AP Chapter 04

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Quiz Chapter 4
Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
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1. Which of the following is the best description of a region’s climate?
a. The average temperature and precipitation over several decades
b. The average precipitation over a 1-2 year time period
c. The average high temperature of a region
d. The amount of rainfall that an area receives over a period of 1 year
e. The average temperature and rainfall over a period of 1-2 years
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2. In which level of the atmosphere does weather occur?
a. Troposphere
b. Stratosphere
c. Mesosphere
d. Thermosphere
e. Exosphere
____
3. Which level of the atmosphere contains the ozone layer?
a. Troposphere
b. Stratosphere
c. Mesosphere
d. Thermosphere
e. Exosphere
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4. What best describes the temperature of the atmosphere?
a. It decreases as you increase in altitude in the troposphere
b. It increases as you increase in altitude
c. It maintains a constant level throughout the atmosphere
d. It shows fluctuations up and down as you move through the layers of the atmosphere
e. It does not change
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5. Which of the following is not true about the sun’s energy heating the Earth?
a. The sun’s rays hit the Earth at different angles depending on the latitude
b. The sun’s rays are concentrated over a smaller surface area at the equator than they are in
the higher latitudes
c. The polar regions reflect more sunlight than the tropical regions
d. The sun’s rays are more strongly reflected in the lower latitude regions
e. The unequal heating helps to determine an area’s climate
© 2012 W. H. Freeman/BFW Publishers
Chapter 4
Figure 4-1
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6. Use Figure 4-1. Using the diagram above, indicate which of the following has the highest albedo:
a. Asphalt
b. Fresh snow
c. Forest
d. Croplands
e. Water
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7. What happens to air as it rises?
a. The pressure decreases and it expands in volume
b. The pressure increases and it expands in volume
c. The pressure decreases and it decreases in volume
d. The pressure increases and it decreases in volume
e. The pressure and volume remain constant
© 2012 W. H. Freeman/BFW Publishers
Chapter 4
Figure 4-2
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8. Use Figure 4-2. Use the graph above to determine how much water would fall (in grams/m3) as precipitation
if the temperature of the air saturated with water vapor fell from 30o C to 10o C.
a. 0 g
b. 10 g
c. 20 g
d. 30 g
e. 40 g
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9. Use Figure 4-2. Using the graph above, what conclusion can be drawn about the relationship between
temperature and saturation point?
a. As temperature increases, saturation point decreases exponentially
b. As temperature increases, saturation point increases exponentially
c. As temperature increases, saturation point increases linearly
d. As temperature increases, saturation point decreases linearly
e. There is a negative correlation between temperature and saturation point
____ 10. What is the overall direction of global air currents at the equator?
a. Air rises at the equator
b. Air sinks at the equator
c. Air moves horizontally to the north at the equator
d. Air moves horizontally to the south at the equator
e. Air is relatively stable at the equator.
© 2012 W. H. Freeman/BFW Publishers
Chapter 4
____ 11. Which of the following statements about the Coriolis Effect is incorrect?
a. The Coriolis effect causes objects to be deflected to the west in the northern hemisphere
b. The Coriolis effect causes objects to be deflected to the east in the southern hemisphere
c. Global winds are not affected by the Coriolis effect
d. The Coriolis effect is caused by the rotation of Earth
e. The different rotation speeds of Earth at different latitudes causes the deflection of
traveling objects
Figure 4-3
____ 12. Use Figure 4-3. A plane leaves the North Pole. Initially, it flies directly south towards point B on the diagram
below. Which is the most likely landing site for the plane if it maintains a straight path to the south?
a. Site A
b. Site B
c. Site C
d. Site D
e. None of the above
© 2012 W. H. Freeman/BFW Publishers
Chapter 4
Figure 4-4
____ 13. Use Figure 4-4. Using the diagram above, which position would correspond with Spring in the Northern
Hemisphere?
a. A
b. B
c. C
d. D
e. E
____ 14. Where is upwelling most likely to occur?
a. Along the west coasts of continents
b. Along the east coasts of continents
c. In the center of most ocean basins
d. At the equator
e. In the polar oceans
____ 15. As water freezes or evaporates, what happens to the salinity of the remaining ocean water?
a. Salinity decreases
b. Salinity increases
c. There is no change to salinity
d. Increases as water freezes, decreases as water evaporates
e. Increases as water evaporates, decreases as water freezes
© 2012 W. H. Freeman/BFW Publishers
Chapter 4
Figure 4-5
____ 16. Use Figure 4-5. In the diagram above, at what locations is water sinking?
I. 1
II. 2
III. 4
a. I only
b. II only
c. III only
d. II and III
e. I and II
____ 17. Use Figure 4-5. In the diagram above, if Northern glaciers melt near location 2, what consequence may
occur?
a. Water in the northern hemisphere would become more salty, causing it to sink
b. Water would become less salty, preventing sinking
c. Water would become warmer, preventing sinking
d. Water would become more dense and sink to a lower depth
e. Water would sink faster, speeding up the current
____ 18. Which of the following is true about El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO)?
I. Upwelling is suppressed off the coast of South America
II. This phenomenon is human caused and related to global warming
III. The tradewinds weaken, allowing warm water to move eastward
a. I only
b. II only
c. III only
d. I and III
e. I, II and III
© 2012 W. H. Freeman/BFW Publishers
Chapter 4
Figure 4-6
____ 19. Use Figure 4-6. What phenomenon does the above figure represent?
a. Mountain rain effect
b. Prevailing ocean winds
c. Desert formation
d. Climate change
e. Rain shadow effect
Figure 4-7
© 2012 W. H. Freeman/BFW Publishers
Chapter 4
____ 20. Use Figure 4-7. According to the graph above, what biome would you expect to find in an area with an
average temperature of 10o C and 100 cm of precipitation annually?
a. Tundra
b. Boreal forest
c. Temperate rainforest
d. Temperate grassland
e. Temperate seasonal forest
____ 21. What factors are used to classify a biome?
I. Average temperature
II. Average precipitation
III. Distinctive plants adapted to area
a. I only
b. II only
c. III only
d. I and II
e. I, II and III
____ 22. Boreal forests tend to have a thick layer of organic material but the soil is poor in nutrients. What is the best
explanation for this?
a. The organic material is low in nutrients
b. The rapid growth rate of plants uses the nutrients rapidly
c. The soils have a low permeability and the nutrients do not dissolve in the soils
d. The soil is too rocky to hold a high content of nutrients
e. Low precipitation rates and cold temperatures slow decomposition
____ 23. Which of the following are examples of wetlands?
I. Swamps
II. Marshes
III. Bogs
a. I only
b. II only
c. III only
d. I and II
e. I, II, and III
____ 24. Which of the following is the Earth’s most diverse biome?
a. Wetlands
b. Tropical Rainforest
c. Temperate seasonal forest
d. Coral reefs
e. Grasslands
© 2012 W. H. Freeman/BFW Publishers
Chapter 4
Figure 4-8
____ 25. Use Figure 4-8. Which of the zones in the diagram above is the stratosphere?
a. A
b. B
c. C
d. D
e. E
____ 26. Use Figure 4-8. The northern lights are caused by solar radiation hitting charged gas molecules in which
layer?
a. A
b. B
c. C
d. D
e. E
____ 27. What biome has warm temperatures, high precipitation, and little seasonal variation due to its location near
the equator?
a. Boreal forest
b. Subtropical desert
c. Temperate grassland/cold desert
d. Woodland/shrubland
e. Tropical rainforest
© 2012 W. H. Freeman/BFW Publishers
Chapter 4
Figure 4-9
____ 28. Use Figure 4-9. In which of the zones in the diagram above would you be most likely to find bacteria engaged
in chemosynthesis?
a. A
b. B
c. C
d. D
e. E
____ 29. Use Figure 4-9. In the diagram above, which of the zones is the benthic zone?
a. A
b. B
c. C
d. D
e. E
© 2012 W. H. Freeman/BFW Publishers
Chapter 4
Figure 4-10
____ 30. Use Figure 4-10. In the diagram above, in which zone does most photosynthesis occur?
a. A
b. B
c. C
d. D
e. E
© 2012 W. H. Freeman/BFW Publishers
Chapter 4
Quiz Chapter 4
Answer Section
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© 2012 W. H. Freeman/BFW Publishers
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Definitional
Definitional
Fact based
Fact based
Fact based
Concept based
Fact based
Analytical thinking
Concept based
Fact based
Concept based
Critical thinking
Fact based
Fact based
Fact based
Concept based
Critical thinking
Fact based
Fact based
Fact based
Concept based
Fact based
Definitional
Fact based
Definitional
Fact based
Fact based
Fact based
Definitional
Fact based
Chapter 4
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