CMYK Yxxx,2016-08-13,A,001,Bs-4C,E2 VOL. CLXV . . . No. 57,323 SATURDAY, AUGUST 13, 2016 © 2016 The New York Times Company Health Insurers TRUMP’S REMARKS Lose as Clients CUT INTO SUPPORT Focus on Costs IN SWING STATES The Young and Fit Opt for What’s Cheap UNABLE TO CRACK 45% By REED ABELSON MALACANANG PHOTO BUREAU, VIA EUROPEAN PRESSPHOTO AGENCY President Rodrigo Duterte of the Philippines, center, at a military hospital in Quezon City this month. He took office six weeks ago. President of Philippines Shifts Fox News, in Naming Leaders, War Against Drugs to Officials Sends Signal: ‘Stay the Course’ By RICHARD C. PADDOCK MANILA — Samsudin Dimaukom, the mayor of a town in the southern Philippines, was watching television last Sunday after midnight when he was startled to hear the country’s new president call out his name. It was no honor. President Rodrigo Duterte was reading a list of more than 150 officials he said were involved in the illegal drug trade. He ordered Mr. Dimaukom and the others to turn themselves in within 24 hours or be hunted down. “We were really surprised when the president came out to announce it,” Mr. Dimaukom, the mayor of Datu Saudi-Ampatuan, said by email. “Not once were we involved in drugs. In fact, we were fighting drugs. I support the president’s drug war.” Since he took office six weeks ago, Mr. Duterte, 71, has roiled the nation with a violent war on drugs that has left hundreds dead, most of them poor and powerless. This week, in what seemed to be a new phase, he took on judges and police generals, military officials, more than 50 mayors and lo- Charging Over 150, Including Mayors, Police and Judges cal officials, and three men said to be current or former members of Congress. He stripped them of their weapons permits and, in some cases, their government security details, potentially leaving them vulnerable to vigilantes. The escalation provoked a clash with the Supreme Court, nearly causing a constitutional crisis before Mr. Duterte backed down, and it has raised questions about the list, a McCarthyesque device of uncertain origin and unencumbered by evidence. “How are the lists being prepared?” asked Senator Leila de Lima, a former justice secretary and former chairwoman of the Philippine Commission on Human Rights. “Who are the sources? If they have evidence, they should file charges, and that’s the only time they should disclose the name.” Continued on Page A7 By JOHN KOBLIN and MICHAEL M. GRYNBAUM In assuming the leadership of Fox News last month, Rupert Murdoch pledged a fresh start at a network reeling from accusations that its longtime chairman, Roger Ailes, had overseen a culture of harassment and intimidation. But on Friday, Mr. Murdoch made clear that — for now at least — Fox’s new era will be led by its old guard. Two veteran executives with deep ties to Mr. Ailes were named co-presidents of Fox News, the network announced, a nod toward corporate stability that was also taken as a sign that Mr. Murdoch was not yet prepared to fully overhaul management at one of his most profitable franchises. Bill Shine, an affable Ailes loyalist who is well liked by some of the network’s longest-serving anchors, like Sean Hannity, will oversee programming at Fox News and Fox Business Network. Jack Abernethy, a trusted Murdoch hand who runs Fox’s television station group, was placed in charge of business operations, including finance and advertising Veteran Insiders Take Over an Unsettled Newsroom sales. The appointments are Mr. Murdoch’s first major personnel moves at the network since the ouster of Mr. Ailes, whose 20-year tenure was upturned by sexual harassment allegations by a former anchor, Gretchen Carlson. And it suggested that Mr. Murdoch and his sons, James and Lachlan, are now focused on calming an unsettled newsroom, even as more women come forward with troubling stories about the network’s culture under Mr. Ailes. “Anybody who expected seismic changes was wrong,” said Andrew Heyward, a former president of CBS News. “This sends a strong signal to a jittery, shaken staff that Fox News plans to stay the course.” Mr. Murdoch, 85, who named himself executive chairman of Fox News on Friday, is expected to take a hands-on role there at Continued on Page B5 It is all about the price. Millions of people buying insurance in the marketplaces created by the federal health care law have one feature in mind. It is not finding a favorite doctor, or even a trusted company. It is how much — or, more precisely, how little — they can pay in premiums each month. And for many of them, especially those who are healthy, all the prices are too high. The unexpected laser focus on price has contributed to hundreds of millions of dollars in losses among the country’s top insurers, as fewer healthy people than expected have signed up. And that has created two vexing questions: Will the major insurance companies stay in the marketplaces? And if they do, will the public have a wide array of plans to choose from — a central tenet of the 2010 Affordable Care Act? “The marketplace has been and continues to be unsustainable,” said Joseph R. Swedish, chief executive of Anthem, one of the nation’s largest insurers. Most Americans with health insurance get it through their employers or from government programs like Medicare and Medicaid. The marketplaces were created under the health care law to give the millions of people not covered in those ways a way to buy health plans. While major insurers continue to make profits over all, they say that the economics of the marketplaces do not work for them. Insurers can offer marketplace plans at four different coverage tiers, and the government subsidizes the premiums for millions of people. The thinking was that enough healthy people would buy insurance to balance out the costs for the not-so-healthy. But things are not going exactly as envisioned. People shopping in the marketplaces are overwhelmingly choosing the cheapest plans they can find, according to a federal analysis. In 2014, two-thirds of people went for the lowest- or secondlowest-priced plans in each of the tiers. In 2015, about half chose the cheapest plans. The pricing pressure is playing out on multiple fronts. People with expensive medical conditions, Continued on Page B5 After Series of Missteps, Some G.O.P. Voters Say ‘Enough’ By PATRICK HEALY DOYLESTOWN, Pa. — Donald J. Trump has been waiting for months for a poll in which he cracks 50 percent of the vote against Hillary Clinton in any of his top battleground states: Florida, New Hampshire, Ohio or Pennsylvania. “It’ll happen after the conventions,” he said in a July 6 interview. “Believe me.” But in the last two weeks, instead of attracting a surge of new admirers, Mr. Trump has been hemorrhaging support among loyal Republicans, anti-establishment independents, Clintonloathing Democrats and others, according to polls and 30 interviews with a cross-section of voters. His dispute with the parents of a Muslim Army captain who was killed in action in Iraq, and his suggestion that “Second Amendment people” could somehow stop Mrs. Clinton, have intensified doubts about Mr. Trump even among Americans who were initially attracted to his frank and freewheeling style. For a candidate who once seemed like an electoral phenomenon, with an unshakable following and a celebrity appeal that crossed party lines, Mr. Trump now faces the possibility that his missteps have erected a ceiling over his support among some demographic groups and in several swing states. He has been stuck under 45 percent of the vote in Ohio and Pennsylvania for weeks, polls show, while Mrs. Clinton has gained support. Several Republican voters say they grow leery every time Mr. Trump speaks these days, for fear he will embarrass them, and feel increasingly repelled just when they hoped he might adjust his message to try to draw more peoContinued on Page A10 War of Tax Returns Hillary Clinton and Tim Kaine released more tax returns, putting pressure on Donald J. Trump to reveal his own. Page A11. A Rio Lament: That’s the Way the Ball Crumples Vain, Rich and a Trump. To Donald, He Was Dad. By ANDREW KEH By JASON HOROWITZ RIO DE JANEIRO — The relics were arranged in a sphinxlike configuration, as in some type of ancient burial ground. Massimo Costantini, the coach of the United States table tennis team, called the formation “a sort of homage to the fallen.” They appeared on the first day of the Olympics, in a far corner of the table tennis pavilion: 18 white balls, all of them crumpled or cracked, arranged ceremoniously in the center of a quartet of water bottles. It was a fitting symbol of the frustration that has festered at the tables this week at the Rio Games, where the table tennis balls are giving players fits. They do not bounce true, the players said. Their flight paths are unpredictable. And they frequently break. “I think this ball is very bad,” Li Ping of Qatar said after losing a match. The player who beat him, Dimitrij Ovtcharov of Germany, fumed that the official competition ball “makes it almost impossible to compete.” Table tennis balls are capricious little things. Infinitesimal var- The throngs of New Yorkers who poured into Coney Island on a sweltering Sunday in July 1939 — shuffling past the rides, hot dog stands and freak shows — confronted one last spectacle blaring just beyond the surf. At 65 feet and outfitted with enormous Trump signs, the yacht called the Trump Show Boat was hard to miss. And that was the point. Its loudspeakers blasted recordings of “The Star-Spangled Banner” and “God Bless America” over and over, compelling many sunbathers, reluctant to be seen as unpatriotic, to stand and salute each time. When the boat floated swordfish-shaped balloons — redeemable for $25 or $250 toward a new Trump Home — toward the shore, bathers nearly rioted as they raced to snatch them up. Fred C. Trump, the owner of the boat and the master builder of solid homes in Brooklyn and Queens, is often considered a point of contrast to his flashy son Donald, the brash developer who built gilded towers in Manhattan, CHANG W. LEE/THE NEW YORK TIMES Ding Ning of China won an Olympic title in table tennis this week. Many players say the balls move oddly and break easily. LEDECKY SMASHES RECORD Katie Ledecky dominated in her final swim, and Michael Phelps added a silver medal. Page B10. iations in size and imperceptible deviations in construction can have considerable ramifications for how they spin, fly and bounce. Casual players — people in subur- ban garages or fraternity houses — tend not to notice such details. But professionals obsess over them. The balls at the Olympics, then, are not the ones you find, cobwebbed, under the basement couch. They are not even the same balls used at the last Summer Games. Continued on Page B13 DENNIS CARUSO/NY DAILY NEWS ARCHIVE VIA GETTY IMAGES Donald J. Trump and his father, Fred C. Trump, a home builder in New York, at Wollman Rink in Central Park in 1987. and became a tabloid fixture, television personality and now, Republican presidential nominee. But Donald J. Trump inherited more than just a real estate empire from his father. As a salesman, competitor, courter of politicians and controversy and, above all, as a showboating selfpromoter, Fred Trump was the Donald Trump of his day. NATIONAL A9-13 BUSINESS DAY B1-7 More Democrats’ Files Leaked A Growing Risk in China A hacker believed to be tied to Russia disclosed more Democratic Party documents, including phone numbers and email addresses of lawmakers. PAGE A12 Chinese have poured $2.8 trillion into investments long on promises and short on details, posing a threat to the nation’s economy. PAGE B1 To demonstrate to potential homeowners the futility of renting, Fred wallpapered a model home in rent receipts. In newspaper advertisements for his Shore Haven apartments in Bensonhurst, Brooklyn, he referred to himself under an illustration of the Statue of Liberty as “Fred C. Trump, acting as a free and rugContinued on Page A12 INTERNATIONAL A3-8 A Dimmer Switch for the Sky ARTS C1-6 SPORTSSATURDAY B9-16 THIS WEEKEND Ben-Gurion’s Lost Interview As light pollution changes night skies, two Colorado towns preserve a diminishing resource: darkness. PAGE A9 The Stories Behind the Songs Alex Rodriguez’s Next Act Fractured Lands Barbra Streisand connects with a hometown crowd on the East Coast leg of her PAGE C1 concert tour. A review. As he was ending his playing career, Alex Rodriguez discussed how he made the transition from baseball pariah to special adviser to the Yankees. PAGE B16 How lives have been changed forever by more than a decade of war and uprising in the Mideast. THE MAGAZINE Israel’s founding prime minister spoke of state-building, prophets who guided him and the quest for security. PAGE A6 NEW YORK A15, 18 Africa Responds to Polio Threat Zika and a Message on Sex A Legacy of Fusion To contain the virus, a first round of vaccinations are set to start in Nigeria PAGE A3 as early as next week. Health officials say the virus’s spread through sex is little understood, and aim to relay the rising threat. PAGE A15 Herbie Hancock, 76, flexed fresh power in pop, jazz-funk and R&B at a concert in New York. A review. PAGE C1 EDITORIAL, OP-ED A16-17 Doug Glanville PAGE A17 U(DF463D)[email protected]!%!]!#!.