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DC Test Theory
DC Parametric Test Items
{Test done by precision measure unit
(PMU)
{IDD Leakage
{Input parameters: VIH, VIL, IIH, IIL
{Output parameters: VOH, VOL, IOH,
IOL
{Power consumption test: Static, Gross,
& Dynamic Idd
Open/Short Test
Vdd=0
PMU
force
-100uA
GT –0.2 V
force
Pass
-0.65 V
Measure
Procedure
Fail Short
-100uA
LT –1.5 V
sense
Vss=0
•Ground all pins ( including VDD)
•Using PMU force –100 uA, one pin at a time
•Measure voltage
•Fail open test if the voltage is less than –1.5 V
•Fail short test if the voltage is greater than –0.2 V
Fail Open
Open/Short Test Q & A
z Why does device have 2 diodes?
z Why we test only GND side diode usually?
z Why we use FIMV mode to test O/S normally?
z Why we test O/S before any other test items?
z When you setup a tester, you find a specific
DUT which fail at open. How can you find out the
root cause?
z When you setup a tester, you find a specific
DUT which fail at short. How can you find out the
root cause?
Input Leakage Low Test (IIL)
VDDmax
PMU
force
0V
IIL
force
VLSI
0mA
Measure
Procedure
PEs force logic 1
On all input pins
sense
•Apply VDDmax
•Pre-condition all input pins to logic ‘1’ with PE
•Using PMU force Ground to individual pin
•Wait for 1 to 5 msec
•Measure current
•Fail IIL test if the current is less than –10 uA
Vss=0
Pass
LT –10uA
Fail IIL
Input Leakage High Test (IIH)
VDDmax
PMU
force
5.25V
force
VLSI
0.00mA
Measure
Procedure
sense
PEs force logic 0
On all input pins
IIH
•Apply VDDmax
•Pre-condition all input pins to logic ‘0’ with PE
•Using PMU force VDDMAX to individual pin
•Wait for 1 to 5 msec
•Measure current
•Fail IIH test if the current is greater than +10 uA
Vss=0
GT 10uA
Fail IIH
Pass
Output Voltage Test (Voh/Ioh)
VDDmax
PMU
force
-5.2mA
IOH
force
VLSI
4.3V
Measure
Procedure
sense
•Apply VDDmax
•Pre-condition all output pins to logic ‘1’
•Using PMU force IOH current per specification
•Wait for 1 to 5 msec
•Measure voltage
•Fail VOH test if the voltage is less than +2.4 uA
Vss=0
Pass
LT 2.4V
Fail VOH
Output Voltage Test (Vol/Iol)
VDDmax
PMU
force
8.0mA
force
VLSI
0.15V
Measure
Procedure
sense
IOL
Vss=0
•Apply VDDmax
•Pre-condition all output pins to logic ‘0’
•Using PMU force IOL current per specification
•Wait for 1 to 5 msec
•Measure voltage
•Fail VOL test if the voltage is greater than +0.4 uA
GT 0.4V
Fail VOL
Pass
Output Short Circuit Test
VDDmax
PMU
force
0.0V
IOS
force
VLSI
-52.4mA
Measure
sense
Procedure
•Apply VDDmax
Vss=0
•Pre-condition all output pins to logic ‘1’
•Using PMU force 0V
•Wait for 1 to 5 msec
•Measure current
•Fail VOL test if the current is outside the limit range
GT –30mA
Fail Short Circuit
Pass
LT –85mA
Fail Short Circuit
Static Idd Test
PMU
force
5.25V
force
VDD
19.2uA
Measure
sense
IDD
VLSI
Vss=0
Procedure
•Using DPS or PMU to apply VDDmax on power pin
•Execute Pre-condition pattern
GT IDD spec
•Stop pattern
•Wait for 1 to 5 msec
•Measure current flowing into VDD pins
•Fail Isb test if the current is greater than Isb spec. ( Normal in uA)
Fail Static IDD
Pass
Gross Idd Test
PMU
force
5.25V
force
VDD
8.7mA
Measure
sense
IDD
VLSI
Vss=0
Procedure
•Using DPS or PMU to apply VDDmax on power pin
•Set Pass/Fail limit
•Set all input pins Low/High or Execute reset sequence
•Stop pattern
•Wait for 1 to 5 msec
•Measure current flowing into VDD pins
•Fail Isb test if the current is outside IDD gross spec.
GT IDD spec
Fail Gross IDD
Pass
Fail Gross IDD
Dynamic Idd Test
PMU
force
5.25V
force
VDD
12.4mA
Measure
sense
IDD
VLSI
Vss=0
Procedure
•Using DPS or PMU to apply VDDmax on power pin
•Execute Pre-condition pattern
GT IDD spec
•Wait for 10 msec
•Measure current flowing into VDD pins while device is executing pattern
•Fail Isb test if the current is greater than IDD spec. ( Normal in mA)
•Stop pattern
Fail Dynamic IDD
Pass
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