World War 1 BATTLE CHART with answers

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BATTLE
Battle of
Tannenberg
DATES
August 26-30,
1914
LOCATION
Eastern Front
THOSE
INVOLVED
OUTCOME
Russia vs.
Germany
German victory
Germany vs.
France & British
Empire (Allies)
Allied victory
In Germany,
near Russian
boarder
1st Battle of Marne
Interesting fact:
France goes to the
battle in 600 taxis
from Paris
September 5-12,
1914
Western Front
In France
France: 250,000
casualties
w/80,000 in 1
week.
ROLE IT PLAYED
IN WWI
-1st battle between
Russia & Germany
-Russia
outnumbered
Germany 2-1
-Germany
destroys Russia in
less than 1 week.
- Russia does not
threaten Germany
on Eastern front
again.
-Russia does not
enter Germany
again until end of
war.
-German plan:
violate Belgium
neutrality & then
occupy Paris
-Halted by Allies
-Germany would
not breach Allied
defensive position
for remainder of
war
-Both enter into
trench warfare
after this battle
-Thought to be
most important
victory of WWI
BATTLE
Battle of Gallipoli
DATES
April 25,1916January 9, 1916
LOCATION
Middle East
Theater
(Gallipoli
Theater)
Battle of Jutland
May 31-June 1,
1916
THOSE
INVOLVED
British Empire &
France (Allies)
Vs. Ottoman
Empire
OUTCOME
Ottoman Victory
(Australia & New
Zealand fight for
British Empirehelps Australia &
New Zealand
secure future
nationhood.)
Naval- North
Sea near
Norway
151 British Naval
ships vs. 99
German ships
Inconclusive
Western Front
Germany vs.
France
French victory
14 Royal Navy
ships sunk
11 German ships
sunk
Battle of Verdun
February 21December 20,
1916
Interesting factseen as one of the
deadliest battle in
all of warfare
history.
In France near
Luxembourg
border
1M total
casualties
ROLE IT PLAYED
IN WWI
-Attack to open
new front after
stalemate.
-Could not shake
Turks from
fortresses
-Could not secure
safe passage
through Straight
-8 ½ months
pointless fighting
-1st & only naval
battle of WWI
-Kaiser Wilhelm II
unwilling to risk
German fleet
-Germans absence
on seas allows
British blockades
through end of
war
-Germany hoped
to lure France out
of trenches to end
stalemate.
-4 German attacks
could not move
France or get
Germany within 5
miles of city
-Deadliest battle of
WWI
BATTLE
Battle of Somme
Interesting factLance Corporal
Hitler is injured
during this battle.
During
hospitalization,
he begins to
blame Jews for
apathy & anti-war
sentiment
amongst German
civilians.
3rd Battle of Ypres
DATES
July 1-November
18, 1916
July 31November 10,
1917
Also known as the
Battle of
Passchendaele
LOCATION
Western Front
In Northern
France along
the Somme
River
Western Front
Belgium near
French border
THOSE
INVOLVED
British Empire &
France (Allies) vs.
Germany
OUTCOME
Allied victory
Allied casualties
over 600,000
including 50,000
British casualties
on the 1st day. (of
which 1/3 are
killed)
British Empire,
France & Belgium
(Allies)
Vs. Germany
Allied victory
ROLE IT PLAYED
IN WWI
-Largest battle of
WWI
-Largest # of
casualties in
British history
-Allies moved
front only 8 miles
-Meant to relieve
the French @
Verdun
-Allies failed to
dislodge German
-Heaviest rainfall
in 30 years
- Foils Allies
planned quick
attack
-16 weeks of
fighting in mud &
slime
-Minimal gains &
high cost
-Forced Germany
to fight another
defensive battle
they could not
afford to fight.
(Too many
casualties)
-Allies have upper
hand after this
battle.
BATTLE
Battle of
Caporetto
DATES
October 24November 12,
1917
Also known as the
Battle of Isonzo
LOCATION
Italian Front
In AustriaHungary on the
Italian border
THOSE
INVOLVED
Germany &
Austria-Hungary
(Central Powers)
vs. Italy
OUTCOME
Central Powers
victory
Battle of Cambrai
November 20December 7, 1917
Western Front
In France near
Belgium border
British Empire &
USA (Allies) vs.
Germany
German victory
ROLE IT PLAYED
IN WWI
-Surprise attack
@2am;
overwhelming
Italian troops
-Frantic retreat
w/265,000 taken
prisoner
-Allies quickly
increase support
of Italian troops
-1st battle to
combine infantry,
artillery & tank
forces.
-Mass formation476 British tanks
across 6 miles.
-Germans regain
lost ground
w/Stormtroopers
-1st appearance of
American troops
-“Doughboys”: 3
engineer
regiments use to
make repairs
behind British
lines.
BATTLE
Battle of Amiens
Interesting FactThis battle
convinced the
German high
command that the
war could no
longer be won
DATES
LOCATION
August 8-12, 1918 Western Front
In France near
Somme River
THOSE
INVOLVED
British Empire,
USA, & France
(Allies) vs.
Germany
OUTCOME
Allied Victory
ROLE IT PLAYED
IN WWI
-Allies advance 7
miles in 1st day
-Beginning of
Hundred Days
Offensive that
extends to end of
war.
-Mass
surrendering of
German troops
-Retreat to
German lands
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