stages of development, freud vs erikson

Birth to 1 year
1-3 years
3-6 years
7-11 years
Freud's Stages of Psychosexual Development
Erikson's Stages of Psychosocial
Oral Stage
Trust vs Mistrust
A child's primary source of pleasure is through the
mouth, via sucking, eating and tasting.
Children learn to either trust or mistrust
their caregivers.
Anal Stage
Autonomy vs. Doubt
Children gain a sense of mastery and competence by
controlling bladder and bowel movements.
Children develop self-sufficiency by
controlling activities such as eating, toilet
training and talking.
Phallic Stage
Initiative vs. Guilt
The libido's energy is focused on the genitals. Children
begin to identify with their same-sex parent.
Children begin to take more control over
their environment.
Latent Period
Industry vs Inferiority
The libido's energy is suppressed and children are
focused on other activities such as school, friends and
Children develop a sense of competence by
mastering new skills.
Genital Stage
Children begin to explore romantic relationships.
According to Freud, the genital stage lasts throughout
adulthood. He believed the goal is to develop a balance
between all areas of life.
Identity vs Role Confusion
Children develop a personal identify and
sense of self.
Intimacy vs Isolation
Young adults seek out romantic love and
Generativity vs Stagnation
Middle-aged adults nurture others and
contribute to society.
Integrity vs Despair
Older adults reflect on their lives, looking
back with a sense of fulfillment or
Neither of these seems very good, because it doesn't seem to concentrate on the actual
development of the child's brain or body. It concentrates on sexuality, which is a small part of
life until puberty from the kids. Although of course there's interest at an early age. And that's
And Erickson concentrates on overall tasks, which is an improvement, but again fails to look at
what's happening in the developing organism.
That's what I find problematic about all these series. They seem nonsensical to me because don't
take into account of the aspects of development that center about the body, brain etc. Any
psychology needs to take that into account. I like Jung's theory because it doesn't even bother
with development. It starts at a point where that has already occurred.
Melanie Klein also bothers me because, again, it's about psychic conflict rather then looking at
the whole picture.
At least I'm starting to understand what's bothering me about this stuff. Maybe I can find good
simple books that I can read that will help me with it.
I think that Jungian work is fine for something very specific. I'm not sure it's fine as a general
purpose therapy.
This may be part of the problem I'm having. I think that some things have gotten mixed up in
this theory. I think Jung was really about mid-life and spirituality, for someone with a strong ego,
meeting your demons alone and overcoming them, not about solving problems in general. He's
for people who really want to become self-realized. I'm not sure this is a good technique for a
24-year-old who needs friends and has obsessions.
I think I need to shut up and learn the technique, and hold in abeyance some of these questions.
I wish, however, I had a supervisor of whom I could ask these things. It feels like they're all
brainwashed, have drunk the Kool-Aid, are groupies, and can't look at these questions in an
unbiased way. I would like someone to talk to who isn't like that. I wonder if Ken would talk to
me honestly, or if he's even considered these questions?
At least this helps me understand and conceptualize what my difficulties are. That in itself helps.
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