Review HW

Name ______________________________________
TOPIC #1: Important Legislation
 Match each law / act with its correct description on the right.
Missouri Compromise _____
A. All states above the 36, 30 line were declared
free states. All states south of this line were
declared slave states.
Kansas-Nebraska Act _____
B. Land west of Missouri would be divided in half.
Both territories would use popular sovereignty to
determine whether states would be free or slave.
Compromise of 1850 _____
C. Runaway slaves are property and must be
returned to their owner. Helping runaway slaves or
refusing to assist in the capture of runaway slaves
will result in fines and possible jail time.
Fugitive Slave Act _____
D. California added as a free state. New Mexico and
Utah would use popular sovereignty to determine
whether each state would be free or slave.
1. Which of the following pieces of legislation were northern states most furious with?
A. Missouri Compromise
B. Kansas – Nebraska Act
C. Compromise of 1850
 Why were northerners particularly upset with this piece of legislation?
Why was this issue so important to people living in the north and south? Why were these laws,
acts, and compromises needed? (HINT: Think BALANCE!)
Name ______________________________________
TOPIC #2: Key Terms
Define the following terms in your own words.
Emancipation –
Abolitionist movement –
Popular sovereignty –
Secede –
Compromise –
TOPIC #3: The Election of 1860
What president was elected in 1860? _____________________________
 This candidate was supported by the ______________________ states.
 This candidate was hated and despised by the _______________________ states.
How did the Republican Party wish to handle slavery? Did they want to destroy it? Explain.
What did southerners think about Abraham Lincoln? Why were they afraid of Lincoln being
President? _______________________________________________________________________
Name ______________________________________
TOPIC #4: Important Abolitionists
1. Frederick Douglass _____
2. Harriet Beecher Stowe _____
3. Solomon Northup _____
A. Was born a free black man in the state of New
York. Was illegally captured and sold into slavery.
Later wrote a memoir called 12 Years a Slave,
which recounted his horrific experiences during
B. Author of the famous best selling novel, Uncle
Tom’s Cabin.
C. Born into slavery in Maryland. Was able to
teach himself how to read and write. Eventually
escaped to the north and purchased his own
freedom. Became the leading voice and mind of
the abolitionist movement.
TOPIC #5: The Civil War
Explain the importance / impact of each item listed below.
The minie ball
The railroad
The telegraph
Industrial production
Medical knowledge
Name ______________________________________
Match each battle with its correct description.
1. Gettysburg _____
2. Bull Run _____
3. Antietam _____
4. Shiloh _____
5. Vicksburg _____
A. Fought in Sharpsburg, Maryland, this included
the bloodiest day of battle with more than 22,000
casualties. The battle ended in a draw, which gave
Lincoln the chance he needed to issue the
Emancipation Proclamation.
B. This battle is considered the most important
engagement of the Civil War. Confederate general
Robert E. Lee invaded Pennsylvania. He ordered a
daring attack known as “Pickett’s Charge” into the
center of the Union lines. Union soldiers held their
position and the Confederates suffered massive
casualties. This decisive victory for the north
turned the tide of the Civil War in favor of the
C. In this battle, Union general Ulysses S. Grant
executed a siege on a Confederate fort located
along the Mississippi river. After six weeks, the
Confederates surrendered. This victory was
important because it allowed the Union to gain
control of the Mississippi River.
D. Fought in southwestern Tennessee, the
Confederates pulled off a surprise attack on the
Union army. But the Union was still able to come
away victorious. More than 23,000 troops were
killed. The level of violence shocked both the
north and south.
E. Fought outside Washington D.C. This was the
first major battle of the Civil War. The Union
anticipated an easy victory, and civilians even
watched the battle as spectators. However, it was
the Confederacy that gained a decisive victory.
The Union quickly learned that the Civil War
would not be an easy road.
Name ______________________________________
There will be a two-paragraph open-response question on your exam tomorrow. Be prepared to
list and explain the advantages of the Union and Confederacy at the start of the war. Make sure
that you can also explain why the North was able to defeat the Confederacy in the Civil War.
Complete the chart below to brainstorm and prepare for the open-response question.
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