Juan Paolo R. Alberto PSY3A Theories of Personality Sullivan’s Interpersonal Theory Reflection Paper Tension is seen as potential for action, it has two types; needs and anxiety. Needs results in productive actions as opposed to anxiety which leads to nonproductive behaviours. From infancy we already develop needs, which is from a biological imbalance both inside and outside of the organism. Tenderness is the most important basic need because it is concerned with the well-being of the person. For an infant it is very important to satisfy this need from the primary caretaker. Anxiety, on the other hand, calls forth no consistent actions to relive this. Tension is disruptive and does not allow the person to grow and learn from their experiences and mistakes. Actions for needs is positive because we as people want to satisfy those need in order to survive and create a happy lifestyle whereas in anxiety is negative because it only brings about a hindrance to growth and makes the person look back instead of forward and thus blocks the satisfaction of needs. Tensions that are transformed into actions covertly or overtly are called energy transformations. These are behaviours that satisfy our needs and reduce anxiety. Examples of such behaviours are thoughts or emotions which evolve into dynamisms. Dynamisms are distinctive traits or patterns that characterize a person throughout a lifetime. It has two major classes; those related to specific parts of the body and those related to tensions. And the second has three categories; the disjunctive, the isolating and the conjunctive. Malevolence is disjunctive and is the dynamism of evil and hatred. This can manifest if during 2-3 years old the child is ignored or punished. Intimacy can grow from tenderness but involves two people with a close interpersonal relationship. On the other hand, lust; an isolating dynamism requires the only the single individual for satisfaction. It is an obsession with the desire to do sexual activity towards the person but not acting upon it. The self-system is a consistent pattern of behaviour that protects the person from anxiety. It gives a favourable change in personality. Juan Paolo R. Alberto PSY3A Theories of Personality Erikson’s Post−Freudian Theory Reflection Paper Erikson extends Freud’s theory of developmental stages into old age. Erikson suggested that each stage in life has a psychosocial struggle which contributes to the formation of personality. Erikson said that our ego is a positive force that creates a self-identity, a sense of "I". During childhood the ego is weak but during adolescence it should gain strength. Erikson also emphasized the ego to come from a cultural environment with social and historical factors to be aware of.