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BATAAN NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL
Senior high school
Roman Super Highway, City of Balanga, Bataan
Email Add: [email protected]
Chapter 1
THE PROBLEM AND ITS SETTING
Introduction
The 21st century unfolded as the start of the Digital Age – a period of extraordinary
development in innovation and its ensuing data blast. Never before have the tools for information
access and management made such an impact on the way we live, work, shop, and play.
Learning itself is becoming perpetually particular and extending exponentially. Information and
communication technology is transforming how we learn and the nature of how work is
conducted and the meaning of social relationships. Shared decision-making, information sharing,
collaboration, innovation, and speed are essential in today’s enterprises.
Never again would students be able to anticipate white collar class achievement in the
direct of physical work or utilization of routine aptitudes – work that can be proficient by just
machines or effortlessly out-sourced to impart, offer, and utilize data to take care of complex
issues, in having the capacity to adjust and develop because of new requests and evolving
conditions, in having the capacity to summon and grow the intensity of innovation to make new
information.
Traditional education models have often focused on learning identified context for
subject areas such as math, science, language arts and social studies, and then assessing this
content knowledge with quizzes and tests at the end of a chapter or learning module. Wanted
results with 21st-century learning structures incorporate learning customary school subject and
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BATAAN NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL
Senior high school
Roman Super Highway, City of Balanga, Bataan
Email Add: [email protected]
contemporary substance topics in blend with the interdisciplinary 21st-century subjects. The
center subjects and topics that edge 21st-century learning incorporate customary center subjects
while at the same time underlining metro education, worldwide mindfulness, monetary
proficiency, well - being proficiency, and ecological education.
The 21st-century life and profession aptitudes center around the capacity of people to
work adequately with differing groups, to be receptive to shifting thoughts and qualities, set and
meet objectives, oversee extends successfully, being responsible for comes about, show moral
practices, and be mindful to both one’s self and the bigger network. Halim (2013) concluded that
STEM education is the perfect medium for the implementation of 21st-century skills.
Student assessment, whether by standardized test or classroom-based measures, is a
cornerstone of effective teaching and learning. Taken as a whole, good assessments can not only
provide a reliable and valid measure of a student’s learning and understanding but also help
guide both teachers and students on a day-to-day basis.
Students may not master 21st-century skills without the support of teachers and advisers
who are well trained and supported in this type of instruction. Bybee and Starkweather (2006)
argue that teacher and support staff professional development used to focus mainly on how to
use technology and that today, the focus is on instructional strategies and needs. They stated that
technology education professional development needs to focus on how to use technology to
improve student achievement and how to teach a standards-based lesson infused with
technology. 21st-century professional development opportunities prepare educators to integrate
21st-century skills into learning standards and classroom instruction.
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BATAAN NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL
Senior high school
Roman Super Highway, City of Balanga, Bataan
Email Add: [email protected]
RESEARCH LOCALE
This study is a Quantitative research; it is associated with the Assessment of the 21stCentury Learning Skills of Selected Students of Bataan National High School-Senior High
School.
Investigations emphasize understanding the 21st-Century Learning Skills of students
through the collection and analysis of data that are objective and statistical. The study also used
the descriptive method. The findings from quantitative research are typically grounded in
collection of data with the use of survey forms and questionnaires that are based on the said
study.
Fig. 1 Map Showing the Research Locale
3
BATAAN NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL
Senior high school
Roman Super Highway, City of Balanga, Bataan
Email Add: [email protected]
CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK
This study zeroes in on the 21st Century Learning Skills of students and the development
of better teaching and learning environment a critical factor for academic performance both for
the students and teacher and educators. The study will be answered with these questions through
a quantitative research method using a descriptive survey questionnaires. With these data, it will
identify the 21st Century Learning Skills that are present to the selected students of Bataan
National High School-Senior High School for improvement for both the teaching of educators
and also for the learning of the students.
4
BATAAN NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL
Senior high school
Roman Super Highway, City of Balanga, Bataan
Email Add: [email protected]
PARADIGM OF THE STUDY
INPUT
What is the profile
f the students in
terms of:
a. Sex
b. Strand
2. What is the
students’ level of
competency on
21st century
learning skill in
terms of
a. Critical
Thinking Skills
b. Creativity
c.
Collaboration Skills
d.
Communication Skills
e. Information
and Communication
Technology
PROCESS
OUTPUT
1.
3.
4.
A quantitative
research
design method
Descriptive
survey
questionnaire
Is there a
significant
difference in the
learning skills of
STEM students to
ABM students?
What could be the
implications of the
student’s
competencies with
21st Century
Learning Skills?
FEEDBACK
5
Identify
the
learning skill/s of
selected Students
of BNHS-SHS and
where to improve
for better learning
of the students and
teachers.
BATAAN NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL
Senior high school
Roman Super Highway, City of Balanga, Bataan
Email Add: [email protected]
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
This study aims to assess the 21st-Century Learning Skills of Selected STEM Students of
Bataan National High School-Senior High School. Specifically this study will answer the
following questions:
1. What is the profile of the students in terms of:
a. Sex
b. Strand
2. What is the students’ level of competency on 21st century learning skill in terms of:
a. Critical Thinking Skills
b. Creativity
c. Collaboration Skills
d. Communication Skills
e. Information and Communication Technology Literacy
3. Is there a significant difference in the learning skills of STEM students to ABM
students?
4. What could be the implications of the student’s competencies with 21st Century
Learning Skills?
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BATAAN NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL
Senior high school
Roman Super Highway, City of Balanga, Bataan
Email Add: [email protected]
HYPOTHESIS
21st century learning skills does not affect the students of Bataan National High School –
Senior High School.
Hypothesis 1: There is no significant difference between the learning skills of STEM students to
ABM students.
Hypothesis 2: There is a significant difference between the learning skills of STEM students to
ABM students.
SCOPE AND DELIMITATION
Out of nearly 900 STEM Students of Bataan National High School Senior High School,
we’ll use 10 students each class in conducting the survey.
The study limits its coverage on the senior high school of BNHS-SHS only. Its main
purpose is to assess the 21st Century Learning Skills of the students.
This study considers every aspects of 21st Century Learning Skills in terms of Learning
and Innovation; Digital Literacy; and Career and Life. Each of the respondents are given same
questionnaires to answer. And this study focuses on the current selected students of the present
school year, 2018-2019.
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BATAAN NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL
Senior high school
Roman Super Highway, City of Balanga, Bataan
Email Add: [email protected]om
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The result of the said study will be great benefit to the following:
Students. The study will provide the students with knowledge and understanding on 21st
Century Learning Skills they have as they study and learn. At the end of this study, students
would finally know the different skills they have and adjust to the skills that they lack to improve
their learning.
Teachers. The given data would guide the teachers and educators on 21st Century
Learning Skills their students possesses. The teachers would be able to understand and make
some adjustments to improve their teaching methods to summon and grow new innovation and
information.
Parents. Like the teachers, the parents too will understand and learn more on 21st
Century-Learning skills their child or children have. To make adjustments of how work is
conducted and the meaning of social relationships.
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BATAAN NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL
Senior high school
Roman Super Highway, City of Balanga, Bataan
Email Add: [email protected]
DEFINITION OF TERMS
Assessment – the evolution or estimation of the nature, quality, or ability of someone or
something.
Collaboration - is the process of two or more people or organizations working together to
complete a task or achieve a goal.
Communication - is the act of conveying meanings from one entity or group to another through
the use of mutually understood signs, symbols, and semiotic rules.
Creativity - is a phenomenon whereby something new and somehow valuable is formed.
Critical Thinking Skills - is the objective analysis of facts to form a judgment. The subject is
complex, and several different definitions exist, which generally include the rational, skeptical,
unbiased analysis, or evaluation of factual evidence.
Digital Age – a historic period in the 21st century characterized by the rapid shift from traditional
industry that the Industrial Revolution brought through industrialization, to an economy based on
information technology.
Information and Communication Technology Literacy - is using digital technology,
communications tools, and/or networks to access, manage, integrate, evaluate, and create
information in order to function in a knowledge society.
Profession – a paid occupation, especially one that involves prolonged training and a formal
qualification.
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BATAAN NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL
Senior high school
Roman Super Highway, City of Balanga, Bataan
Email Add: [email protected]
Standardized test – is any form of test that requires all test takers to answer the same questions,
or a selection of questions from common blank of questions.
White collar class workers – may be performed in an office or other administrative setting.
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BATAAN NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL
Senior high school
Roman Super Highway, City of Balanga, Bataan
Email Add: [email protected]
Chapter 2
RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
INTRODUCTION
In this chapter the research methodology used in the study is described. The geographical area
where the study was conducted, the study design and the population and sample are described.
The instrument used to collect the data, including methods implemented to maintain validity and
reliability of the instrument, are described.
RESEARCH APPROACH AND DESIGN
A quantitative approach was followed. Burns and Grove (2003) characterize quantitative
research as a formal, objective, deliberate procedure to depict and test connections and inspect
circumstances and end results connections among factors. Studies might be utilized for
expressive, logical and exploratory research. An unmistakable overview configuration was
utilized. An overview is utilized to gather unique information for portraying a populace too
substantial to watch specifically (Mouton 2006). A study gets data from an example of
individuals by methods for self-report, that is, the general population react to a progression of
inquiries presented by the agent (Polit and Hungler 2008). In this investigation the data was
gathered through self-controlled surveys circulated by and by to the subjects by the Researchers.
A descriptive design was selected because it provides an accurate portrayal or account of the
characteristics, for example behaviour, opinions, abilities, beliefs, and knowledge of a particular
individual, situation or group. This design was chosen to meet the objectives of the study,
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BATAAN NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL
Senior high school
Roman Super Highway, City of Balanga, Bataan
Email Add: [email protected]
namely to assess the 21st Century Learning Skills of Selected Students of Bataan National High
School-Senior High School.
A simple random sample of 60 subjects was selected from the two strands. Mouton (2006)
defines a sample as elements selected with the intention of finding out something about the total
population from which they are taken. A simple random sample consists of subjects included in
the study because they happen to be in the right place at the right time (Polit & Hungler, 2008).
The sample included 30 STEM Students and 30 ABM Students. Available subjects were entered
into the study until a sample size of 60 was reached. Subjects who met the sample criteria were
identified by the researcher at the Bataan National High School-Senior High School. The sample
size of 30 STEM Students and 30 ABM Students were the total of subjects who were willing to
participate in the research and who met the sampling criteria.
INSTRUMENT
A questionnaire was chosen as data collection instrument. A questionnaire is a printed self-report
form designed to elicit information that can be obtained through the written responses of the
subjects. The information obtained through a questionnaire is similar to that obtained by an
interview, but the questions tend to have less depth.
Data was collected with the aid of questionnaires to evaluate the student’s 21st Century Learning
Skills. Questionnaires were decided upon because of the following: · They ensured a high
response rate as the questionnaires were distributed to respondents to complete and were
collected personally by the researcher.
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BATAAN NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL
Senior high school
Roman Super Highway, City of Balanga, Bataan
Email Add: [email protected]
VALIDITY
To achieve content validity, questionnaires included a variety of questions on the knowledge of
students about 21st Century Learning Skills. Questions were based on information gathered
during the literature review to ensure that they were representative of what students and teachers
should know about 21st Century Learning Skills. Content validity was further ensured by
consistency in administering the questionnaires. All questionnaires were distributed to subjects
by the researcher personally. The questions were formulated in simple language for clarity and
ease of understanding. Clear instructions were given to the subjects and the researcher completed
the questionnaires for those subjects who could not read. All the subjects completed the
questionnaires in the presence of the researcher. Rephrasing of some questions was done to
clarify the questions and more appropriate alternative response choices were added to the closedended questions to provide for meaningful data analysis.
No single person who was approached refused to participate. Generalizing the findings to all
members of the population is therefore justified. Seeking subjects who are willing to participate
in a study can be difficult, particularly if the study requires extensive amounts of time or other
types of investment by subjects. If the number of the persons approached to participate in a study
declines, generalizing the findings to all members of a population is not easy to justify. The study
needs to be planned to limit the investment demands on subjects in order to increase
participation.
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BATAAN NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL
Senior high school
Roman Super Highway, City of Balanga, Bataan
Email Add: [email protected]
The number of persons who were approached and refused to participate in the study should be
reported so that threats to external validity can be judged. As the percentage of those who decline
to participate increases, external validity decreases.
DATA GATHERING PROCEDURE
Questionnaires were personally distributed by the researcher to students of Bataan National High
School-Senior High School in the strands of Science Technology Engineering and Mathematics
and of Accountancy Business and Management of School Year: 2018-2019.
STATISTICAL TREATMENT
After the data was collected it was organized and analyzed. For analysis of closed-ended
questions, a Paired Z-Test was used and Percentage and Mean. Data was analyzed by using
descriptive statistics. Frequency tables were drawn and from these the data was presented in pie
diagrams and bar graphs. The open-ended questions were analyzed through quantitative content
analysis by the researcher with the aim of quantifying emerging characteristics and concepts.
Concept analysis is the process of analyzing verbal or written communications in a systematic
way to measure variables quantitatively.
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BATAAN NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL
Senior high school
Roman Super Highway, City of Balanga, Bataan
Email Add: [email protected]
REFERENCES
https://images.pearsonassessments.com/.../Assessing_21st_Century_Skills_NCME.pdf
https://cosee.umaine.edu/files/coseeos/21st_century_skills.pdf
ismtec2016.ipst.ac.th/presentation/Slide%20Presentation%20Norhaqikah.pdf
www.oecd.org/site/educeri21st/40554299.pdf
www.ksbe.edu/_assets/spi/pdfs/21_century_skills_full.pdf
https://actrc.org/projects/current-projects/21st-century-skills-in-the-philippines/
https://ejournals.ph/article.php?id=10355
https://images.pearsonassessments.com/images/tmrs/Assessing_21st_Century_Skills_NCME.pdf
http://www.academia.edu/4020584/CHAPTER_TWO_REVIEW_OF_RELATED_LITERATUR
E
www.researchgate.net/profile/Mohamed_Mourad_Lafifi/post/I_need_reading_Studies_on_Integr
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BATAAN NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL
Senior high school
Roman Super Highway, City of Balanga, Bataan
Email Add: [email protected]
S%3A488794387423234%401493549072008/download/21st+CENTURY+LEARNING+SKILL
S_GLOBAL+LEARNING+IN+AN+URBAN+MIDDLE+SCHOOL+.pdf
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https://ac.els-cdn.com/S1877042814014645/1-s2.0-S1877042814014645
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https://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ1149146
http://apjeas.apjmr.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/APJEAS-2015-2-118-21st-CenturySkills.pdf
http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/2158244017726116
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