Brochure of the Ministry of Defense and the Armed Forces of Bosnia

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MINISTRY OF DEFENSE AND ARMED FORCES OF
BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA
Brochure
Brochure of the Ministry of Defense and the
Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina
April 2011
Publisher: Public Affairs Office, BiH Ministry of Defense
For publilsher: Uma Sinanović
Contributions by: Amela Mostarlić, Mirko Gašević, Ahmed Ćuprija,
Said Huremović, Jasmina Omerbegović, Miljan Janković i Zemka Seferagić.
Revisor: Miodrag Filimonović
Translation and printing financed by NATO Headquarters Sarajevo
2
Public Affairs Office, BiH Ministry of Defense
Address: Hamdije Kreševljakovića 98 – Sarajevo
e-mail: [email protected]
Contacts: Phone: 033/286-680, fax 033/286-685
web:www.mod.gov.ba
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Defense Structure of BiH
3
Reform of the Defense Structure in BiH
In July 2001, the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina expressed clear commitment for accession of Bosnia and
Herzegovina into European and Euro-Atlantic integration and the NATO Partnership for Peace Program, as well
as for implementation of the reforms required in terms of the defense system and the restructuring of its Armed
Forces. Having these objectives in mind, major efforts have been made over the past period in order to create the
environment necessary for successful process of reform of the defense system, for attaining of internal stability
and creating the conditions for a credible NATO bid.
Chronology of Major Activities in the
Process of Reform and Formation of the
MoD BiH and AF BiH:
2002
• October – The General Secretariat of the Standing
Committee for Military Affairs was established as
an antecedent to the Ministry of Defense of Bosnia
and Herzegovina
2003
• May – The Commission for Reform of Defense in
BiH was established
•
December – The first Law on Defense of BiH was
passed, thereby establishing the Ministry of Defense of Bosnia and Herzegovina
2004
• March – Nikola Radovanovic was appointed the
first Minister of Defense in Bosnia and Herzegovina, as well as his deputies, Enes Becirbasic, Deputy
in charge of policies and planning, and Marina Pendes, Deputy in charge of resource management
•
May – The first-ever joint collective exercise was
conducted between the Army of the RS and Army
of the FBiH
•
June – The NATO Summit in Istanbul was held, at
which heads of countries and governments of the
North Atlantic Alliance members appealed on BiH
to make „continuous progress towards establishment of the single military forces”
•
July – 13 Generals of the AF BiH were appointed
•
November – Honorary Unit of the AF BiH was
formed
4
Meeting of the Commission held in late 2003
Meeting of the first
Minister of Defense
and his Deputies with
the representatives
of the military and
diplomatic corps in BiH,
December 15, 2004
Meeting of the USEUCOM representatives with the
newly appointed Generals of the AF BiH, July 13, 2004
2005
•
February – The Decision of the Presidency of BiH
passed expressing BiH commitment for NATO
membership
•
March – The Law on Participation of the Members
of the AF BiH, Police Officers, Civil Servants and
Other Employees in Peace Support Missions and
Other Foreign Activities was passed
•
May – The Presidency of BiH passed the decision
on deployment of troops from the AF BiH into the
Peace Support Mission in Iraq
•
June – the 1st rotation of the AF BiH UXO disposal
unit was deployed into the Iraqi peace support
mission
•
December – the second Law on Defense of BiH
was passed – the Law on Service in the AF BiH was
passed
First presentation of the Honorary Unit of the AF BiH,
November 26, 2004
2006
•
January – The Entity Ministries of Defense and
Army were revoked
– The Employees from the MoD’s of the FBiH and
the RS became the employees of the MoD BiH
– Mandatory military service was revoked
– The new single budget for defense at the state
level came into application
Farewell ceremony for members of the 1st rotation of
the UXO Disposal Unit bound for Iraq, June 1, 2005
•
July – the Decision of the Presidency of BiH was
passed pertaining to the size, structure and
locations of the AF BiH
– a total of 16 000 members, specifically:
a) 10 000 professional military personnel
b) 1 000 civilians
c) 5 000 reserve members
– representation of ethnic groups in the AF BiH:
a) Bosniaks 45.9%
b) Serbs 33.6%
c) Croats 19.8%
d) Others 0.7%
•
•
Marking of the First Anniversary of the AF BiH Day,
December 1, 2006
December – the First Anniversary of the AF BiH
December – Admission of BiH into the NATO
Partnership for Peace Program
2006 - 2007
October 2006 – October 2007 – Personnel transition in
the MoD and AF BiH
- January 1, 2006 – 12 668 employees
- November 19, 2007 – 9 392 employees
NATO PfP Program Framework Document Signing
Ceremony in Brussels, December 14, 2006.
5
2007
•
February – Selmo Cikotic was appointed the second Minister of Defense in Bosnia and Herzegovina, as well as his deputies, Igor Crnadak, Deputy in
charge of policies and planning, and Marina Pendes, Deputy in charge of resource management
•
March – BiH signed the Agreement on Exchange of
Security Information with the NATO
May – Formation of the Support Command
– Formation of the Personnel Management Command
•
June – Formation of the 4th, 5th, and 6th Infantry
Brigades
•
September – Formation of the Air Forces and Air
Defense Brigade
– Formation of the Tactical Support Brigade
– Formation of the Training and Doctrine Command
•
September – The NATO Coordination Team of the
Council of Ministers of BiH was established
•
October – Formation of the Logistics Command
Tactical Support Brigade Formation Ceremony,
September 12, 2007
– Admission of BiH into full membership of the Southeast Europe Defense Ministers Organization (SEDM)
– All commands and units of the AFBiH formed and
stationed at the locations defined in the Presidential
Decision on the Size, Structure and Locations of the
AF BiH of July 2006
2008
•
January – The Presidency of BiH passed the Decision on Amendments to the Decision on the Size,
Structure and Locations of the AF BiH (pursuant
to the Decision, the required dislocation of the
commands and units was completed in compliance with the Plan for Dislocation and Redeployment
of Commands and Units)
•
February – Beginning of implementation of the
training project for the AF BiH members from all
brigades
•
March – At the May 3rd Barracks in Doboj, the
Agreement on Final Disposal of Mobile Military
Assets was signed
6
Session of the NATO Coordination Team, chaired by Mr.
Igor Crnadak, October 10, 2007.
Agreement Signing Ceremony in Doboj, March 27, 2008
•
April – NATO Summit in Bucharest, the invitation
to BiH for „intensified“ dialogue
•
April – The first Public Announcement was
published for admission of soldiers into the AF BiH
•
July – Transfer of duty between the Heads of Joint
Staff of the AF BiH
Press conference of the BiH delegation members upon their
return from the NATO Summit in Bucharest, April 4, 2008
Ceremony at Transfer of Duty between the Heads of JS
AF BiH, July 21, 2008
•
July – The Presidency of BiH passed the Decision
on the Structure of the General Corps in the AF
BiH
•
August – The 1st rotation of the AF BiH Infantry
Unit deployed in Iraq for the first time
Farewell Ceremony for the members of the 1st rotation
of the Infantry Unit bound for Iraq, August 14, 2008
•
September – BiH invited into membership of the
US-Adriatic Charter
•
December – The official end of the participation
of AFBiH members in the “Iraqi Freedom“ by the
arrival of the final group of AFBiH members from
Iraq
Ceremony at the arrival of the 8th Rotation of the EOD unit
and i 1st rotation of the Infantry unit, 15 December 2008
7
2009
•
January – the BiH Presidency made a decision
to deploy 10 staff officers of the Armed Forces
of Bosnia and Herzegovina to the International
Security Assistance Force (ISAF), in the Islamic
Republic of Afghanistan
•
March – BiH became a TCN to ISAF after the
signing of the Agreement on AFBiH participation
in ISAF and the Financial Agreement
•
March – 2 officers deployed to Afghanistan,
Danish Contingent on 25 March 2009– official
start of engagement in the ISAF mission
Session of the BiH Presidency, 5 January 2009
Signing of the agreement, Brussels, 11 March 2009
•
April – Military Section of the BiH mission to NATO,
HQ Brussels officially commenced its work on 1
April 2009
•
April – the decision made on the development
of the strategic document - Defense Review (27
April 2009)
•
BiH Mission to NATO, Brussels
May – signing of the Agreement on BiH joining
the NATO Codification System (NCS). BiH accepts
NCS principles, procedures and policies. BiH has
an opportunity to join the NATO Codification
System and to use the established data bases
Signing of the agreement, 14 May 2009
8
•
June – the Agreement on cooperation between
the BiH Ministry of Defense and the BiH Ministry
of Security regarding response to natural and
other disasters
Signing of the agreement, 29 June 2009
•
July – the institution of the Parliamentary Military
Commissioner established by the adoption of the
Law on the Parliamentary Military Commissioner
of Bosnia and Herzegovina (7 July 2009)
•
July – the first Partnership Goal for joining
NATO met – Partnership goal G-0355-I language
standards
•
August – Operational Command and Control
Center for BiH defense institutions opened
Certification award ceremony for STANAG
team AFBiH, 14 July 2009
OC opening ceremony 5 August 2009
•
September – Joint Endeavor 2009 – more than
435 participants from 27 countries and BiH as a
host nation had an opportunity to test the global
telecommunication interoperability
Joint Endeavor 2009, exercise site Kozara Barrack,
Banja Luka 4-17 September 2009
9
•
September –8 AFBiH officers deployed to the
ISAF mission, Afghanistan, as part of the German
contingent
Submission of the application, Brussels 2 October 2009
•
October - BiH submitted the application for
joining the Membership Action Plan (MAP)
•
October – Closing ceremony of NATO TF and
opening of the BiH MoD Regional Transition
Centers
•
Signing the Protocol on IOM engagement in the RTC,
28 October 2009
November – meeting of US-Adriatic Charter
Ministers
2010
•
March – 300 AFBiH soldiers discharged from the
AFBiH due to the termination of their contracts
•
April – the decision made on copperation
between Bosnia and Herzegovina and NATO at
MAP level
A-5 Ministerial, 17-18 November 2009
NATO Summit in Tallinn (Estonia), 22-23 April 2010
10
•
May – the decision made on the NATO Perspektiva
program
•
July – the first 2008-2010 IPAP cycle completed
NATO HQ, Brussels, 14 July 2010
•
July – the BiH Presidency made a decision to
deploy 45 members of the Armed Forces of Bosnia
and Herzegovina to the International Security
Assistance Force (ISAF) mission, (27 July 2010)
•
October – the first rotation of the AFBiH Infantry
unit deployed to ISAF
•
November – NATO Perspektiva Program
Deployment ceremony, Dubrave Military Base,
15 October 2010
BiH Parliamentary Assembly, 18 November 2010
2011
•
February – Organization of the 51st
Military Ski Championship
Olympic mountains of Jahorina, Igman,
Bjelašnica, 21-26 February 2011
11
Chart of the Command and Control Chain in the Armed Forces of BiH
Presidency of BiH
– has supreme command and control over the AF BiH
Parliament of BiH
- has democratic and parliamentary control over the AF BiH
Ministry of Defense of BiH
- administrative organization in charge of the overall defense strategy and policy
Joint Staff of the AF BiH
– tasked to translate the MoD policy into detailed plans
– responsible for planning, organization and implementation of directives and
orders issued by the Minister of Defense
– has command over all brigades and mobile units – has the primary responsibility for implementation of plans pertaining to operations and collective
field training
Operational Command of the
AF BiH
Support Command of the AF
BiH
12
– manages personnel, logistics and training
Ministry of Defense of BiH
Competencies:
•
•
Creation and maintenance of defense capacity in
order to ensure protection of sovereignty, territorial integrity, political independence and international subjectivity of BiH,
Supervision over all aspects of the Armed Forces of
BiH,
•
Representation of Bosnia and Herzegovina in international relations related to defense affairs,
•
Drafting, review and updating of the defense policy of Bosnia and Herzegovina as approved by the
Presidency of BiH,
•
Drafting and approval of policies and regulations
in terms of organization, administration, training,
equipping and use of the Armed Forces of BiH,
•
Ensuring compliance by Bosnia and Herzegovina of
international commitments related to defense,
•
Activation of reserve units and reserve members
for all operations except scheduled training,
•
Deployment or use of any segment of the Armed
Forces outside of Bosnia and Herzegovina for all
operations or training activities,
•
Issuance of instructions to the Head of the Joint
staff of Bosnia and Herzegovina for use or deployment of any unit of the Armed Forces of Bosnia and
Herzegovina within Bosnia and Herzegovina for
the needs other than training,
•
Establishment of procedures for approval of military assistance to civilian authorities in case of
natural disasters or catastrophes, upon approval
provided by the Presidency of BiH,
•
Establishment of procedures ensuring transparency in the duties of the Ministry of Defense,
•
Other competencies as per the law.
13
Armed Forces of BiH
Pursuant to the Law on Defense of Bosnia and
Herzegovina, the Armed Forces of BiH are a professional,
single military force organized and controlled by Bosnia
and Herzegovina. The Armed Forces, as an institution
of BiH, comprises of the members from among all three
constitutive ethnic groups and from among of others,
in compliance with the Constitution and the legislation
of BiH.
Bosnia and Herzegovina organizes, develops and
maintains the military capacity and preparedness of the
Armed Forces in order to ensure sovereignty, territorial
integrity, political independency and international
subjectivity of BiH, in order to promote foreign policy
objectives of BiH, meet the international commitments
of BiH, as well as to protect the citizens of BiH.
Mission of the AF BiH:
Professional military personnel:
generals, officers, NcOs(non - commissioned officers) ,
soldiers
Ensuring the sovereignty, territorial integrity, political
independence and international subjectivity of BiH,
Promotion of the BiH foreign policy goals,
Meeting of the international commitments of BiH,
Protection of BiH nationals.
Tasks of the AF BiH:
Participation in collective security operations, peace
and self-defense support operations, including fight
against terrorism,
Provision of military defense to BiH and its citizens in
case of attack,
Assistance to civilian authorities in response to natural
and other disasters and catastrophes,
Mine action in BiH,
Meeting of international commitments of BiH.
14
Members of the reserve:
reserve generals, reserve officers , reserve NcOs(non commissioned officers), reserve soldiers
Departments of the AF BiH:
Land Army , Air Forces and Air Defense
Branches of the AF BiH:
Infantry, Artillery, Artillery and Rocket Units of the
Air Defense, Armored Mechanized Units, Aviation,
Engineering, Communications, Atomic, Biological
and Chemical Defense, Electronic Surveillance and
Defense, Air Surveillance and Alarming , Military
Intelligence
Locations and Institutions of the AF BiH Units:
JOINT STAFF OF THE AF BiH – Sarajevo
Operating Command of the AF BiH – Sarajevo
•
Infantry Brigade (4th Infantry Brigade) – Capljina
•
Infantry Brigade (5th Infantry Brigade) – Tuzla
•
Infantry Brigade (6th Infantry Brigade) – Banja Luka
Manning of the Armed Forces of Bosnia
and Herzegovina
The BiH Presidency’s Decision on the size, structure
and locations of the Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina sets out that the AFBiH will have a total of
16,000 members:
- Infantry Battalions – Banja Luka, Bihac, Bijeljina, Bileca,
Capljina, Kiseljak, Livno, Orasje, Prijedor, Tuzla, Ustikolina, Zenica
- Artillery Battalions – Doboj, Mostar, Zepce
•
Air Forces and Air Defense Brigade – Banja Luka
- Air Defense Battalion – Sarajevo
- Air Surveillance and Alarming Battalion – Banja Luka
- Air Forces Support Battalion – Banja Luka, Sarajevo
•
Tactical Support Brigade – Sarajevo
- Communications Battalion – Pale
- Engineering Battalion – Derventa
- Military Intelligence Battalion – Sarajevo
- Mine Clearance Battalion - Travnik
- Military Police Battalion – Sarajevo
- Armored Battalion – Tuzla
−
−
−
Professional military members....................10,000
(officers, NCOs, and soldiers)
Civilians....................................................................... 1,000
Reservists …………………................................. 5,000
Support Command of the AF BiH – Banja Luka
•
Personnel Management Command – Banja Luka
•
Training and Doctrine Command – Travnik
Logistics Command – Doboj
- Logistical Support Battalions – Banja Luka, Capljina,
Tuzla, Sarajevo
The same decision sets out the ethnic representation,
as follows:
−
−
−
−
Bosniaks: 45.90% or 4,826 persons
Serbs: 33.60% or 3,533 persons
Croats: 19.80% or 2,084 persons, and
Other nationalities: 0.70% or 74 persons
15
RANKS IN THE ARMED FORCES OF BiH
a. Rank insignia for Generals on terrain uniforms
Lieutenant-General
(OF-8)
Brigadier General
(OF-6)
Major-General
(OF-7)
b. Rank insignia for Senior officers on terrain uniforms
Colonel
(OF-5)
Lieutenant Colonel
(OF-4)
Major
(OF-3)
c. Rank insignia for Officers on terrain uniforms
Captain
(OF-2)
First Lieutenant
(OF-1)
Second Lieutenant
(OF-1)
d. Rank insignia for NCOs on terrain uniforms
Sergeant
(OR-5)
Staff Sergeant
(OR-6)
Sergeant
First Class (OR-7)
Master Sergeant
(OR-8)
Sergeant Major
(OR-9)
e. Rank insignia for Soldiers on terrain uniforms
Private
(OR-1)
Private
First Class (OR-2)
Corporal
(OR-3/4)
f. Military imam rank insignia on terrain uniforms
Battalion Imam
(OF-2)
Brigade Imam
(OF-3)
Staff Imam
(OF-4)
Main Imam
(OF-5)
g. Military priest rank insignia on terrain uniforms
Battalion Priest
(OF-2)
Brigade Priest
(OF-3)
Staff Priest
(OF-4)
Main Priest
(OF-5)
h. Military chaplain rank insignia on single terrain uniforms
Battalion Chaplain
(OF-2)
16
Brigade Chaplain
(OF-3)
Staff Chaplain
(OF-4)
Main Chaplain
(OF-5)
Admission of young soldiers to professional military service in the Armed Forces of BiH
The Presidential Decision on Size, Structure and Locations of the AFBiH lays down that the Armed Forces of
BiH consist of 10,000 professional military personnel, of
which 50% are soldiers, 30% non-commissioned officers
and 20% officers. The Law on Service in the AFBiH stipulates that the maximal duration of service for military personnel in the Armed Forces of BiH is as follows:
tunity for a long-term engagement in the Armed Forces
of BiH while at the same time the Ministry of Defence and
the Armed Forces of BiH are getting closer to reaching
the NATO standard on the average age of soldiers in the
armed forces. In parallel, replacement is being found for
the personnel whose contracts of service in the AFBiH
cannot be extended since the solutions laid down by de-
a) Officers – 30 years, but the age limit is 55,
b) Non-commissioned officers – 30 years, but the age
limit is 50, and
c) Soldiers – 15 years, but the age limit is 35.
When being admitted to the AFBiH, the future soldiers
sign contracts with the duration period of three years
with a possibility for contract extension until their reaching the age of 35 or up to 15 years in service in the AFBiH.
The pace of admitting young soldiers to professional
service in the AFBiH is coordinated with the pace of the
process of personnel discharge from the AFBiH. So far the
BiH Ministry of Defence has issued four public vacancy
announcements for admission of soldiers to professional
military service: one on 27 March 2008 for 300 vacancies,
then on 22 July 2009 for 600, on 9 July 2009 for 1,200 and
on 16 August 2010 for 600 vacancies in the Armed Forces
of BiH.
With a view to maintain the AFBiH operational capabilities
and man vacant formation posts under the issued public
vacancy announcements on admission of soldiers to the
AFBiH, after having received basic training in the duration of three months, the total of 1,993 young soldiers
were admitted to the AFBiH by 1 January 2011, of which
number 140 are women. By their admission to the Armed
Forces of BiH, young soldiers are given plenty of oppor-
fence legislation must be implemented. Presently underway are activities in line with the Operational Plan
of Activities for the selection and admission of soldiers
to the AFBiH during 2010 and 2011 under the fourth
public announcement issued on 16 August 2010. In
accordance with the Operational Plans of activities for
the selection and admission of soldiers to professional
military service and the projection of the 2011 budget,
the admission of soldiers during 2011 under the Public Vacancy Announcement issued 16 August 2010 is
scheduled for 1 May and 1 September 2011. The 5,592
applicants were tested by subpanels in Sarajevo, Banja
Luka, Tuzla and Čapljina. Given that the large number
of applicants coming from all three constituent peoples and other ethnicities enabled a good selection of
two more classes of applicants for training and admission to military service, upon the proposal of the AFBiH Joint Staff, the ministerial decision of 9 December
2010 on the continuation of the selection of candidates
for training under the Public Vacancy Announcement
for professional military service of soldiers in the AFBiH, dated 16 August 2010, approves the selection of
applicants and the provision of basic military training
of the third and fourth group, each consisting of 300
applicants, i.e. it approves the extension of the Public
Vacancy Announcement from 600 to 1,200 applicants.
17
Activities of Bosnia and Herzegovina under the mechanisms of
cooperation and partnership with NATO
•
•
BiH–NATO Individual Partnership
Programme (IPP)
The Individual Partnership Programme (IPP) concerns the practical
implementation of goals set out in
the BiH Presentation Document (PD)
and the Partnership Goals agreed
with NATO during the PARP process. Based on the Euro-Atlantic
Partnership Work Plan (EAPWP), all
members of the NATO Partnership
for Peace programme (PfP) develop
their IPP. The IPP covers the period
of two years, but its revision and
updates are done every year, i.e. it
is developed for each calendar year.
The EAPWP includes a proposed
list of NATO events and activities
for the coming year in which PfP
members may participate. The IPP
is proposed by the PfP member
countries; it contains a textual and
tabular part and is approved by the
Political-Military Steering Committee on Partnership for Peace (PMSC).
Bosnia and Herzegovina has been
using this mechanism of cooperation since 2007 when the first IPP
was developed and implemented.
The IPP for 2010 included as follows:
•
•
18
The total number of events:180
Events implemented:127
Areas of cooperation: 22
The IPP for 2011 includes the
total of 194 events. For the first
quarter of 2011, it is planned to
participate in 46 events. The
IPP for 2011 covers 27 areas of
cooperation.
BiH–NATO Individual Partnership
Action Plan (IPAP)
Cooperation between Bosnia and
Herzegovina and NATO under the
Individual Partnership Action Plan
(IPAP) is one of the most significant
mechanisms of partnership relations, especially in the area of deepening mutual cooperation and the
implementation of reform processes necessary for creating preconditions for accession to NATO. The cooperation includes: 1) Political and
Security Issues; 2) Defence and Military Issues; 3) Public Information,
Science, Environmental Protection
and Emergency Response Planning
Issues; and 4) Administrative, Security Protection and Resource Issues.
Bosnia and Herzegovina joined the
IPAP in 2007, but the practical use
of this mechanism of cooperation
with NATO started in early 2008.
Immediately after BiH’s joining the
IPAP, the NATO Coordination Team
of the Council of Ministers of Bosnia
and Herzegovina (BiH CoM NCT), as
the authorised body for BiH’s NATO
integration process issues, started
the procedure for the development
of the Presentation Document and
the Action Plan for the IPAP, the two
together making the IPAP document of the first cycle, setting out
the goals of cooperation between
Bosnia and Herzegovina and NATO
for the period 2008-2010. Once it
had been agreed with NATO (NATO
Headquarters Brussels), the IPAP
document was adopted by NATO
in September 2008 when the implementation of the first cycle of
cooperation between Bosnia and
ties that will continue to be used
by the Armed Forces of Bosnia and
Herzegovina is positively resolved
by September 2011 (which is a precondition for activating the cooperation with NATO under MAP), the
implementation of the second IPAP
cycle will be finalised “early” and
the implementation of obligations
and goals of cooperation between
Bosnia and Herzegovina and NATO
within MAP will start.
Intensified Dialogue (ID) between Bosnia and Herzegovina
and NATO
Herzegovina and NATO under the
IPAP formally started. The implementation of the first cycle of IPAP
was finalised by the end of 2009 on
which occasion the NATO member
nations, assessing the level of implementation, expressed their satisfaction with the results achieved
and the efforts made by Bosnia
and Herzegovina within the IPAP.
However, attention was brought to
potential problems which may be
encountered in the coming periods
of implementation primarily with
regard to the issue of state property
(prospective defence properties)
and the structure of the military
budget (insufficient funds for further development and equipping
of the Armed Forces of Bosnia and
Herzegovina).
Immediately after the completion
of the implementation of the first
IPAP cycle, the relevant ministries
and institutions of Bosnia and Herzegovina embarked upon the development of the proposed IPAP
document which sets out the next
cycle of cooperation with NATO,
for the period 2011-2013. After an
extended period of time required
for reaching agreement thereon
during 2010, the document was finally finished in January 2011 and
forwarded for NATO approval. The
adoption procedure by the North
Atlantic Council – NAC was finalised in February 2011, and what is
to follow is the legal procedure for
its adoption and approval at the
national level, i.e. the level of the
Council of Ministers and the BiH
Presidency, which implies the formal completion of authorisation
procedure for cooperation with
NATO under IPAP for the period
2011-2013. Meanwhile, if the issue
of registration of defence proper-
Recognising the positive trend in
the implementation of obligations
of Bosnia and Herzegovina stemming from the NATO Partnership
for Peace programme (PfP) as well
as the results achieved in the process of creating necessary preconditions for the accession to NATO,
at the NATO Bucharest Summit held
in April 2008, the NATO member na-
tions invited Bosnia and Herzegovina to extend mutual cooperation
through the Intensified Dialogue
(ID). In essence, the ID is a phase
in relations between the country
aspiring to NATO membership and
NATO. The focus of this phase, during which intensified mutual consultations and negotiations take
place on military, legal, economic
19
and security issues pertaining to
possible NATO membership of the
aspirant country, is primarily on NATO’s expectations from the aspirant
country in the area of foreign and
internal policy. Chronologically, the
ID precedes the phase of mutual cooperation within MAP, which could
then possibly lead to a full-fledged
NATO membership of the aspirant
country. Consultations take place
on the basis of the Initial Discussion
Paper in the area of ID (IDP), which
involves the presentation of goals
which the partner country plans to
achieve for the purpose of further
enhancing the mutual cooperation and the implementation of internal reform processes. Based on
the accepted version of the IDP, in
September 2008, the initial meeting of representatives of Bosnia and
Herzegovina and NATO ID experts
took place in Brussels, whereby
consultations in the area of ID officially started. At the same time, a
general Consultation Plan was defined for individual ID chapters. By
June 2009, Bosnia and Herzegovina,
had successfully finalised the con-
20
sultations and thus made yet another important step towards NATO
membership.
Planning and Review
Process (PARP)
Under the BiH Presentation Document, submitted to NATO upon
BiH’s joining the PfP, Bosnia and
Herzegovina took on the obligation
to develop various mechanisms of
interactive cooperation with NATO,
one of them being the Planning and
Review Process (PARP). The PARP is
a mechanism which enables the
identification of the forces and capabilities of the partner country
that can be made available to NATO
for exercises and NATO-led operations, and the planning of the development of these capabilities and
capacities. It is also used as one of
the main mechanisms for tracking
and assessing defence and military
reform progress. In addition, the
participation of partner countries
in the PARP is also a precondition
for its joining the MAP. Within the
PARP, the partner country should
first prepare the so called PARP Review (answers to the PARP Questionnaire) whereby it defines the forces
and capabilities which will be made
available to NATO, gives an overview of defence plans, the structure
of the armed forces, information
on the budget, etc. Based on this
information, NATO develops the
proposed Partnership Goals (PGs),
which, once the agreement has
been reached and mutual consultations done thereon, the partner
country accepts declaring them
the cooperation goals under the
PARP. Over the course of the twoyear period, NATO continuously
follows and analyses the progress
achieved by the partner country in
the implementation of PGs through
the PARP Assessment by means of
which guidelines are provided for
further development within this
mechanism of cooperation. Bosnia and Herzegovina has been taking part in the PARP process since
2007 and is currently in the third
cycle (the first cycle was completed
in 2009, while the second one will
be formally completed this year by
the adoption of the PARP Assessment of the third cycle). The third
PARP cycle started in June 2010 and
in September of the same year the
answers to the PAPR Questionnaire
were prepared and submitted to
NATO. Within the third PARP cycle,
Bosnia and Herzegovina accepted
37 PGs (25 general ones, 7 for the
land forces and 5 for air forces)
which were agreed on with NATO.
Of the total number of PGs, 34 fall
under the competencies of the Ministry of Defence and Armed Forces
of BiH, two under the competencies
of the BiH Ministry of Defence, while
one falls under the competencies of
the NATO Coordination Team of the
BiH Council of Ministers (CoM NCT).
From 21 to 23 March 2011, NATO
HQ Brussels representatives came
to a visit during which the answers
to the PAPR Questionnaire were
discussed and agreed, i.e. the PARP
Assessment of the third cycle was
being developed.
Membership Action Plan (MAP)
The NATO Membership Action Plan
(MAP) was set in motion in 1999
as assistance in the preparation of
partner countries in all aspects related to NATO membership. The
main characteristics of the MAP are
as follows:
1) The aspirant country submits its
Annual National Programme (ANP)
on preparations for possible mem-
bership, covering political, economic, defence, resource, security and
legal issues;
2) Targeted and transparent assessment of the progress made by the
aspirant country in the implementation of its programme, including
political and technical advice;
3) The instrument for the coordination of assistance provided by NATO
and member nations in defence
and military sector;
4) Defence planning which enables
an analysis and revision of agreed
planning goals.
As a condition for joining MAP, the
aspirant country is expected to
achieve certain goals pertaining
to political and economic matters
such as, for example, resolving all
international, ethnic or territorial
issues peacefully, the commitment
to the rule of law and respect for
human rights, the establishment of
democratic oversight of the Armed
Forces, and the promotion of stability and prosperity through a free
market, social justice and environmental protection. Defence and
military issues are focused on the
ability of the aspirant to contribute to collective defence and new
missions of the Alliance. The issue
of resources is focused on the requirement that the aspirant country is ensure enough resources for
defence in order to be able to meet
the obligations stemming from collective NATO efforts. Security issues
are centred on the requirement
that the aspirant country should
have instruments for the protection
of confidential data. Legal issues revolve around the requirement that
the aspirant country should have
such a legal framework and legal
solutions in place that the cooperation with NATO is compatible with
the national legal system.
For Bosnia and Herzegovina, as an
aspirant country, the MAP represents a sort of further building on
the PfP programme and is a logical
development after the membership in the PfP, the implementation of the IPP, the participation in
the PAPR, IPAP and ID. The decision
on the establishment of cooperation between Bosnia and Herzegovina and NATO under the MAP was
made at the NATO Tallinn summit,
held from 22 to 23 April 2010, with
one condition attached: “The NAC is
authorized to accept BiH´s first Annual National Program only when all
immovable defense properties identified as necessary for future defense
purposes have been officially registered as the state property of BiH, for
use by the BiH Ministry of Defense”.
Therefore, once the condition has
been met, it will be possible to activate the ANP as a mechanism and
document under the MAP. In this
regard the BiH CoM NCT initiated
the development of the first BiH
ANP for the period 2010-2012, with
the participation of representatives
of all relevant ministries and institutions of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The proposed ANP was developed
in June 2010 and was ready for submission to NATO in September that
year (the MAP cycle covers the period: September of the current year
– September of the following year).
However, due to the failure to meet
the condition attached with regard
to immovable prospective defence
property, the ANP document was
put on ice and the implementation
of the IPAP, as the previous mechanism of cooperation with NATO,
was reactivated. This state of affairs
regarding the MAP will, therefore,
remain unchanged until the said
condition has been met, i.e. until
the final agreement on this matter
is reached by relevant authorities of
Bosnia and Herzegovina.
21
Cooperation of BiH MoD and AFBiH with NATO HQ Sarajevo
International organizations actively
involved in defense reform in Bosnia and Herzegovina agreed in 2004
that in the upcoming years NATO
would be responsible for support to
the defense reform process in BiH.
NATO member countries formally
undertook this responsibility at
the NATO Istanbul Summit in 2004,
when a decision was made to establish NATO HQ Sarajevo (NHQSa),
as one of the two legal successors
of SFOR (the other being EUFOR).
NATO Headquarters Sarajevo was
officially established on 1 December 2004 with a mandate to “advise
authorities of Bosnia and Herzegovina in the area of defense reform,
including coordination of activities
related to membership in the Partnership for Peace (PfP), in order to
provide support to further EuroAtlantic integrations.”
In 2005, NATO personnel, in conjunction with BiH officials and representatives of the international
community, worked as a part of the
Defense Reform Commission and
its team to devise best possible solutions for the future AFBiH and BiH
MoD that are also NATO compatible. They provided political, analytical, conceptual and legal support
and facilitated the process of reaching a consensus on various complex issues that the Defense Reform
Commission addressed. They also
made an effort to convey standards, principles and experiences of
NATO member countries. The mandate of the Defense Reform Commission ended in late 2005, and
from January 2006, when the new
BiH Defense Law entered into force,
Bosnia and Herzegovina took the
lead in development of its defense
system on the road to NATO membership. NHQSa continues to serve
22
as an external resource on which
BiH can rely when needed. Close
cooperation continued in the following years and NHQSa provided
financial and technical assistance in
the process of implementation of
the new defense system.
Since it was co-opted to the Partnership for Peace Program (PfP) in
December 2006, BiH has deepened
its cooperation with NATO through
participation in various PfP activities, which have become longer
lasting and more demanding over
time. NATO Headquarters Sarajevo
continues to provide support to
Bosnia and Herzegovina in this process through joint work with different institutions on issues related to
accession to NATO.
AFBiH contribution to ISAF mission
NATO welcomes BiH’s decision to
deploy its soldiers to the ISAF mission. In that respect, in this issue of
the Military Brochure, we bring the
stance of NATO HQ Sarajevo Commander Brigadier General David
Enyeart on AFBiH contribution to
the ISAF mission in Afghanistan.
“I would like to begin this article
with a note of optimism: to state
that NATO is pleased with the progress that BiH has made since the
beginning of the defence reform
process. It is often easy to forget the
positive elements of progress – especially as we often have a tendency to focus more on negative issues
because they tend to gain the attention of the media and are more
newsworthy. However, it is worth
remembering how far the AFBiH
have come in what is relatively a
short space of time.
From initial defence reform efforts,
the entire defence establishment
has changed fundamentally. In
2006, NATO and BiH took the historic step of becoming partners within
the Partnership for Peace – a true
landmark heralding the achievement of significant reforms. The
steps commencing with the 2003
Law on Defence and culminating
with a new Law on Defence and
Law on AFBiH Service in 2005 saw
monumental changes to the country’s defence structures and the AFBiH – and these changes were made
with great courage, fortitude and
foresight. Since then, these initial
foundation stones have been the
building blocks for further progress.
Since becoming a member of NATO’s Partnership for Peace, BiH has
made great progress with the development of its defence sector and
the armed forces. To remind ourselves of what has occurred: BiH is
participating in the Individual Partnership Programme (IPP), which is
extremely important as it has allowed BiH to select a menu of activities according to current needs and
interests. BiH is fully engaged with
the Planning and Review Process
(PARP) and is making progress in
the implementation of its Partnership Goals (PGs) aimed to enhance
the capabilities of the armed forces;
BiH is cooperating with NATO in the
Individual Partnership Action Plan
(IPAP) and is engaged in a widespectrum of reform efforts under its
auspices; and, BiH has completed a
series of talks under Intensified Dialogue (ID). Finally, your country now
stands on the doorstep of beginning a NATO Membership Action
Plan (MAP) – which, to remind you,
will mean that you are, and will be
treated as, a candidate country for
NATO membership.
over 130,000 troops from 48 different countries deployed throughout
Afghanistan. Its mission is to extend
the authority of the Afghan central government in order to create
an environment conducive to the
functioning of democratic institutions and the establishment of the
rule of law. BiH’s participation in
ISAF is extremely important.
NATO’s operation in Afghanistan
currently constitutes the Alliance’s
most significant operational commitment to date. Established by UN
mandate in 2001, the International
Security Assistance Force (ISAF) has
been under NATO leadership since
August 2003. ISAF comprises just
The ISAF deployment represents a
valuable capacity building experience. The chance to work alongside
NATO Allies in an operational environment provides the opportunity to enrich the skill-sets of AFBiH
members, and these in turn could
be passed to other members who
Following initial commitment of
individual staff personnel within
ISAF contingents, the deployment
of an AFBiH unit to ISAF with the
Danish Battle Group is an opportunity for Bosnia and Herzegovina to
demonstrate to NATO and to the
Euro-Atlantic community that it is
both willing and able to contribute
to peace support operations. This
is an important step in affirming
BiH’s commitments made within
the Partnership for Peace and as an
aspiring NATO member.
did not have the benefit of being
deployed. The ISAF deployment
also enhances the reputation of
BiH within the Alliance and demonstrates that BiH is capable of being
a valued partner. BiH is now able to
show that the time has come where
it can be a contributor to security
as opposed to a consumer – thus
demonstrating that the confidence
shown so far in the Euro-Atlantic integration process can be continued.
I am confident that the AFBiH will
carry out their mission with every
success.
In summary, I would like to emphasize that BiH can be proud of the
achievements that have been made
within defence reform and of the
deployment to ISAF. These achievements can serve as an example to
other reform efforts – that progress
and success is possible through cooperation, dialogue and consensusbuilding.
Although much has been achieved,
it is also important to note that
clearly there is still much work
ahead. It is important to continue
defence reform and to achieve progress on the Euro-Atlantic integration path. This will require a longterm and sustained effort, as well
as synergy of effort and coordination between all actors engaged in
these reforms. However, given the
progress that has been achieved
to date and the continuous efforts
made, I am confident that BiH will
enjoy continued success, will continue to develop the armed forces
and will make progress on the EuroAtlantic integration path. The combination of all our efforts will help
ensure that this comes true. NATO
Headquarters Sarajevo, alongside
the Ministry of Defence, the AFBiH,
and other BiH institutions, will continue to do all that it can to make
this happen.”
23
Participation of AFBiH members in ISAF mission in Afghanistan
Members of AFBiH in the International Security Assistance Force
(ISAF) mission
Pursuant to the BiH Defense Law,
which defines the tasks of Armed
Forces of BiH, missions of the AFBiH
include participation in collective security operations, peace support operations and self-defense, including
the fight against terrorism. The Book
of Rules on Participation of the MoD
and AFBiH Personnel in Peace Support Operations and Other Missions
Abroad, adopted by the BiH MoD,
defines the authorities, obligations
and other issues relevant to this area.
On 11 March 2009 in Brussels, the
BiH Defense Minister and NATO Secretary General signed agreements
that prescribe in a standardized and
uniform way the terms of participation in the mission that apply to all
ISAF contributing nations (Agreement on Participation in the ISAF
Mission and Financial Agreement).
Deployment of Officers to ISAF
Mission in Afghanistan
Legal Framework – Decision of the
BiH Presidency on Participation of
AFBiH personnel in the ISAF mission
in Afghanistan of 5 January 2009 defines:
Personnel: 10 officers.
Mission: Operational, administra-
24
tive and other staff duties and tasks
related to the respective formation
posts, as per the Rules of Engagement defined by the BiH Ministry of
Defense.
Location:
Regional Command
North area of responsibility, as a
part of the contingent of the FR of
Germany, and Regional Command
South West AOR, as a part of the
Kingdom of Denmark contingent.
Duration of mission: 1 year, two sixmonth rotations.
Deployment of 2 officers to Regional Command South-West
In March 2009, two AFBiH officers
(first rotation) were deployed as a
part of a Danish combat group in
Regional Command South-West in
Afghanistan; The soldiers first completed the predeployment training
in the Peace Support Operations
Training Center (PSOTC) in Bosnia
and Herzegovina, and then the
training in the Kingdom of Denmark;
Currently the fifth rotation of AFBiH
officers is deployed to the mission;
The Armed Forces of the Kingdom
of Denmark provide logistic support
for two AFBiH officers.
Memorandum of Understanding
between the BiH Ministry of Defense
and Armed Forces of the Kingdom of
Denmark was signed on 12 January
2009;
AFBiH staff officers deployed with
the Danish contingent (DABG) execute their assigned missions highly
professionally and serve as a positive example of professionalism and
readiness of BiH officers to execute
NATO-led missions.
Deployment of 8 officers to Regional Command North
In late September 2009, eight AFBiH officers (first rotation) were deployed with the German contingent
to Regional Command North, Afghanistan;
The officers first completed predeployment training in Bosnia and
Herzegovina, and then the training
in the Bydgoszcz Training Center,
Poland;
Currently the fourth rotation is deployed;
Armed Forces of the Federal Republic of Germany provide logistic support for eight AFBiH officers, but BiH
pays for the support provided;
The BiH Defense Minister signed
the statement of acceptance of
the Memorandum of Understanding signed between the Ministry
of Defense of the Federal Republic
of Germany, Ministry of Defense of
Kingdom of Norway and the Armed
Ceremony of deployment of second
rotation of AFBiH infantry unit to ISAF
mission
On 29 March 2011 in the ‘Božan Šimović’
barracks in Čapljina, a ceremony was organized on the occasion of deployment of
the second rotation of AFBiH infantry unit
to the ISAF mission in Afghanistan. Apart
from contingent members and their families, senior officials of the Ministry of Defense and Armed Forces of BiH, parliamentary
military commissioner Boško Šiljegović,
representatives of NATO Headquarters,
EUFOR and the Danish Embassy in BiH, as
well as military-diplomatic representatives accredited in BiH, also attended the
ceremony. Dr. Selmo Cikotić, BiH Defense
Minister, Lt. Gen. Miladin Milojčić, AFBiH
JS Chief, and Brig.Gen. Ivica Jerkić, 4th In-
Forces of the Kingdom of Sweden;
Staff officers deployed with the German contingent in Afghanistan execute their mission professionally and
positively represent the AFBiH.
Deployment of infantry unit (45)
to Regional Command SouthWest
Legal framework – Decision of the
BiH Presidency on Participation of
an AFBiH unit in the International
Security Assistance Force (ISAF) operation in the Islamic Republic of
Afghanistan of 27 July 2010, (BiH
Parliamentary Assembly ratified the
decision of the BiH Presidency on 1
September 2010) defines:
Personnel: 45 AF BiH members.
Mission: Internal security of coalition force bases in the Helmand
province, without executing operations outside the bases.
Location: Regional Command
South-West area of responsibility, as
a part of the Danish contingent.
Duration of Mission: 1 year, two sixmonth rotations.
Currently the second rotation is deployed;
fantry Brigade Commander, addressed the
present. Brig.Gen. Ivica Jerkić, 4th Infantry
Brigade Commander, spoke of the period of preparations of the infantry unit in
which, thanks to maximum engagement
of all members of the 4th Infantry Brigade
and cooperation with all other organizational units of the AFBiH, the infantry unit was
trained and prepared for execution of all tasks in the ISAF mission. This was confirmed
by the evaluation conducted by an expert
team from the Armed Forces of the Kingdom of Denmark, which certified the unit
for the mission. Dr. Selmo Cikotić, BiH Defense Minister and Lt. Gen. Miladin Milojčić,
AFBiH JS Chief, stressed the importance of
participation of AFBiH members in the ISAF
operation. They said the deployment of the
second rotation of the AFBiH infantry unit
was another proof of commitment of BiH
Unit members completed predeployment training in BiH;
The Unit was certified by a Danish
expert team.
The first rotation was deployed to
the ISAF mission in Afghanistan on
20 October 2010, and the second rotation on 29 March 2011.
Armed Forces of the Kingdom of
Denmark provide logistic support to
the Unit, and BiH compensates specific costs;
On 7 December 2010, the BiH Defense Minister signed the Technical Agreement with the Operations
Command of Armed Forces of the
Kingdom of Denmark on deployment of AFBiH personnel with the
Danish Combat Group in the ISAF
mission in Afghanistan.
Currently, the BHCON-FPU-001 is executing the assigned mission in the
area of operations. So far, the unit
to participate in global security operations and progress towards Euro-Atlantic
integrations. This is a second rotation of
the AFBiH infantry unit to be engaged in
the ISAF mission. The unit will secure the
base of a Danish combat group and shall
not participate in combat tasks.
has not encountered any significant
problems in the execution of its mission. Daily communication is established with the unit and the overall
situation in the area of operations is
monitored.
Plans to expand BiH contribution
to ISAF mission in Afghanistan
At its session on 10 March 2010, the
BiH Presidency approved the engagement of 10 AFBiH instructors in
the ISAF mission for training of the
Afghan security forces, following the
implementation of the legally prescribed procedure;
25
BiH Defense Minister sent a letter of
intent to the Supreme Headquarters
Allied Powers Europe (SHAPE) to express BiH readiness to deploy AFBiH
instructors to train Afghan security
forces in the ISAF mission in Afghanistan, following the implementation
of the legally prescribed procedure;
Once the BiH Presidency adopts the
decision, the rest of the legal procedure, primarily confirmation of the
decision by the BiH Parliamentary
Assembly and deployment of AFBiH instructors to the military police
school in the ISAF mission in Afghanistan could be completed in the second half of 2011. Negotiations are
underway with the Republic of Croatia, the lead nation for the military
Deployment of AFBiH NCOs to
ISAF mission in Afghanistan
police school in Kabul, regarding the
engagement of AFBiH instructors in
the school.
The BiH Presidency approved deployment of 4 noncommissioned
officers with the German contingent
to Regional Command North of the
ISAF operation in Afghanistan (the
legally prescribed decision making
procedure is underway). The BiH
MoD sent a letter of intent to the
NATO Secretary General and the Supreme Allied Commander Europe
(SHAPE). Once the BiH Presidency
adopts the decision, it is expected
that AFBiH NCOs could be deployed
to the ISAF mission in Afghanistan in
the first half of 2011.
Participation of AFBiH members in UN mission in Congo
UN Observer mission in Democratic Republic of Congo (MONUSCO)
Five AFBiH members are participating in the United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the
Democratic Republic of the Congo
(MONUSCO).
In the first quarter of 2011, five
AFBiH members were deployed to
the UN PSO mission in Congo. All
AFBiH members deployed to UN
peace support operations are giving their maximum contribution
to the implementation of the peace support operation in accordance
with the mandate and relevant UN
Security Council resolutions.
This is the ninth rotation of AFBiH
officers. Since November 2002, a
total of 40 AFBiH officers participated in this mission. At its session
held on 14 December 2010, the BiH
Presidency adopted a decision to
extend the mandate of the AFBiH
26
contingent and deploy the tenth
rotation of military observers to the
mission in Congo. The tenth contingent of five AFBiH members is being prepared for deployment to the
mission.
Through engagement of AFBiH
members in UN missions, BiH
supports the Organization of the
United Nations in the implementation of peace support operations
and clearly demonstrates that, as a
responsible member of the international community, it is willing and
able to offer an adequate contribution to the joint efforts on establishment and preservation of peace
and stability in the world.
Regional defense cooperation
In 2010, the BiH Ministry of Defense participated in the work of the
following regional initiatives:
•
Southeastern Europe Defense
Ministerial Initiative (SEDM)
In 2007, Bosnia and Herzegovina
gained the status of a full-fledged
SEDM member. The BiH MoD’s active participation in this initiative in
2010 was as follows:
- Participation of BiH MoD representatives in the work of the SEDM Coordination Committee,
- Participation in the work of the Political Steering Committee of Multinational Peace Forces (SEEBRIG) as
an observer,
- Participation in the work of the
Southeastern Ministerial Meeting
held on 12 October 2010 in Tirana,
- Participation in the development of
all documents of this forum, and
- Organization of activities created
by the SEDM Coordination Committee.
In 2009, Bosnia and Herzegovina
gained the status of an observer in
the Politico-Military Steering Committee – PMSC with a recommendation to consider a possibility for
gaining the status of a full-fledged
member. Full-fledged membership
would mean active engagement in
the work and participation in SEEBRIG, i.e. active contribution (financial and in terms of personnel) to
regional peace and stability.
Under the SEDM Initiative, there are
five active projects with participation of the BiH MoD either as an acti-
ve member or an observer:
- SEESIM (Southeastern Europe Simulation Network), project of
active cooperation in the area of
simulating natural disaster management. Detailed preparations
were made and the MoD took
part in the organization and participated in the SEESIM 10 exercise
in cooperation with the BiH Ministry of Security,
- CBSC – Project of military support
in combating proliferation of
weapons of mass destruction,
border control and fight against
terrorism,
- SEMEC – Project of cooperation in
military education,
- SIMIHO – Project of connecting
military hospitals via satellite,
At the Southeastern Europe Ministerial Meeting in Sofia in 2009, an
initiative was put forward to launch
a new project focusing on communication systems for SEEBRIG. In
2010, the project was activated, i.e.
accepted by SEDM countries.
•
Program of support to Southeast European countries
(SEEC)
As a member of the SEEC (Southeastern Europe Clearinghouse), the
BiH Ministry of Defense continued
to actively participate in all SEECinitiated mechanisms in 2010 (organizational meetings, SEEC conferences etc.). The BiH Ministry
of Defense organized the SEEC
Working Group for BiH, which has
offered several projects to relevant
international factors to support the
enhancement of bilateral and regional cooperation. Through active
engagement of the SEEC Political
Directors, the establishment of regional centers has been initiated.
The Political Directors accepted the
nomination of the Peace Support
Operations Training Center (PSOTC)
in Butmir for a regional center, i.e. a
model for regional cooperation in
peace operations training.
•
Southeastern Europe Coordination Process (SEECP)
Bosnia and Herzegovina has continuously supported the SEECP
(Southeastern Europe Coordination Process) as a unique regional
initiative launched and managed
by the countries in the region. In
2008, Bosnia and Herzegovina was
entrusted with establishing the
Head Office of the Regional Cooperation Council – RCC in Sarajevo.
Main objectives of regional cooperation under the SEECP are related
to strengthening security and political cooperation, intensifying economic relations and cooperation in
the areas of human dimension, democracy, judicial system and fight
against illegal activities.
•
US – Adriatic Charter (A-5)
The purpose of this initiative is to
strengthen security and stability, as
a precondition for faster inclusion
into Euro-Atlantic integration. The
document also encourages current
reforms of the armed forces of the
member states and their mutual
military cooperation.
27
Activities in the area of
Annual analysis of the results achieved in the area of
education and training in the Ministry of Defense and
Armed Forces of BiH illustrates constant progress of
this system, which creates preconditions and enables
the execution of legally set obligations and missions
assigned to this institution. In particular, efforts should
be noted in terms of achieving full interoperability and
compatibility with NATO countries’ armed forces.
Following active participation as an observer, Bosnia
and Herzegovina joined this regional initiative in early
December 2008 as a full-fledged member. Organized
by the BiH Ministry of Defense, a meeting of defense
ministers of A-5 member states was held on 18 November 2009, and on 20 May 2010, Bosnia and Herzegovina hosted a meeting of chiefs of defense of the
member states.
•
Southeastern Europe Security Cooperation
Steering Group – SEEGROUP
SEEGROUP is a regional initiative that, in addition to
being regional in nature, provides support both to individual countries and to the entire region in the process of achieving joint standards for full-fledged membership in wider integration processes – NATO and the
European Union. The goal of the SEEGROUP is to facilitate practical regional defense and security cooperation and to improve harmonization and coordination
between the countries in the region.
•
Centre for Security Cooperation - RACVIAC
On 28 January 2008, the BiH Ministry of Defense sent
three AFBiH officers to the Centre for Security Cooperation RACVIAC in Zagreb for a two-year period. Their
mandate was extended in late January 2010 until the
end of January 2011.
Second group of three officers was sent to RACVIAC in
Zagreb on 24 January 2011 for a period of two years.
Following the appointment by the BiH Presidency, Assistant Minister of Defense Zoran Šajinović took over
the position of the Chairperson of the Multinational
Advisory Group (MAG) in October 2010. The Group is
the steering committee to RACVIAC.
28
In 2010, 1,794 MoD and AFBiH personnel attended
different forms of training in the country and abroad,
which is an increase of 1.8%. 66% were trained in the
country, and 34% abroad.
Education and training of MoD and AFBiH personnel
is conducted in accordance with training doctrine,
Training Guidelines, adopted training plans, programs
education and training in the BiH MoD and AFBiH
of bilateral cooperation or agreed
cooperation with representatives of
partner countries and the international community.
- Implementation of activities deriving from international agreements
and treaties, and confidence- and
security-building measures and
arms control.
This form of training has been conducted in cooperation with the
OSCE Mission, Geneva Center for
Security Studies, RACVIAC in Zagreb and International Institute of
Humanitarian Law in San Remo,
and it has included significant number of students.
- Implementation of activities related to bilateral agreements, memorandums of understanding, programs of mutual cooperation etc.
includes the highest levels of education, professional development
and training such as military acad-
Education and training programs
are implemented in several phases
and in general they can be grouped
in the following activities:
- Compliance with accepted NATO
and PfP obligations to include activities related to the participation in
peace missions in order to achieve
full interoperability and compatibility with NATO units and commands.
One hundred and sixty four (164)
students participated in 107 events
under IPP programs, while 20 students on the average participated
in each activity organized by eight
mobile training teams. Eighty three
students were sent to participate in
activities supporting the Partnership Goals.
emies, command staff colleges, national defense colleges and other
institutions in the USA, UK, Germany, France, Croatia, Serbia, Greece,
Turkey and other partner countries.
In 2010, the above activities included 195 students. Application of
acquired knowledge contributes to
the development of BiH defense institutions and enables faster EuroAtlantic integration.
- Preparation of officers and NCOs
for participation in headquarters
and peace missions has been done
by the PSOTC in Butmir and 172 students attended this form of training.
- Foreign language training, English
primarily, together with German,
French, Turkish, Greek and Italian,
is an important activity. Models
have been developed for different
levels of training. There has been a
significant increase in civil servants
attending English language training, thus becoming able to communicate in a foreign language. In
particular, activities of the STANAG
English language team, which is
qualified to test knowledge and to
issue relevant certificates, should
be noted.
- In cooperation with the Civil Service Agency, training and professional development of civil servants has been organized for 120
persons, with a note that a number
of civil servants attended two or
more training courses. The training included eight modules and 18
events aimed at training of civil servants for their regular activities.
29
Training in units of the
One of the most important missions of the AFBiH Training and
Doctrine Command (TRADOC) is
to define training standards and
to participate in training of AFBiH
commands and units. TRADOC
includes the Center for Professio-
nal Development, Basic Training
Center, Combat Simulations Center,
and Combat Training Center. The
Peace Support Operations Training
Center (PSOTC) is also attached to
the TRADOC.
members completed Italian language courses, which is 1,367 professional military personnel in total
who completed different language
training courses. At the same time,
TRADOC instructors and lecturers
conducted six military courses, as
follows: command-staff, basic officer, advanced officer, advanced
NCO and two basic NCO courses.
Those courses were organized for
the period of three to six months
with 181 members in 2010, while
104 members completed some of
the 12 specialist courses, to include
an IT course and instructor course.
vement of training and doctrine,
standardization, military exercises
and NCO courses. Also, training was
conducted on M-84 tank simulators, POLK 9K111 anti-armor simulators, and of M-113 APC drivers.
Implementation of institutional
training in 2010
Institutional training in the AFBIH
in 2010 was implemented through
military, specialist and language
courses, courses for officers and
NCOs in the PSOTC, as well as through training of three generations
of candidates for the admission to
professional military service. Six
languages have been studied at
language training courses: English,
Turkish, Greek, French, German and
Italian. In 2010, 1,241 members of
the AFBiH completed different levels of English language courses
(from basic to advanced), 56 completed Turkish language courses, 26
completed Greek language courses, 23 completed French language courses, 18 completed German
language courses and three AFBiH
30
In addition, instructors conducted
a MAPEX exercise with personnel of
the AFBiH Operational Command,
methodical/didactic training for
instructors from the Military Police
Battalion and ISAF, a “Military Decision Making Process” exercise with
the Logistic Command and special,
the so-called pre-deployment training for members deployed to the
ISAF mission. For the latter AFBiH
members, special courses and English tests were also organized. Instructors have also organized training workshops, while permanent
cooperation has been established
with EUFOR Mobile Training Teams,
which are engaged in the impro-
Trend of rejuvenation in accordance with NATO standards
In 2010, 844 candidates successfully
passed the curriculum of the Basic
Training Center. After the training
they have been admitted to professional military service and the
trend of rejuvenation of the AFBiH
in accordance with NATO standards
e Armed Forces of BiH
exercises with side arms and selfimprovement, while any individual
initiative in terms of acquiring academic degrees, use of information
technologies and foreign language
training is supported at all levels.
In 2011, in addition to training of
AFBiH units for NATO-led operations and evaluation of battalions
through rotations in the Combat
Training Center and simulations in
the Combat Simulations Center, it
is planned to continue training of
units with the assistance of EUFOR
Mobile Training Teams (MTT). Enhas continued. In 2011, it is planned
to conduct basic training for the
next three generations of candidates, which is a challenge for officers
and instructors of the Center requiring additional engagement of human and material resources.
346 members in simulation exercises and evaluation of declared
units. Most of these exercises were
As for collective training or training
of units, 869 members of infantry
brigades have participated in rotations and qualification live fire exercises, 563 in simulation exercises, and
conducted in the Combat Simulation Center and Combat Training
Center. It is important to note that
during the training, in particular in
the Combat Training Center where live ammunition is used, there
were no emergencies, and mission
and mission essential task list were
completely implemented. In total,
4,467 AFBiH members were trained
in 2010 in TRADOC centers.
Within everyday individual training,
special attention is given to physical training in units and maintenance of physical fitness of professional
military personnel, qualification fire
gagement of MTTs in units as training advisors enables and accelerates interoperability of the units with
NATO units. Also, units are prepared
for search and rescue operations
(SAR) and medical evacuation operations (MEDEVAC), as well as for
military assistance to civil authorities, which had been applied in 2010
during disasters caused by floods.
In addition to the above, the
2011 Guidelines emphasize development and maintenance of trained, motivated, disciplined and
31
physically fit forces, able to react
in a full spectrum of military operations in order to accomplish the
AFBiH missions as stipulated in the
BiH Law on Defense and to succe-
ssfully carry out peace support
missions, as well as development
of a highly professional command
personnel, adaptable to a changing
environment and ready to ensure
timely and adequate engagement
of units in order to carry out assigned missions.
Rotation exercises as part of collective training
As planned by the Annual Training
Plan of the Armed Forces of BiH, field rotation training of battalion size
units has continued in 2011 in the
AFBiH Combat Training Center, as
the final exercise. After the completion of the training cycle with third
battalions of the infantry brigades
in 2010, which marked the end of
a three-year training cycle in the
AFBiH, it is again first battalions’ turn
to be trained. This form of training
is a very important part of collective training as it maintains the level
of military, leadership and collective capabilities, develops and maintains command and control skills
of commanding officers and their
personnel, represents support to
multi-echelon training, and, equally
important, enables training in a realistic environment.
During the six-month process from
initial preparation to the final exercise, battalion commanders alone
select, based on specific training
objectives and available resources,
a specific exercise or a combination
of exercises and together with members of the unit go through the process of lectures and seminars, map
exercises (MAPEX), command post
exercises (CPX), simulation exercises
(SIMEX), field training exercises (FTX)
and live fire shooting exercises to
the actual mission.
32
Therefore, training is conducted in
phases, from training and exercise
of teams to training and exercise of
units, and from simple to complex
training. Knowledge acquired in individual training is used during team
and collective training, with collective elements included, which adds a
new quality. Each activity is evaluated. Training evaluation standards
are determined for each collective
task assigned by commanders as a
task to facilitate the accomplishment
of the most important unit mission.
The goal of the AFBiH collective training is to prepare, train and exercise
for a specific military task. Each of
the goals includes certain number of
associated tasks such as: identification and definition of required training elements and definition of a relevant program as a basis for AFBiH
development in accordance with
responsibilities of the training personnel in the AFBiH; establishment
of basic standards, instruments and
methods for assessing and evaluating the level of training; application of NATO operating procedures,
which all lead to increased mutual
understanding, interoperability and
cooperation with NATO and PfP forces, but also to the evaluation of capability of commands and units to
integrate into multinational military
forces.
Peace Support Operations Training Center (PSOTC)
The Peace Support
Operations
Center
(PSOTC) is a multinational project of 17
partner nations (Austria, BiH, Denmark, Finland, France,
Croatia, Hungary, Macedonia, Netherlands, Norway, Germany, Poland,
United States, Switzerland, Sweden,
Turkey and Great Britain), with Serbia’s accession to the project, as
the 18th partner nation, in the final
phase. PSOTC is an educational institution established with a specific
purpose of delivering professional
and internationally recognized education and staff training to members of the AFBiH and other armed
forces in order to prepare them for
participation in multinational peace
support operations (PSO).
The PSOTC Management Board
made up by partner nations’ representatives decided to hand the
Center over to BiH in 2013. The host
nation will continue to lead the
Center staffed by both international
and BiH instructors, which will still
preserve the international spirit as
one of the staples of its instruction.
In November 2007, PSOTC officially
made it to the list of NATO PfP training and educational centers. This
confirmed the fact that the quality and professionalism of PSOTC
training programs are compatible
with NATO standards and procedures applied by other NATO centers with a similar mission. As such,
along with PSO courses, PSOTC has
developed and organized Euro At-
lantic Partnership Work Program
courses in fields such as international relations, tactical influence
activity, media and counterinsurgency. The Center’s comprehensive approach to training requires
cooperation with the broader security sector, which means that the
Center provides for an optimum
mix of military and civilian security
professionals. In order to meet this
requirement, the Center and its
international partners have been
involved in the conduct of expert
seminars and workshops in the field
of integrity building and inclusion
of women in security and defense
institutions. PSOTC is also known as
a regional training center involved
in South Eastern European Cooperation Initiative and A5 defenserelated programs. Additionally, the
Center acts as a coordination cell
between different national military
activities, introduces NATO standards and lessons learned. Besides
the resident courses held at the
Center, the Center also established
mobile training teams (MTTs) that
conduct training outside Sarajevo.
training and educational centers in
the region. The AFBiH incorporated
PSOTC in its structure as a testimony to PSOTC’s local character and
its role as the medium of transformation for the AFBiH through the
adoption and inclusion of highest
NATO standards in its courses and
other types of education and training, thus preparing AFBiH key personnel for their main mission. As
the basic AFBiH institution that provides training for peace support operations and prepares members for
deployment to UN and NATO-led
operations, the Center, through its
In the past seven years,1,124 AFBiH officers and NCOs graduated
from PSOTC training and educational programs, of which 48 officers served or still serve in peace
support operations in Afghanistan,
Iraq, Congo, Ethiopia and Eritrea.
In addition to that number, 507 international officers and NCOs went
through the Center’s staff courses. PSOTC mobile training teams
trained 1,473 students off the Center’s premises, of which 1,372 were
AFBiH members, and 101 were
members of armed forces from the
region.
The task of mobile teams is to develop programs and conduct training to meet specific requirements
of brigade personnel, battalion personnel and staff personnel of AFBiH
higher commands, and to provide
instruction support to regional military training institutions.
33
AFBiH Counte
AFBiH as a demining
organization
The AFBiH demining organization
is part of the BiH demining community and conducts all countermine
actions pursuant to national laws
and standards and its own military
standard operational procedures
approved by the BiH MAC. The AFBiH demining organization is a governmental organization that conducts countermine actions in BiH.
Demining organizations of entity
civilian protection administrations
and the Brčko District Civil Protection Administration operate in the
same way. There is a also a number
of commercial and non-governmental demining organizations in
BiH.
AFBiH countermine
action results
Available resources
As a rule, the AFBiH’s share in overall
demining results in BiH is 20%. The
graph above displays data for the
surfaces that the AFBiH demined
in 2002. As clear from the graph,
the restructuring of demining units
in 2004, 2007 and 2010 led to interruptions in the otherwise continuous rise of productivity. However,
it is worth noting that from 2002 to
2010 3,757 antipersonnel mines,
113 antitank mines, and 2,598 pieces of unexploded ordnance were
identified and destroyed, and 39
different facilities cleared of mines.
General survey operations are an
important aspect of countermine action. In the past period, since
2009, AFBiH general survey teams
have been conducting surveys of
military sites suspected of mine
contamination; of the total sites surveyed, 36 encompassed 3,007,334
m2 of suspicious areas.
3000000
2500000
2000000
1500000
1000000
RezultatResult
po
godinama
per year
500000
0
2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
34
In their capacity as a demining organization, the AFBiH have a demining battalion as a direct countermine capability. The Demining
Battalion includes the following
countermine action capabilities:
• 32 manual demining squads
• 2 military facility manual demining squads
• 8 ground mechanical preparation
teams
• 1 team for mine clearance of
ruins
• 9 dog explosive detection teams
• 6 general survey teams
Until 2006, the AFBiH had available
only machines for the clearance
of vegetation and waste material
from demining sites (six Bozena 1
and Bozena 2 machines and 1 Liberator), but since then the AFBiH
have also had available standard
ground disturbance machines. The
first such machine was Bozena 5,
which was followed by two MH-05
machines and a Digger machine in
2010. These machines contributed
ermine Action
to a much higher level of security of
demining projects and created preconditions for a higher productivity
rate as well. The BiH MAC accredited
the AFBiH for the following methods of humanitarian demining:
- Manual demining,
- Mechanical preparation,
- Demining with the use of explosive detection dogs.
demanding mine clearance of over
1,000,000 m2 in Odžak and the Municipality of Doboj in 2009.
Training
The accreditation testifies to a large
spectrum of countermine actions
that the AFBiH are capable of performing.
Cooperation
Cooperation and contacts between
the BiH MAC and the AFBiH are an
almost daily occurrence, but relations are also very active with EUFOR, UNDP, foreign embassies in
BiH, civil protection organizations
in BiH, and lately especially with a
Norwegian non-governmental organization called NPA - Norwegian
People’s Aid. Cooperation with the
BiH Ministry of Transport and Communications on the future route of
the Corridor 5 Highway deserves
a special mention. Within this cooperation, the AFBiH performed
The AFBiH have the necessary
capacities to conduct their own
training in humanitarian demining
through different specialist courses
that are conducted in accordance
with the BiH Standard.
The AFBiH run the following countermine courses: Basic Demining
Course, House Clearance Course,
Team/Squad Leader Course, course
for operators of mechanical ground
preparation machines, and scouts
course. In addition to these, the
EOD operator course, basic EOD
team leader course, quality assurance inspector course, and the
demining platoon (site) commander course also exist. Humanitarian
demining skills or qualifications acquired at these courses are those of
deminer, medical specialist, demining squad/team leader, scout,
house clearance deminer, operator
of mechanical ground preparation
machines, dog leader, platoon (site)
commander, mechanical ground
preparation team commander,
demining instructor, EOD instructor, and humanitarian demining
quality assurance inspector. The
AFBiH Countermine Action Center
which will be located at the AFBiH
Rajlovac Barracks is currently being
established.
35
Civil-Military Cooperation
Providing assistance to the civil authorities in response
to natural and other disasters is a legally prescribed task
of the Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina. This
task is implemented at the request of relevant civil authorities. The Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina
are ready to respond to such requests immediately
upon the authorization of their engagement. Accord-
ing to the Policy on Military Support to Civil Authorities,
military support to civil authorities means engagment
of the military forces in support and assistance to the
civil authorities and, in this way, to the civilian population. In a wider picture, this requires cooperation and
coordination with the civil authorities in response to
natural and other disasters and emergencies. The Ministry of Defense and the Ministry of Security of Bosnia and
Herzegovina have harmonized and adopted the Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) for the use of the Armed
Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina in response to natural
and other emergencies.
The available resources of the AFBiH are placed at the
disposal of the civil authorities in three forms of support:
Assistance to the civil authorities in:
- Response to natural and other disasters and emergencies,
36
- Combating terrorism,
- Assistance to law enforcement agencies,
- Protocolary activities,
Assistance to the civil authorities in implementation of
humanitarian activities:
- Countermine activities and disposal of unexploded
ordnance,
- Medical evacuation,
- Search and rescue operations,
- Distribution of humanitarian aid and other
humanitarian operations, and
- Assistance to the population,
Other forms of assistance to the civil authorities,
such as:
- Integrated forms of support through practical training provided by the Armed Forces of
Bosnia and Herzegovina (assistance in reconstruction, maintenance and construction of
infrastructure, limited provision of support services, and placing the military assets at the civil
authorities’ disposal),
- Cultural, sport and other public events,
- Assistance in other activities that promote the
image and public purpose of BiH defense structures.
Infantry, engineer, helicopter, demining, and other units
of the AFBiH may be engaged in the event of natural or
other disasters, depending on the type of response. At
the same time, assistance to the civil authorities may be
rials, land surface works, repair of gravel roads.
With regard to medical evacuation support, the AFBiH
established a MEDEVAC helicopter duty service and took
part in two joint exercises together with civil agencies.
provided by employing appropriate transport, logistic
and other special capabilities of the Armed Forces of
Bosni and Herzegovina.
An exercise of response to terrorist attack and mitigation
of consequences, titled Joint Response 2010 – Sarajevo,
was held in the Rajlovac barracks. Members of entity civil
defense administrations, law enforcement agencies, Sarajevo Canton Fire Department and Sarajevo emergency
services also took part in this exercise. Over the past period, there were several local and two international medical evacuations.
So far, the Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina have
been engaged in a number of cases of rescue of people
and property from natural disasters. Especially intensive
activities, involving a number of different tasks (evacua-
tion, rescue, caretaking), were conducted in assistance to
the civil authorities and local population during the 2010
floods in municipalities of Bijeljina, Derventa, Goražde,
Novo Goražde, Čapljina i Čelinac. The Armed Forces of
Bosnia and Herzegovina have also made a significant
contribution in putting down the wildfires on the territory of municipalities of Livno, Tomislavgrad i Bileća. Two
AFBiH helicopters were engaged in this operation during which they dropped some 140 tons of water.
So far, the Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina have
been engaged in the following engineer works:
construction, relocation and transport of different mate-
In addition, a significant assistance was provided to the
civil authorities by placing the AFBiH resources temporarily under their disposal and by supporting activities
that facilitate the return of refugees and displaced persons in BiH.
In all these areas of military assistance to the civil authorities, the Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina have
demonstrated a high level of readiness and aptitude,
and confirmed their beneficial social role in a wide range
of these and other non-military activities.
37
NATO PERSPEKTIVA Programme
The BiH Ministry of Defence developed and has been implementing
the Transition and Resettlement
Programme for Discharged Personnel “PERSPEKTIVA” as a mechanism for assisting
and taking care of
personnel leaving
military
service.
The
Programme
defines measures
and activities to be
implemented by the MoD and AFBiH in cooperation with all levels of
government with the aim of resettling discharged personnel.
The strategic goals of the “PERSPEKTIVA” Programme are to assist
in the reintegration into civilian
life of personnel discharged from
defence institutions, enhance the
capacities of the Ministry of Defence in assisting defence institutions’ discharged personnel in
their reintegration process, and to
contribute to the implementation
of defence reform of the Armed
Forces in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The “PERSPEKTIVA” Programme ensures uniform institutional support
by all levels of government, nongovernmental organisations and
potential donors, i.e. in the transition period, it provides the discharged personnel with advisory
and education-related assistance
and other professional assistance
set out in the Programme. Types
of assistance include direct assistance with start-up of business, job
fairs or conferences, publications,
external consultants, Internet job
finding, training programmes. The
methodology implies individual
38
counselling and consulting/visits,
project development, provision
of equipment/service, monitoring
and local connections. The Action
Plan for the establishment of the
transition and resettlement system
was adopted on 13 May 2008, the
Policy on Transition and Resettlement of Discharged Personnel on
7 October 2008, and the Transition and Resettlement Programme
“PERSPEKTIVA” on 23 March 2009.
In addition, the Book of Rules on
Transition and Resettlement was
adopted on 30 June 2009. Three
regional transition centres were
established on 25 May 2009 (in Rajlovac, Mostar and Banja Luka), and
the preparations are under way to
establish one in Tuzla as well. NATO
HQ Brussels made the decision on
NATO Perspektiva Programme on
20 May 2010. Norway, Slovenia and
the Netherlands are the lead nations. It is envisaged that the project duration should be from 1 October 2010 to 30 September 2012.
The Financial Agreement, Annexes
to the Financial Agreement and
the Executive Arrangement were
signed in Brussels on 1 October
2010. The opening and presenta-
tion ceremony for the Programme
took place on 18 November 2010
in the BiH Parliamentary Assembly.
The budget of the NATO PERSPEKTIVA PROGRAMME is 5,268,460 Euros,
and the individual donations of 11
countries are as follows: USA/USAID – bilaterally 2,113,600 US dollars; BiH - 1,500,000 Euros; Norway
– 1,100,000 Euros; the Netherlands
- 300,000 Euros; the UK – 100,000
GBP; Luxemburg – 200,000 Euros;
Turkey – 200,000 Euros; Sweden –
166,375 Euros; Denmark – 50,000
Euros; The Czech Republic – 30,000
Euros; and Slovenia – 30,000 Euros. The implementing agency
for the Project is the International
Organisation for Migrations in cooperation with the BiH MoD. By 13
February 2011, 1,771 individuals
had been discharged from pro-
fessional military service (during
2011 professional military service
of 191 more soldiers will terminate because of the expiry of their
contracts), of which number 1,204
have now been registered for the
PERSPECTIVA Project and 1,031
consulted on an individual basis,
while 310 projects had been prepared. So far 102 projects have
been approved, whereas the total
of 64 projects is pending approval.
At the same time, the current focus
of the attention is the media campaign aimed at persons affected by
the transition, AFBiH members, the
general public, the international
community and potential donors.
In addition, transition workshops
are being held for discharged individuals and registration packages
are disseminated to them.
AFBiH Development and Modernization
Development of the society as
a whole requires organized and
equipped Armed Forces of BiH
that correspond with modern
security threats and realistic economic and financial capabilities
of the state. The basic document
that defines the development of
the AFBiH is the AFBiH 2011-2020
Development and Modernization
Plan.
In the past period, the Security
Policy, Defense Policy, and the
BIH Military Strategy were developed and adopted as the new
strategic documents in the area
of the state security and defense.
Activities on the development of
the Defense Review, which represents a thorough review and
analysis of the results accomplished in terms of transition and
the defense system reform, clearly indicated the need for the continuation of the reform process
on BiH’s path to accomplishing its
primary strategic goal – the fullfledged membership in NATO.
Within this important process,
the Plan, as an Annex to the Defense Review, is at the same time
a concrete link between positions
defined in the adopted strategic documents and the projection of the future AF development as a basic pillar of the BiH
defense system. The purpose of
the document is to guide the AFBiH development in the next ten
year period and to define obligations and tasks that have to be
accomplished in order to create
necessary financial criteria for its
implementation. The development and modernization plan is
the vision of the personnel, material and financial support to the
development and
reaching required
operational capabilities of the AF
in the projected
timeframe. In line
with
positions
and recommendations defined
in the Defense
Review, the future
operational capabilities will be fully
in the function of
accomplishing AF tasks and missions, adaptable to modern security threats, risks and available
resources. It will create required
conditions for efficient and effective use of available, yet limited
military capabilities of the country, and for the AFBiH to fully accomplish their role as defined by
the law in the collective defense
system.
The content of the document is
as follows:
- The first chapter of the document defines the AFBiH modernization goals. It includes the analysis of the current situation, and
projection and implementation
of development goals regarding
personnel and material resources, military education, doctrine
and training, and international
military cooperation and contribution of BiH and AFBiH to international security.
- The second chapter of the document sets out financial budget
framework and projection of defense expenses required for accomplishment of defined development goals.
Modernization Goals
The basic goals of the AFBiH modernization is reaching required
operational capabilities which
will ensure the planned level of
interoperability and compatibility of the AFBiH with the armed
forces of NATO member countries
as a basic precondition for joint
engagement with the Allies and
Partners in the future.
Development goals and the AFBiH modernization have been
drafted for the following areas:
−
−
−
−
−
Personnel resources,
Material resources, focusing on weapons and military
equipment, facilities and infrastructure, and the AF logistic support,
Military education,
Doctrine and training,
International military cooperation and contribution to
the international security.
Main development goals and the
AFBiH 2011-2020 modernization
are as follows:
a) The goals aimed at reaching
required operational capabilities:
39
1. Establishment of projected organizational and personnel structure,
2. Equipping AFBiH with modern
and necessary weapons and military equipment,
3. Intensified AFBiH participation in
international military operations,
especially in peace support operations.
b) The goals aimed at regulating
normative and doctrinal framework:
1. Establishment of the projected
training and education system,
2. Adaptation of legislation and
other normative-legal and doctrinal regulations to the new AFBiH
defense and operational concept,
3. Establishment of a functional AF
active reserve system.
c) The goals aimed at increasing
AFBiH efficiency:
1.AF manning with professional military personnel and active reservists on voluntary basis,
2.Implementation of the planned
relocation of commands and
units at prospective sites, reducing their future number,
3.Solving the issue of surplus, obsolete, unserviceable and non-prospective weapons and military
equipment.
To support the implementation of
the planned development goals
for the AFBiH modernization in all
areas, there will be several prior-
40
ity projects implemented in accordance with the following criteria:
First-level priorities: Projects and
tasks with a direct effect on the
development and achievement of
key operational capabilities necessary for implementation of AFBiH
missions and tasks as set out by
the law, with a focus on meeting
BiH’s international commitments.
Second-level priorities: Projects
and tasks with a direct effect on
the development and governing
of the conceptual, doctrinal and
normative framework for the AFBiH’s activities, thereby directly
impacting the required and necessary level of the AFBiH’s operational and combat readiness.
Third-level priorities: Projects and
tasks directly leading to an increase in the AFBiH’s operational
effectiveness and rational use of
available resources.
The AFBiH Development and Modernization Plan analytically presents
the current situation in different areas, as well as the risks should the
current situation be preserved, and
their impact on required operational capabilities. The Plan also works
out possibilities for short-term mitigation of risks, and projects and
tasks per branches, services and
years by 2020, which, if implemented, would fully eliminate the risks
associated with achieving required
operational capabilities.
Military un
The procedure of procurement of
new military uniforms started in
early 2009. By mid 2009, contracts
were concluded for the first 350
sets of uniform. Priority was given
to provision of uniforms for the military band, ceremonial units and
BiH military-diplomatic representatives. The supply of the rest of the
AFBiH personnel with uniforms is
going on as planned and depends
on the availability of funds planned
for this purpose.
The first official presentation of
new service and dress uniforms for
AFBiH personnel took place on 29
November 2010.
In this issue, we bring a summary
of categories and types of military
uniforms of AFBiH personnel.
Category of AFBiH uniforms:
By purpose:
- Service uniform;
- Dress uniform;
By service:
- Army uniform;
- AF&AD uniform;
By user:
- General officer uniform
(man/ woman);
- Commissioned officer uniform (man/
woman);
-Noncommissioned officer and
cadet uniform
(man/woman);
By season:
- Summer uniform set,
- Winter uniform
set.
niforms in Armed Forces of BiH
cadet uniform - all noncommissioned officers and cadets in military schools.
Types of AFBiH dress uniforms
and their users
Types of AFBiH service uniforms
and their users
Members of both services wear
dress uniform, which differs depending on the category of user:
AFBiH service uniforms can be divided into two categories:
For both categories, different
users wear different service
uniforms:
- General officer uniform - all
officers from brigadier general to lieutenant general, inclusive;
- Commissioned officer uniform – all commissioned officers from lieutenant to brigadier, inclusive;
- Noncommissioned officer and
Other uniforms used in AFBiH
Apart from the above types of uniforms used in the AFBiH, all members of the AFBiH are issued a set of
AFBiH standardized field uniform
(digital pattern).
All soldiers under contract in the
AFBiH wear the AFBiH standardized field uniform when performing
daily tasks and duties. Other professional military personnel (general officers, commissioned officers
and noncommissioned officers)
wear the standardized field uniform
when conducting field activities or
other activities in accordance with
the positive regulations and procedures related to this area.
- Army service uniform (summer
and winter sets), and
- AF&AD service uniform (summer
and winter sets).
ceremonial unit (summer and
winter sets);
- Uniform for members of the AFBiH
military band (summer and winter sets).
- General officer uniform (all-season
set);
- Commissioned officer uniform (allseason set);
- Noncommissioned officer uniform
(all-season set);
- Uniform for members of the AFBiH
At the proposal of the AFBiH JS, the
BiH Ministry of Defense initiated
the issue of procurement of special
flight equipment for 110 (hundred
and ten) aircrew and flight crew
members. In addition to the above
uniform sets, various sets of special
and work-safety uniforms are also
used in the AFBiH.
41
Importance and Role of Parlia
In accordance with the recommendations of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe, members of armed forces are considered
citizens in uniform who are entitled
to the same fundamental freedoms,
including those defined by the European Convention on Human Rights
and European Social Charter, as well
as to protection of their rights and
dignity, like all other citizens, in accordance with restrictions imposed
by specific requirements for performance of their duties. Of course,
members of armed forces cannot
be expected to comply with the international humanitarian law and
human rights in their operations if
such respect of human rights is not
ensured among servicemen themselves. Therefore, it is necessary to
raise awareness of protection of
human rights in all segments of defense structures of a country.
The institution of Parliamentary Military Commissioner was established
by the BiH Law on Parliamentary
Commissioner, which entered into
force on 7 July 2009. With this Law,
a new institution was introduced
in the area of protection of human
rights and freedoms, focusing exclusively on protection of rights and
freedoms of military personnel and
cadets in the Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Ministry of Defense of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The BiH Joint Committee
doms of military personnel and cadets in the AFBiH and MoD BiH, as
stipulated in the BiH Constitution
and international treaties. The Military Commissioner is expected to
work professionally and not to advocate, protect or undermine interests of any political party, registered
organisation or association, or any
people in BiH.
Purpose of establishment of the
institution of Military Commissioner
for Defense and Security appointed
Boško Šiljegović the first BiH Parliamentary Military Commissioner. His
mandate started on 16 September
2009. The BiH Parliamentary Military
Commissioner is an independent
Commissioner of the Parliamentary
Assembly of BiH whose objective
is to strengthen the rule of law and
protection of human rights and free-
The purpose of establishment of the
institution of Military Commissioner
is to increase confidence in defense
sector by enhancing transparency
of the administrative process at the
MoD BiH and AFBiH, without challenging the military hierarchy and
authority of the military chain of
command or downgrading the military readiness. The Military Commissioner acts independently and for
his actions is responsible to the BiH
Parliamentary Assembly.
Professionalism and ethical behavior of military professionals
The trust of BiH citizens in AFBiH
members’ personal integrity and
loyalty to the Constitution and laws
of BiH and in the capabilities of the
Armed Forces must never be challenged. No former or current action
of any member of the Armed Force,
and especially of any high-ranking
MoD or AFBiH official, should compromise the enablement and encouragement of the peace process
or support to the stabilization and
42
integration of Bosnia and Herzegovina with Euro Atlantic security structures. In line with this, on 1 January
2006, the BiH Law on Defense and
the BiH Law on Service in the AFBiH
established the Office of the Inspector General as an autonomous department of the BiH MoD, with the
mission of ensuring that military
personnel act in accordance with
laws and other regulations dealing
with conflict of interest, profession-
alism and ethical behavior. The roots
of the Office of the Inspector General Office are in the Office of the Inspector General that the SFOR Commander established in 1999, with the
main task of supervising compliance
with military aspects of the General
Framework Agreement for Peace
and Chapter 14 of the EUFOR and
NATO Commander’s Instructions
to the Parties. Today, the Inspector
General system is made up by the
Office of the Inspector General at
the BiH MoD and inspectors serving in AFBiH units and commands.
The Inspector General System fulfills
its mission through the functions
of training, provision of assistance
and conduct of investigations and
inquiries. Ethics and professionalism
training, and inspector general system and duty-specific training, are
amentary Military Commissioner
Authorities and competencies of
the Parliamentary Military Commissioner
Competencies of the Parliamentary
Military Commissioner include investigation of specific issues, under
the direction of the BiH Parliamentary Assembly and BiH Joint Committee on Defense and Security, and
investigation of circumstances that
indicate violations of human rights
and freedoms of military personnel
and cadets, based on complaints or
Commissioner’s assessment. While
conducting duties from his purview,
the Military Commissioner is authorized to request information and access to the records from the BiH Defense Minister and his subordinates,
conduct hearings of complainants,
witnesses and experts, and address
issues to be resolved by relevant
institutions (cooperation with the
Inspector General). Also, the Commissioner is authorized to issue recommendations to appropriate competent institutions, submit annual
and special reports to the BiH Parliaconducted for all newly admitted
AFBiH members at the Basic Training Center, and for all other AFBiH
members in their respective units
and commands. The function of the
provision of assistance is an informal process of information gathering with the aim of resolving certain
problems, and in fact it plays the role
of the military ombudsman for the
AFBiH and the BiH MoD. Unlike the
provision of assistance and inquiries,
investigations are formal procedures
that inspectors general conduct in
order to establish the facts on the
basis of which relevant command
authorities can make their decisions
or actions, and are more often than
not initiated because of allegations
on an individual’s improper behavior. The Inspector General Office was
also actively involved in the development of regulations providing for
its authorities and work methods.
mentary Assembly, refer the issue to
the bodies responsible for criminal
or disciplinary proceedings, request
reports from the BiH Minister of Defense, and visit AFBiH units and commands at any time.
All military personnel and cadets
within the AFBiH and MoD BiH are
entitled to directly contact the Military Commissioner, without the mediation of official bodies, and to file
a complaint. In case a complaint is
submitted to the unit in which the
complainant serves, an authorized
person is obliged to forward the
complaint to the Military Commissioner as soon as possible, regard-
less of the command and control
structure. In 2010, the Military Commissioner received 132 complaints,
and, based on the content and the
issues they address, they can be divided into following groups:
1. Statutory issues related to completion of professional service
in the AFBiH - 48
2. Process of promotion of AFBiH
members through the ranking
system - 31
3. Application of the Law on Salaries and Emoluments in BiH Institutions, especially regarding
the compensation of accommodation and transport costs
- 23
4. Other issues - 2
5. Complaints by civilians employed in the AFBiH - 23
6. Anonymous complaints - 5
The Office of the BiH Parliamentary
Commissioner has resolved 75 complaints. Also, the Military Commissioner visited 27 AFBiH barracks during 2010.
Activities on development of the Defense Review
The development of the Defense
Review is a part of the Partnership
Goal PG 0001 “Defense Plans“, as
defined by the Planning and Review Process (PARP) adopted by
NATO members in February 2009.
The Individual Partnership Action
Plan (IPAP) sets out the need for the
development of the above document.
development has been agreed
upon with them. The draft version
of all chapters has been completed, along with basic elements of
the AFBiH Modernization Plan. The
document has to be agreed upon
by the BiH Presidency and BiH Par-
The activities with regard to the
development of the documents
are conducted in conjunction with
NATO Headquarters Sarajevo and
HQ Brussels, the MPRI, and the Ministry of Defense of the Kingdom
of Norway. The concept and methodology of the Defense Review
43
Defining required capabilities of
the Armed Forces of BiH in line
with set defense challenges, tasks and missions,
Defining the basis of the vision
and the long-term development
of the Armed Forces of BiH,
Enabling continuation of the Euro-Atlantic integration process.
After being agreed upon in the
BiH Ministry of Defense and the
AFBiH Joint Staff, the Defense
Review will be approved by the
BiH Presidency, and then the
BiH Parliamentary Assembly, given that the acceptance of the
AFBiH Modernization Plan is linked to future investments in the
defense sector. Once adopted,
this document will serve as a basis for harmonization of a number of laws, decisions and other
regulations on all levels in BiH
which define the issues within
the security and defense sector.
44
OVERVIEW
women in the AFBiH, by rank
Category
Personal rank
Officers
Colonel
Lieutenant Colonel
Major
Captain
Senior Lieutenant
Lieutenant
OFFICERS
Sergeant Major
Master Sergeant
Sergeant First Class
Staff Sergeant
Sergeant
NCOs
Corporal
Private First Class
Private
SOLDIERS
Military personnel
Civilian personnel
TOTAL NUMBER OF WOMEN IN THE AFBiH
NCOs
The goals of development of the
Defense Review are as follows:
Development of a thorough
analysis of the current situation
of the defense establishment in
BiH,
Of 9,073 formation posts in commands and units of the AFBiH, 507 are occupied by women, or precisely 55 officers, 125 NCOs, 168 soldiers and 159
civilian employees.
Soldiers
The process of development of
the Defense Review implies development of a number of overviews, studies and analyses on
the current situation, and defining the goals of the program of
development of the system on
a long-term basis, which would
generally cover the period 2010
to 2020.
Women in the AFBiH
PROFESSIONAL MILITARY PERSONNEL
liament Joint Defense and Security Commission, after which the
final proposal of the document
will be drafted.
Most of the women serving in the
AFBiH have civilian education, and
they acquired education for their military profession through different individual and institutional programs.
Just like in any other army, individual success is measured by personal
rank and duty post. Women in the
AFBiH are members of all branches
and services, starting from medical,
infantry, quartermasters, IT, financial,
personnel, administrative/technical,
to duties in the field of telecommunications, logistics duties such as operators, but also cooks and assistants
in kitchens and restaurants.
The female members of the AFBiH
also participated in peace support
missions in Ethiopia, Erithrea and
Iraq. One AFBiH female member was
also deployed to Afghanistan together with the first rotation of the
AFBiH infantry unit in this mission.
Women are present in peace support
TOTAL
1
4
9
20
7
14
55
4
7
23
35
56
125
18
28
122
168
348
159
507
operations in most demanding roles
as observers, deminers and infantry
soldiers. The interest for professional
military service in the Armed Forces
of BiH is evidently increasing among
young women, and this has been
confirmed by the recent admission
to military service based on public
advertisement. Also, it needs to be
emphasized that, considering the
total number of applicants, a signifi-
cant number of women completed
their training successfuly and with
excellent results.
Gender Equality
Male and female representatives
of the BiH Ministry of Defense have
been actively participating in the last
years in the work of the BiH Gender
Equality Agency and other activities
on the affirmation of gender equality. They are also members of the Coordination Body for the Implementation of the UN Resolution 1325 in
Bosnia and Herzegovina. Very important activities have been carried
out through the implementation of
the BiH Gender Action Plan (GAP),
participation in the Working Group
for the development of the Action
Plan for the Implementation of the
UN Resolution 1325 in Bosnia and
Herzegovina for the period 20102013 (published in the “Official Gazette of BiH”, number 92 of 8 November 2010). The Action Plan clearly
defines goals and activities of crucial
importance for the implementation
of the Resolution in Bosnia and Herzegovina within the competencies
of the BiH Ministry of Defense. It is
important to note that Bosnia and
Herzegovina is the first country in
the region that has adopted the Ac-
tion Plan for the implementation of
the UN Resolution 1325 and one of
the 19 countries in the world that
have adopted such a plan. In order
to improve the situation in this area,
the BiH Ministry of Defense has established cooperation with EUFOR,
NATO HQ Sarajevo and PSOTC. Male
and female representatives of the
BiH Ministry of Defense and Armed
Forces of BiH have participated at
workshops organized by NATO HQ
Sarajevo and PSOTC related to the
improvement of the status of women in the security sector.
Compliance with the principle of
gender equality in the MoD and
AFBiH
With regard to the compliance with
the principles of gender equality in
the MoD and AFBiH, the situation is
as follows:
The principle of gender equality is
complied with in the MoD and AFBiH
and efforts are made to ensure practical application of the principle. Despite the lack of provisions on gender policy, the legislation and bylaws
within the purview of the Ministry of
Defense provide equal opportunity
to male and female members of the
MoD and AFBiH. Compared to the
situation in other countries, where
representation of women in armed
forces ranges from 0.02% to 18%,
the current situation with regard
to representation of women in the
MoD and AFBiH is satisfactory; however, there is a certain imbalance. The
share of women in the overall number of employees in the BiH MoD is
36.4%, while in relation to the overall
number of civilian personnel in the
AFBiH women are represented with
23.8%. As for the overall number of
the AFBiH members, women participate with 5.4%. Efforts are made
in terms of eliminating prejudices
based on the idea of inferiority or superiority of any gender through the
promotion of military profession, i.e.
by taking promotional measures of
positive discrimination. There is an
opinion in favor of necessity to continue with the affirmation of military
profession within the BiH society,
emphasizing the fact that the MoD
and the AFBiH are equally open to
all male and female citizens of Bosnia and Herzegovina who meet legal
requirements. The trend of women’s
increasing interest in joining the AFBiH is obvious: from the 23 female
candidates who applied to the first
vacancy notice to the 384 who applied to the latest vacancy notice.
In an attempt to change the current
manning levels in the MoD and the
AFBiH and to increase the number
of professional female soldiers, the
plan is to increase the participation
of women to 10%, both in terms of
quantity and quality, as stipulated in
the Five-year Development Plan of
the AFBiH 2010-2015.
45
Religious service in the MoD BiH and AFBiH
The overall organization and functioning
of religious activities of the MoD BiH and
AFBiH personnel is defined by the Regulation on the Organization and Functioning
of the Religious Support Service in the Ministry of Defense and the Armed Forces of
BiH. The Regulation defines the Religious
Support Service as a part of the MoD and
AFBiH structure that provides religious services and organizes all religious activities in
the BiH MoD and the AF BiH. In accordance
with this, the BiH Minister of Defense has
signed agreements with the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Vrhbosna, the Orthodox
Church and the Islamic Community in BiH,
which regulate establishment, organization
and functioning of the religious support
service in the MoD and AFBiH.
Military Muftiate
The Ministry of Defense of Bosnia and Herzegovina established the Religious Support
Service as a part of its commitment to provide appropriate care to all individuals involved in the implementation of defense
tasks and the overall mission of the AFBiH.
The Agreement on the Establishment, Or-
ganization and Functioning of the Military
Muftiate as a constituent part of the Religious Support Service in the MoD and AFBiH,
was signed on 11 September 2007. The
Military Muftiate was established with the
purpose to ensure religious rights and freedoms of Muslims and in this way contribute to strategic goals of the overall defense
system. The Regulation on the Organization
and Functioning of the Religious Support
Service in the BiH Ministry of Defense and
the BiH Armed Forces defines the functioning of the overall religious activities of its
personnel - Muslim, Orthodox, Catholic and
others. The Military Muftiate, as a part of the
religious Support Service, is a legitimate representative of the Islamic Community within the Ministry of Defense and the Armed
Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The Military Muftiate comprises different offices:
The Office of the Military Mufti at the Mini-
46
stry of Defense, the Office of the Chief Imam
at the Joint Staff of the AFBiH, the Office of
the Staff Mufti and offices of brigade and
battalion imams at unit headquarters. The
Office of the Military Mufti manages, directs
and coordinates the work of military imams,
all in accordance with the role of the BiH
Islamic Community and requirements of
the AFBiH and MoD BiH structures. Military
imams advise commanders on religious
needs of Muslims. Their task is to provide
adequate and appropriate counseling on
moral and ethics and required support to
all AFBiH members in normal or extraordinary circumstances. By establishing direct
personal contacts and other activities, military imams contribute to building better
interpersonal relations. They observe the
Islamic calendar and prepare programs for
religious holidays, plan and propose adaptation of areas used for religious purposes,
and conduct a series of other activities from
this domain.
The Military Muftiate has 13 imams who,
when required, organize religious activities
at all military locations. Daily prayers are
held in 18 military masjids, and the Friday
Prayer in ten military masjids, while all other
locations provide appropriate conditions
for the Islamic religious service. Military
imams take part in military and cultural/religious event while in masjids they organize
observance of important dates from the
Islamic calendar.
Through cooperation with all social structures, the Military Muftiate contributes to the
work of the Religious Service in the MoD
BiH and AFBiH. Personnel of the Military
Muftiate are continuously expanding their
knowledge to be capable to respond to all
challenges that they may encounter in the
defense system.
The Office of the
Orthodox Chaplaincy
In accordance with the Agreement and the
Regulation on the Religious Support Service in the MoD BiH and AFBiH, the Orthodox
Chaplaincy is responsible for the organization of religious activities of Orthodox Christian personnel in the MoD BiH and AFBiH.
Since its establishment, this rather specific
organizational unit of the MoD BiH has
been focusing their activities on objective
military requirements. The experience they
acquire through daily activities contributes
to better exercising of religious and other
rights of all AFBiH and MoD personnel.
Professional involvement of AFBiH military
chaplains has a positive impact on the overall development of the defense system in
BiH. The result of their professional involvement is seen in improved communication
and overall relationships among the military personnel. Activities of the Orthodox
Chaplaincy are conducted in accordance
with the guidelines of the Holy Synod of
Bishops of the Serbian Orthodox Church,
which, through the authorized military Bishop, has an insight into the religious activities of the orthodox personnel in the AFBiH.
These activities are planned and implemented in accordance with the Annual Work
Plan, which is approved by the Minister of
Defense. The purpose is to strengthen the
community from within by promoting spiritual values among its members. With regard
to this, the Orthodox Chaplaincy in its work
focuses on religious activities (regular and
holiday services, institutional observance
of religious holidays, marking of the VRS
anniversary, remembrance for the fallen
soldiers, etc). Also, spiritual assistance in
the form of personal counseling or prayer/
spiritual gathering is an important aspect
of the Chaplaincy’s work. With an intention to strengthen the moral consciousness
and the need for spiritual transcendence
in the life and work of military personnel,
the Orthodox Chaplaincy organizes different lectures, screenings and talks related
to religious and cultural/historical heritage,
and distribution of religious literature and
magazines. Such religious and educational
work contributes to better interpersonal
communication and mutual respect, which
results in general appreciation of all AFBiH
members. Pilgrimage journeys synthesize
all these activities, and, as a result of chaplains’ efforts, they are organized regularly.
The functioning of the Religious Service can
serve as a model in terms of fulfillment of
obligations and commitment of BiH on its
path toward the European and Euro-Atlantic integration. This is especially visible in
the way the AFBiH members recognize this
service as a requirement rather than an
obligation. The Orthodox Chaplaincy shall
continue its activities in this direction, and
in accordance with requirements of the
MoD BiH. After two and a half years, the
contours of the confidence that’s being built between the personnel and the chaplains are already visible and this confidence
contributes to better understanding of the
Orthodox Christian canon and better relationship with the Church in general. With
their personal example, endeavor and Christian love, military chaplains shall continue
to light the path for those who are seeking
salvation.
The Office of the Catholic Chaplaincy
By the Agreement on the Establishment,
Organization and Functioning of the Catholic Chaplaincy, signed by the BiH Council of
Ministers and the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Vrhbosna, the Office of the Catholic
Chaplaincy has become a constituent part
of the Religious Support Service of the Ministry of Defense and the Armed Forces of
Bosnia and Herzegovina. Activities of the
Catholic Chaplaincy include organization
of mass and other forms of liturgical celebration for Catholics - employees of the
Ministry of Defense, soldiers, NCOs, officers and civilian persons employed at the
AFBiH, spiritual preparation for Christmas
and Easter, pilgrimage, spiritual exercise,
lectures, conferences and round tables,
procurement and distribution of catholic
press, print service, preparation of news
for the Catholic Press Agency of the Roman
Catholic Archdiocese of Vrhbosna on religious activities organized by the MoD BiH
Office of the Catholic Chaplaincy and AFBiH
Catholic Chaplaincy Offices.
As a result of its activities, the Catholic
Chaplaincy within the Ministry of Defense
and the Armed Forces of BiH has become
an important branch in the overall pastoral
life of the Roman Catholic Church in this
country.
On 1 February 2011, the Holy Father Benedict XVI established a Military Ordinariate
in Bosnia and Herzegovina and appointed
Msgr. Tomo Vukšić the first military bishop.
51st World Military Skiing Championship
In the organisation
of the Ministry of
Defence and Armed Forces of BiH,
the 51st World Military Skiing Championship was held
on the Olympic mountains of Igman, Jahorina and Bjelašnica, from 21 to 26 February 2011. Competitions took place in
four disciplines: Alpine giant slalom, and
Nordic biathlon, patrol running and cross
country, for men and women. Male and
female competitions in biathlon and patrol running took place on Jahorina, Nordic 10 and 15-km-running on Igman, and
giant slalom on Bjelašnica. The total of
325 athletes from 23 countries competed
in the championship. The Armed Forces of
BiH were represented by 23 male and one
female competitor.
telecommunication, security and media
support. All these efforts were made with
the full mobilisation of all human and material resources of the AFBiH.
The Ministry of Defence and Armed Forces
of BiH received high commendations for
the organisation of the 51st World Military
Skiing Championship, while the optimally
prepared ski runs in the Olympic arenas
and facilities that were made available to
competitors and guests have shown our
ability to organise even the biggest international competitions.
This important military championship
was held under the auspices of the CISM
Preparations for the organisation of the
World Championship started following
the decision of the CISM General Assembly at its 64th session held in Surinam in
May 2009, to entrust the organisation of
the 51st World Military Skiing Championship to the Ministry of Defence and
Armed Forces of BiH. The preparations
required the mobilisation of all resources
of the Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina, especially the employment of
engineering units which take credit for
excellent infrastructural preparation of ski
runs, access roads, accommodation facilities for the athletes and areas where competitions took place. Other AFBiH resources were also employed to lend logistic,
– the International Military Sports Council
whose members are 133 countries from
Europe, Africa, Asia and America. The
goal of world military championships organised under the auspices of the CISM
is to promote sporting activities among
armed forces members as an instrument
of peace-building in the world. This ideal
is attained by the CISM moto: “Friendship
through sport”. At the 62nd CISM General Assembly held in Burkina Faso in May
2007, the Armed Forces of BiH became
the 128th member of the CISM.
47
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