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WORLD HISTORY/AP
PERIOD 3: REGIONAL AND TRANSREGIONAL INTERACTIONS, C. 600 TO C. 1450 C.E.
UNIT TEST 15 - 16
DIRECTIONS: Each of the questions or incomplete statements below is followed by four suggested answers or completions.
Select the one that is best in each case and then fill in the corresponding circle on the answer sheet.
Use the map below to answer questions 1 and 2.
1.
Which of the following statements could be supported by the evidence found in this map?
(A) Powerful monsoon winds prevented Indian sailors from reaching East Africa.
(B) Indonesian sailors dominated the Indian Ocean trade.
(C) Trade contributed to the growth of coastal cities with shipping ports.
(D) Cotton textiles from India were heavily in demand around the Indian Ocean basin.
2.
Which of the following political states would have had the least ability to control trade in the Indian Ocean during the
time period shown on the map?
(A) Yuan Dynasty China
(C) Islamic Caliphates
(B) Western European Kingdoms
(D) Great Zimbabwe
3.
All the following reflect the influence of the culture of the northern steppes on northern Chinese elites in the Tang
dynasty EXCEPT the
(A) Turkic style of battle
(C) tribute system
(B) greater freedom women enjoyed
(D) drinking of yogurt
4.
Which of the following is an example of how Japan, Korea, and Vietnam combined elements of Chinese culture with
local traditions in the pre-modern period?
(A) The development of a writing system that combined Chinese characters with phonetic symbols
(B) The merging of Shinto and Daoist views of humanity’s relationship to the natural world
(C) The assimilation of Hindu and Buddhist reincarnations into the local pantheon of gods
(D) The incorporation of the civil service examination system into the tribute system
5.
In recent decades, some historians have challenged negative images of pastoral societies in world history. Which of the
following evidence would best support this historical reinterpretation?
(A) Nomadic peoples were by nature pacifist and have been exploited and manipulated by agrarian civilizations.
(B) The Turkic states raided nearby civilizations and extorted tribute payments from established states.
(C) The Arabs had a reputation for ruthless brutality and destroyed all civilizations that resisted conquest.
(D) The Mongol capital at Karakorum had places of worship for Buddhists, Daoists, Muslims, and Christians
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WORLD HISTORY/AP
PERIOD 3: REGIONAL AND TRANSREGIONAL INTERACTIONS, C. 600 TO C. 1450 C.E.
UNIT TEST 15 - 16
6. Compared to women in agricultural civilizations, women in pastoral societies before the 16th century
(A) did not engage in productive labor
(C) enjoyed a greater role in public life
(B) had no domestic responsibilities
(D) could not remarry or divorce
7.
Although they have no basis in the Quran, all of the following patriarchal controls on Muslim women came to be
identified as Islamic as a result of the absorption of local traditions into Islamic practice EXCEPT
(A) polygamy
(C) seclusion of women
(B) “honor killings”
(D) female circumcision
Use the passage below to answer questions 8 and 9.
At that time the harvest failed for several years in a row…Menggu ordered the officials to travel around announcing that
those who returned to their property would be exempt from taxes and services for three years.
Chinese epitaph for the Honorable Menggu, 1274
8.
The exemption for taxes and labor service during times of bad harvest by Menggu reflects the influence of which set of
ideas?
(A) Christianity
(C) Hinduism
(B) Confucianism
(D) Islam
9.
Based on the information provided, it can be reasonably inferred that Menggu served as an official during the dynasty
ruled by the
(A) Mongols
(C) Hans
(B) Arabs
(D) Manchus
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WORLD HISTORY/AP
PERIOD 3: REGIONAL AND TRANSREGIONAL INTERACTIONS, C. 600 TO C. 1450 C.E.
UNIT TEST 15 - 16
Use the images below to answer questions 10 and 11.
Both images (taken 2010, B. Brown) come from the Hagia Sophia (Aya Sophia in the Islamic world) in Istanbul, Turkey.
10. How do the photos demonstrate a major difference between the respective religions?
(A) Only Christians accepted individuals into their faith at a young age.
(B) Muslims believe in the depiction of humans is inappropriate in their faith.
(C) Christian artwork was more advanced then Islamic in the 15th century.
(D) Islamic artwork relied more heavily contrasting colors.
11. Placement of the images near the top of the religious structure represents that both religions
(A) understood the symbolism of “looking to higher powers”
(B) made use of symmetry to help promote their religion
(C) made use of natural sunlight to illuminate their artwork
(D) had advanced tools and mechanics
12. The controlling of the former Byzantine Empire by the Ottomans helped
(A) to increase and expand European sea exploration
(B) bring about the rise of Qing Dynasty in China
(C) bring an end to the bitterness between Greeks and Byzantines
(D) control the spread of the black plague
13. Some scholars have argued that of all the areas that came under Mongol rule, Russia was the most affected. Which of the
following evidence would support this historical interpretation?
(A) Mongol migrants settled in Russia and established themselves as an aristocracy.
(B) Mongol herdsmen converted farmland into pastures, permanently destroying soil fertility.
(C) Russian peasants converted to Islam in great numbers and married Mongol soldiers.
(D) Russian princes adopted the diplomatic rituals, court practices, and military draft of the Mongols.
14. Which of the following policies of Mongol rulers facilitated the exchange of ideas and techniques throughout Eurasia in
the 13th and 14th centuries?
(A) The forcible transfer of skilled and educated people to distant parts of the empire
(B) The use of siege warfare and cannons in their military conquests.
(C) The creation of an imperial bureaucracy that excluded the local population
(D) The establishment of a taxation system that significantly increased state revenues
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WORLD HISTORY/AP
PERIOD 3: REGIONAL AND TRANSREGIONAL INTERACTIONS, C. 600 TO C. 1450 C.E.
UNIT TEST 15 - 16
15. Which of the following describes how the preference for luxury items in the Silk Road trade affected ordinary people?
(A) People from the lower classed could live the lifestyles of the powerful and wealthy.
(B) Artisans in India began mass-producing wool and linen textiles to satisfy local demand.
(C) Peasants in China shifted from the cultivation of crops to the production of silk, porcelain, and iron tools.
(D) Merchants focused on local trade where the volume was higher, the profits more predictable, and the risks minimal.
Use the passage below to answer questions 16 and 17.
Travels of Ibn Battuta, 1353
Never have I seen in all the lands of the world men more excellent in conduct than the Khwarizmians (Oxus River region of
Central Asia), more generous in soul, or more friendly to strangers. They have a praiseworthy custom in regard to [the
observance of] prayer-services namely that each of the muezzins in their mosques goes round the houses of those persons
neighboring his mosque, giving them notice of the approaching hour of prayer. Anyone who absents himself from the
communal prayers is beaten by the imam [who leads the prayers] in the presence of the congregation, and in every mosque
there is a whip hanging for this purpose…
16. Ibn Battuta’s reflections on his experience in Central Asia best reflect which attribute of Islam:
(A) That all travelers should be welcomed in and taken care of by their hosts.
(B) That all Muslims are called to prayer five times a day and it is obligatory to participate.
(C) That he is in the midst of completing the Hajj.
(D) That he is actively trying to win converts to the religion by highlighting its core beliefs.
17. Ibn Battuta’s observations on Central Asia provide evidence that allows us to conclude what about Islam in the PostClassical Era?
(A) Islam was able to use merchants and missionaries to spread rapidly throughout Eurasian landmass.
(B) Islam was able to win converts in spite of the fact that it was a religion that handed down severe punishments on its
followers for non-adherence.
(C) Islam was a slow spreading religion that took time to reach all areas of the Eurasian landmass.
(D) Islam was tolerant of believers of other faiths so as long as they were able to pay a tax for the privilege to do so.
Alone Looking at the Mountain
All the birds have flown up and gone; A lonely cloud floats leisurely by.
We never tire of looking at each other - Only the mountain and I.
18. What does the popularity of poems like the one above by Li Bo and those of his friend and fellow poet Du Fu reveal
about Tang Dynasty China?
(A) Contemplation of nature was discouraged by Buddhist monks
(B) Tang China enjoyed both literature and leisure
(C) Tang emperors had closed off China from the rest of the world
(D) China remained disunited and at war during Tang times
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WORLD HISTORY/AP
PERIOD 3: REGIONAL AND TRANSREGIONAL INTERACTIONS, C. 600 TO C. 1450 C.E.
UNIT TEST 15 - 16
19. The photograph above of a mosque (first erected in the 14 th century) in the modern-day West African country of Mali
best exemplifies which of the following historical processes?
(A) Imposition of religion through military conquest
(B) spread of religion along trade routes
(C) abandonment of indigenous cultural styles in the face of colonization
(D) conflict between local and universalizing religions
20. Cahokia, the recently excavated settlement shown above, provides evidence that
(A) Mesoamerican cities were less advanced than previously believed
(B) Alaska was home to the earliest known Americans
(C) Phoenicians probably reached the Americas by sea
(D) Large native settlements existed in the Mississippi valley
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WORLD HISTORY/AP
PERIOD 3: REGIONAL AND TRANSREGIONAL INTERACTIONS, C. 600 TO C. 1450 C.E.
UNIT TEST 15 - 16
21. The population shift from 800 CE to 1200 CE on the above table reflects
(A) the end of warfare between China and its neighbors.
(B) the diffusion of plague and smallpox along long-distance trade routes.
(C) the influence of Buddhist monasticism on Chinese society.
(D) the effects of the introduction of champa rice into China.
22. From 600 CE-1450, which of the following BEST describes the cultural impact of the spread of trade networks from the
Middle East to regions such as West Africa and Southeast Asia?
(A) The introduction of new crops from the Middle East transformed the inhabitants into subsistence farmers.
(B) Muslim merchant communities were established throughout the regions.
(C) West African and Southeast Asian leaders engaged in a flowering of maritime exploration that led to new sailing
innovations.
(D) Syncretism between Christianity, Zoroastrianism, and local tribal religions occurred along regional trade networks.
23. Which achievements are most closely associated with the Golden Age of Islamic culture?
(A) mosques, medical books, and algebra
(B) gunpowder, pagodas, and silk
(C) aqueducts, roads, and polytheistic temples
(D) columns, theory of a sun-centered universe, and democracy
24. The economic wealth of Calicut, Mogadishu, and Venice in the 13th century was primarily dependent on their
(A) fertile soil
(C) iron ore
(B) gold mines
(D) coastal locations
25. Which of the following changes best justifies the claim that the late 1400s mark the beginning of a new period in world
history?
(A) The rise of the Aztec and Inca empires
(B) The economic recovery in Afro-Eurasia after the Black Death
(C) The incorporation of the Americas into a broader global network of exchange
(D) The emergence of new religious movements in various parts of the world
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WORLD HISTORY/AP
PERIOD 3: REGIONAL AND TRANSREGIONAL INTERACTIONS, C. 600 TO C. 1450 C.E.
UNIT TEST 15 - 16
Source: Basil Dmytryshyn, ed.,
Medieval Russia: A Source Book, 850-1700,
Academic International Press
26. Which civilization most influenced the style of Russian architecture shown in this photograph?
(A) Umayyad
(C) Byzantine
(B) French
(D) Persian
27. Before 1450 C.E. which of the following is true of sub-Saharan Africa’s commercial economy?
(A) Phoenician merchants controlled most of the long-distance trade of sub-Saharan Africa.
(B) The Mali–Great Zimbabwe trade route dominated the economy of sub-Saharan Africa.
(C) Sub-Saharan Africa exported gold to the Middle East and Europe.
(D) The Sahara Desert prevented sub-Saharan traders from participating in long-distance trade.
28. The graph above shows the effect of which of the following?
(A) The fall of the Roman Empire on population growth
(B) The Agricultural Revolution on food supplies
(C) Plague on the populations of Asia and Europe
(D) The fall of the Byzantine Empire on population growth
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WORLD HISTORY/AP
PERIOD 3: REGIONAL AND TRANSREGIONAL INTERACTIONS, C. 600 TO C. 1450 C.E.
UNIT TEST 15 - 16
29. Between 200 B.C.E. and 1450 C.E., the Silk Roads linked which of the following?
(A) The Indian Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean
(B) North Africa and western Europe
(C) East Asia and the Mediterranean Sea
(D) The Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea
CHINESE
POPULATION
600–1200 C.E.
Year
Population
600
45 million
800
50 million
1000
60 million
1127
100 million
1200
115 million
30. Which of the following best explains the changes in China’s population shown in the table above?
(A) Immigration to China increased due to religious persecution of Buddhists in India and Southeast Asia.
(B) Agricultural output increased as a result of the use of the new crop strains, iron plows, and expanded irrigation.
(C) Less warfare with neighboring states and nomadic peoples also meant fewer casualties in wars and a population
increase.
(D) The Confucian emphasis on the importance of family led many Chinese to have more children.
31. Which of the following characterized the trans-Saharan trade by 1250 C.E.?
(A) The bulk of the trade consisted of low-priced commodities.
(B) Muslim merchants dominated the trade.
(C) European Christians became directly involved in the trade.
(D) Most trade was carried by horse rather than by people.
Use the passage below to answer questions 32 and 33.
“The evil-disposed in these districts [of England] began to rise, saying, they were too severely oppressed; that at the
beginning of the world there were no slaves, and that no one ought to be treated as such. . . . This they would not longer
bear, but had determined to be free, and if they labored for their lords, they wanted to be paid for it. A crazy priest in the
county of Kent, called John Ball, who for his absurd preaching, had been thrice confined in prison, inflamed those ideas.
He would say: ‘Are we not all descended from the same parents, Adam and Eve? and what can the lords show, or what
reasons give, why they should be more the masters than ourselves?’ ”
Jean Froissart, account of a peasant revolt in England, 1381 45.
32. The description of the peasant revolt best supports which of the following conclusions?
(A) Peasants were hostile to the idea of wage labor.
(B) Peasants used religious beliefs to justify their resistance.
(C) Peasant demands for equality were supported by the highest levels of religious leaders.
(D) Peasant revolts were more frequent in England than elsewhere in this period.
33. The point of view of the author can best be described as
(A) sympathetic to the peasants
(B) hostile to the peasants
(C) indifferent to the peasants’ grievances
(D) sympathetic to the leaders of the revolt
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WORLD HISTORY/AP
PERIOD 3: REGIONAL AND TRANSREGIONAL INTERACTIONS, C. 600 TO C. 1450 C.E.
UNIT TEST 15 - 16
“I charge the Caliph after me to fear God, and I commend the community of Muslims to him, to respect the great among
them, not to strike them and humiliate them, not to oppress them and drive them to unbelief, not to close his doors to
them and allow the strong to devour the weak.”
-- Muhammad, Hadith (c.610-632)
34. This statement best supports which of the following pillars of the Islamic faith?
(A) Hajj
(B) Giving to the poor
(C) Praying five times a day
(D) Declaration of faith: “There is no God but God, and Muhammad is His Prophet.”
35. Missionaries Cyril and Methodius connected the Balkans, Eastern Europe, and Russia by bringing common
(A) Language and Religion to the region
(B) Trade and Union to the government
(C) Government and theology to the Byzantine
(D) Tradition and Isolation to Europe
36. From this map and knowledge of the “Viking Age” (c. 793 to 1066 C.E.), which statement below is the most plausible
reason for Viking expeditions.
(A) A desire to explore and trade with others motivated the Vikings to seek out new lands.
(B) Technological advances in navigation and shipbuilding enabled Vikings to venture down rivers and far beyond the
safety of the coast.
(C) Due to harsh conditions and overcrowding in Norway and Sweden, creating colonies elsewhere was the primary
concern of Viking exploration.
(D) The main purpose of Viking expeditions was to steal goods and acquire slaves to work as thralls.
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WORLD HISTORY/AP
PERIOD 3: REGIONAL AND TRANSREGIONAL INTERACTIONS, C. 600 TO C. 1450 C.E.
UNIT TEST 15 - 16
With the trade of Taudenni's prized salt, came the ability to move people, information, and ideas across the Sahara desert.
During the 12th and 13th centuries, Timbuktu became not only a center of great wealth but of Islamic study. Scholars from
across the Islamic world, some from as far away as Persia, journeyed for months across the sands of the Sahara in order to
teach and study in the mysterious oasis of Timbuktu.
37. The new camel saddles actually evolved in response to the need for?
(A) Global warming caused the desert to expand and the trip was longer
(B) There was a shortage of horses and the nomadic peoples turned to camels
(C) An increased carrying capacity and thus the profitability of the overland trade
(D) Crossing the desert was faster and people wanted to be more comfortable
38. Which of the following was an important continuity in Eurasian history from 1000C.E to 1500C.E?
(A) Hindu political dominance of the Indian subcontinent and southeast Asia
(B) The importance of the Silk Roads in cultural exchanges across Eurasia
(C) The ‘Abbasid Caliphate as the dominant power in southwest Asia
(D) The military superiority of Western Europe over other regions of Eurasia
39. A major difference between the Inca and the Aztecs in their treatment of conquered people is that the Inca
(A) required labor rather than payment of tribute
(B) treated conquered people more harshly
(C) refrained from enslaving their captives
(D) allowed conquered people to retain their culture
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WORLD HISTORY/AP
PERIOD 3: REGIONAL AND TRANSREGIONAL INTERACTIONS, C. 600 TO C. 1450 C.E.
UNIT TEST 15 - 16
Use the tables below to answer question 40.
40. Which of the following conclusions is best supported by the data in Table 1?
(A) The Tang emperors’ legitimacy continued to be challenged in many parts of China, even as their prestige outside of
China grew.
(B) The great majority of economic transactions in Tang China continued to be carried out through barter.
(C) Long-distance trade resulted in the establishment of new cities and diasporic merchant communities.
(D) Long-distance trade routes were active during the early Tang period, even as most trade in China remained local.
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