TEST on currents and climate

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TEST
Learning Objectives:
1. The student will be able to use a topographic map to infer characteristics about the climate
of a given location at rate of 80%.
2. The students will be able to use a topographic map to identify locations that have a given
climate at a rate of 80%.
3. The students will be able to explain how and why wind causes surface currents by showing it
visibly with 100% accuracy.
4. The students will be able to explain how landmasses affect the movement of ocean currents
by showing it visibly with 100% accuracy.
5. Students will be able to interpret information about a location’s elevation and latitude to
determent the climate of the location by correctly answering 4 out of 5 questions.
6. Students will be able to summarize the connection between pressures and winds by
completely and filling out a pressure map completely correct.
7. Students will be able to show a basic understanding of the concepts of the ocean currents by
answering questions at a rate of 80%.
8. Students will be able to conduct thorough research about primary factors that affect climate
and be able to provide information to support their research by answering all question asked of
them.
9. Students will be able to identify factors that influence weather in their area by correctly
identifying 3 to 4 factors.
10. Students will be able to show how day sea breezes and land sea breezes differ by accuracy
(100%) drawing and labeling a diagram.
Objective
Bloom’s word
level
1
Use
Lower
Number of
Questions
7
2
Use
Lower
5
3
Lower
7
4
Explain how and
why
Explain how
Lower
6
5
6
7
interpret
Summarize
Show
Higher
Higher
Lower
2
2
7
8
9
Research
Identify
Higher
Lower
2
5
10
Show
Lower
6
Total of 49
Question
numbers
11, 12, 13, 14,
29, 30, 31.
35, 36, 37, 38,
39
15, 17, 25a, 26a,
27a, 28a, 34
25, 26, 27, 28,
32, 33
44, 45
42, 43
1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 23,
24
40, 41
16, 18, 19, 20,
21
6,7,8,9, 10, 22
Student Test:
Name: _______________________________________ Date: _____________ Class:________
Make the following terms with the correct definitions.
1. Bottom current _____
2. Convection current_____
3. Deep current_____
4. Ocean current _____
5. Surface current ____
A. A current of extremely deep water that
move below deep current based on density,
moves very slow because of density.
B. A stream like movement of ocean water
far below the surface.
C. A stream like movement of water that
occurs at or near the surface of the ocean.
D. A river of water in the ocean.
E. Movement of a fluid from a cool area to a
warm are; it is driven by different densities.
Fill in the blank.
6. During a _________ breeze the high pressure is over the ocean.
7. During a _________ breeze the low pressure is over the ocean.
8. During a sea breeze the wind is coming from the _________.
9 During a land breeze the wind is coming from the ________.
10. During a sea breeze the air above the land is _________.
Use the map to answer the following questions.
1
5
3
2
4
11. Based on the latitude, what locations would be the warmest. _______
12. Justify your answer. ________________________________________
13. Based on the latitude, what locations would be the coldest. _______
14. Justify your Answer. ________________________________________
Multiply Choice Questions, circle the best answer.
15. Surface currents are formed by
a. increased water density
b. the sun’s gravity
c. wind
d. all of the above
16. The Coriolis effect is caused by the
a. force of the wind
b. rotation of the earth
c. salinity of the water
d. all of the above
17. Which of the following factors control surface currents?
a. continental deflection
b. global winds
c. the Coriolis effect
d. all of the above
18. What are the main to factors that determine the climate of and area?
a. Currents and geography
b. local and global winds
c. temperature and precipitation
d. all of the above
19.Even though Mt. Kilimanjaro is only about 3 degree south of the equator, it is snow covered
year-round because of its
a. its elevation
b. its latitude
c. wind patterns
d. all of the above
20. Cities need the equator for the most part have higher temperatures because
a. global wind pulls warm air from the north
b. They receive warm air from deep currents
c. They receive direct rays of sunlight.
d. all of the above
21. Europe and the U.S are at similar latitudes, but Europe has an average high temperature,
why?
a. Europe is weather is influenced by the gulf stream.
b. Local winds cool the U.S
c. The U.S has a higher longitude.
d. all of the above
22. Draw a diagram of a sea breeze. Include direction of the wind the high pressure, low
pressure, warm air, and cool air.
Short answer: answer each question a complete sentence.
23. What is continental deflection?
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
24. What is Coriolis Effect and what causes it?
____________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
Draw the path of the surface current for the following diagrams. The wind is moving from the
x. On the a. put the direction the wind is moving
N
W
E
25.
S
X
a.
26.
X
a.
27.
X
a.
28.
X
a.
Fill in the blank
29. A city located at 80 degrees North latitude should be ____________ than a city at 20
degrees North latitude.
30. Two cities with the same elevation and different latitudes should have ____________
temperatures.
31. The farther away a city is from the equator the _________ its temperature will be.
32. Continental deflection is when landforms effect ___________ currents.
33. Examples for continental deflection are ___________ and ______________.
34. Wind moves in the _____________ direction as the wind.
Short Answer, Answer in a complete sentence
35. What is a rain shadow?
36. Higher elevation produces what kind of pressure?
Use the topographic map and use the identify what climate each location should have.
Wind is moving this way
B
A
C
Sea level
37 ______ Cold and snowy.
38. ______ Dry with little to no rain.
39. ______Warm and wet.
Extended response. Answer each question in complete sentences.
40. What are two primary factors that affect climate and explained why they affect the
weather.
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
41. What are factors that affect local weather and why?
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
42. Explain why wind moves from high to low pressure and one example.
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
43. How is moving water and moving air similar? Give an example of each. (example most be
different from #42)
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
44. Why is the temperature cooler at higher elevations?
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
45. Explain why two cities with similar elevation might have different climate.
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
KEY
Name: _______________________________________ Date: _____________ Class:________
Make the following terms with the correct definitions.
1. Bottom current ___A__
2. Convection current____E__
3. Deep current__B___
4. Ocean current ___D__
5. Surface current __C__
A. A current of extremely deep water that
move below deep current based on density,
moves very slow because of density.
B. A stream like movement of ocean water
far below the surface.
C. A stream like movement of water that
occurs at or near the surface of the ocean.
D. A river of water in the ocean.
E. Movement of a fluid from a cool area to a
warm are; it is driven by different densities.
Fill in the blank.
6. During a ____sea__ breeze the high pressure is over the ocean.
7. During a _____land__ breeze the low pressure is over the ocean.
8. During a sea breeze the wind is coming from the ___sea___.
9 During a land breeze the wind is coming from the ___land___.
10. During a sea breeze the air above the land is ___warm____.
Use the map to answer the following questions.
1
5
3
2
4
11. Based on the latitude, what locations would be the warmest. ___3____
12. Justify your answer. __________It is located at the equator ________________
13. Based on the latitude, what locations would be the coldest. __1___
14. Justify your Answer. _______it if farthest from the equator_________
Multiply Choice Questions, circle the best answer.
15. Surface currents are formed by
a. increased water density
b. the sun’s gravity
c. wind
d. all of the above
16. The Coriolis effect is caused by the
a. force of the wind
b. rotation of the earth
c. salinity of the water
d. all of the above
17. Which of the following factors control surface currents?
a. continental deflection
b. global winds
c. the Coriolis effect
d. all of the above
18. What are the main to factors that determine the climate of and area?
a. Currents and geography
b. local and global winds
c. temperature and precipitation
d. all of the above
19. Even though Mt. Kilimanjaro is only about 3 degree south of the equator, it is snow covered
year-round because of its
a. its elevation
b. its latitude
c. wind patterns
d. all of the above
20. Cities need the equator for the most part have higher temperatures because
a. global wind pulls warm air from the north
b. They receive warm air from deep currents
c. They receive direct rays of sunlight.
d. all of the above
21. Europe and the U.S are at similar latitudes, but Europe has an average high temperature,
why?
a. Europe is weather is influenced by the gulf stream.
b. Local winds cool the U.S
c. The U.S has a higher longitude.
d. all of the above
22. Draw a diagram of a sea breeze. Include direction of the wind the high pressure, low
pressure, warm air, and cool air.
Short answer: answer each question a complete sentence.
23. What is continental deflection?
______Continental deflection is when a surfaces current is affected by a land form.
___________
24. What is Coriolis Effect and what causes it?
________The Coriolis Effect is the force that causes the winds to rotate counterclockwise.
This is caused by the rotation of the earth.
Draw the path of the surface current for the following diagrams. The wind is moving from the
x. On the a. put the direction the wind is moving
N
W
E
25.
S
X
a. west
26.
X
a. southwest
27.
X
a. east
28.
X
a. northeast
Fill in the blank
29. A city located at 80 degrees North latitude should be _____warmer___ than a city at 20
degrees North latitude.
30. Two cities with the same elevation and different latitudes should have ____different _____
temperatures.
31. The farther away a city is from the equator the ____cooler____ its temperature will be.
32. Continental deflection is when landforms effect ____surface____ currents.
33. Examples for continental deflection are ___reflection____ and _____diverging ___.
34. Current moves in the ___same_ direction as the wind.
Short Answer, Answer in a complete sentence
35. What is a rain shadow?
A rain shadows when the dry air crosses the mountain and as it slinks in absorbs moisture and
warms creating a dry area at a foot of the mountain.
36. Higher elevation produces what kind of pressure?
High elevation produces low pressure.
Use the topographic map and use the identify what climate each location should have.
Wind is moving this way
B
A
C
Sea level
37 ___B__ Cold and snowy.
38. __C_ Dry with little to no rain.
39. __A_Warm and wet.
Extended response. Answer each question in complete sentences.
40. What are two primary factors that affect climate and explained why they affect the
weather.
_______Latitude – effect how much direct rays of sun.
__
Elevation – density of the air
41. What are factors that affect local weather and why?
Lake effect snow- wind blowing of the lake like a sea breeze
Valley breezes – we live in a valley and they affect our night and day time temperatures
42. Explain why wind moves from high to low pressure and one example.
Wind moves from high to low pressure – varying examples
43. How is moving water and moving air similar? Give an example of each. (example most be
different from #42)
Both move from high to low pressure – varying examples
44. Why is the temperature cooler at higher elevations?
As elevation increases, he atmosphere becomes less dense. When the atmosphere becomes
less dense, its ability to absorb and hold thermal energy lowers and temperatures are lower.
45. Explain why two cities with similar elevation might have different climate.
Latitude, gulf streams, geography- next to coast, mountain, desert.
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