Separation of Church 9 Here and Now

The Separation of Church and Faith:
To Here: church traditions?
9. Here and Now
Erasmus (1466-1536):
His Humanist views were limited to gentile Christians
Hated Jews and what he called: “half Jewish Marranos”
“God rejects the Jews”
“If it is Christian to hate Jews,
here we are all Christians in profusion”
Erasmus (1466-1536)
 updated Jerome’s Latin Vulgate New Testament
into a fresher Latin translation
 also collated and edited Greek New Testament
into a unified text reflecting his Latin version,
so that both the Greek and Latin
were "synchronized" with Church Orthodoxy
Martin Luther (1483-1546)
1492 Luther 9 years old, Inquisition was fully established as
1513 Luther 30 years old, began lecturing at Univ. of
1517 Luther 34 years old, 95 Theses
1523, Luther 40 years old, Rome accused him of denying
 Miriam’s perpetual virginity –
 the “Presence” of the body and blood in the Mass
Luther denied the allegations by publishing:
That Jesus Christ was Born a Jew (1523)
“…Mary's soul was … without original sin …
“from the first moment she began to live she was free from all sin”
(Sermon: "On the Day of the Conception of the Mother of God,"
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------“Mary is the Mother of Jesus and the Mother of all of us…
his mother is also our mother”
(Sermon, Christmas, 1529)
1529, Luther’s Small Catechism, Part 5:
Question: "What is the sacrament of the altar?
Answer: It is the true body and blood … under the bread and wine …"
“What is the use, then, of such eating and drinking?
Answer: It is pointed out to us in the words:
‘Given and shed for you, for the remission of sins.’
Namely, through these words, the remission of sins,
life and salvation are given us in the sacrament...“
1576, 30 years after Luther died, “Formula Concordia" was published
Became the code for most of the Lutheran Church.
“Confession of sound doctrine of the supper of the Lord
against the Sacramentarians”
(1) We believe, teach, and confess that in the Lord's supper
the body and blood of Christ are truly and substantially present,
and that they are truly distributed and taken
together with the bread and wine.“
Luther, regarding his German translation:
"I am very confident that my word is not mine, but is Christ's word,
so my mouth must also be His, who utters the words."
“In rendering Moses I make him so German
that no one would know he was a Jew.”
“We have no wish either to see or hear Moses”
John 5:46-47
“…if you believed Moses, you would believe Me, for he wrote
about Me.
But if you do not believe his Writings,
how will you believe My Words?”
Luther’s opinion of some of what follows the first Five Books.
“Job … is merely the argument of a fable.”
“Ecclesiastes ought to have been more complete.
There is too much incoherent matter in it...
Solomon did not… write this book.“
“The book of Esther I toss into the Elbe [river].
I am such an enemy to the book of Esther that I wish it did not exist,
for it Judaizes too much”
“The history of Jonah is so monstrous that it is absolutely incredible."
“The epistle of James gives us much trouble...
I almost feel like throwing Jimmy into the stove …”
(Luther’s Works, vol. 34, p. 317)
St James’ epistle is really an epistle of straw [i.e. fit to be burned] …
for it has nothing of the nature of the Gospel about it.”
(Luther, Preface to the New Testament, 1546; originally 1522)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------“We should throw the epistle of James out of this school [Wittenberg],
for it doesn’t amount to much. It contains not a syllable about Christ...
I maintain that some Jew wrote it …
(Luther’s Works, vol. 54, p. 424)
“He [James] mangles Scripture… I will not have him in my Bible”
“Although it would be possible to save the epistle by a gloss
giving it a correct explanation of Justification ...”
“… he had neither the spirit, the thought, nor the eloquence equal to the
“I therefore refuse him [James] a place
among the writers of the true canon of my Bible”
(1522 German Translation, Preface to James)
1543, On the Jews and Their Lies
Luther 60 years old … 26 years after 95 Theses
“The Jewish people have been discarded
because of their infidelity and
replaced by the Christian people
who thereby became the people of God.”
“The worse a Jew is, the more arrogant he is,
solely because he is a Jew —
that is, a person descended from Abraham’s seed…”
“save our souls from the Jews, that is, from the devil”
“What then shall we Christians do
with this damned, rejected race of Jews?
First, burn down Jewish schools and synagogues, throw pitch and Sulphur into
the flames
whatever does not burn up should be covered or spread over with dirt,
so that no one may ever be able to see a cinder or stone of it.
And this ought to be done for the honor of God and of Christianity
in order that God may see that we are Christians. …
Secondly, their homes should likewise
be broken down and destroyed
“they ought to
be put
under one roof
or in a stable”
“all cash and treasure of silver and gold be taken from
take from them their sacred books, even the whole
“safe-conduct on the highways
should be abolished completely for the Jews”
“They must be driven from our country…
drive them out like mad dogs."
“if this advice of mine does not suit you,
then find a better one
so that you and we may all be free of this insufferable
devilish burden, the Jews!”
Luther got the Jews expelled from Saxony in 1537;
He had them driven from other towns in German areas in the 1540’s
in his published sermon
Admonition Against the Jews
Luther accused the Jews of
ritual murder,
black magic, and
poisoning wells
Stadkirche of Wittenberg
where Martin Luther
Originally built in 1305 as a
Roman Catholic Church,
Luther had the existing
Judensau “Jew-Pig”
refurbished and upgraded
Adding the inscription
“Rabini Shem ha Mphoras,”
which mocks “shem hameforasch” “The Pronounced
Vom Schem Hamphoras,
published by Luther, 1543
“Here on our church in Wittenberg
a sow is sculpted in stone.
Young pigs and Jews lie suckling under her.
Behind the sow
a rabbi is bent over the sow,
lifting up her right leg,
holding her tail high
and looking intensely under her tail
and into her Talmud,
as though he were reading
something acute or extraordinary,
which is certainly where they get
their Shemhamphoras”
Woodcut, Munich, ca.
note Judenhut
Jews suckling from a pig
and eating its excrement.
The banners display
rhymes mocking the Jews
Martin Luther was born Nov. 10,
Morning after Kristallnacht, Nov. 10,
267 Jewish schools and synagogues
7,500 Jewish-owned businesses and
were destroyed.
30,000 Jews were locked into
concentration camps
91 Jews were murdered.
The Jewish community was fined
$400 million for the disturbance
As he re-published an assortment of
Luther’s writings,
Evangelical Lutheran Bishop Martin Sasse:
“applauded the burning of the
and rejoiced that,
“… on Luther’s birthday,
the synagogues are burning in Germany.”
“the greatest anti-Semite of his time,
the warner of his people against the
1264, Pope Urban officially instituted: The Eucharistic Procession
With just slightly further deviation and modification …
Henry VIII (1491-1547)
 Broke with Rome – NOT with Catholic Theology
 Executed Protestants
Edward VI (1537-1553)
 Made Protestant reforms
o Abolished the Mass
o Abolished clerical celibacy
o Legislated English language services
Bloody Mary (reigned 1553-58)
 Edward’s Roman Catholic ½-sister
 1st reigning queen of England
 Married King Philip of Spain
 Re-established Roman Catholicism
 Executed 300 Protestants
Elizabeth 1 (reigned 1558-1603)
 Edward’s and Mary’s other ½-sister
 Compromised a political solution: via media (middle way)
o Satisfy moderate Protestants; independence from Rome
o Not offend Catholics, maintained many traditions
o Rejected Puritans as ‘extremists’
 Established what became known as the Church of England
James 1 (reigned 1603-1625) aka: James VI of Scotland
 Welcomed Catholics with political oath of allegiance: ‘King over
 Considered the Puritan struggle to reform Church of England
 Persecuted Puritan Separatists seeking autonomy from State Church
 Puritans fled from England to escape King James
Puritan writings ca. 1600’s,
reveal small but growing
Post - Reformation Biblical Zionism
Theodore Beza (1519-1605) Calvin’s successor:
“Israel” in the New Testament refers to Israel … the
Geneva Bible (1560) Primary Bible of 16th - 17th century English Protestants
 taken to America on the Mayflower
 used by John Bunyan, Pilgrim’s Progress (1678)
 published in Geneva by English and Scot refugees …
 as a response to the Great Bible of 1539, “Authorized” by Church of England
 80% + of the Geneva Bible is from earlier work by William Tyndale
 First English Bible: ALL of the Tanakh was translated directly from Hebrew
 Included notes, commentary in the margins ... Romans 11:15 +26
“He sheweth the time shall come that the whole nation of the Jews,
though not every one particularly, shall be joined to the church of Christ.”
Geneva Bible (1560) with Puritan commentary “provoked”
 Bishops' Bible under Elizabeth I (1568)
 Douay–Rheims edition by the Roman Catholic Church (1582, 1609)
 King James Bible (1611) King James I, head of the English Catholic
King James Bible (1611)
King James Bible translators were instructed:
o“The old Ecclesiastical Words to be kept,
viz. the word Church not to be translated Congregation, &c”
o “ecclesia” had been correctly translated
by Tyndale as: “community”
by the Puritans as: “congregation”
Samuel Rutherford, (1600-1661… Westminster Confession of Faith )
“O to see the sight,
next to Christ’s coming in the clouds, the most joyful!
Our elder brethren the Jews and Christ,
fall upon one another’s necks and kiss each other!
O sweet Jesus,
let me see that sight which will be as life from the dead,
thee and thy ancient people in mutual embrace.”
Increase Mather, 1669, Boston
The Mystery of Israel’s Salvation Explained and Applied
“That there shall be a
general conversion of the Tribes of Israel
is a truth which in some measure
hath been known and believed in all ages,
of the Church of God, since the Apostle’s days …
Only in these late days, these things have obtained credit
much more universally than heretofore.”
Henry Finch, 1621: “The World's Great Restoration, or Calling of the Jews, and with
of all Nations and Kingdoms of the Earth to the Faith of Christ”
• criticized “allegories” that God’s Promises have been transferred to ‘the church’
• claimed the Jews would physically return to Israel
• and return to Jesus
• that there would be an impending Apocalypse and worldwide Kingdom and
• world rulers would then pay homage to Jesus, the Jewish King
King James I and Church of England:
burned the book and threw Finch in prison until he acknowledged
that King James I was his only sovereign
Jonathan Edwards (1703-1758)
“Nothing is more certainly foretold
than this national conversion of the Jews in Romans 11 …
Though we do not know the time …
this much we may determine by Scripture,
that it will be before the glory of the Gentile part of the church
shall be fully accomplished, because it is said
that their coming in shall be life from the dead …”
Charles Spurgeon (1834-1892)
“The day shall yet come when the Jews,
who were the first apostles to the gentiles,
the first missionaries to us who were afar off,
shall be gathered in again.
Until that shall be, the fulness of the church’s glory can never come.
Matchless benefits to the world
are bound up with the Restoration of Israel;
Their gathering in shall be as life from the dead.”
Systematic “Protestant” Problems: Covenant Theology = Replacement Theology
There is NO Bible Covenant made with “The Church” that is exclusive of Israel
Jer. 31:31-33
“New Covenant with the House of Israel and with the House of
He will provide:
change of heart,
the indwelling Spirit of God,
the internal knowledge of God's Law and
they will be "My people."
Covenants and Dispensations
The Promises and Covenants are God’s unchanging Word …
They still stand – to Israel and to the gentiles:
Ephesians 2:11-12
“… formerly… the Gentiles… were… strangers to the Covenants of
Covenants and Dispensations
Ephesians 1:10
(NASB) “an administration suitable to the fullness of the times”
(ESV) “a plan for the fullness of time”
(KJV) “the dispensation of the fullness of the times”
G#3622 οἰκονομία oy-kon-om-ee'-ah … administration, plan, format
“… for the Fullness of Time, that is,
the summing up of all things in Christ,
things in the heavens and things on the earth”
Covenants and Dispensations
Eph 3:9
“to bring to light… what is the plan of the mystery hidden for ages in
God” (ESV)
οἰκονομία oy-kon-om-ee'-ah … format, ‘structure’
A ‘dispensation’ is, in part: a way of administering the Covenants
Titus 1:7
“…an overseer, as God's steward, must be above reproach” (ESV)
G#3623 οἰκονόμος oy-kon-om'-os same root; administrator …
Gal 3:16-17
“the Promises were spoken to Abraham …
the Law, which came four hundred and thirty years later,
does not invalidate a Covenant previously ratified by God…”
Gal 4:1-2 “It served as an oy-kon-om'-os until …”
Paul teaches The Law (Sinai Covenant) served as
an administrator until the time appointed …
until the New Covenant οἰκονομία oy-kon-om-ee'-ah administration
All Covenants and Promises given from The Beginning
were “formatted” in the οἰκονομία oy-kon-om-ee'-ah …
Administration, Dispensation
instituted with the Sinai Covenant …
 Creation: In-the-Garden-fellowship … “all very good” … “be fruitful, multiply”;
 Fall: out of Garden-fellowship; fruitful and multiply—pain, thorns and death,
 Noah, Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Levi, Judah …
 In Egypt, Ex 6:2-8 “I have heard…I have remembered…
I will bring you out, I will deliver you, I will also redeem you,
I will take you for My people, I will be your God,
I will bring you to the Land which I swore to give to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob:
And I will give it to you for an inheritance – … I am THE LORD!”
 All Pre-Sinai …
Deut 5:2-5
“The LORD our God made a Covenant with us in Horeb.
Not with our fathers did the LORD make this Covenant, but with us
while I stood between the LORD and you at that time,
to declare to you the Word of the LORD...”
Moses mediated the “Mosaic Covenant”
Deut 4:36-38
“Out of Heaven He let you hear His Voice, that He might discipline*
And because He loved your fathers and chose their seed after them…
* “discipline” Paul references and combines Moses in Gal 4:1-2 Greek:
“…a child …is under guardians and managers until the time appointed”
G#2012 ἐπίτροπος ep-it'-rop-os guardians, tutors, ‘discipliners’ and
G#3623 οἰκονόμος oy-kon-om'-os managers, administrators
God will:
1. bless them; Lev 26:4-12; Deut 7:13-15; 28:3-12
2. multiply them; Lev 26:9; Deut 6:3; 8:1; 28:11
3. give them this Land; Lev 26:5; Deut 6:3; 8:1; 9:4
4. make them a great nation; Deut 7:14; 28:1, 3
5. be their God and they will be His people; Lev 26:11-12; Deut 7:6-10;
6. And I will establish My Covenant … Lev 26:9; Deut 29:13
6. And I will establish My Covenant … Lev 26:9; Deut 29:13
Gen 6:18, “And I will establish My Covenant with you
and you shalt come into the ark”
Gen 9:9-11, “And I will establish My Covenant with you
and with your seed after you”
Gen 17:7,19,21 “And I will establish My Covenant with you
throughout their generations for an Everlasting
All the Covenants previous to and following Sinai,
were placed within the ‘format’ of the Mosaic Covenant …
‘administration’, ‘dispensation’ of the Mosaic Covenant…
That included the Promise of a New Covenant –
A ‘Dispensation’ other than Sinai
that would further reveal ALL the Covenants
(Deut 30; Isa 49; Jer 4, 9, 31; Ezek 16)
Without any spin, Paul’s ‘Dispensational’ view = 2
1. From Sinai
To 1st Coming
2. From 1st
To 2nd Coming
Eph 3:6-10
This mystery is that the Gentiles are fellow heirs,
members of the same body,
and partakers of The Promise
in Christ Jesus through the Gospel.”
Ruth 1:16
“For where you go, I will go;
And where you lodge, I will lodge.
Your people, my people, and your God, my God.
Where you die, I will die;
And there I will be buried.”
Genesis 12:3
“I will bless those who bless you,
and him who dishonors you, I will curse,
and in you all the families of the earth shall be
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