greatly influence, affect Influencing and contribute to the individuals fade general market rapidly since it does not place a great influences to the potentials individual Apply to a large group To a certain cluster or of people lesser group of individuals interests. Trend Analysis A general practice of gathering information Identifying a pattern or design in relation to the information A helpful tool for the country’s development because it can predict the chances of garnering profits and revenue. Social Trends Emanating from the social and cultural standards that is being practiced and observed. Ex. language technology norms arts values fashion social concerns and issues Economic Trends Raise economic development in moving country’s financial stability and necessity and provides the mechanism and models for the increase wants and needs of the general public. Ex. main goods cellular phones gadgets services computers stocks Political Trends Deals with the events that is imparted to the political phase of the nation. It includes those government activities and public affairs of the society. Ex. election declaration of war proclamation of martial law A Trend must be new; it requires novelty or improvement of the product or process A Trend must be appreciated and accepted by numerous individuals; beneficial to all A Trend must be socially and industrially relevant; available and appropriate to the general market A Trend must be realistic without discrimination or diversities. Trend is learned We acquire and adopt trend based from the inviting and irresistible influences in the society. Trend is collective It is disseminated to person for general application and it is available and shared by everyone. Trend is based on influence Once influence come into play it greatly affects the respondent’s free will, vitiates consent or even direct decision making in a certain degree. Trend is incorporated The cycle of trends may relate to what happened, happening and what happen in the future. Trends susceptible for repetition improvement depending upon demands of its clientele. will are and the Trend is active It is subject to stages of development. It gives the presumption of progress and evolution of every country. Change of Preference Also called as; preference shifting of trends. The choice of trend may vary from the different perspective of individual depending on the demands of the general public. Ex. fashion Damaged Trend Sequence Once trend has risen up, it will definitely at certain point in time that allows it to either fall, break or stop until such trend is again utilized in the future. Ex. turumpo pogs gagamba texts Diminishing Utilization It explain that continuous utilization of a specific trend from time to time without an alternative or substitution will result to discontinuity or stoppage of patronage. Price Dropping The value of the trend being offered to general public typically goes down with in its normal or usual price What is the significance of understanding and knowing the recent or latest trends? Local Network It entails relationships and connections of individuals proper linkages of communications within a prescribe society or community. Ideas, suggestions and proposals emanating from different local sources are transferred to common terminal that produces great result and outputs. Strategic Analysis It involves a process that prescribes a flawless understanding on the strong points that can be utilized, the problem or issues that need to be addressed, the available and projectile careers and the threats. A.k.a. SWOT analysis SWOT Analysis refers to a definite protocol and observance undertaken by the administration of an organization to determine and examine the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats being affected by the organization. commonly used for strategic planning to maintain stability and sustainability. Strengths Positive attributes that empower the organization in attaining development. Shows why organization manage to stand despite the difficulties, complications and unending challenges. Weaknesses Refers to those factors that immobilize and affect the quality performance of an organization. An area that requires attention to prevent serious loss or injury that may result to financial reverses or distress or worst Opportunities Describe the possible occasions and chances that leads to the advancement of organization. This is categorized as the perfect time or good chance in order to progress in all aspects and for the advancement of the organization. Threats The reasons behind the downfall of the organization. Refers to the misfortunes, unforseeable events, trials, problem, danger or likes that are considered potential distractors or can hamper the success and development of an organization. • Good leadership skills and trainings. • Experienced and well trained employees • Competitive organization with strong profits S • Creation of new stores • Increased in production and services offered • Adaptation of new technology O W T • Lack financial packages to employees • Obsolete machineries, tools and equipment • Employees are not well compensated • None observance of proper safety protocols • Insurgencies and rebellion in the area • Fortuitous events, contingencies and calamities • Withdrawal of employees • Shifting of consumers preference Intuitive Thinking Analytical Thinking Absence of time to rationalize Disoriented solutions Presence of time to think Abstract production Concrete output Initial response Best option Unfocused Focuses on the real issue Heart centered Brain centered Immediate response Conceptualize action Organized goals Global Network Involves resources in a wide-range perspective of presentations that implies to all linkages and connections relating to the development of a country Bonds and ties accumulated by a country to establish and maintain good and friendly relationship among states Globalization Refers to the phenomenological transformation of organizations that provides technological advancement, innovation and development in the social, political, economical and cultural areas of a society in relation to a good and suitable international relationship and foreign policy. Globalization Cultural Social Political Economical Labor and Employment Generally opens bigger employment opportunities not only local but also international occasions to enhance chances of nations growth and development Migration The movement or transfer of potential individuals to a prospect state. Stability and Sustainability Stability alone without sustainability will not be enough or sufficient to support the growing needs and wants of the general public. Capitalization and Industry globalization it gave rise to the numerous emergence of infrastructures and potential careers on small, medium, and large enterprise thru promoting tourism and strengthening foreign trade Innovation and Technology The proper arrangements of new technology creates an atmosphere of success to developing countries. PROBLEM SOLUTION Climate Change it encompasses all classes of change and development in the earth’s climate and environment as well as it gradual transformation and distribution of different weather conditions for a considerable length of time. Environment defined as the atmospheric condition, place, or location suitable for the inhabitant’s evolution, transformation and environmental development; a definite area where humanity lives purposely Some Causes of Climate Change A. Burning of Fossil Fuel refers to the remains of plants and animals that are transformed to fuel oils, gases hydrocarbons, and coals B. Deforestation conversion of land use from forest to industrial land and illegal cutting/logging of trees. C. Increase of Population the continuing increase in population growth is a big factor giving due course to the presence of global warming. D. Volcanic Eruptions the outburst eruptions of volcanoes releasing vast chemical gases traversed the air and atmosphere Some Effects of Climate Change Increased of sea level due to melting of ice deposits Presence of severe typhoons Heavy rains/ Heavy flood Economic reverses and distress Depletion of natural resources and reserves El Niño/ La Niña Wild fires and forest fires Heat waves Sickness/Diseases/Death Some Undertakings to Prevent and Minimize Climate Change A. Self- Awareness and Involving Oneself Being educated and consciously aware of the emerging problem of climate change and it is effect to our environment should also require to act and support a campaign that focuses on ways to save our planet. B. Energy Conservation Basic examples includes utilization of light LED instead of using ordinary and less economical light bulbs, unplug electronic gadgets and equipment that are not in use. C. The 3R’s of Preservation: Reduce Process of delimitating the number of material used or to consumption. Reuse Process of finding a ways to use again the material or re-purposing things Recycle Process of generating, making, forming, producing, and creating a new product out of the old material D. Utilization of Ecofriendly Materials E. Reforestation/ Plant more Trees F. Proper Discipline and Attitude G. Uphold and Observe the laws and regulations H. Creating, and establishing more environmental groups, association and affliations Composition of Climate Change A. Carbon Dioxide (CO2) an essential compound needed by the earth sustenance but too much production will result to detrimental of green house gases. B. Methane (CH4) a natural gas and denoted as the main component of fossil fuel C. Nitrous Oxide (N2O) recalled as buoyant gas that manages adverse effect to earth surfaces and AKA the destructive force towards the ozone layer D. Hydrofluorocarbons(HFCs) a biochemicals that produces antagonistic effect to the earth; an elements of fluorine, hydrogen, and carbon atoms. E. Perfluorocarbons (PCFs) transparent and unscented chemicals which bears a strong life sustenance. An example of which are those primary used as lubricants and refrigerants and used in making plastics F. Sulfur Hexafluoride (SF6) an inorganic chemical that is widely used in the electrical utility consumed as insulator but it also being released from volcanic eruption Greenhouse Effect mentions the environmental occurrences by which the radiation coming from the sun is being trapped in the earth surface preventing it from escaping in the atmosphere. Political Science Derived from the two Greek words, polis which means city or state and scire which means to know or to study. Defined as the branch of social sciences that deals with the study of the forms, kinds, branches, functions, and structures of politics and government. Areas of Political Science A. International Law - refers to the body of laws created, maintained, and recognized between and among nations. B. Public Law - is concerned with the laws concerning individuals and the government and their direct relation to the society and its laws. C. Private Law - undermines the relationship between and among the individuals living within the state of country. D. Politics - understanding of the different activities, behavoir, ideologies, policies and procedures governing the state. E. Public Administration - is concerned with the organization of the government, policies, budget, agencies and departments for the implementation of government policies and programs. F. Political Philosophy or Political Theories - understanding and focuses on the ideas given by the philosopher across time and space. Types of Government A. De Jure Governance - refers to those governments which survives both in fact and in accordance with law; legally formed and recognized in accordance with the applicable laws. B. De Facto Governance - state that those governments survives in fact but not in harmony with the law. Government that is formed and organized not in accordance with law and is not recognized and accepted by the enabling laws and general public. Branches of the Government A. Legislative Department - consists of two houses; the upper house and the lower house. upper house- compose of the senators and headed by the senate president lower housecompose of the congressman and party-list representative and headed by the speaker of the house/ house speaker. - Primary function of this is to create or make laws. B. Executive Department - headed by the president as the chief executive and the commander in chief of the armed forces and supported by his trusted cabinet members. - the primary function is to implement and execute laws created by the legislature. C. Judicial Department - composed of the Supreme Court justices and judges of lower courts. - the primary function is to interpret and construe the laws, to decide whether a law is constitutional or not. - in order for the laws to be legal and valid it shall not be contrary to laws, morals, good customs, public health and public safety. Powers of the Government A. Police Power - power of the state to restrict personal and property rights for the promotion of the general welfare. B. Eminent Domain - power of the government to acquire private property for the purpose of the utilization of general public and payment of just compensation C. Taxation Power - deals with the mandatory or compulsary involvement of individual in order to support and meet the government expenses. - categorized into a direct or indirect taxes Elements of the State A. Territory - definite location where the people live - categorized in to aerial, fluvial, and terrestrial territory. B. Government - understood and referred to as the legitimate authority running or controlling the state. C. People - refers to humanity and mankind living and occupying a given place or location. D. Sovereignty - refers to being independent of one’s country or state to controlling their territory and people. Freedom from the denomination of others country. Democracy - That provides equal rights and opportunities to its habitants - Has proven its reign as the hope for masses since the voice of the majority is clearly and loudly heard by the sovereign leaders of the society. - Philippines is not limited or concentrated on the implementation but rather the “right discipline” in a democratic country. Types of Democracy A. Direct or Absolute Democracy - characterizes the absolute or supreme power is administered by the people themselves. The authority is emanating from the general population. B. Indirect or Representative Democracy - signifies a reservation on the part of the electorate in favor of their chosen and designated officials to adhere on the principles and mandates of democracy. - the representative will act for and in behalf of the general democratic country. Some Factors Affecting Democracy - I. Discrimination - Defeating the ideas and principle of being just, fair, rational and reasonable. - It explains the improper imposition of equal treatment and practice in handling persons where the latter is supposed to be treated alike. Some Factors Affecting Democracy - II. Political Marginalization/Crisis - The political atmosphere of every country no matter how establish and resilient will not. Reasons of Political Crisis and Distress A. Ineffective/ Bad Governance. B. Lack of Discipline and love in their own respective country. C. Improper Implementation of laws, customs, good morals, good customs rules and regulations. D. Blatant abuse of power and authority of officials. E. Economic Distress and reverses through improper management and administration. Meaning and Impression - As the mode or process of incorporating the necessary elements and medium of information, communication and technology together. - It all compasses all kinds of technologies and intermediaries required to deliver suitable information and communication - The presence of global innovation competition allows neighboring countries to enhance their research materials, designs and models that can produce fresh and inventive item to cater variety demands of marketplace readily available to serve the public enterprise. - Used to convey, transfer, deliver, manipulate, and store data by the use of electronic means. - Used to manage telecommunications, social media, networking systems, transmission and transistor mechanism, basic network control, monitoring positions and functions. - Used for teleconferencing, videoconferencing and alternative technological learning. A. Technology as an object - It deals with the objects we used to provide solutions on our task. - Pertains to any human creations or masterpiece of technology - A.k.a Objet d’art or Artifact B. Technology as knowledge - make use of the solicitation of “formal knowledge”. - Aids and supports the spread and C. Technology as process - Deals with the proper procedures, steps and protocols on related activities applying technical knowledge and capability D. Technology as a preference, choice, will or volition - The will captive sufficient knowledge necessary to overcome technological crisis on the physical world and to design new product, processes and systems. A. Technology for advance learning - The use of technology makes it possible for learning to advance in terms of application. - Interactive websites are accessible everywhere. - The students can easily cope with innovation and easily learn the new technology. B. Technology for collaboration - The active collaboration of human resources and technology deliver greater advantage. Having technology gives a positive result, efficiency and production C. Building linkages, connections and relations - Technology provides access to numerous information and improving communications. - Enable us to stay in contact C. Building linkages, connections and relations - Technology provides access to numerous information and improving communications. - Enable us to stay in contact D. Channeling Workplace - It enhance employment related concerns, employees can now work from virtual offices and communicate with businesses and individuals across the globe E. Increased careers in technology - In every institution, corporation, business or establishment, an IT specialist and its services are being demanded all over the world F. Technology for easier and convenience of life - It provides solution to ending human demands and needs. And also to improve the quality of persons life A. Technological dependency or enslaves - Too much usage of information technology bears a psychological influence on technical dependence B. Addiction and obsession - Spending extensive time in technology is unpleasant habit that destroys your well being and career C. Subject to harassment - Unwarranted exposure to internet websites gives the chance to be subject of harassment and cyber bullying eliciting and violating the right to privacy of individuals. D. Social isolation and loneliness - The judgmental community and discriminatory practices of society aggravates social isolation, so they used to choose to expose and be hooked into the virtual world of technology E. Employment flux - The shift to technology utilization rather than human workforce resulting to the loss of employment, retrenchment and recall F. Unhealthy lifestyle - Because of technology the usual routine, habits, way of living and preference of individual may change - In everyday living, we depend to use technology, either at home, at school, at business or like - At home, we used appliances and devices to help us in chores and make our living more convenient and efficient. - At school, we used technology to aid the educative process, to easily gasps the lesson and to easily deliver it well and effectively. - At business, in order to save time and money, many investors opt to choose the use of labor saving devices and machineries than to elect human forces. - At environment, we can easily gasps the weather forecast and to become aware to the possible natural phenomena might been happen. Neural Networks - Refers to a procedural concepts that is transmitted from one point to another thereby developing a systematic approach acting like the human brain. - Operates together with the connecting link and chain of information Inputs Generating Output Social Network - Refers to a wide-range of activities where individuals, associations, groups and affiliates connect and associate themselves for socialization and interaction - Serves as a prevailing link in connecting people from distant places Social Media - Defined as a medium use to transfer knowledge and share information through the application of websites, internet protocols, networks and connections. Earlier Social Media 1979- Tom Truscott and Jim Ellis devised a model called “UseNet Systems”. • It caters and permits posting of articles and scholarly works. Early 80’s- the Bulletin Board System and CompuServe both comes into play offering and dealing Inter-modern Social Media Six Degrees first used the ideas of adding and making friends; it helps the creation and advancement of technology in field of social media. Introduction of world of gamers The intellectual expertise of ICT and website developer makes the world innovate vastly and coping with the present world. Ex. Friendster Present Social Media social media portrays a dynamic role in terms of efficient communications, holding relationship and reinforcing distances. Social media is embraced by majority since there is novelty, creativeness and satisfaction Ex. but not limited to: Instagram Multiply Facebook Twitter Tumblr Future Social Media refers to those media that are still in the planning and organizing stage, about to be completed, or momentarily manufactured and hoping to be finally out for the market. It is a key factor in attaining sustainable development. It maintains good condition and building relationships in terms of communication and technology. Social media can be relatively associate to computers evolving every quarter Social media greatly influences and affects our decision perspective and process Sufficient knowledge is acquired through the use of social media and best applied in real life.