Final exam copy Biology 11 2017-2018

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Final examination
Biology 11
Name:
I.
__________________Date:___________
Score:_______________
Multiple Choice: Read the question below and write the answer before the number.
____1. What human organ system is responsible for exchanging gases with the outside
environment?
A) respiratory system
B) endocrine system
C) excretory system
D) external ventilation
____2. Oxygen-rich blood is carried through pulmonary arteries from the lungs to the
heart.
A) True
B) False
___3. Oxygen-poor blood is carried through systemic veins from the body tissues back
to the heart.
A) True
B) False
____4. The __________ houses the vocal cords.
A) larynx
B) bronchus
C) pharynx
D) esophagus
____5. The trachea divides into two __________ that lead to the lung
. A) glotti
B) tracheae
C) bronchi
D) bronchioles
1
____6.Each bronchiole terminates in an elongated space enclosed by a multitude of air
pockets called_.
A) the glottis
B) alveoli
C) the larynx
D) the pharynx
____7. Each alveolar sac is surrounded by __________ carrying blood.
A) arteries
B) veins
C) venules
D) capillaries
____8. During __________, the respiratory pigment hemoglobin combines with oxygen
to form oxyhemoglobin in the pulmonary capillaries.
A) internal respiration
B) external respiration
C) anaerobic respiration
D) ventilation
____9. Ventilation is another term for___________.
A) inspiration
B) expiration
C) breathing
D) inhalation
E) exhalation
____10. The _____ system transports nutrients and oxygen to cells and removes their
waste.
A) digestive
B) cardiovascular
C) excretory
D) respiratory
____11. The circulatory system has ______ types of blood vessels.
A) one
B) two
C) three
D) four
2
____12. _____ are small arteries just visible to the naked eye.
A) Venules
B) Capillaries
C) Veins
D) Arterioles
____13. The venae cavae carry low-oxygen blood to the ______ of the heart.
A) right ventricle
B) right atrium
C) left ventricle
D) left atrium
____14. The AV node signals ____________ .
A) the atria to contract
B) the ventricles to contract
C) the SA node to produce an impulse
D) Both a and b are correct choices.
_____15. The largest artery in the systemic circuit is the ______ .
A) anterior vena cava
B) pulmonary vein
C) aorta
D) femoral artery
____16. The ______ arteries serve the heart muscle.
A) femoral
B) hepatic
C) iliac
D) coronary
____17. The two components of the cardiovascular system are __________.
A) the heart and the aorta
B) the heart and all the arteries
C) the heart and the blood vessels
D) the blood vessels and the lymphatic system
____18. The two basic cell types of the blood are __________.
A) red blood cells and white blood cells
B) platelets and macrophages
C) make up 45% of the volume of whole blood
D) all of the above
E) none of the above
____19. The liquid portion of blood is called ____.
A) lymph
B) plasma
3
C) a cellular matrix
D) blood cells
____20. The iron-containing red colored molecule found in red blood cells is _____.
A) erythropoietin
B) lymphocyte
C) hemoglobin
D) hemolysis
____21. White blood cells ______.
A) have a nucleus
B) lack hemoglobin
C) fight infection
D) all of the above
____22. B lymphocytes are associated with ________.
A) antibody production
B) macrophage production
____23. The _____ system removes nitrogenous waste is.
A) digestive
B) cardiovascular
C) excretory
D) respiratory
E) urinary
____24. Filtration...
A) occurs when the filtrate passes from the peritubular capillaries back to the nephron
tubules.
B) occurs when blood fluids leave the afferent arteriole and enter the Bowman’s
capsule.
C) occurs when blood fluids leave the glomerulus and enter the Bowman’s capsule.
D) occurs when the filtrate passes from the nephron tubules back to the efferent
arteriole.
E) occurs when the filtrate passes from the nephron tubules back to the peritubular
capillaries.
____25. The removal of metabolic wastes from the body is called __________
A) secretion
B) defecation
C) excretion
D) maintenance
4
___26. Besides the excretion of metabolic wastes, which of these describes a vital
function of the kidneys?
A) The kidneys maintain the water-salt balance of the body.
B) The kidneys regulate the blood's pH.
C) The kidneys assist the hormone system.
D) All of these are correct.
____27. The __________ extend(s) from the urinary bladder to an external opening.
A) ureter
B) renal arteries
C) urethra
D) glomerulus
For question fill in the blanks
Identify the building blocks of the complex biomolecules.
28 Protein-____________________________
29. Lipids-____________________________
30. Carbohydrates-_____________________
5
Part II. Trace the flow of air into and through the anatomically correct order of
structures. Mark the letter of the choice in the following flow chart.
A.
Anatomical Order of Air Flow
26. ____
27. _____
28. ________
29. __________
30. ____________
Anatomical Choices
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
bronchi
larynx
nasopharynx
bronchiole
trachea
B. Match the Structure indicated by a symbol with its correct Name COLUMN VIII
#
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Illustration
Name this structure ?
Name this structure #
Name this structure $
Name this structure(s) %
Name this structure(s) @
6
C. Illustration of Human Heart
C.The illustration of Human Heart above, match the structure marked by symbol with its
correct anatomical name. COLUMN VII
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
Name this structure
Name this structure
Name this structure
Name this structure
Name this structure
Name this structure
Name this structure
Name this structure
@
#
$
%
##
$$
&&
%%
7
D. Trace the flow of food through the anatomically correct order of structures. Mark the
letter of the choice in the following flow chart. COLUMN IX
Anatomical Flow of Food
MOUTH
1. _____
2. ____
3. ________
4. __________
5. ____________
6. _____________
ANUS
Part III.
Schuhlsville is an island of 5000 square miles off the coast of Jabooty. There are
currently 250,000 inhabitants of the island. Last year, there were 12,000 new
children born and 10,000 people were recorded as deceased.
1. What is the current population density?
2. What are the birth and death rates?
3. What is the population growth rate (r)?
4. In how many years will the population of Schuhlsville double?
8
5. Calculate the growth rates and doubling times for the countries listed below.
Birth Rate
(2011)
Death Rate
(2011)
United States
13
8
Mexico
19
5
Japan
8
9
United Kingdom
13
9
China
12
7
India
23
7
Nigeria
41
16
South Africa
21
14
Canada
11
7
Italy
9
10
Country
Growth Rate (r)
Doubling Time
9
Code……..Use the code to label the parts.
CODE
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
AB.
AC.
AD.
AE.
BC.
BD.
BE.
CD.
CE.
DE.
ABC.
ABD.
ABE.
ACD.
ACE.
ADE.
BCD.
BCE.
BDE.
CDE.
ABCD.
ABCE.
ABDE.
C
Aorta
Aortic Semi-Lunar Valve
Chordae Tendinae
Epicardium
Interventricular Septum
Mitral Valve
Left Atrium
Left Ventricle
Mediastinum
Papillary Muscle
Parietal Pericardium
Pulmonary Arteries
Pulmonary Capillaries
Pulmon Semi-Lun Valve
Pulmonary Trunk
Pulmonary Veins
Right Atrium
Right Ventricle
Sinoatrial Node
Superior Capillary
Systemic Arteries
Systemic Capillaries
Transverse
Tricuspid Valve
Vena Cava, Inferior
Vena Cava, Superior
None Of The Above
A-B
Alveoli
Bronchus
Bronchiole
Bronch Cartilage
Capillary
Carina
Pulm Artery
Pulmon Vein
Smooth Muscle
Trachea
D
Anus
Ceacum
Duodenum
Esophagus
Ileum
Jejunum
Large Intestine
Oropharynx
Rectum
Sigmoid Colon
Stomach
Small Intestine
Transverse Colon
10
11
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