Maria Sofia B. Lopez Grade 11- Andres Bonifacio ` Dr. Victorio B. Duyan Genetic Engineering As of today, there a lot of new discoveries that the scientists had found. Genetic engineering is utilized by the scientist to determine a certain traits of an organism. It is also known as “genetic modification” which refers to a process of changing the DNA of an organism’s genome. Also, it can be applied in any organism such as human, plants or animals. The result of this combination process is called Genetically Modified Organisms, also known as GMOs. This may also have pros and cons. In genetic engineering, it has advantages that everyone could benefit. The genetic engineering is used by the scientists for their biotechnology research. It aims to help on transferring a transplants gene of an organism to another organism. This research pertains that there is a possibility that an animal organ could be transfer into human body. One of the benefits is in aspects of medicine which it helps to create a new material that could treat disorders. It could provide a genetic material that a body could not provide. It produces different drugs such as vaccines, insulin and also human growth hormone. Moreover, genetic engineering helps to make longer the lifespan of a person that makes a body adopt quicker. Another benefit of this is to help to increase the production of meat. In our generation, most of the people would like to eat meats so genetic engineering helps to produce more meats. One example of a GMO is the Belgian blue cattle which is the result of genetic engineering and that has been created in Belgium. It is not just ordinary cattle because it is genetically engineered and it has a trait that is called “double muscling” because of its extraordinary muscles. In addition of the advantage of genetic engineering, it helps to produce highly nutrient food products. For instance, through inserting a gene of vitamin A to the gene of a rice it could produce a new breed which is called “Gold Rice” that avail on a healthy diet of a person. While there are pros of a genetic engineering, it also has cons or its disadvantages. One of the disadvantages is in reversing a genetic material; it could provide risks that a person could not expect even the scientists because they are not that sure of what are all the genetic materials of a person’s body. Possibly, it has side effects that could make an illness worse. Also, due to transferring genetic materials to another gene it could lead to an unintended growth of an organism. As a matter fact, they could grow in unexpected places. It may produce different specie with a fractious growth of population. Furthermore, it is not only affect a health or a risk on new specie but also it also concerns in terms of social and ethical. Genetic engineering might distort the natural way of life and abuse biotechnology. Moral issues occurred in the field of genetic engineering. One of the issues is based on a belief of a person. Some of the people told that through creating a new organism which is transferring genetic material to another organism are like playing with God. It conveys that through this process it is changing what God had gave to people. More likely, it is wrong because God made that organism and a person could alter it. And as a human, I agree that we should not try to change an organism not just due to belief but also it could harm of a person’s health. It is always better to have it in a natural way. In conclusion, there are a lot of advantages in genetic engineering that everyone could benefit but also it has disadvantages that could give harm sort of transferring a different a genetic material to another organism. Regardless of these advantages and disadvantages, the science will continue to make new discoveries that everyone would agree and can make a better change in the society.