assessment 1725703 booklet

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Operant Conditioning Quiz
Assessment ID: dna.38834
ib.1725703
Directions: Answer the following question(s).
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Learning associations between one's personal
actions and resulting events is most relevant to
the process of :
classical conditioning
latent learning
observational learning
operant conditioning
cognition
B.F. Skinner's work elaborated on what E.L.
Thorndike had called:
shaping
behaviorism
observational learning
the law of effect
latent learning
A Skinner Box is a(n):
A. soundproof cubicle in which organisms are
classically conditioned in the absence of
distracting noise
B. chamber containing a bar or a key that an
animal can manipulate to obtain a reward
C. aversive or punishing event that decreases the
occurrence of certain undesirable behaviors
D. "slot machine" used to study the effects of
partial reinforcement on human gambling
practices
E. television projection device designed for use in
laboratory studies of observational learning
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Receiving delicious food is to escaping electric
shock as ______________ is to
_______________.
positive reinforcer; negative reinforcer
primary reinforcer; secondary reinforcer
immediate reinforcer; delayed reinforcer
reinforcement; punishment
partial reinforcement; continuous reinforcement
Escape from an aversive stimulus is a
______________ reinforcer.
positive
negative
secondary
partial
delayed
Money is to food as ____________ is to
_______________.
delayed reinforcer; immediate reinforcer
secondary reinforcer; primary reinforcer
discrimination; generalization
partial reinforcement; continuous reinforcement
operant conditioning; classical conditioning
In order to quickly teach a dog to roll over on
command, you would be best advised to use:
A. classical conditioning rather than operant
conditioning
B. partial reinforcement rather than continuous
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Five-year old Trevor is emotionally disturbed and
refuses to communicate with anyone. To get him
to speak, his teacher initially gives him candy for
any utterance, then only for a clearly spoken
word, and finally only for a complete sentence.
The teacher is using the method of:
reinforcement
C. latent learning rather than shaping
D. immediate reinforcers rather than delayed
reinforcers
E. negative reinforcers rather than positive
reinforcers
delayed reinforcement
secondary reinforcement
shaping
spontaneous recovery
latent learning
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Page 1
Operant Conditioning Quiz
Assessment ID: dna.38834
ib.1725703
Directions: Answer the following question(s).
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B.
C.
D.
E.
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B.
C.
D.
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A trainer wants to train a chicken to peck a key to
obtain food. If she wants the chicken to learn this
trick quickly and the behavior to be resistant to
extinction, she should use ______________
reinforcment until the response is mastered and
then follow with a period of ______________
reinforcement.
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A. Negative reinforcers increase the rate of operant
responding; punishment s decrease the rate of
operant responding
B. Negative reinforcers decrease the rate of
operant responding; punishment increases the
rate of operant responding
positive; negative
negative; positive
C. Negative reinforcers decrease the rate of
primary; secondary
operant responding; punishment decreases the
rate of operant conditioning
partial; continuous
continuous; partial
Myron quit gambling after he lost over a thousand
dollars betting on horse races. This best
illustrates the effects of:
Which of the following is true of negative
reinforcement and punishment?
D. Negative reinforcers have no effect on the rate of
operant responding; punishments decrease the
rate of operant responding
E. Negative reinforcers decrease the rate of
operant responding; punishments have no effect
on the rate of operant responding
negative reinforcers
generalization
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spontaneous recovery
punishment
secondary reinforcers
The introduction of a pleasant stimulus is to
______________ as the withdrawal of a pleasant
stimulus is to ________________.
positive reinforcer; negative reinforcer
acquisition; extinction
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B.
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reinforcement; punishment
generalization; discrimination
primary reinforcer; secondary reinforcer
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Generated On October 25, 2018, 11:56 AM PDT
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For purposes of effective child-rearing, most
psychologists favor the use of:
shaping over modeling
reinforcement over punishment
spontaneuous recovery over extinction
classical conditioning over operant conditioning
primary reinforcersover secondary reinforcers
The highest and most consistent rate of response
is produced by a ____________ reinforcement
schedule.
fixed-ratio
variable-ratio
fixed-interval
variable-interval
continuous
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Page 2
Operant Conditioning Quiz
Assessment ID: dna.38834
ib.1725703
Directions: Answer the following question(s).
15
Cognitive processes are:
A. unimportant in classical and operant
conditioning
B. important in both classical and operant
condioning
C. more important in classical conditioning than in
operant conditioning
D. more important in operant conditioning than in
classical conditioning
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One difference between classical and operant
conditioning is that:
A. in classical conditioning the responses operate
on the environment to produce rewarding or
punishing stimuli.
B. in operant conditioning the responses are
triggered by preceding stimuli.
C. in classical conditioning the responses are
automatically triggered by stimuli.
D. in operant conditioning the responses are
reflexive.
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Punishment is a controversial way of controlling
behavior because:
behavior is not forgotten and may return
punishing stimuli often create fear
punishment often increases aggressiveness
all of the above reasons
In Pavlov’s original experiment with dogs, the
tone was initially a(n) ________ stimulus; after it
was paired with meat, it became a(n) _________
stimulus.
conditioned; neutral
neutral; conditioned
conditioned; unconditioned
unconditioned; conditioned
Learning is best defined as
A. any behavior produced by an organism without
being provoked
B. a change in the behavior of the organism
C. a relatively permanent change in the behavior of
an organism due to experience
D. behavior based on operant rather than
respondent conditioning
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