1 Normet Corporation 09 Painting instructions v. 1 / 18.2.2010 Quality Manual 1. PURPOSE AND SCOPE The purpose of these instructions is to specify the essential quality requirements and methods related to Normet's products, in order to guarantee high painting quality. These instructions are to be applied to all painting of Normet products and components by Normet and the supplier, unless otherwise specified in separate instructions. 2. CORROSION PREVENTION IN ASSEMBLY WORK Corrosion protection measures, which are specified as a duty of the assembly department in Section 9, should be performed in connection with the assembly work. When a painted product is being assembled, the requirements listed under Subsection 5.6 for handling of a painted product must be taken into account. Marking of parts or assemblies with a felt-tip pen is forbidden. The markings must be made with an identification label that can be removed easily. 3. PRELIMINARY CLEANING During preliminary cleaning, remove from the surfaces to be painted any impurities that impede rust removal and painting: a. b. c. Remove solid impurities, such as ice, concrete, plaster and paint residue, and thick layers of salt and rust by beating, scraping, or brushing. Remove salts and other water-soluble impurities by brushing them with water or by washing them away with high-pressure steam or alkali. Remove grease and oil by washing them away with alkali (e.g., Telimax or Pipeline Car+Go). Rinse the surfaces thoroughly with water after an alkali and emulsion wash. 3.1 Preliminary cleaning of hot galvanized steelsurface Surfaces to be painted are zinc phosphated or sand washed (=gentle sandblowing) In order to remove the corrosion products of zinc and other impurities. On sandblowing the following normative values must be followed: - Blowing distance 0,3...1 m. - Nozzle pressure 0,15...0,35 Mpa - Blowing angle 30...60 degrees - Blowing materials: sand, aluminum oxide, silicates - Grain size 0,2...0,5 mm WARNING! Zinc may drop off from the base material if the blowing pressure is too high, grain size is too high or blowing is done straight towards or from too low distance. Never use steel grains! 4. MECHANICAL CLEANING Perform mechanical cleaning in accordance with the standard SFS-ISO 8501-1. Blast clean all steel surfaces that you want to paint to preparation grade Sa2½, at minimum. Sweep blast (SaS) any aluminum surfaces. If sweep blasting is not possible, grind the surface lightly. After mechanical cleaning is finished, remove from the surface any dust and debris that have accumulated on it and transfer the surface to the painting stage immediately. Avoid moving outdoors a product that has been mechanically cleaned; intermediate storage before priming is forbidden. Blast cleaning of sheet metal can be replaced with zinc phosphatizing and passivation.Normet Corporation Page: 2 Quality Manual 09 Painting instructions v. 1 / April 12, 2007 2 5. PAINTING 5.1 Painting system The painting systems used by Normet Corporation and the approved products are presented in Table 1. When painting metal structures, the suppliers use the painting system, as presented in the order or work order, that is marked, including the top coat shade as in the example below: Surface treatment: [INSTRUCTION NO.] / PUR - 100/1 Fe Sa2½, RAL-1014 Standard (ISO 12944-5, BSK99) description and explanation of the painting system: PUR 100/1 - Fe Sa 2½, RAL-1014 Shade of the top coat Blast cleaning grade ISO 8501-1 Base material Number of coats Nominal dry film thickness [µm] Code for the paint type: EP = Epoxy PUR = Polyurethane PE = Polyester ISO 12944-5, BSK99 Table 1: Painting systems and film thicknesses CODE PRIMER BINDING PRIMER TOP COAT CORROSIVENESS CATEGORY GLOSS OF TOP COAT ISO 2813 (1994) 80 ±5 /60° NOTES PRIMER EP-160/2 Fe Sa2½ Epoxy Teknoplast Primer 7 (Teknos Oy) Teknoplast 90 (Teknos Oy) C4-M Epoxy Temacoat SPA Primer (Tikkurila Oy) Temacoat GPL (Tikkurila Oy) C4-M Epoxy Epocoat 21 HB (Nor-MaaliOy) Epocoat 210 (Normaali Oy) C4-M Monocoat MC (PPG) C4-M Teknodur 3560 (Teknos Oy) C4-M Temasolid SC 90 (Tikkurila Oy) C4-M Intercure 99 (International) C4-M Teknodur 50/90 (Teknos Oy)/ similar C4-M PUR-120/1 Fe Sa2½ EPPUR-120/2 SaS Epoxy Teknoplast Primer 3 / similar ISO 2813 (1994) 80 ±5 /60° ISO 2813 (1994) 80 ±5 /60° ISO 2813 (1994) 80 ±5 /60° ISO 2813 (1994) 80 ±5 /60° ISO 2813 (1994) 80 ±5 /60° ISO 2813 (1994) 80 ±5 /60° ISO 2813 (1994) 80 ±5 /60° Alternative Alternative Alternative Alternative Alternative Hot galvanized surfaces 5.2 Measures immediately before priming, adding the top coat, and finishing Before you start painting, always make sure that the surface of the product is sufficiently dry for the painting in question. If necessary, remove moisture from overlapping joints and casing structures via blowing of air. Before you apply a new coat of paint, make sure that the surface you want to paint is 3 clean and sufficiently dry for repainting. Clean any dirty or damaged paint surfaces, and repair-paint the area of the damage to the same film thickness as the other painting before repainting. If there is a long time between coats, improve the adhesion of the new coat of paint by washing the old paint surface with the appropriate solvent and by grinding it lightly, if necessary. Do not paint the following items (unless otherwise specified): • hoses and hose guards • cables • fixing rails of electrical wires • electrical cabinets • electric motors • diesel motors • type plates • stickers • plastic parts • galvanized parts • cylinder piston arms • threads Cover any surfaces that are not painted (e.g., threads, sliding surfaces, and other dimensioned surfaces). Do not limit covering precisely to the separating surfaces of the materials. In piston arms of hydraulic cylinders, for example, extend the paint slightly on top of the chromed surface, but make sure that the paint does not extend all the way to the sealing face when the piston is retracted inside the cylinder. See also Section 9. 5.2.1 Puttying Putty open spots in areas of intermittent welding and overlapping and other open joints with a sealing compound (see Section 8). Spread the sealing compound to the outer side of the joint (the outwardly visible side). Always extend the putty slightly over the fixed weld seam, so that the puttying is extensive and the seam is tight. Spread the sealing compound to the open spots of the intermittent welds, so that it forms an even and unbroken seam together with the weld seam. Apply the putty immediately after the primer has dried. If no separate primer is used, apply the putty to the pre-treated metal surface. 5.2.2 Preliminary painting Paint any sharp edges, corners, uneven weld seams, screw heads, and other corrosion-sensitive points in the structure with a primer by means of a brush before painting. If there are other spots that are difficult to paint with a spray gun, apply a preliminary paint or finish them with a brush. Pay special attention to painting of surfaces that have come from the assembly department and are not readily accessible. 4 5.3 Priming Apply a primer if this is required for the painting system specified. Single-coat systems do not require separate priming. If possible, apply the primer as soon as the priming coat is sufficiently dry for repainting. The required film thicknesses are presented in the table above. Other surface quality requirements are presented in Section 6. 5.4 The top coat Before you apply the top coat, take into consideration the matters mentioned in Subsection 5.2. The required film thicknesses are presented in Table 1. Other surface quality requirements are presented in Section 6. 5.5 Finishing Finishing refers to repainting of a product that has been painted with a top coat, using a top coat. Apply a finishing coat only if necessary. Surface quality requirements are presented in Section 6. 5.6 Painting of hot galvanized steel surface Painting of the surface has to be started immediately after the sand blowing and painting work must be finished during 4 hours starting from the sandblowing. 1.Thin priming with well thinned (30%...40%) epoxy primer is done by draping (air can get out from the pores). Drying time approximately half an hour. 2.Actual priming with epoxy primer (for example Teknoplast Primer 3 or similar) 3.Surface painting according to 5.4 5.7 Handling of a painted product and measures after painting Let the painted product dry indoors until the paint has gained sufficient weather-resistance, before moving it outdoors. After the paint surface has dried, attach the plates and stickers required by the order and the instructions to the product. Attach plates with rivets or screws made from a stainless material. Before the product leaves the paint shop, perform the corrosion protection measures mentioned in Section 8. Suppliers, including parts suppliers, should perform the other corrosion protection measures indicated in Section 8 immediately after the parts are finished, before their delivery or placement in final storage. After painting, handle the products in such a way that the paint is not damaged and no marks are left on the paint surface: • • • • A painted product must be sufficiently dry before you start to move it after painting. When lifting products, use slings and lifting lugs. When lifting products with a forklift truck, use a pallet or protect the paint surface in some other way so that the forklift’s forks do not damage it. Attach the lifting accessories at the lifting spots marked for this purpose. When placing painted products in storage, place a pallet or sturdy stands underneath them. Any damage to the paint surface must be touched up before the product is placed in storage. 5 6. INSPECTION OF PAINT WORK AND SURFACE QUALITY REQUIREMENTS Before you start painting, make sure that you have complied with the requirements concerning steel work and pre-treatment. The manufacturer must be able to verify, if necessary, that the requirements set for painting and surface treatment are fulfilled. Within one week of a demand from the client, the supplier must supply the client with information on the circumstances affecting the end result, film thicknesses, and the materials used. Here, you can utilize a surface treatment protocol (no. XXXX), which includes the most essential factors that influence the end result of the painting. Table 2: Film thickness requirements, and methods and scope of inspection of paint surfaces Film thickness requirement Method and scope of inspection during painting Method and scope of inspection after the paint surface has dried The nominal film thickness must be, at minimum, that presented in the painting system table (Table 1) or otherwise specified in the order or other such document. The thickness of the wet film is monitored with a wet film gauge in accordance with the paint manufacturer's instructions. Thickness of the paint film is measured with a magnetic gauge, an eddycurrent instrument, or an insulation indicator. In a statistical inspection, undershooting by no more than 20% is allowed in the overall film thickness in a maximum of 10% of the individual measurements taken. Inspection is performed every time. Inspect every time, except for cast and other such uneven or porous surfaces. 6 Table 3: Other quality requirements, and methods and scope of inspection of paint surfaces Surface quality requirement Method of inspection Scope of inspection The paint film must cover all surfaces specified. There must be no sagging in façade surfaces. Façade surfaces are such surfaces as can be seen from a distance of approx. one meter upon visual inspection. There may be only minor, insignificant sagging in hidden surfaces. Visual inspection. Inspect every time. There can be no shade errors in painted surfaces. There can be no noticeable amounts of orange peel, sagging, pores, cracks, or impurities in the paint surface. Visual inspection. Inspect every time. The gloss of the painted surface must be smooth. Visual inspection. Inspect every time. There can be no marks left by rust, dust, blasting sand, or other impurities in the painted surface. Visual inspection. Inspect every time. The paint film must have adhered properly to the painted surface. Destructive methods according to ISO 2409 or ISO 4624. Inspect only in exceptional cases, when there is reason to doubt the adhesion of the paint. 7. ACTIONS DURING ALTERATIONS When small alterations are made, perform preliminary cleaning and touching up at the alteration site. Use steel brushing or grinding as a preliminary cleaning method. Carefully protect the area surrounding the alteration against welding spatter, sparks, and particles that may come loose in grinding. Grind away the paint from the points of the alteration structure that are welded. Finally, touch up the alteration point at the alteration site. Also, touch up the background of the welded surfaces with products as appropriate for the painting combination. 8. PROTECTION DURING TRANSPORT Before shipping the product, make sure that all surfaces have sufficient protection in accordance with these instructions (see the table in Section 9). Support the product during transportation and tie it down, so that it cannot move and rub against other products, the transport vehicle, or support or tie-down equipment. When using transport tarpaulins, make sure that the tarps are attached tightly enough and that they cannot rub against the product. 7 9. SUMMARY OF ADDITIONAL METHODS, PROTECTIVE AGENTS, AND APPLICATIONS USED IN CORROSION PREVENTION ALL PRODUCTS Application of protection Protective agent or method* Protection site FINISHED PURCHASE COMPONENTS THAT ARE NOT PAINT-SURFACED OR ARE PAINT-SURFACED INSUFFICIENTLY Hydraulic pumps and blocks etc. THREADS Wurth Protective Wax 0893-082 Packing/shipping, if the machine is stored outdoors Dinitrol 112 Supplier HOLES OF THREADS DBI plug Supplier OPEN ENDS OF RAILING PIPES DBI plug Supplier LOOSE-FITTING SLIDING SURFACES Hinges, joint pins, spindles, etc. TIGHT-FITTED SLIDING SURFACES Adjustable screws, piston arms of hydraulic cylinders, etc. Dinitrol 25B Supplier assembly Neste Avorasva or Tectyl 5502 W Supplier assembly, and packing/shipping Dinitrol 112, Tectyl 506 Supplier packing/shipping Korro SE, 15 µm Supplier assembly Sikaflex 221 or 3M 8486 Dinitrol PVCD 141 25B Supplier MACHINED JOINT SURFACES Unpainted, machined joint surfaces of a product that is delivered unassembled JOINT SURFACES OF STEEL STRUCTURES Non-surfaced structural steel surfaces that are flush against each other INTERMITTENT WELDS, OVERLAPPING SEAMS, AND OPEN SEAMS Puttying of visible intermittent welds outside the structure, overlapping seams, and open seams Supplier, powder coating * Or equivalent. If the supplier uses some other protective agent or method than the ones specified here, it must be reported to the client along with its material safety data sheet and removal instructions.