A CKNOWLEDGEMENTS: Firstly we would like to thank our supervisor for providing her invaluable guidance, comments, suggestions and support throughout this course. Because of her instrumental and priceless guiding we have learnt new things and were capable ofunderstanding and developing our new skills. She had made this course more fun, and easy to understand for us by making us do practical work and team works and has made our conceptualizing skills better. Secondly we would also like to thank (Sales Manager Commercial Vehicles Abu Dhabi & Alain) for giving us his precious time and providing us with a detailed information of the topic that we have been given to work on our case study. A LOOK INSIDE BACKGROUND: A 1954 in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, by Al Rostamani brothers, Abdullah and Abdul W Rostamani Group, also known as “AWR”, is a privately held company established in Wahid Al Rostamani. The Company is headquartered in Dubai and employs over 3,800 professionals. The Group operates a portfolio of 12 companies of multinational brands in seven diverse sectors: automotive, lifestyle, real estate, information technology, consultancy & training, logistics, interior fit out, lighting. AW Rostamani is an award winning company by receiving the Dubai Quality Award in 2014, Dubai Quality Gold Award 2017, and maintains strategic partnerships with Dubai Shopping Festival. Arabian Automobiles: Established in 1968, and are the exclusive distributors of Nissan, Infiniti, and Renault, in Dubai, and the Northern Emirates. The company operates a large network of showrooms, service centers, spare parts outlets and a certified pre-owned division across Dubai. The network includes 13 Nissan showrooms, 6 Infiniti Centers, 4 Renault showrooms, 6 certified pre-owned car facilities, 16 service centers, 14 spare parts outlets, and 1 24 hour service center. INTRODUCTION: NISSAN (THE POWER COMES FROM INSIDE) I n 1994, Nissan was the first Japanese carmaker to establish a regional headquarters in the Middle East, when it set up an office in Dubai under the name “Nissan Middle East FZE”. Today, Nissan Middle East operations spans over 22 countries from Azerbaijan to Yemen and from Turkey to Turkmenistan. MAXIMA SEDAN Nissan’s strong presence in the Middle East dates back to 1957 when the Gulf States were just beginning to reap the benefits of oil production. Given the challenging transport infrastructure at the time, the Nissan Patrol was imported to Saudi Arabia and became the preferred transportation mode of choice. This GTR helped establish the brand’s presence in the region and the 4WD is still a consumer favorite till date. Nissan Middle East, offers a comprehensive line-up of models ranging from the ever-popular Maxima sedan and all-new Kicks urban crossover for the mass market segment and the legendary GT-R and stunning Nismo Patrol for those with a penchant for high performance motoring. Some models, including the Nismo Patrol and the Patrol Super Safari in 3 and 5-door variants are exclusive to the Middle East, reflecting the enormous esteem in which the Patrol nameplate is held, particularly in the Gulf States. PATROL NISMO HISTORY: Nissan key dates from 100 years: 1914: Manufacturing completed on the DAT car, named after investors Den, Aoyama and Takeuchi. 1932: Vehicle name changed to Datsun. 1934: Corporate name changed to Nissan Motor Co., Ltd. 1937: Datsun Type 15 becomes the first mass-produced vehicle in Japan. 1937: Datsun Type 15 becomes the first mass-produced vehicle in Japan. 1958: Nissan begins exporting passenger cars to the United States. 1960: Nissan Motor Corporation established in the United States. 1969: The Datsun Fairlady Z (30S) released in Japan. 1979: Nissan Design International, Inc. (NDI) established in the United States. 1980: Nissan Design International, Inc. (NDI) established in the United States. 1981: Cumulative production surpasses 30 million units. 1981: Nissan begins worldwide marketing of vehicles under the Nissan name. 1985: Construction of Nissan Overseas Training Center completed. 1989: Nissan Europe N.V. and Nissan Distribution Service (Europe) B.V. established in the Netherlands. 1989: Infiniti established as luxury vehicle division of Nissan Motor Company. 1990: Nissan North America, Inc., regional headquarters established in the U.S. 1990: Cumulative production surpasses 50 million units. 1990: The 300ZX (Fairlady Z) wins the 1990 Import Car of the Year award. 1992: Nissan Motor Manufacturing Corporation U.S.A. begins production of the Altima. 1999: Nissan and Renault sign agreement for a global alliance. 2003: Nissan opens Nissan Design Centre Europe in London. 2007: Nissan introduces the world's first Around View Monitor. 2008: Nissan endorsed as an Eco First Company. 2009: Inauguration of new Nissan Global Headquarters. 2009: Nissan Europe begins production at a new plant in St. Petersburg, Russia. 2010: Nissan LEAF introduced as the world's first mass-produced zero-emission, 100% electric vehicle (EV). 2011: An all-new Nissan Qashqai put into production in Sunderland, UK. 2011: Nissan Power88 mid-term business plan announced. 2011: The Nissan LEAF wins the 2011 World Car of the Year. 2012: Infiniti opens new headquarters in Hong Kong. 2014: Datsun brand to introduce high-quality, accessible vehicles in high-growth markets (e.g., Russia, India, Indonesia and South Africa). This case study is basically about: How Nissan motors identified their problem and planned their strategies to overcome this problem? What challenges and difficulties did they face? How did they tackle the situation? Did the strategies and plans work accordingly or not? What are the actions taken by them below is the detailed information about this case study? THE VISION, MISSION AND MARKET SHARE OF NISSAN: Their vision is “Enriching people’s lives” superior measureable values to all stake holders in alliance with Renault. issan’s Mission provides unique and innovative automotive products and services that deliver The main aim of this motor company is to produce what customers want, in the qualities customers require, at a price consumer are willing to pay, and at a cost that yields a profit to the business. That means that being efficient is vital to success. They had a market share of 80% which they were serving very efficiently. N Their main competitors are Bayerische Motoren Werke AG, Chrysler Group LLC, Daimler AG, Ford Motor Company, General Motors Company, Honda Motor Company, Tata Motors, Ltd., Toyota Motor Corporation, Volkswagen AG and many other automotive companies. Mostly Japanese cars are more successful and sold in the market of Dubai and Nissan is a Japanese car and their competitors were also providing Japanese cars like Honda and Toyota. But Nissan has its well position and good reputation in market. They are well famous in Dubai market. They have loyal customers because of the quality products they provide. A CRISIS: Whenever a company faces a downfall it is due to external factors or internal factors. Internal factor are related with any problem with a product of that company or maybe related with employees or any problem with your management. Whereas external factors are those that are outside of the company such as environmental factors, governmental factors, a supplier, customer satisfaction problem or entrance of any new competitor. A crisis occur when a new company i.e., Hyundai Motor Company which is a Korean brand entered the market. It entered the market with its ravishing, and cheap products: Kia and Hyundai. Kia and Hyundai were new products in Dubai market with low costs and good product quality that targeted people who wanted good quality in low price. Kia Motors Corporation is part of the Hyundai-Kia Automotive Group, the fourth-largest automaker in the world. With its worldwide headquarters in Seoul, Korea, and operations in 155 countries, Kia has annual sales in excess of 1.4 million vehicles. A large part of Kia's global success is an understanding of the importance of producing vehicles that meet the needs of individual markets. So Kia has research facilities, design centers and assembly operations in North America, Europe and Asia. If you compare Korean brands with Japanese brands, there prices are low and consumer prefer products whose quality is best and available in low prices. In sales you have a target market, so one is that target market which prefers Japanese brands about 80% market share prefers Japanese Cars, but 20-25% market was one who wanted a cheap car. Especially in Dubai market, because in Dubai people come live for 2-5 years, there jobs might end up in Dubai. Passports for Dubai are not available easily like in Europe or UK. So this 20-25 percent market which wants a cheap cars. The Korean brands tackled it or targeted it, because of this the Nissan motors faced a dropdown of sales of about 20-25 percent, which was very alarming for them and they were think how did this happen? IMPACT OF KOREAN BRAND ON NISSAN: Korean brand as compared to Japanese motor were low in cost. An 80% of target market catered by the Nissan motors were demanding Japanese motors which were high in demand, best in quality and high prices. Whereas 20% - 25% of the market share demands a cheap product with good quality because not only upper class customers were targeted but also people who cannot afford an expensive car and were looking for clemency in cars Until when a Korean company launched its new products Kia and Hyundai in Dubai, which were providing cheap and best quality cars. Customers were attracted towards Korean brand as Nissan as compared to Korean brand was unaffordable, therefore, customers went for Korean brands. So, if the customers who are visiting them and expecting a good quality and cheapest car and if they are unable to provide them with the car of their demand it would be a loss for them and their sales will eventually fall down because a customer is going empty handed. PLANING TO GAIN BACK SHARE: When Nissan motors came to know that their sales were declining. Nissan motors needed to come up with a strategy to deal with this falling down of sales. The manufacturing process is done in Japan and then is distributed all over the world. Nissan motors are the exclusive leader of Japanese cars along with Renault in Dubai. The research department worked hard in order to find out the reason behind this downfall in sales. So, they find out that a new company that has entered and is providing automobiles that are lower in cost and decent in quality. They realized that now they need a brand whose prices are lower, so that that the market share which was lost could be gained again by Nissan motors. Nissan motors in order to gain back there market share worked and planned accordingly. In order to find out ways to recapture their market share. After many plans and strategies done, the sales team and management of Nissan Motors come up with the best plan, that is to bring up a Chinese brand. The reason was clearly visible that they need to obtain their target market which was lost. They hit the price conscious market by bringing in the product of China. So to beat up Korean brand they made a deal with Chinese brand motors named Morris Garage. STRUGGLES AND CHALLENGES FACED BY NISSAN The management went to China, in China there was a brand named MG. MG stands for Morris Garages. They went there and made a contract with them and became the exclusive leaders of Morris Garage also. The price of Chinese brand as compared to Korean brands was cheap. To cover the market share that has slipped from their hands. The 20-25% market share which was gained by Korean market. So with the help of MG motors they were trying to regain their market share at least 10-15% share, and therefore they hit that target market which was gone because of Korean brands. The deal was made to setback the market share and to cover the gap which was made because of Korean brand. As their Basic mission is to increase profit and gain market share. So to cover this gap they came up with another brand for those customers who were price conscious. They hit the target market which was gone from their hands. After a thorough research, they found out that because of the new entrance of company there sales were declining. Every year annual report is provided, they observed that if they were selling 5000 or 500 cars monthly, and now it’s decreasing from 5000 to 4000, then what is the reason behind it? They discovered that their competitor Toyota were not doing as such progress their sales were same and haven’t hit them. Then they learned about the new competitor that has arrived. How much was their sales? So they come to know that there sales were 1000, 1000 or 500 units. That means that they have identified that this is the reason due to which their sales went down. So then Mr.Talha Masood as a sales manager along with his team advised their owner in a monthly meeting with management. As a sales manager they would ask them why sales are down, therefore the team not only have to provide the reasons for the down sales, but also how to overcome this problem. Therefore they came up with this idea to bring in the market a product of China to take over our market share which was lost. Therefore, they came up with the idea of having a car which they could sell in cheapest price along with a stable quality. They wanted a car which could minimum cost a customer up till 18000, so that customer can afford this car and we can gain our market share back. This was the suggestion of the sales department. In an organization different departments are there so the quality management department will tell that if they are dealing with the Chinese brands, so when there will be problem with the spare parts; would they be able to provide the spare parts or not? Will their workshop managers and their work shop mechanics be able to repair and provide services and will they be able to handle these cars? Do they have that much of the training and knowledge available? As they have only dealt with Japanese system and there is a difference between the Chinese and Japanese systems and spare parts. So for this they have to send their teams to China for training to learn and understand their ways of handling Chinese car. A lot of cost was involved in it. When they were trained well, they came back and trained their staffs. The company has 9000 employees at that time and to train everyone accordingly was a major challenge. Another problem was the recent value of the car. As we all know that the image of Chinese brand is always thought to be of low quality. If Nissan recent value of the car is 33000 then after a year it has value of 25000 or 26000. Whereas if someone is buying a car made in China whose recent value is 22000, so its recent value after a year is less than 3000 it is like a plastic. So, how to convince the customer to buy that car. They will say that yes it is cheap and they want to buy it but when they will look at the quality; they will rethink as all customer of Nissan are quality based customers, so this was a challenge for them that how they will convince customers that the price of the car was cheap along with a good quality. As mostly Chinese brands are considered to be of low quality all over the world. As many customers will be thinking that if there price is low then their quality is also not good. So these all were the challenges that they have to face, how they have to train there sales team, what steps they have to take, five year warranty includes which types of claims they have to keep in that warranty sales. These all were the challenges which they have to cover in order to meet up their expectations. As a sales manager MR. Talha Masood proposed this product, it went for approval. After approval all the departments worked together. How it will affect their company’s reputation. What challenges they have to face to launch it. When they were bringing in the Chinese product in UAE, they planned out all aspects of the market; what is the population of UAE?, how many Emirati are there living as in those who are locales?, how many are there Americans?, how many are Britishers?, Americans and Britishers are those who don’t prefer Chinese cars mostly they prefer German brand, American brand or Chiverlot, not even Japanese cars. They were even not the customers of Nissan. Then they saw that who are the Japanese car customers? They were a mixture of Pakistanis, Indians, Bangladeshis and some locales. Even when Japanese cars were launched it was important that they see that how much cars Nissan Micra, Renualt and many others brands that they have, should have to be brought. They have to see that how many visas are applied and how many are those who can afford this. Everything was planned. The whole market research was done. How many are Pakistanis and Indians or Bangladeshis. The research is very important because it will let the company know that which brand is more preferred and they will order accordingly. How we will cover our expenses. We have to open a new showroom for this car. We cannot place this product in a Nissan showroom or Renault showroom as we have an agreement with them. We had to open another showroom for this product. New staff has to be hired, new workshops were opened. So how much investment do they have to do on all this? How much years of investment will this be? At start nothing is achieved they only have to give to in order to gain. So they have kept a payback period of 5 years. SOLUTIONS: They had a deal with Chinese company. If any losses or any damages will occur then the responsibility would be of Chinese company. Why? Because they are manufacturing it. It is their product and their work is to only sale it. So if any damages would occur in future then the damages and losses will not be Nissan motors, it would be off Chinese. They will cover it and as they are entering a new market, their name doesn’t exist in Dubai. There are also marketing expenses. These marketing expenses would be paid by them also, the advertisements, billboards and ads which are given on radio and advertised on TV. who will share it who will be responsible for the costs, so these are all the things which different departments have to recognize. There is difference between the qualities provided from China. The product that they were having was A quality product. Therefore they were sure that consumer will buy this car not only because it’s cheap and A quality but also the brand image that their company has in that market. Today that Chinese product is well known in that market and not only are they earning revenue but also gross profit. The awareness was done through different marketing techniques. Like radio, TV, bill boards, magazines and also word of mouth were provided attract customers. The cost of this whole process was covered by the Chinese own brand as this was their own brand. The company was at beginning stage therefore Nissan motors cannot afford all of this costs, so Chinese brand have to deal with all the cost related to advertisements and marketing. With all of these methods, strategies and process applied Nissan drove back to its original place and gain about 10-15% market share. WHAT NISSAN HAS ACHIEVED: The parent company of Nissan Middle East FZE is officially entitled as Nissan Motor Corporation Limited which traces its origins back to December 1933. It sells more than 60 models under the Nissan, Infiniti and Datsun brands. In fiscal year 2016, the company sold 5.63 million vehicles globally, generating revenue of ¥11.72 trillion. In 2016 Nissan acquired a 34% stake in Mitsubishi Motors, which became the third full member of the Alliance – a grouping with combined annual unit sales of almost 10 million units a year. Globally, Nissan employs around a quarter of a million people and, as the maker of the world’s best-selling electric car, the Nissan Leaf, the company is considered a pioneer and global leader in the field of zero emission vehicle technology. Nissan is pushing boundaries in other ways through its concept of Nissan Intelligent Mobility built on the three pillars of Intelligent Driving, Intelligent Power and Intelligent Integration. Guided by the vision of mobility for all, Nissan is implementing these innovations by bringing them from luxury segments to compact high volume models and ensuring everyone has access to the benefits. Nissan is making cars exciting partners for all of our customers. Nissan also is currently the Official Global Automotive sponsor of the UEFA Champions League and the International Cricket Council (ICC) until 2023 delivering exciting and unique experiences for the fans and stakeholders in the most unexpected way. In addition, Nissan has a number of sporting ambassadors, including world class footballers Gareth Bale and Sergio Agüero, official Nissan’s ambassadors for the UEFA Champions League. Nissan Middle East’s stellar sales growth in recent years has been recognized at a number awards from the region’s motoring press, a number of which have been voted for by the motoring public. Year after year, Nissan products have received accolades for styling, performance, interior quality, and safety as well as numerous best-in-class awards and recognition for the strength of the Nissan brand itself within the region. Nissan has also achieved recognition several times in recent years from Guinness World Records. Among those records were a Nissan GT-R breaking the world record title for the fastest ever drift at 304.96 km/h (189 mph) and 30 degrees angle. Equally impressive was the feat achieved by a Nissan Patrol which broke a towing record by pulling a fully-laden Ilyushin Il-76 cargo plane weighing 170.9 tons (155 tonnes) over 50 m (164 ft). RECENT SITUATION OF THE COMPANY: Nissan Motor, one of Japan's leading automakers, wants to get big by going small. Through its small-car initiative, the company primarily produces low-cost and fuel-efficient small cars with standard comfort, safety, style, and performance. Nissan's models include Maxima and Sentra cars, and Altima and Infiniti upscale sedans, as well as pickups, SUVs, and sports cars. It is also one of the world's largest manufacturers of forklifts. Renault holds a 43% stake in Nissan Motor and Nissan has a 15% stake in Renault, constituting the Renault-Nissan Alliance. In 2016 the company agreed to buy 34% of Mitsubishi Motors for $2.2 billion. According to this chart the recent situation of the company is going very well. All there brands are performing well. They are providing best products, services and responsiveness towards their demands and other shareholders. The net income shows $5,962,518 billion that they are doing quite well and are looking forwards in future. RECOMMENDATIONS: The company should continue to venture into other emerging markets in the world while focusing less on the Japanese market by doing this strategy the company can expand its market share by expanding into other countries. This will increase sales in the company and profit. Also it should take into account and make contracts with Korean brands too. As they are renowned in their business and customer are demanding their products so they should also get some contracts for Korean brands which will also increase their market. CONCLUSION: Nissan is the name of superior quality and with its quality products it has achieved loyal customers. Nissan motor have dealt deliberately with this situation and the results were marvelous they got their market share back and another Chinese brand was included of which they were the first exclusive leaders in Dubai. They are doing well and keeping an eye on its competitors and the market, which will give them more benefits in the future.