American Revolution Test Fill in the blank: Use the word bank to fill in correct answers for each sentence. 1) Colonists who were in favor of independence called themselves _________________. 2) ____________________ was the British military governor of Massachusetts and a general in the war. 3) Although he is best known as the author of the Declaration of Independence, __________________ was also the third U.S. President. 4) __________________ is also known as the “Father of our Country.” He served as the commanding general of the Continental Army and the first president of the United States. 5) Leading men of the 13 colonies were selected to become part of the ______________________, an organization formed to coordinate action against Great Britain. 6) The _________________ officially ended the war. It was signed by 3 American negotiators on September 3rd, 1781, and recognized the United States of America as an independent nation. 7) The _________________ was one of the first outrageous acts imposed on the colonists. It taxed items, such as molasses and sugar, imported into the colonies. This act had the greatest impact on colonial merchants. 8) Sam Adam’s friend, _____________________, is legendary for his very important journey from Boston to Concord to warn the minutemen that the Regulars were coming to destroy their artillery house. 9) Although Gen. Cornwallis defeated Gen. Greene at the Battle of ________________, the battle severely weakened his forces which led to an ultimate loss at Yorktown, Virginia. 10) On March 5th, 1770, a riot broke out between a patriot mob and British soldiers in front of the Customs House in Boston. The Sons of Liberty later dubbed this event the __________________. 11) The ruler of Great Britain during the American Revolution was ________________. 12) Colonists who remained true to Great Britain were called _________________. 13) ________________ was the commanding officer of the British Army during the war and surrendered to Gen. Washington at the Battle of Yorktown. 14) _________________ are people designated to represent colonies or regions; they serve as members of the Congress. 15) __________________ served as Washington’s vice president and became the second President of the United States. 16) The ___________________ took place on December 16th, 1773, when a group of radical patriots seized 342 chests of tea in a midnight raid on three tea ships and threw them into the harbor. Word Bank Sugar Act George Washington Boston Tea Party Boston Massacre Delegates Lord Charles Cornwallis Thomas Gage King George III Paul Revere Loyalists John Adams Committee of Correspondence Treaty of Paris Guilford Courthouse Thomas Jefferson Patriots Multiple Choice: Select the correct answer 17) On September 17th, 1787, delegates came together in Philadelphia to sign this document, which created the laws and rights of citizens of the United States. A) B) C) D) Magna Carta Declaration of Independence U.S. Constitution Articles of Confederation 18) The locations of the very first battles of the Revolutionary War, which took place on April 18th, 1775, when U.S. militia tried to stop the British from advancing to destroy colonists’ ammunition. A) B) C) D) Lexington and Concord Yorktown Saratoga Guilford Courthouse 19) The Sugar Act was created as a method of replacing the money Great Britain spent in this event. A) Revolutionary War B) French and Indian War C) War of 1812 D) The Civil War 20) This was the cousin of John Adams, and was well-known in Boston as a patriotic member of the Sons of Liberty, was a delegate to the Continental Congress and a signer of the Declaration of Independence. A) B) C) D) Nanthial Green Alexander Hamilton Samuel Adams Joe Adams 21) On October 19th, 1781, General. Cornwallis and his troops surrendered to Gen. Washington after the final battle of the American Revolution, which was this battle. A) B) C) D) Battle of Bunker Hill Battle of Saratoga Battle of Yorktown Battle of New York 22) This act was created after the Stamp Act. It imposed taxes on glass, paint, oil, lead, paper, and tea in the 13 colonies. A) B) C) D) Townshend Acts Navigation Acts Tax Act Colonies Act 23) This was one of the first battles of the war. Although the British technically won this battle, American troops felt successful because of the unexpectedly large number of British casualties. A) B) C) D) Battle of Yorktown Battle of Fallen Timbers Battle of Saratoga Battle of Bunker Hill 24) These were the acts that followed the Boston Tea Party, which was created to punish the colonies for their rebellious behaviour. A) B) C) D) Intolerable Acts Sugar Acts Navigation Acts Retribution Acts 25) George Washington gave this person responsibility for leading the Continental Army of the South. He fought British troops at the Battles of Guilford Courthouse and Eutaw Springs. A) B) C) D) Patrick Henry Nathaniel Greene Nathan Hale Thomas Gage 26) This was the name for a radical group of Patriots and fought for freedom from England in Boston. A) B) C) D) New England Patriots The Eagles Sons of Liberty The Black Bears 27) This was established under the command of George Washington once the war began. A) B) C) D) Continental Army Continental Congress Articles of Confederation Treasury Department 28) In September of 1774, delegates from 12 of the 13 colonies came together in Philadelphia and formed this group. The congress drafted a declaration of colonial rights, which were ignored by Great Britain. A) B) C) D) Stamp Act Congress Colonial Unity Congress Continental Congress The Emergency Congress Place the events in chronological order 29) 30) 31) 32) 33) 34) 35) 36) 37) Declaration of Independence Battle of Lexington and Concord Treaty of Paris Battle of Yorktown Battle of Saratoga French and Indian War The Intolerable Acts Boston Massacre Ticonderoga Match the quote with the person that said the quote. 38) Patrick Henry _____ 39) Nathan Hale ______ 40) U.S. Commander at the Battle of Bunker Hill _____ 41) Thomas Paine _____ A) “Small islands not capable of protecting themselves are the proper objects for kingdoms to take under their care; but there is something very absurd in supposing a continent to be perpetually governed by an island.” B) “Don’t shoot until you see the whites of their eyes.” C) “I only regret that I have but one life to lose for my country.” D) “Give me liberty, or give me death!” Short Answer Questions: Answer each question using at least four sentences 42) Explain the significance of the Battle of Saratoga on the outcome of the American Revolution. 43) Explain the importance of the pamphlet Common Sense on the sparking of the American Revolution. 44) What happened at the Battles of Lexington and Concord and what effect did they have on the American Revolution? 45) Who were Daniel Morgan and Nathaniel Green and what were their contributions during the American Revolution?