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Oktaf Brillian
Kharisma
Ebola Disaster
Oktaf Brillian Kharisma
3
Ebola is a deadly disease caused by a virus. There are five strains, and four of them can make
people sick. After entering the body, it kills cells, making some of them explode. It wrecks the immune
system, causes heavy bleeding inside the body, and damages almost every organ.
The virus is scary, but it’s also rare. You can get it only from direct contact with an infected person’s
body fluids..
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You get Ebola from a person who has the virus, and only while he
or she has symptoms. People pass it to others through their body
fluids. Blood, stool, and vomit are the most infectious, but semen,
urine, sweat, tears, and breast milk also carry it.
To get Ebola, you’d have to get these fluids in your mouth, nose,
eyes, genitals, or a break in your skin. You could also pick it up
from items that have fluids on them, like needles or sheets.
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It can take from 2 to 21 days, but usually 8 to 10 days,
after infection for signs of Ebola to appear. Symptoms
can seem like the flu at first -- sudden fever, feeling tired,
muscle pains, headache, and sore throat.
As the disease gets worse, it causes vomiting, diarrhea,
rash, and bruising or bleeding without an injury, like from
the eyes or gums.
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It started in Guinea and spread to Sierra Leone, Liberia, and Nigeria.
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There is no approved medicine or vaccine to treat or
prevent Ebola.
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Since there aren’t any drugs to fight the virus, health care teams treat the
person’s symptoms and offer basic support care. They:
Keep the person hydrated with fluids through an IV.
Give oxygen.
Maintain their blood pressure.
Treat any other infections they have.
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Ebola survivors have certain proteins, called antibodies, in their
blood that may protect them from the same strain of the virus for
10 years or more. But no one knows if they can get sick from the
other strains.
It’s rare, but the Ebola virus can stay in semen for 3 months after a
man recovers, so he should avoid sex or use a condom to keep
from infecting others. The virus can stay in breast milk for 2 weeks
after recovery, so women shouldn’t breastfeed during that time.
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