Mother Tongue-Based Multilingual Education • As the name implies MTB-MLE is education in several languages based on the mother tounge. The beginning language and learning is the mother tongue , termed as language 1 (L1). This leads to the learning of a second language, is called Langauge 2 (L2) and a third language called Langauge 3 (L3). In the Philippines, Langauge 1 may differ across the country. • The framework shows that MTB-MLE has for its end goals lifelong learning and communative competences. See figure 13. • What is lifelong learning? As the name implies it is learning that is pursued throughout life. Based on Delors' (1996) four 'pillars' of education for the futere, lifelong learning crosses sectors, promoting learnign beyond traditional schooling and throughout life. • Communative competences is the other end goal of MTB-MLE as shown in the framework. What is communative competences? Simply put, it is the learner's ability to understand and use language appropriately to communicate in authentic situations. In MTB-MLE, communative competence includes two or more than two language. Learning Area Standard of MTB-MLE • This is what the DepEd Curriculum Guide of MTB-MLE states: Use Mother Tongue appropriately and effectively in oral, visual, and written communication in a variety of situations and for variety of audiences, contexts and purposes including learnig other content sujects and languages, demonstrate appreciation of various forms of literacy genres and take pride in one's cultural heritage. Key Stage Standard • The DepEd K-12 Curriculum Guide spells out the standards for each learning area in each key stage. The key steges referred at the end of Grade 3, at the end of Grade 6 and at the end of Grade 10. Mother Tongue as a subject is taught only until Grade 3, hence ha sonly one key stage standard, i.e, at the end of Grade 3. • By the end of Grade 3, student will enjoy communicating in their first language on familiar topics for a variety of purposes and audiences using vocabulary and phrases; read L1 text with understanding and create their own stories and text in L1. Guiding Principles for Teaching and Learning in MTB-MLE 1. Effective language learning proceeds from the known to the unknown. 2. Language learning, and all other kinds of learning for that matter, is an active process. 3. Successful language learning focuses on meaning, accuracy and fluency not either fluency or meaning or accuracy but both meaning, accuracy and fluency. The Bridging Process • Bridging is process of “transitioning from learning one language to another. It refers to the use of L1 as the initial medium of instruction, gradually introducing increasing amounts of instruction in L2, until either L1, is based out entirely, or both L1 and L2 are used as media of instruction”. The Two Kinds of Transition in the Bridging Program 1. Early-exit transition - The mother tongue or L1 is the medium of instruction (MOI for 2-3 years, then switch to L2 and/or L3 as MOI and; 2. Lare-exit transition - The another mother tongue or L1 is the medium of instruction for 56 years or more, then switch to L2 and/or L3 as an MOI. In the Philippines, what is practiced is early-exit transition. Why Mother Tongue-Based Multilingual Education • There was much opposition when the K to 12 Curriculum introduced mother tongue as medium of instruction in the early grades. There was much more opposition when it was also introduced as a separate subject from Grade 1 to Grade 3. From the public, a sarcastic question like this one was raised. “We thought we are going global. Are we progressing or retrogressing? Why are we back to the mother tongue?” • The Department of education, however, claims that they have overwhelming evidence from national and international researches that tell us that children who were first taught in mothe tongue learned a second language faster and better than children who were not taught in their mother tongue. children who were not first taught in the mother tongue performed much better than those who were not first taught in the mother tongue. THANK YOU!!!