Homework Assignment

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CHAPTER 1
Question 4
Sarbanes-Oxley (LO4) In response to the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, many small firms in the United
States have opted to “go dark” and delist their stock. Why might a company choose this route?
What are the costs of “going dark”?
Answer
The reason many firms have decided to “go dark” due to SOX is that it can be very costly to
firms to remain complaint to the many requirements. Also, by going dark is allows companies to
avoid the disclosure requirements of SOX and allows them to keep their financials private.
However, by going dark this does eliminate the use of raising capital easily through the open
market by issuing stock. This also can deter investors from investing for concerns that financial
figures could be hidden or miss represented.
Question 6
Goal of Financial Management (LO2) What goal should always motivate the actions of a
firm’s financial manager?
Answer
The goal that should always motivate the actions of a firm’s financial manager is to maximize
the current value per share of existing stock. If the company does not trade stock, then the goal
is to increase the owners’ equity. Either way is to maximize the existing owners’ equity in the
firm.
Question 12
Ethics and Firm Goals (LO2) Can our goal of maximizing the value of the stock conflict with
other goals, such as avoiding unethical or illegal behavior? In particular, do you think subjects
like customer and employee safety, the environment, and the general good of society fit in this
framework, or are they essentially ignored? Think of some specific scenarios to illustrate your
answer.
Answer
Yes, the goal of maximizing the value of the stock can conflict with other goals, such as avoiding
unethical or illegal behavior. These reasons are the cause for the government to create
regulations like OSHA and SOX. Greed is the biggest contributor to this. Management tries to
work in the best interest of its owners, but management will either work at times for their best
interest or the best interest of its shareholders without concern. Management may create unsafe
work environments to decrease cost and increase profits. This then can help to increase
managements compensation. I think as we have evolved that companies have tried to include
customers, employee safety, the environment and the general good of society in their framework.
I think part of this is social media can hurt companies that may not adhere to these areas.
Companies today try to have a better presence in the world. To show that they care and are
making a difference in society. Disney for example donates millions to children’s hospitals
around the world. Other companies are working to reduce their carbon footprint because it’s
better for the environment even though regulation is not requiring it.
CHAPTER 2
1
Problem 2
Building an Income Statement (LO1) Billy’s Extermination, Inc., has sales of $817,000, costs
of $343,000, depreciation expense of $51,000, interest expense of $38,000, and a tax rate of 35
percent. What is the net income for this firm?
Answer
Billy's Exterminators Inc.
Income Statement
Net Sales
Cost of Goods Sold
Depreciation
Earnings before interest and taxes
Interest
Income Before Tax
Taxes 35%
Net Income
$817,000.00
$343,000.00
$51,000.00
$423,000.00
$38,000.00
$385,000.00
$134,750.00
$250,250.00
Problem 3
Dividends and Retained Earnings (LO1) Suppose the firm in Problem 2 paid out $95,000 in
cash dividend. What is the addition to retained earnings?
Answer
Billy's Exterminators Inc.
Income Statement
Net Sales
Cost of Goods Sold
Depreciation
Earnings before interest and taxes
Interest
Income Before Tax
Taxes 35%
Net Income
Dividends Paid
Retained Earnings
$817,000.00
$343,000.00
$51,000.00
$423,000.00
$38,000.00
$385,000.00
$134,750.00
$250,250.00
$95,000.00
$155,250.00
Problem 5
Calculating Taxes (LO3) The Dyrdek Co. had $267,000 in 2014 taxable income. Using the
rates from Table 2.3 in the chapter, calculate the company’s 2014 Income taxes.
Answer
2
The Dyrdek Co Taxes
Tax Rate
Total Tax
Taxable Income
$50,000.00
15%
$7,500.00
$25,000.00
25%
$6,250.00
$25,000.00
34%
$8,500.00
$100,000.00
39%
$39,000.00
$67,000.00
34%
$22,780.00
$267,000.00
29%
$84,030.00
Problem 7
Calculate OCF (LO4) Ridiculousness, Inc., has sales of $43,800, costs of $22,700, depreciation
expense of $2,100, and interest expense of $1,600. If the tax rate is 35 percent, what is the
operating cash flow, or OCF?
Answer
Ridiculousness, Inc
Operating Cash Flow
Earnings before interest and taxes
Depreciation
Taxes 35%
Net Income
$19,000.00
$2,100.00
$6,090.00
$15,010.00
CHAPTER 3
Problem 26
Calculating Financial Ratios (LO2) Find the following financial ratios for Smolira Golf Corp.
(use year-end figures rather than average values where appropriate.
3
Answer
Ratio
Short-term solvency ratios:
Current Ratio (Current Assets/Current Liabilities)
Quick Ratio (Current Assets – Inventory/Current Liabilities)
Cash Ratio (Cash/Current Liabilities)
Asset utilization ratios:
Total asset turnover (Sales/Total Assets)
Inventory turnover (Cost of Goods Sold/Inventory)
Receivables turnover (Sales/Accounts Receivable)
Long-term solvency ratios:
Total debt ratio (Total Assets – Total Equity/Total Assets)
Debt-equity ratio (Total Debt/Total Equity)
Equity multiplier (Total Assets/Total Equity)
Times interest earned ratio (EBIT/Interest)
Cash coverage ratio (EBIT + Depreciation/Interest)
Profitability ratios:
Profit margin (Net Income/Sales)
Return on assets (Net Income/Total Assets)
Return on equity (Net Income/Total Equity)
2014
2015
1.10
0.65
0.43
1.15
0.68
0.42
0.88
8.93
23.09
0.37
0.41
1.58
0.38
0.41
1.60
5.73
7.99
11.94%
10.53%
16.85%
CHAPTER 5
Problem 2
Calculating Future Values (LO1) For each of the following, compute the future value:
Answer
4
Present Value
$1,975
$6,734
$81,346
$192,050
Years
11
7
14
8
Interest %
13.00%
9.00%
12.00%
6.00%
Future Value
$7,575.83
$12,310.02
$397,547.04
$306,098.52
 =   ( + )
Problem 3
Calculating Present Value (LO2) For each of the following, compute the present value.
Answer
Present Value
$5,039.79
$39,332.59
$1,730.78
$3.37
Years
13
4
29
40
Interest %
9.00%
7.00%
24.00%
35.00%
 =
Future Value
$15,451
$51,557
$886,073
$550,164

( + )
Problem 4
Calculating Interest Rates (LO3) Solve for the unknown interest rate in each of the following:
Answer
Present Value
$181
$335
$48,000
$40,353
Years
4
18
19
25
=(
Interest %
13.18%
6.72%
7.37%
10.86%
Future Value
$297
$1,080
$185,382
$531,618
 
)^  − 

Problem 5
Calculating the Number of Periods (LO4) Solve for the unknown number of years for each of
the following.
Answer
Present Value
$560
$810
$18,400
Years
15.59
9.40
26.41
Interest %
6.00%
9.00%
11.00%
Future Value
$1,389
$1,821
$289,715
5
$21,500
24.52
13.00%
=
$430,258

 ()
( + )
Problem 8
Calculating Interest Rates (LO3) According to the Census Bureau, in January 2013, the
average house price in the United States was $306,900. In January 2000, the average price was
$200,300. What was the annual increase in selling price?
Answer
=(
=(
 
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EZ Calculator App
Bond Calculator: Bond Price = 200,300, Face Value = 306,900, YTM = 13
Annual Yield = 3.3368%
CHAPTER 6
Problem 16
Calculating Future Values (LO1) What is the future value of $2,400 in 17 years assuming an
interest rate of 7.9 percent compounded semiannually?
Answer
 =   ( + /)∗
 = ,   ( + . /)∗
6
 = $, . 
EZ Calculator App
Bond Calculator: Bond Price = 2,400 YTM = 17, Annual Yield = 7.9%
Face Value = 8,958.68
Problem 17
Calculating Future Values (LO1) Fowler Credit Bank is offering 6.7 percent compounded
daily on its savings accounts. If you deposit $7,000 today, how much will you have in the
account in 5 years? In 10 years? In 20 Years?
Answer
Present Value
$7,000
$7,000
$7,000
Years
5
10
20
Interest %
6.70%
6.70%
6.70%
Future Value
$9,785.28
$13,678.82
$26,730.02
 =   ( + /)∗
Problem 18
Calculating Present Value (LO1) An investment will pay you $65,000 in 10 years. If the
appropriate discount rate is 7 percent compounded daily, what is the present value?
Answer
 =
 =

( + /)∗
, 
(+. /)∗
7
 = $, . 
EZ Calculator App
Bond Calculator: Face Value = 65,000, YTM = 10, Annual Yield = 7%
Bond Price = 32,280.21
CHAPTER 7
Problem 3
Valuing Bonds (LO2) Even though most corporate bonds in the United States make coupon
payments semiannually, bonds issued elsewhere often have annual coupon payments. Suppose a
German company issues a bond with a par value 1,000, 23 years to maturity, and a coupon rate
of 5.8 percent paid annually. If the yield to maturity is 4.7 percent, what is the current price of
the bond?
Answer
  =




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)+







 
(
)

(
+
)
(
+



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8
PV = $1,152.66
EZ Calculator App
Bond Calculator: Face Value = 1,000, YTM = 23, Annual Yield = 4.7% Annual Coupon
Payment = 58
Bond Price = 1,152.66
Problem 4
Bond Yields (LO2) A Japanese company has a bond outstanding that sells for 91.53 percent of
the 100,000 par value. The bond has a coupon rate of 3.4 percent paid annually and matures in
16 years. What is the yield to maturity of this bond?
Answer
EZ Calculator App
Bond Calculator: Bond Price = 91,530, Face Value = 100,000, YTM = 16, Annual Coupon
Payment = 3,400
Annual Yield = 4.1341%
Problem 5
Coupon Rates (LO2) Essary Enterprises has bonds on the market making annual payments,
with eight years to maturity, a par value of $1,000, and selling for $948. At this price, the bonds
yield 5.9 percent. What must the coupon rate be on the bonds?
Answer
EZ Calculator App
Bond Calculator: Bond Price = 948, Face Value = 1,000, YTM = 8, Annual Yield = 5.9 %
Annual Coupon Payment = 50.659
Coupon rate = 5.0659%
9
Problem 6
Bond Prices (LO2) Sqeekers Co. issued 15-year bonds a year ago at a coupon rate of 4.1
percent. The bonds make semiannual payments and have a par value of $1,000. If the YTM on
these bonds is 4.5 percent, what is the current bond price?
Answer
EZ Calculator App
Bond Calculator: Face Value = 1,000, YTM = 15, Annual Yield = 4.5% Annual Coupon
Payment = 41
Bond Price = 956.71
Problem 9
Zero Coupon Bonds (LO2) You find a zero-coupon bond with a par value of $10,000 and 17
years to maturity. If the yield to maturity on this bond is 4.9 percent, what is the price of the
bond? Assume semiannual compounding periods.
Answer
EZ Calculator App
Bond Calculator: Face Value = 10,000, YTM = 17, Annual Yield = 4.9% Annual Coupon
Payment = 0
Bond Price = 4,391.30
CHAPTER 8
Problem 4
Stock Values (LO1) Caan Corporation will pay a $3.56 per share dividend next year. The
company pledges to increase its dividend by 3.75 percent per year indefinitely. If you require a
return of 11 percent on your investment, how much will you pay for the company’s stock today?
Answer
 =
 =

−
. 
. −. 
 = $. 
EZ Calculator App
10
Constant Growth Stock: D1 =3.56 Growth Rate = 3.75% Required Return = 11%
Price = $49.10
Problem 5
Stock Valuation (LO1) Tell Me Why Co. is expected to maintain a constant 3.9 percent growth
rate in its dividends indefinitely. If the company has a dividend yield of 5.9 percent, what is the
required return on the company’s stock?
Answer
R = Dividend Yield + Capital Gain
R = 5.9% + 3.9%
R = 9.8%
Problem 6
Stock Valuation (LO1) Suppose you know that a company’s stock currently sells for $63 per
share and the required return on the stock is 10.5 percent. You also know that the total return on
the stock is evenly divided between a capital gains yield and a dividend yield. If it’s the
company’s policy to always maintain a constant growth rate in its dividends, what is the current
dividend per share?
Answer
R = Dividend Yield + Capital Gain
R = .0525 +.0525
 =
 =
 ( − )
+
(. −. )
+. 
 = $. 
11
Problem 7
Stock Valuation (LO1) Estes Park Corp. pay a constant $7.80 dividend on its stock. The
company will maintain this dividend for the next 13 years and will then cease paying dividends
forever. If the required return on this stock is 11.2 percent, what is the current share price?
Answer


−(
)
(+. )^
= .  
. 
 = $. 
Problem 8
Valuing Preferred Stock (LO1) Moraine, Inc., has an issue of preferred stock outstanding that
pays a $3.50 dividend every year in perpetuity. If this issue currently sells for $85 per share,
what is the required return?
Answer
=
=


. 

 = . %
12
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