01 Swami-Introduction

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SRI:
t
t"$
Sri Paddavathi Sahatha Srinivasapara
Sd MahadeviSardetha
Devadbirajapirabtahma
Sri Bhagavad
RaeatujayaNamaha.
Srlmlte NigamsntaGuraveNadaha.
SriBatoRaBgaranaouja
Maba DesikayaN6rnaha,
SrimateAbbi[avaDesikaVatsyaSatobakravarti
Uttamur,
SRI VIRARAGHAVARYAMAEA DESIKAYA NAMAI,A.
ql
Taliatr:AdbhutamyaryavikraDtamVcda vecthecvishodhane
J
Ap.r4m Njganantary.EPrapadyeVinraghavantl
Abhinava Desika Vaibhavam
(o"ii"":#;
j"',fi;*ffi f"ffi#)*i"iil1,l;""";#jl'iiii,l,?ll*
Makard6asa, Anala sanvatdara-lotb
February,l9i7).
,'Akhilagada sancborabKamalagiiba
medhioam
l
Sridamcha ViraiaghvidaDr
curulr gunenidbinbhaj.ll
(Avalarao: Durmukhiramvat$ara_Maketa
dasa_Spati nakshatra,
26_1_1897),
(plsce: Uttabur villag€-lo 6ilcs fron MaduraDtakaotowD_Cbilgleput
Dt.)
Lord AlEighty SrimanNarayanrtakcuan
Avatara to blasr his Bhakt6r, AD Achsrya
takco an Av6t6rsDot oDly to q,ipc out tho
sorrow!of all wboreck his feet,but also to
showthemthep8thfo. EterlalBliss-Moksba,
That is why Vedasproclsim "Acharya Devo
Bhav6" and " Devamiva Acharyam Upaseota'. That is ryby our greatAcharya, Sri
NigamantaGuru, vehemently
said (,. Acharyadiha DevataE Samadhi-kaBAnyaE Na
Mantaorh!') that in lbil worl4 lhlre iq !o
olher D€vatawbichis superiotto en Aoherya,
Veda8,Soritir, Itihasas,puratas and oth€r
prociaiEthat if a persondoes
Pramanas
Dor
get th€ bl$silgs of an Acharya,hc
will Dor
ger Moksba,eventhougbhe ndaypossess
all
tbe maleriallrealthi otr rheotbe. band,
On6
w[o ias the ble$iDgs
ofan Aclarya,will,ol
@ preveDted
fromattai-oing
th€ ErernalBliss_
Moksha, evetrtboughhe has ooomitted
the
EoSt heiaousorime.
Lz
Olr Acharta Parampara starts fiom Srifian
Nsrayasaand Sri Nigamaota Guru slandsin
tie biddle as tbe " CrestJe*e|". lD tbal guru
OUR SWAMI,SriU.Ve.Abhrnava
parariPara,
Mahadesila0'
Des'La.UltamurVrraraSbavarya
Excel'
Aiharya-Par
a
SupteEe
as
aloof
staDds
accept€d
universally
and
aD
undbputed
lelo€-as
GUIDING STAR for our sampradavaand as
the ABHINAVA AVAIARA of Sti Niga'
the
maDta Gulu atrd in no way inferio! to
AouAchara.
in
Knowledge,
orisiDal A\atara
sht;Da,and Vairagla Tbis will be very clearly
understood if ole goes tbrough lhe various
incrdentsald happeDiogsitr OUR SWAMI'S
to us if
life. It will tle an amazhg exPedence
'
by
prepared
was
we fnd out how Out Swaoi
$e
to
fill
shastras
lhe
the variousdolens in all
and
nost ot a CuiarngStar atrd to aLem(Dr
qolk
rbe
Nrga'
bv
dole
iuoplement tbe great
manta Guru in lhis AbhinavaAvalara'
I
il f,oods in Vegavati river n€ar Kancbi and
took the troubleof arrang'lg Preta-Sam3kar&
for the dead body. Not knowing that this
act is equilalent to that of performiDgmany
Aslaneda Yagas, th€ local people boycotted
hid. But Sd DevadhirajaSwami,enshtinedat
tbe Kanchi t€nple, had diferent ideas; called
him aDdproclaim€dthat he may be consider€d
"Bad for the world-But Good for m€"" Oorukku Pollan, Emakku NALLAN "
Tanian slokas starthg with "Vega Vegoparleetao1etc etc",...are available to ptove the
aboveincid€Dt.
CgAKRAVARTI:
Puranas hail, that Lord TiruvengadaBudaiyar gavethe " Stdarsana-Patrcbajanya
"
Cbakravarti,for wo,sbip.
!o one ToodaimaD
This ToDdaiman Chalravarti, *as, io his
pr€vious birtb, born as Ratrgadasa. Ile was
domg PushpaKarnkaryam lo Lord of SeveD
Itdls by suppllirg {ow€rs to VikaDas
BIR'IH:
Maharshrwho was doing Pooja to Lord Trruin '
yengadamudaiyaD.God was60 pleasedwith
Our Swami, Abhinava Desita was bom
villrse calledU fTAMUR (Ullamasallur)'l0 RanBadasa
rnat he blessedhim to be born as a
milei away from MaduranlakaDolowD, Klng |D iris reil birth. The Lotd SareblE thc
( hrnsl€outD'st io Ta$il Nadu, as tbe soo SudarbaDa-PdEcnaJAoya
biE
for worsoippiog
HAvA
* CHAKRAVARTI' . This
J s",i.'u. ve. sRlNlvAsARAC
add harled bro
swAMI, wbo was tte is rhe Sanlha-Chakra handld over to Sti
iuernevenrt
-'l
at that time He was Bhashyaxatuby our Swamr's ancesLors
villag€
who
Ekadb4atiof that
as
wellknownfor his famrlyback$ould, \Yealth' were .also called "CflAKRAVARrIS"
to
fte
KamkarYam
Sri
Aohara,Atrushtana,KDowledgeetc'
contiuued
lhey
alier ToidaiBatr
Ti.uveDgadamudaiyan
KULAM :
Chakravaiu.
srivatsa-Tirumalai- Nallan-Chakravarti
SRIVATSA GoTRAM I
Vamsam.
I! is well knowo that the Nityasuri, SRI'
VA]SAM on lhe chestof Lord SrlmanNaraTIRUMALA1:
perlDimer! abode of SrI Lalshmi
of Our Swamisetdedin vanc. LLe
As $e atrceslors
to the *^ Uo.o o" S" Va(saMaharsbi. Srl Valloitr'
TiruEalai,to do th€ Nitta Kainkaryam
Brugbu, Cby"tana, Dcdne-echi,UdaDk4 asd
Lord ofS.veuHills, S'i Tiruveagadamudarya!'
Sossata rbul5 ttelotrgto tbe ltlvalsa uoLrarrl.
" Tiilsalai "'
rhey go! lhe dlle
NALLAN :
odce'
OBe of the anceslors of Olt SFaBi'
Lsbore
bellg$esbd
saw aBra}rorll'r de3dbcd)
ANCESTORS.
O i STraoi'3 aocastors were the hcr€ditorJ'
owoers of the Yrllages,UltaoalalEr (UFaBur)
l3l
s t r t lT i t u m a l p u r a m ( T i d m a v a r a m )O u r
Swamis Great graod f.rtber, Sri U Ve
KrisbnadacharyaSwami was well known lD
lbosedays, lt seemstbat he uled Io perform
Abbigamara
Nrtyakarmaousbtaoa aDd
Aradhana to his lamily Deity and only
after obtaioing permissionfrom the Deity, he
used to go to tbe villagers to redressthei'
sd€vances. The British gove.nmentknowing
ii. gr"uto".., appoif,ted bim to administer
lo ten \illages
1otbe villagersbelotrgiog
iusLic€
geoerour.
was
kiod. learn€d.
He
bim.
around
time
a very strict
same
the
at
and
wealthy
observing
Sampradaya,
Desika
of
Sri
follower
and
Anushtana'
Achara
the
to the maimum,
So he commalded the great€si.ega.d from
ono and all. Once when he was goiDg on
horse.backto Chingl€put, he was met by th€
Collecto., a Britisher,wtio was also cotliDg on
horse.back. The Collector was very }ungry
ard he jokiDgly said to Our Swami's great
grand father: "You are hailedas Anna Daara
by all j Can you give me food at th€ very
moment?" To his surprise,Our Swami'sgreat
crand fath€r Produced the bundie on his
;houlder and fron it gavehim Curd-Rice and
pickles, and the collectol was very much
pleasedand PraisedhiE.
eldestsotrwas Sti U.
Sri Krishnamachsrya's
Swami's
G.andfathet
Our
Ve. Varadacharya,
name
was
Pefirndevl.
grandmothels
and his
also
very
slrict rn
was
Sri Varadacharya
but
wasnot
Atrushtana,
observingAchara and
or
Agriculture
io
eithe.
very much interes[ed
IIe
spedt
like
his
father.
other worldly matters
most of his time is worshjp and in pursuil of
knowledgein th€ conrpaDyof Bhagavatas Sri
varadacbaryabad four soDsand lbe elde.l,
Sri U. Ve. Chakralartiaoharwas the fathef of
Our Swaldi. Like his graDd falher, Our
Swami'sfather wasalso well versedin Agriculture aod in the various administrativework of
the village aDdtook an active part alolg wrtb
bis grandfath€r. It i3 authenticallytold that
osce when his grandfatherwent [o a vil]age
rcar Pondicheryfor atteDdinga malrirge of
one oi bis relatives,he took his gratdsotralso
with hio. On the way, the grandsonsaw a cat
crossjDgthe path and wben be brought thi$ to
tle notice of his grandfather,the grandfather
jokingly lold him tbat "All is iwell. Who
knows, you may also be married like your
relative at the nardage patrdal!"...It so happened thai ih€ marriageof the girl could not
be proceededwilh (for some unexpectedreason) the bridegroom already selected, All
tb€ relativ€s,of course,with lhe consentof the
giandfathergav€ tbe girl in ma.riage to the
graDdson,Our swami'sfalher. His oame was
and the bride's name
Srinivasaraghavacharya
a rare coincid€nce
What
!
wasAlarmelmangai.
presenl
tbe
couple
sayiu?
bles"ed
All theelde|s
that " Sri MahalakshrBi" herselfhas colle to
the family, voluntarily. The blessingsof the
elderswere not wastedand the couple, Our
Swami's fatheraud mothe.,lived a very happy
life. Our Swami'sfath€r Sri Chakravartbiachar
Swamilvaswell veGedin Sahiryaand Shast.a
granthas and spentbis sparetime teachiDgto
his disciplesin th€ village. He was also very
proicient ir Englishand Tamil and in spiie of
that, preferredto slay itr the viilage, so as to
enable him to lead the lif€ without sacrificiDg
bis Anusbraol. He sas knoworo be aDadept
iD makiDgthe loughestgranthas,easilyundersraDdable,evenby the dull disciple. He was
bis k.owledgeiD Elglisb jD masagi0g
urilisrog
the villag€ affairsvery eficiently and to look
after his landsprope.ly.His lvife, Our Swami's
mother, was also equally religious and gave
her uistinled suppori to her husbandin all his
activniesand tbus providedan ideal atmos.
phere FOR THE BIRTH OF A GREAT
ACHARYA. (Orce, as rbe authertic story
goes,rbai wheDrhere was d Ere accidentiD
Our Swami's parenls' houser Our Swami's
mother ran into tb€ house, without minding
her persotralsaiely, and rekieved the family
Koyilalva. out of lhe hDuse from 6re, to
a safe place. Such is the d€votion of Our
Swami's mother to her family deiiy. I! is oo
t 1l
\lodder that the Saligramam,which is to be
worshipped by no less thao the Abbinava
Desika,waspr€seredand handeddownto our
Swamiby sucbiliust.iousfore-faihers).
raghava Porulral of Tiruvetlore, thc parcitis
namedhim VIRARAGIIAVAN; ia the raEe
r'ay a6 Sri Desika'opareDtsnamedtheir soDas
V€Dkalanatha.
BIRTH: (Avatara of AbhiDavaD€sika);
VIDYABHYASAM:
Tbe parents of Our Swami, thongh had
The parents of Ou. Swami, iD proper
femalecbildreD,we.e not blessedwith a male time, did the ANNAPRASANA, CEOWLA,
child, to pe$eluatethe Vadsa Parampara,Just AKSIIARABT{YASA etc. with all care add
io the saoe way as Lord TiruveDgadadudaiyan interest.Without sendingthe child to a regdar
appearedin the:dreamofthe pareDt$of Niga- villagesohool,the father bimselftaugh!his soD
msnta Guru, Sri Anantasu.iand Totarambha the Gadya-Padya KarTa0 atrd also Aritheaad askedthem to cometo:Tirumalai for wor- metio,English and Tamil. At the Eighth year
ship and frnallyblessedtbem with a @alecbild, BRAHMOPADESAMq,asdore. Our Swasi
out Nigamanta Guru, the parents of Our was very keenard interesteditr perfotuaiogall
S1namibad the commandofLord Viraraghava lhe rituals like Sandbyavandatram
snd lea.Et
Peiumal and Kanakavalli Thaysr, enshrined at th€ feetof his father all that is necesaryfor
at Thuvellore,i! a similar dread, askingthenr a Brabmachari.Ai that ageiBelfthe illustioris
to come to Tiruvellore for worship. Our father found the extraordioaryialeDt of tb€
Swami'sparentsJweDt at once to Tiruvellore boy, his sod, in Sahityasatrd aho folnd his
and worshippedthe deiti€sand pray€dfor tie
k€enintell€ctand sharpeoess
itr learniog. At
birth of a $on to the6. It is quite evidentfrom the ageof Thirteen, Sri Swami'$rmarriagewa6
tbe subsequenthappeDiDgsin Ou. Sryami's perforded by the pafenft, the Bfide, sow
Life that Lord Viraraghava Pe.umal sbould Lakshmi, being the daughter of Oogoor,
have blessedthe couple, as follow$: ,.AD Velamur,Samagar,Sri. U. Ve. Govindacharya.
illustdous son will be born to you, who will After the marriageof Our Sq/arni,hh paleots
not only propagateSri RamaDujaSidhaDtaand decidedto settle iD Madurantakam tofi1 for
Sri Desika SaDpradayabur also wj stretrg- the dual purpose of worshipping Sri Raman
then the D6ika Samp.adayaby his profound enshrinedat MadurantakamtempleaDdalso to
Klowledge, Achara and Anushtana; who will admit his soD in the Sansk.it patasala thare.
in oo way iDferio. to Sri Desikahimseuin his Inoidentally,Madurantaksm, as we all know,
enthusiasEand vigour in the task of crantba is hailedas the
"Dvayam vilaisda Tirupathi "
Nirmana; who will be equalto, if not better, (Placewhere Dvaya Mantra wasinstructedby
to SdDesika, io Vairagyaald Virakti; who Periatrambigalto Sri Bhashyakara.) I{ere Sri
will be bailed as the undisputed ,,Guiding Perianambigalis ensh.ined(inside the templc
Star " ofour Sampradaya;wbo will be acclar. fo. Sri Raman)alongwith "Sri Bhashyakaramed as the autho.ity itr all the Four Shastras; as s Grihasta.'! This timely decisionol Our
ard in short, the bi.th of Sri Desikahimselfas Swami'sparents,providedhis son, by the time
an AbhinavaAvatara.', The couple,after wor_ a BuddingProdigy, chanc€sto comeitrto oonship, cameback to Uttamur villag€ and in duc tact with eminent pandits aDd scholarswho
course, gave birth to a male chitd, (Oqr adorDed the SaDskril Patasala at Madu,
rantakad. At thst time, the Sanskri[Patasala
Swami), itr tbe year Durmukhi, itr lhe month
at Mdduranlakambadthe priv,legeof havioS
of Makara and in Swati Nakshatra. As the as atr ifftructor iD Tarka Shastra, SRI
spn was bortr \rith the blessiDgsof Lold Vira- SWACIIANDAM TARKA BI]ASKARA,
trl
SRINIYASACHARYA SWAMI. our SwaBr
cafie into contactwith the great Tarka-Shas'
uaceoius and it took no time for bim to
de;ct the hiddengeniusin the boy. H€ readily
took him as hi$ discipleand Our Sq'amiende_
red bimself to his Easter very soonthat the
boy wasireatedmole or lesslike a member of
the househotd. Our Swani spentmost of his
time in Sri SwachandamSwami'spresencelrk€
" an iron bit attractedto a magnet"
PANCHA SAMSKARAM :
Bv about tbis time Sri U. Ve. Paramahassa
parivraiaka, Sri Vedantatamanuja Maha
Desika;, popularl) knowo as TIRUPATHT
caoe lo MaduSWAMI, duringhis Sanchara.
approached
father
Swami's
Our
rantakam.
to do the
and
his
feet
at
fell
Prayed
him.
" PaachaSamskaram" for his son Sri Tiru'
oarbi Ssami, though felt \ery glad' srill
instructed our Swamis fatber himself to do
to bls soo But Our
rbe PaDchaSdmskara
that he watrtedhis sotr
desit€d
father
Swami's
of
Sri Trtupdthi Sq/dmi'
the
fold
to crme iDto
Parampara for
Acharya
sons
so lbat. bis
also
couldbe acbieBrahmavidyaAdbyayaDa
Swamithen
Tirupathi
Sri
veil siEultaDeously
Lakhmi
like
Kavyas
is
testealOur Swami
genius'
hiddeo
out
th€
Sahasraetc, aod fourd
Samastayana
performed
the "
" and
He then
start
to
Swami
instructed Sri Swachandam
€ven
wasting
without
i! Tarka Shastra
lessoDs
was
day
a hitrute. ImEedistely an auspicious
choseo aDd the budding boy-prodigy was
initiatealiDto the mvsteriesof IARKA SHASTRA. by the Tarka Sbastraaulbority,Sti
Ssami EveDbeforeLhis,O rr
swachaDdam
SwaBi had not wasted€vetr a minute in his
and had alreadystudi€d
stay at Maaluratrtakam
STi
CTiAMPU NATAKA GRANTHAS UNdCT
Maha
Desikai'
GarudapuraESwami,Srioivasa
who in his Poo asramalnwas slaylDgm me
same town. Sideby side, Our Swamistudied
SIDHANTA KAUMUDI
VYAKARANA
uoder Sfi TiruveogadacharyaSwami' our
SwaBi did nol treglec!rhe VEDA ADBYA'
YANAM also. He joined othet studentsatrd
learnt UPAYUKTA V€DAMSAM, ACHID'
RAM. ASW\\4EDH AM and a feq Kaodrsin
Swadi did
SAMHITA. But Sri. Swacbatrdam
iB
Vedsdhyayanam
Swami
Our
not encourage
as he l€lt that his study of Tarka Sbastrawill
b€ hamperedaod d€layedand also lelt that the
boy's geniuswill be betier utilised in learoing
Slvami
Ar rbattime,Sri Suvacbaodam
Shasrras.
GraDtha
Vedanta
hidself wasdoing his Ubhaya
KalaksbeDaunder Sri Kothimangalam Tiru'
malai Nallan ChakravartiGopalacharlaMaha
DesikaDwho speciallyflas invited to Madurantakam for this puspose. IB spite of that,
Sri Swachan&m Swamidevot€d enoughtime
io Tarka to our Swami
to give inslructioos
Swamyhi6selfstudied Tarka
Sri Swachandam
MYSORE
Shastra under tb€ famous
DTIARMADIIIKARI RAJAVALLABT{A
TARKA VSDANTA SSASTRA SUPRA.
SIDHA Sri. U. Ve. KASIURI RANGA'
were
CI{AR SWAMI. Whilethe Tarka lessone
goiDg oD, Sri SwachatrdamSwami had a
requestand offer f.om MAHAMAHOPADII'
YAYA KUPPUSWAMI SASTRIGAL, tO
join the Satrskritcollegeat Tiruvaiyyaruas th€
Professo.in Tarka. With a little persuation,
Our Ss'ami's father was persuadedto agreeto
setrd his son to Trruvaiyyaru aloog with Sri
swachatrdamSitami, on the plea that the
Tarka lessonsshouldtrot be interrupt€d.Bven.
though Our Swami'sfather, in the begioning
hesilatedto sendhis otrly son away from him,
be beioga scholarhimself,knewtbal ("...
Aarambhasyaantagamaoam,Dviliyao Budhi
lakshanam.") job oncestartedshould be com'
pleted at any oost and flnally agr€€dto sctrd
his son to TiruvaiYaru.
At TiNvaiyaru college,as it was tbe middle
of the academicyear, Our Swami could not
join the iegular course fle was permittedto
sit along with the siudertein oae cla$ Iower
to Siromani. Our Ss/amistudiedMIMAMSA
MUKTAVALT,
NYAYA PRAKASAM,
DINAKAREEYAM, VYAKARANA MANG
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