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LITERATURE REVIEW :
1.0 SUNNAH FOOD :
Food affects human life, culture, and economy [6].According to the Al-Quran,verse
168,chapter al-Baqarah:
“O ye people! Eat of what is on earth, lawful and good; and do not follow the footsteps of
Satan, for he is to you an avowed enemy.”
From this verse,we urge to eat good and halal foods and not to follow the steps of
devils.Islam imposes strict dietary laws, guided by the Qur’an and Sunnah[7].From this verse
also,we must consume foods that rich in nutrients and beneficial to one’s health[8].
According to the Al-Quran,verse 141,chapter al-An’am:
“It is He Who has brought into being gardens116 - the trellised and untrellised - and the
palm trees, and crops, all varying in taste, and.the olive and pomegranates, all resembling
one another and yet so different. Eat of their fruits when they come to fruition and pay His
due on the day of harvesting. And do not exceed the proper limits, for He does not love those
who exceed the proper limits.”
This verse point out the benefit of fruits as the best food and its prosperity of life to
humankind.There are variety of fruits and drinks that mention in Al-Quran such as honey,
dates, abbatussauda (black seeds) and milk[11].Dates are mentioned 20 times in the Quran
using several terms such as nakhil,al-nakhl,rutob and nakhlah,while grapes are mentioned 11
times in the Quran using terms such as a’nab and al-a’nab[9].
In hadith also has mention about sunnah food such as dates. Al-Bukhaari (5445) and Muslim
(2047) narrated from Sa‘d ibn Abi Waqqaas that the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be
upon him) said :
Allah's Messenger (‫ )ﷺ‬said, "He who eats seven 'Ajwa dates every morning, will not be
affected by poison or magic on the day he eats them."[10]
2.0 DATES :
The dates (Phoenix dactylifera L.) is belonging to the family of Arecaceae and has been used
for centuries[2].This plant is largely distributed in hot desert regions of North Africa and
Southwest Asia[3] and considered as an ideal food that contains many nutrients that good for
health[1].The major component in dates plant carbohydrate which 70% mainly
sugar,glucose,sucrose and fructose[1][3]. The dates also contain fat (0.2-0.5%),salts and
minerals,protein (2.3-5.6%), vitamins and a dietary fibre (6.4-11.5%). The flesh of dates
contains 0.2-0.5% oil, whereas the seed contains 7.7-9.7% oil.Unsaturated fatty acid also
present in dates fruits which is palmitoleic,oleic,linoleic and linolenic acids[4].
Date fruits have also been used in several forms such as syrups, spread, sugar and flour as a
sweetener in food[5].
3.0 DATES SEED :
REFERENCES :
1. Ali, A. (2012). 26 Nutritional and Medicinal Value of Date Fruit, (May 2014).
2. Amer WM. (1994). Taxonomic and Documentary Study ofFood Plants in Ancient Egypt.
[dissertation]. Cairo, Cairo University, pp 12–44.
3. Abu, M. A., Food, D., & Authority, C. (2015). DATES-Production, Processing, Food and
Medicinal values, (September).
4. Walid, A. and Marshall, R.J. (2003), “The fruit of the date palm: it’s possible use as the
best food for the future?”, InternationalJournalofFood Sciences and Nutrition, Vol. 54 No. 4,
pp. 247-259.
5. Manickavasagan A, Thangavel K, Dev S, Delfiya D, Nambi E, Orsat V, Raghavan G
Drying Technology (2015)
6. Shafiur, R. (2011). Food and Nutrition: Links and gaps between tradition and evidence
based science. Revelation and Science, 01(01), 22–31.
7. Salim, N. (2014). An Analysis of Foods and Drinks Based on Qur'an and Sunnah (Doctoral
dissertation, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia).
8. Syazana Umar, N., Dzulkhairi Mohd Rani, M., A Rahman, Z., & Shamsir Mohd Aris, M.
(2016). Practice of Phoenix dactylifera (Dates) among Residents in Kg. Dato’ Ahmad Razali,
Dengkil, Selangor: A Preliminary Study. International Journal of Social Science and
Humanity, 6(9), 681–684. https://doi.org/10.18178/ijssh.2016.6.9.732
9. Amin, Z., Suliaman, I., Salaeh, H., Akhiruddin, M., Azlina, I. &, & Nor, M. (2014).
ONLINE JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN ISLAMIC STUDIES
VOL. 1 NO. 1 (JAN-APR 2014). https://doi.org/10.15364/ris14
10. Chapter: Al-'Ajwa (a special kind of date),pp. Sahih Bukhari, Book 70, Hadith Number
74.
11. Ishak, M., Shari, C., Fadzlin, N., Yahya, S. N., Talmizi, M., & Nabilah, S. (2013).
Muslim youths' perception on Sunnah diet: a survey on IIUM students. Research Journal of
Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology, 6(10), 1805-1812.
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