May-June 13 issue - Tamil Chamber of Commerce

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TCC DIGEST - MAY - JUNE 2013
1
From the
President’s Desk
Raja Rajesvaram - Tanjore
On behalf of The Tamil Chamber of Commerce, I congratulate Justice Thiru P.Sathasivam for his appointment
as Chief Justice of Supreme Court come from Tamil Nadu and I also congratulate another Tamilian
Thiru Raghuram G.Rajan for being appointed as Governor of Reserve Bank of India at his youngest age at this
juncture of deprecation of Indian currency Rupee. I am sure that under his able and expert guidance, falling of
India currency issue will be sorted out.
Indian and Srilankan fishermen issues and Srilankan's 13th Constitutional amendments should be sorted out by
convening a Tri-party meeting with Srilankan President Mr.Mahinda Rajapaksa, Indian Prime Minister
Dr.Manmohan Singh and Tamil Nadu Chief Minister Dr.J.Jayalalitha in New Delhi to find out a permanent
solution at the highest level to avoid day to day conflicts.
Some of the State Governments having reservation about some sections of the Food Security Bill. It is proper to
consult the States and to arrive at a consensus before passing out the bill in the Parliament.
The recent killing of our Jawans at the border by the Pakistan army is to be condemned for the barbaric act and
a strict action has to be taken by giving a fitting reply to avoid such incidents in future.
The Chamber is going to organise 70th Year Celebration in a grand manner and decided to present a Lifetime
Achievement awards to an eminent personalities in different fields in association with Chozha Naachiar
Foundation for their outstanding achievements and added to that, it has been proposed to release a
Special Postal Cover on the occasion of Inauguration of 70th year celebration (Specimen copy of the Special Postal
Cover published in TCC Digest). The Banking and Finance Seminar is going to be held shortly with the experts
participation.
The Chamber is planning to take a delegation to the Logistics Conference to be held in Hongkong in the month
of November 2013. We request the interested members to get in touch with the Chamber Secretariat for the
registration.
It has also been proposed to conduct a series of programs on the eve of 70th year celebration for a year and the
Valedictory function will be held in the next year September.
I request the members to contribute the series of upcoming events by way of sponsorship, advertisement for
conducting the 70th year celebration successfully.
ªêŒ»‹ ªî£N«ô ªîŒõ‹ - ï™ô
Fø¬ñ ïñ¶ ªê™õ‹
Feedback to [email protected]
õ£«ù£‚A õ£¿‹ àôªè™ô£‹ ñ¡ùõ¡
«è£™«ï£‚A õ£¿‹ °®
CHOZHA NAACHIAR RAJASEKAR
President & Editor, TCC Digest
TCC DIGEST - MAY - JUNE 2013
From the
2
Secretary’s Desk
It
is obvious that a country would like to allow goods from a partner country on a
preferential duty basis under a trade agreement provided the goods have originated
in the partner country. However, there is always a possibility that third - country goods
enter a country's markets through the partner country and that too, on a preferential
basis. This phenomenon is well known as "trade deflection', which has the potential
to undermine a country's MFN-customs regime. Thus, one of the prime objectives of
rules of origin are not to safeguard against imports per se, instead, they are to check deflected imports
from third countries.
Rules of origin influence both our import patterns and export prospects. If they are too stringent they may
provide import protection but also scuttle our export prospects and if they are too liberal the converse
may be true... Thus, a combination of different modalities can give the policy space to balance the
objectives of export promotion and efficient imports actually originating from the partner countries.
This time the falling rupee, which has been weighing with all policymakers (not just the RBI), naturally
came to occupy the centre stage. Over a fortnight before the policy statement, the central bank clamped
down on liquidity in the system after restricting finance available to banks, and steeply increasing the
marginal standing facility rate to 10.25 percent, three percentage points above the repo rate. The idea
was to squeeze out liquidity, which, the RBI believed, aided 'excess' speculation in the forex markets. In
effect, the RBI tightened the monetary policy without having to go through the rigmarole of more
conventional measures - hiking the repo and/or the CRR. That the central bank was criticized for being
opaque and adopting a roundabout method, when a straight repo rate hike would have served the purpose,
is a different matter. What seemed to matter was that for at least two weeks, the RBI's cardinal measures
worked. The rupee was bottled up in a narrow range of 59 to 60 to the dollar. However, on the very day
the policy was announced (July 30) the psychological barrier of 60, Closing the day 60, 48, 105 paise below
the previous day's glutinous closing.
Obviously that has upset the RBI's plans. But before speculating to set right the splotch, it would be useful
to reiterate that this policy was not focused on interest rate changes a stable rupee has become the prime
concern of every one of consequence.
While on one side this policy is deemed as assign of splutter with weakness, on the other side thee is
disappointment that the RBI has not done anything to stimulate growth. The RBI should strive to regain
credibility to win a plentitude battle for a stable currency.
S.S.R. Rajkumar
Honorary Secretary
Hø¡ªð£¼÷£œ ªð†ªì£¿°‹ «ð¬î¬ñ ë£ôˆ¶
Üø‹ªð£¼œ è‡ì£˜è‡ Þ™
TCC DIGEST - MAY - JUNE 2013
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EVENT
TCC
õ˜ˆî趬ø Þ¬í ܬñ„ê¼ì¡ - èô‰î£Œ¾
AN INTERACTIVE SESSION WITH DR.E.M.SUDARSANA NATCHIAPPAN
The
Tamil Chamber of Commerce organised an Interactive Session with Dr.E.M.Sudarsana Natchiappan,
Honourable Minister of State for Commerce & Industry, Govt. of India on 5th July 2013 at Hotel Ambassador
Pallava, Egmore, Chennai-8.
Mr.Chozha Naachiar Rajasekar, President gave the Welcome Address. In his Welcome Address he appealed the
Honourable Minister to allocate a land for the Tamil Chamber of Commerce which is 70 years old Chamber in
Chennai are going to be celebrated soon and proposed to invite President of India. Mr.Chozha Naachiar
Rajasekar, President submitted the representations to the Honourable Minister and the issues are
1) Depreciation of Indian Rupee against US Dollar which cause great impact on EXIM Trade
2) The Chennai Bangalore Industrial Corridor to be implemented immediately without any further delay for the
economic development of Southern parts of the country and India as a whole.
3) Connectivity of three major Ports viz Chennai Port, Ennore Port and L& T Kattupalli Port where the
automobile industry suffering due to lack of infrastructure.
4) Dedicated Elevated Corridor Project from Chennai Port to Maduravoyal to be completed by the Centre with
the State Government participation.
5) Sethu Samuthiram Project – Centre should take initiative immediately to complete the project for the
economic development of the backward districts of Southern Tamil Nadu.
6) IT Total Exemption to the Chambers of Commerce to be continued by discussing with the Finance Ministry.
7) Shortage of Customs Official in Chennai Sea Customs, Air Customs for assessment and inspection which
affect the export and import activities heavily.
Hø¬ìò àK¬ñò£Aò ñ¬ùM¬ò M¼‹H ïì‚°‹ ÜPò£¬ñ,
àôèˆF™ Üøº‹ ªð£¼À‹ Ý󣌉¶ è‡ìõKì‹ Þ™¬ô.
TCC DIGEST - MAY - JUNE 2013
4
Mr.M.Rafeeque Ahmed, President, FIEO in his
speech said that the Honourable Minister has taken
a big responsibility particularly in commerce and
industry. He said that India’s manufacturing share
in GDP is constantly dip a low of 15%. The
manufacturing and exports had found a decline
graph in the market. He further said that the
manufacturing sector has to be promoted by
introducing good policies by the government which
has dried up in recent times. Some of the
key issues which needs attention from the
government. The taxation on import goods has
to be checked by the government which
proportionally affects the consumer of the goods.
The logistics cost in India is high at 13% to 14 %
of the GDP compared to 7-8% in developed countries. He said improvement in the infrastructure will help in
reducing the cost by increasing the volume of transaction.
Mr.R.Subramanian, President, Hindustan Chamber of Commerce, highlighted about the manufacturing sector has
not been improved and hence he stressed that the time has come to enlarge the manufacturing zone which
alone could improve the economic growth of the country. According to him, the growth in service sector is very
important as it would naturally develop the base of manufacturing. He wanted the government to give special
incentives to the manufacturing sector by keeping the cost of the capital.
The Chief Guest of the evening Dr.E.M.Sudarsana Natchiappan, Minister of State for Commerce & Industry in
his address said that the Tamilians have a major role in developing Tamil Nadu. He said that the Tamil Nadu
has plenty of talents, resources, achievements which are to be taken into consideration. He said that the
talents, resources from our country were taken away by the Europeans and Americans earlier. He assured that
Üø¡è¬ì G¡ø£¼œ â™ô£‹ Hø¡è¬ì
G¡ø£K¡ «ð¬îò£˜ Þ™
TCC DIGEST - MAY - JUNE 2013
5
after his entry in the Ministry of Commerce,
Tamil Nadu would find a place and march
forward in the industry sector. He said that
the announcement of Vision 2023 by the Tamil
Nadu government are to be welcomed
provided the importance of Industrial Policy,
Industrial Promotion, Manufacturing Policy are
to implemented with the help of Central
Government for the growth of Tamil Nadu. He
said that everyone has to show their ability,
talents by exhibiting our Indian products to
the rest of the world. He said that there are
5 places to be developed in Tamil Nadu State
for the manufacturing sector viz Development
of Clusters of SEZ in Naguneri, Tirunelveli,
Virudhunagar, Sivagangai, Ramanathapuram,
Pudukkotai, Cuddalore.
Reacting to a memorandum submitted by Mr.Chozha Naachiar Rajasekar, the Minister replied that he wanted
the State of Tamil Nadu to get its due in EXIM trade and his Ministry is ready to discuss the issues which have
been hindering the growth of export and import from the State. He assured that he will look into the problems
at the earliest, so that the trade from the region benefit soon.
Earlier, TCC EXIM Award function – Special Edition was released by the Honourable Minister.
Mr.P.Murari, IAS Retd. Advisor to FICCI President gave a concluding remarks and vote of thanks.
Dear
Thiru Naachiar Rajasekar
1) It was very heartening to receive yet another issue of your magazine of the Tamil Chamber
of Commerce. Every month I eagerly await your magazine and read it with lot of interest.
The variety of articles which are contained therein – it sure refreshes my knowledge base.
This particular issue had very interesting articles as usual, viz by Mr.KRA Narasiah
(Maritime Practice –Past Present and Future), Capt A.M.Surej (The Evolution of Lighthouses
and Lightships) etc.
2) I am grateful to you for printing my article in full length I only pray and hope
this encourages our very fine youth, both men and women, to join the Indian
Navy and serve our motherland.
3) I would once again like to salute your contribution not only to the Tamil
Chamber of Commerce but also to the society in general.
With warmest regards
Yours Sincerely
Commodore Amar K Mahadevan, VSM
Naval Officer-in-Charge (Tamil Nadu & Puducherry)
Üøˆ¬î M†´ˆ bªïPJ™ G¡øõ˜ â™ô£K½‹ Hø¡ñ¬ùM¬ò M¼‹H
Üõ¬ìò õ£JL™ ªê¡Á G¡øõ¬óŠ «ð£™ ÜPMLèœ Þ™¬ô.
TCC DIGEST - MAY - JUNE 2013
6
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TCC DIGEST - MAY - JUNE 2013
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TCC DIGEST - MAY - JUNE 2013
9
LOGISTICS
FTWZ
FREE TRADE WAREHOUSING ZONE – GENESIS, CONCEPT, OBJECTIVES AND
ENVISAGED BENEFITS FOR TRADE IN INDIA
FREE TRADE WAREHOUSING ZONE FACILITY:
(L-R) Mr.Xavier Britto, Chairman, Indev Group, Mr.Ajay Sethi, MD, Corporate Catalyst India, Mr.Robert Tan, Mr.A.K.Bamba,
ITS, Dev.Commissioner, MEPZ,SEZ, Mr.Chozha Naachiar Rajasekar, President, Tamil Chamber of Commerce,
Padma Bhushan Mr.George Yeo, Chairman, Kerry Logistics Network, ‘H’Kong, Mr.Sunil Rallanm, Chairman & MD,
J.Matadee FTZ P.Ltd, Mr.Ajit Sing, Consul General, Singapore, Mrs.Vimala Britto.
A free trade zone (FTZ) or export processing zone (EPZ), also called foreign- trade zone, formerly free port
is an area within a country in which goods may be landed, handled, manufactured or reconfigured, and reexported without the intervention of the customs authorities. Only when the goods are moved to consumers
within the country in which the zone is located do they become subject to the prevailing customs duties.
Free Trade Warehousing zones (FTWZs) are a special category of Special Economic Zone, offer services such
as speedy delivery of cargo, one-stop for Customs clearance capability; integrated solutions, such as packing
management, sorting, inspection, re-invoicing, strapping and kitting, assembly of complete and semi- knocked
down kits, and taxation benefits. Basically the Free Trade & Warehousing Zones (FTWZ) is a special category
of Special Economic Zone with a focus on trading and warehousing.
Free Trade Warehousing zones (FTWZ) have been a phenomenal success in Jebel Ali, Singapore and Rotterdam.
One has to visit these zones to see their sheer size and contribution to the regions they are located in becoming
major logistics hubs.
As per The Hindu (March 6,2011), The Jebel Ali Free Zone (Jafza) accounts for 25 percent of all container
throughput at Jebel Ali port and 12 percent of all air fright at Dubai International Airport. Established in 1985,
it covers a 48 sq km area and is home to over 6,400 companies from across the world. It sustains over 160,000
jobs in the UAE through its companies and accounts for over 50 percent of Dubai’s exports.
F¬ùò÷¾‹ Ý󣌉¶ 𣘂è£ñ™ Hø¬ìò ñ¬ùMJì‹ ªê™½î™,
âšõ÷¾ ªð¼¬ñ¬ò à¬ìòõó£J‹ â¡ùõ£è º®»‹?
TCC DIGEST - MAY - JUNE 2013
10
GENESIS:
In India, Free Trade and Warehousing Zone was introduced in
the Exim policy with the objective to facilitate import and
export of goods services. Each zone was considered to have
Rs.100 cores outlay and 5 lakhs sq.mts built up area.
Government of India introduced the FTWZ Policy as a part of
Foreign Trade Policy (FTP) 2004-2009 governed by the SEZ
ACT, 2005 and SEZ Rules ,2006 to leverage India’s strategic
geographical location and cost and skill arbitrage.
For development and established of FTWZ the government
has permitted 100% Foreign Direct Investment.
CONCEPT:
FTWZ is ‘Sanitized Zone’ designated as Foreign Territory for
carrying on business. FTWZ’s are envisaged to be Integrated
Zones & to be used as ‘International Trading Hubs’. Each
Zone would provide ‘World Class’ infrastructure for:
•
Warehousing for various kinds of products.
•
Handling and Transportation Equipment.
•
Commercial office space.
•
All read utilities-telecom, power, water, etc.
•
One stop clearance of Import and Export of goods.
•
FTWZ would be a key Link in Logistic and Global
Supply chains- servicing both India and the Globe.
OBJECTIVE:
Mr.Chozha Naachiar Rajasekar, President, TCC
participated in the inauguration of Indev Group –
FTWZ. During his speech, he mentioned that the
Chola dynasty was pioneer in the field of shipping
and maritime trade. Even before the concept of
the Free Port policy, many centuries ago, the
Chola King granted customs duty exemption to
goods.
(The First Kulothunga Cholan (ºîô£‹ °«ô£ˆ¶ƒè
«ê£ö¡) was awarded the title of ‘‘²ƒè‹ îM˜ˆî
«ê£ö¡’’ Sungam Thavirtha Cholan).
Further he told that Mr.Britto always had a great
vision with a proper mission to achieve the vision.
He said that Mr.Britto always think globally and
implement the latest business practices in the
part of our country. He wished him that soon he
should launch his International business venture
abroad and he assured that he would take further
the concept of FTWZ to the members of the
Chamber and communicate them to utilise the
facilities available.
The objective of FTWZ is to create trade- related
infrastructure to facilitate the import and export of goods
and service with freedom to carry out trade transactions in
free currency. The scheme envisages creation of world-class
infrastructure for warehousing of various products, state-ofthe-art equipment, transportation and handling facilities,
commercial office-space, water, power, communications and connectivity, with one-stop, clearance of import
and export formality, to support the integrated Zones as ‘international trading hubs’. These Zones are planned
to be established in areas proximate to seaports, airports or dry ports so as to offer access by rail and road.
Free Trade and Warehousing Zones (FTWZ) are envisaged to be essential logistics infrastructure to facilitate
EXIM trade and to root out-inefficiencies associated with movement and valued addition of EXIM cargo in India.
ENVISAGED BENEFITS:
ENVISATED BENEFITS FOR IMPORTS IN INDIA
Flexibility to clear cargo in part consignments (unlike in the case in other Container Freight Station (CFS)/
International Container Depot (ICDs) thus allowing flexibility towards consumption/end distribution duty
âOªîù Þ™LøŠð£¡ ⌶ªñ… 룡Á‹
MOò£¶ GŸ°‹ ðN
TCC DIGEST - MAY - JUNE 2013
11
deferment benefits (freeing up working capital and reduction in costs) de-stuffing and stuffing of cargo from
shipping line containers into other containers for avoiding Shipping Line detention charges and customised
delivery. The same product could also be stored in the warehouse within the FWTZ at much lower costs as
compared to detention charges that plague users. Few of the envisaged benefits for imports into India are listed
as below:
•
Quality control prior or duty payment, hence no
duty to be paid on rejected products.
•
Exemption of SAD, VAT & CST on imports
through FTWZ Service.
•
Tax exemption for Handling & Transportation of
containers from Port to FWTZ.
•
Availability
of
state-of-the-art
Container
Storage Yard with World Class Safety, Hazardous
Storage and Maintenance and Repair Facilitate
within the FTWZ with Service Tax Exemption.
•
Free foreign exchange transaction capability for
the services rendered including CY/Container
Freight Station services.
•
Value addition services can be provided like labelling, packing, kitting, bar-coding, palletization and
other authorized services.
All such activities are exempted from-service tax as well as any purchases of packing material, labels and like
from DTA into the FTWZ would be treated as Exports from such suppliers.
Envisaged benefits for Exports from India
Few of the envisaged benefits for Exports from India are listed as below
•
Factory stuffed containers entering the FWTZ are treated as deemed export providing immediate export
benefits.
INDEV GROUP
The Indev group has invested around $200 million in its various infrastructural facilities such as container
freight stations and in the new FTWZ, set up at J.Matadee Free Trade Zone (Special Economic Zone) at
the Mannur Village in Sriperumbudur.
Mr.Xavier Britto, Chairman, Indev Group in his presentation stated “FTWZ concept has been very
successful in UAE, Singapore, China, Holland etc. in providing link to supply chain and uplifting their
country’s economy. Same concept needs to be popularized in India with greater support by the
Government of India in providing simplified procedure and with clear taxation rule, along with trade
fraternity and logistics service provider to boost FDI in India such as mulitibranding, retailing, auto/
telecom/IT/aviation/pharma sectors and various other manufacturers.”
He also announced that Indev plans Public issue (IPO) in the next few years to garner funds to expand
the company in areas such as non-vessel operating common carrier (NVOCC) and coastal shipping.
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⊫𣶋 ÜNò£ñ™ G¬ôGŸ°‹ ðN¬ò ܬìõ£¡.
TCC DIGEST - MAY - JUNE 2013
•
Local Tax Exemption (e.g. CST, Sales Tax,
Excise & VAT) on all activities conducted
inside the FWTZ
•
Increased efficiency through lowered
reverse logistics activities through quality
control before dispatch from India.
•
Lowering ‘back to town’ costs with better
aggregation and consolidation.
•
Facilitating consolidation of cargo with
other users of the FWTZ for cost
optimisation through last mile distribution.
•
Value addition services can be provided
like labelling, packing, kitting, bar-coding,
palletization and other authorised services
with all fiscal and regulatory benefits.
12
India’s First Free Trade Warehousing Zone developed by
Arshiya Intl, Logistics Company
•
Availability of state-of-the-art Container
Storage Yard with World Class Safety, Hazardous Storage and Maintenance and Repair Facilitate within
the FTWZ with Service Tax Exemption.
•
Free foreign exchange transaction capability for the services rendered including ICD/CFS services.
ENVISAGED BENEFITS FOR RE-EXPORTS FROM INDIA
Few of the envisaged benefits for Re- Exports using FTWZ are listed as below:
•
Income Tax exemption on all profits generated through re-exports activity through the FWTZ.
•
Hassle-free re-export process by routing cargo through FTWZ integrated with ICD/CFS services.
•
Ability to leverage India’s cost, skill and geographic positioning advantage as a hub for regional/global
distribution post value addition activities.
•
Service Tax exemption on services availed by routing containers through FTWZ integrated with ICD/CFS
services.
•
Permission of 100% FDI for the set-up of units by the unit holder of the FTW.
•
Value addition services as described below can be provided with all fiscal and regulatory benefits.
•
The value –added services that can be performed in the FTWZ are re-packing, labelling, re-labelling,
strapping, refurbishment, crating, carbonisation, fumigation, choking, lashing, tagging, s h r i n k /
s t r e t c h / b u b b l e w r a p p i n g , palletization, bagging, re-bagging, quality assurance, kitting, dekitting, sorting assorting, making combination pack, consolidation, agglomeration, washing, cleaning,
processing, repairs & maintenance, CKD/SKD assembly, bottling, blending, cutting, polishing, painting,
coating, filming, re-sizing, splitting, threading, coupling and the like.
Thus, FTWZ are comprehensive infrastructure required for improving India’s container volumes ans enabling
Importers – Exporters efficiently and cost effectively carry warehousing, trading and value addition
activities.
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TCC DIGEST - MAY - JUNE 2013
15
PORT
V.O.C. PORT PROJECTS
õ.à.Cî‹ðóù£˜ ¶¬øºè‹
V.O.CHIDAMBARANAR PORT TRUST, TUTICORIN
DEVELOPMENTAL PROJECTS FOR V.O. CHIDAMBARANAR PORT
V.O. Chidambaranar Port, Tuticorin is located on the south eastern coast of India,
650 km south of Chennai, at Latitude 8º 45’N and longitude 78º 13’E. The Port is also
strategically located close to the East-West International Sea route.
V.O.Chidambaranar Port has been predominantly a ‘bulk import Port’ catering to the
industrial needs of Tuticorin and Hinterland South of Chennai.
The major items of import cargoes are Coal, Copper Concentrate, Fertilizers and
Fertilizer Raw Materials such as Rock Phosphate and Sulphur, Lime stone, POL,
Phosphoric acid, EDC, VCM, Liquid Ammonia, Timber Logs, Raw Cashew, Pulses, Pulp
Wood, Iron Scrap, Raw Sugar etc.
The items of export cargoes are Salt, Cement, Construction Materials, Tea, Coffee,
S. Natarajan
Granite Stone, Ilmenite Sand, Garnet Sand, Cashew Kernels, Wheat, Sugar and other
Chairman, i/c
general cargoes. V.O. Chidambaranar Port has handled a Cargo Traffic of 28.26 Million
Tonnes in the Financial year 2012-13. The Port has also handled 4,75,599 TEUs of Container during the last
fiscal. At present, the Port has 14 berths with maximum permissible draft of 12.80m in 6 berths. The cargo
handling capacity of the Port is 33.34 Million Tonnes (POL: 2.30 MT+ T.Coal : 12.55 MT + Gen. Break Bulk Cargo
: 13.49 MT + Containers : 5.00 MT)
The Port is in the process of implementing several projects to keep pace with targets of the vision document
of Ministry of Shipping ‘Maritime Agenda’. The Port has ambitious plans to scale up the present capacity of
33.34 million tonnes to 85.73 million tonnes by implementing Inner Harbour Developmental Projects.
Construction of North Cargo Berth – I for M/s Neyveli Tamil Nadu Power Ltd., (A Joint venture of NLC and TNEB)
has been completed and handed over to M/s. NTPL on 28.09.2012. The draft available in the berth is 12.80m
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TCC DIGEST - MAY - JUNE 2013
16
and handling capacity of the Berth is 6.30
MTPA. Facilities like shore unloaders,
conveyor etc. are in procurement /
erection stage by M/s. NTPL. It is
expected that the Facilities would be
commissioned by Ms. NTPL by December
2013.
North Cargo Berth – II is under
construction through PPP mode by M/s.
Tuticorin Coal Terminal Ltd., (A SPV of
M/s. Alba Asia Private Limited & Louis
Dreyfus Armaters SAS France) at an
(L-R) Mr.K.P.Nagendra Moorthy, MD,TN Mercantile Bank, Mr.A.R.Buhari, CEO, Estimated cost of Rs.332.16 Crore. The
Coastal Energy, Mr.Raja Sankaralingam, President, All India Chambers of
concessionaire would offer Revenue Share
Commerce & Industries, Tuticorin, Hon.Minister Mr.G.K.Vasan, Mr.Joe
Prakash, Gen.Secretary, AICCI, Mr.S.Natarajan, Chairman, V.O.C.Port Trust. of 52.17%. The capacity of the Berth
would be 7.20 MTPA and the cargo to be
handled in the berth is Coal. The Construction of the Berth and conveyor system is in progress (50% Completed).
The Port is in the process of Developing North Cargo Berth – III at an Estimated cost Rs. 420 Cr. The berth would
facilitate capacity of 9.15 MTPA and would handle Thermal Coal and Rock Phosphate. The concessionaire shall
erect two Grab unloaders of 1800 Tph capacity for handling the cargo and Conveyors from Berth to Hare island
(about 2-3 Km) for stocking cargo. Construction of North Cargo Berth – IV at an estimated cost of Rs. 355 Cr.
has been awarded through PPP mode to the Concessionaire M/s. Transstroy – OJSC Consortium, Hyderabad on
30.01.2013. The Concessionaire would offer a Gross revenue share 30%. The capacity of the Berth would be
9.15 MTPA and the berths would handle Thermal Coal and Copper Concentrate. The Concessionaire shall erect
two Grab unloaders of 1800 Tph capacity for handling the cargo and Conveyors from Berth to Hare island (about
2-3 Km) for stocking cargo. The Commercial operations is expected by Sep, 2015.
Construction of Shallow Draught Berth for handling Cement & Related Raw Materials at an Estimated cost
Rs.85.38 Cr. has been awarded awarded through PPP mode to Concessionaire M/s. Transstroy – OJSC Consortium,
Hyderabad on 31.12.2012. The Concessionaire would offer a Gross revenue share 22% and the capacity of the
Berth would be 2.67 MTPA. The Concessionaire would provide Mobile cement loaders and the Project expected
to be completed by Sep,2015. The Port is in the process of Constructing a Shallow Draught Berth for handling
Construction Materials awarded through PPP mode at an Estimated cost : Rs.65.37 Cr. The designed capacity
of the berth would be 2.00 MTPA. The successful Concessionaire would commission one Harbour Mobile Crane
of 42 Tonne capacity and two Pay loaders 10 Tonnes each.
The Up-gradation of Mechanical Handling Infrastructure at an estimated cost of Rs. 49.20 Crore has been
awarded to the concessionaire M/s.IMC Ltd. - PSTS Ltd. Consortium, Chennai on 25.3.2013. The capacity
addition would be 8.72 MTPA. The concessionaire would deploy two Harbour Mobile cranes with 120 Tonne
capacity. The concessionaire shall offer Gross Revenue Share of 26.55% and the Harbour Mobile cranes are to
be operated in Berth I to VI & IX. The Port has already signed the Concession Agreement for conversion of Berth
No.8 as Container Terminal with Dakshin Bharat Gateway Terminal Private Ltd., Mumbai, a SPV incorporated
by M/s. ABG Container Handling Pvt. Ltd, Mumbai on 07.08.2012.The Concessionaire would offer Gross Revenue
Share of 55.19%. The estimated project cost is Rs. 312.23 crores and would facilitate a capacity of 6,00,000
TEUs. The length of the quay will be 345.5m and 30m breadth. A backup area of 10.00ha. will be available
Hø¡ñ¬ù «ï£‚è£î «ð󣇬ñ ꣡«ø£˜‚°
Üøªù£¡«ø£ Ý¡ø å¿‚°
17
TCC DIGEST - MAY - JUNE 2013
for the operator to stack the containers. The
Concessionaire would deploy state of art container
handling facility with 3 Nos. of Rail Mounted Quay
Gantry Crane (RMQC), 9 Nos. of Rubber Tyred Gantry
Crane (RTGC), 1 No. of Reach Stacker and 18 Nos.
Tractor / Trailer.
Apart from the above, 5 shallow berths, one berth for
SEPC power, one berth of Indian Navy, one berth of
Indian Coast Guard and jetty for housing Port’s floating
crafts would be constructed. With the above
infrastructure projects, the Inner Harbour would be
saturated. The Port has an ambitious visionary plan to
Develop Outer Harbour at an approximate cost of Rs. 7500 Cr. The outer Harbour project would feature 12
berths and the capacity addition would be 151.4 Million Tonnes. The waterfront of North Cargo Berth-II, Shallow
berth for Cement, Shallow berth for Construction Materials are shallow. So as to optimise the waterfront,
dredging, under Phase-IA (Execution) covering the water front of North Cargo Berth-II, Shallow berth for
Cement, Shallow berth for Construction Materials would be dredged at a cost of Rs.463.97 Crores and dredging
quantity would be 1.56 Million Cu.m. The second phase would cover North Cargo Berth-III, North Cargo BerthIV, SEPC Berth, five numbers shallow draught berths, berth for Port crafts, Navy and Coast Guard berths and
dredging quantity would be 4.53 Million Cu.m.
Apart from construction of Berths, the Port also has proposals for speedy evacuation of cargo for increasing
the Port operational performance. A merry go round railway line is being planned connecting the hare island
stacking area earmarked for PPP operators of NCB-II, NCB-III and NCBIV to the marshalling yard with appropriate
technology for handling huge volume of industrial coal, thermal coal, rock phosphate and copper concentrate
with wagon loaders stackers, reclaimers etc. This system will be connected to the trunk railways for onward
movement to various destinations. A six lane gate complex at an estimated cost of Rs. 14.90 crore, with all
modern security aspects and system for speedy evacuation of cargo, is also under implementation and would
be completed by the current fiscal. The Port has identified Hare Island for storage of cargo for the berths NCBII, NCB-III & NCB-IV. For this purpose, Port has planned to develop rail connectivity from the existing marshalling
yard to hare Island at a total estimated cost of Rs.70 Crores which includes Cost for laying tracks, Signaling
and Telecommunications and Electrification. The work is expected to commence from November 2013 and
complete by May 2015.
Tuticorin city has a very good potential to become a center for Maritime trade, maritime information and
hospitality. In order to fully utilise the resources available in the Extension Port (Zone-B), V.O. Chidambaranar
Port, Tuticorin is all set to establish a ‘Marina’ at an estimated cost of Rs.304 Crores under PPP mode. The
development works would be carried-out over an area of 45 acres of coastal land between the Collector’s
bungalow and ‘Zone-B’ at the extension Port to promote tourism.
The project aims at providing 3 piers to a length of each 50m with draft 1.50 to 2.00m to accommodate tourist
boats, pleasure yachts and glass bottom boats. The Marina shall also house an Infotainment Museum, Floating
Restaurant (floatel), scuba-diving facility, Tunnel Aquarium, Recreation Centre, Boat Club and Shopping Centre.
Ancillary services like water & bunker supply, availability of repair unit, vessel lifting & launching
arrangements, supplies & provisions outlet, vessel dry berthing facility and Sewage management will also be
provided. With all the developments planned, V.O. Chidambaranar Port is poised to gain ‘Hub Port’ Status and
be the Preferred India Port.
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Üø‹ ñ†´‹ Ü¡Á. G¬ø‰î å¿‚èºñ£°‹.
TCC DIGEST - MAY - JUNE 2013
19
YOUTH ICON
UNO
ï‹H‚¬è ï†êˆFó‹
MALALA YOUSAFZAI IN HER UN SPEECH
Pakistani teen activist Malala Yousafzai, in her first public speech at the United Nations since being shot in
the head by the Taliban, has said she is inspired by Mahatama Gandhi’s path of non-violence.
Malala invoked Gandhi and other global advocates of non-violence stressing that, “I’m not against anyone,
neither am I here to speak in terms of personal revenge against the Taliban, or any other terrorist group.”
“I’m here to speak about the right of education for every child”, Malala said, in an impassioned address to
the UN Youth Assembly on Friday.
“I want education for the sons and daughters of all the Taliban and all the terrorists and extremists. I do not
even hate the Talib who shot me. Even if there is a gun in my hands and he stands in front of me, I would
not shoot him.”
“This is the philosophy of non-violence that I have learnt from Gandhiji, Badshah Khan and Mother Teresa,”
the 16-year-old said.
Malala told the UN that she would not be silenced by terrorist threats. “Let us pick up our books and our pens.
They are our most powerful weapons. One teacher, one book, one pen, can change the world,” Malala said.
The UN celebrated the Pakistani schoolgirl’s 16th birthday on Friday as Malala Day with day-long programmes
for youth, drawn from all over the world.
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TCC DIGEST - MAY - JUNE 2013
20
Secretary General Mr. Ban Ki-moon
named her 16th birthday, ‘Malala
Day’, in honour of her heroic stand to
ensure education for all. Ban
welcomed Malala to the UN praising
her courage and determination.
“Malala chose to mark her 16th
birthday with the world,” Ban said,
noting the strong support she has
received from millions of people all
over the world.
“Malala, you are not alone. We are all
with you, standing behind you,” the
UN Secretary General said.
The
Malala with her father
meeting, which featured nearly 1,000
youth leaders, was addressed by former United Kingdom Prime Minister Gordon Brown, in his capacity as UN
Special Envoy for Global Education, Vuk Jeremic, President of the General Assembly, and Ahmad Alhendawi, the
Special Envoy on Youth. Malala became a global icon for girls’ education after being brutally attacked by Taliban
militants while on her way to school in Swat valley on October 9, 2012.
Malala told the gathering that the Taliban’s attack nine months ago changed nothing in her life, except that
“weakness, fear and hopelessness died.”
“The extremists were, and they are, afraid of books and pens,” Malala said. “The power of education frightens
them. They are afraid of women,” she said. Malala called for worldwide action against illiteracy, poverty and
terrorism. This call was delivered just as the UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation’s ‘Education
for All Global Monitoring Report’, launched a new policy paper spotlighting that globally, the number of children
out of school has fallen from 60 million in 2008 to 57 million in 2011.
However, 28 million children out of school live in the world’s conflict zones, and more than half of those are
women and girls. “So here I stand,” Malala declared before the Assembly, “one girl among many. I speak, not
for myself, but for all girls and boys. I raise up my voice, not so that I can shout, but so that those without
a voice can be heard”.
Describing the terrible October 2012 incident that only strengthened her resolve, she said the Taliban shot her
on the left side of her forehead. “They shot my friends too. They thought that the bullets would silence us.
But they failed,” she said, adding that the incident instead gave birth to “thousands of voices”.
“The terrorists thought that they would change our aims and stop our ambitions but nothing changed in my
life except this: weakness, fear and hopelessness died. Strength, power and courage were born. I am the same
Malala. My ambitions are the same. My hopes are the same. My dreams are the same,” the rights activist said.
Telling the Assembly that she was focusing on women’s rights and girls’ education because they were suffering
the most, she called upon world leaders to change their strategic policies in favour of peace and prosperity.
“We call upon all governments to ensure free compulsory education for every child all over the world,” she
said, also calling on governments to fight against terrorism and violence, to protect children from brutality and
harm.
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TCC DIGEST - MAY - JUNE 2013
21
Ban reiterated the UN’s commitment to give access to quality education to every girl and boy through its Global
Education First Initiative which has three priorities: to put every child in school; improve the quality of
learning; and foster global citizenship.
“No child should have to die for going to school. Nowhere should teachers fear to teach or children fear to
learn. Together, we can change the picture,” he said.
Ban also encouraged the students gathered at the Youth Assembly, to continue to voice their concerns on issues
that matter to them.
“I urge you to keep speaking out. Keep raising the pressure. Keep making a difference,” Ban said.
“You are sending a message, a message of hope and empowerment... a message of dignity and opportunity.
All of you are on the frontlines,” he said. President of the General Assembly Vuk Jeremic underlined the
urgency of providing access to education to every child, regardless of factors like geography, gender, disability,
language, wealth and ethnicity, and called member states to act quickly to avoid further disparities in
education levels.
He also stressed that the quality of education should be improved, providing young people with the necessary
skills to succeed in the current world economy.
”School enrollment is nothing more than a necessary foundation upon which to build a 21st-century set of
educational standards,” Jeremic said.
”Basic literacy should not be seen as an end in itself, but merely as a baseline tool for teaching cognition,
mathematics, problem-solving, and creative thinking,” he said.
Opening the proceedings, Brown told the Youth Assembly: “You cannot say there is anything other than an
education emergency that we need to solve.”
With that in mind, he hailed young people as “the new superpower in the world” with the capability to
overcome all obstacles to access education.
On June 17, Brown launched a worldwide petition calling for urgent action to ensure the right of every child
to safely to attend school. Malala was the first signatory and since then, more than one million people have
signed the petition.
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TCC DIGEST - MAY - JUNE 2013
23
COMMUNICATION
TELEGRAPH
THE END OF AN ERA: INDIA SHUTTERS ITS TELEGRAPH SYSTEM - î‰F «ê¬õ
Known as “taar” in India, telegrams have been
both anticipated and feared for more than
160
years,
bringing
good
and
bad—but
always urgent—news to Indians since the 1850s.
Now the technology that spurred the Indian
telecommunications boom has become a victim of
that boom’s success, as India has announced it will
be shutting down all telegraph services as of July 15.
Though the telegram may seem like a comically
obsolete technology in the age of smartphones, SMS
(texting) and email, some critics of the shut-down in
India point out that in many rural, poorer areas of
the country it has remained a vital form of
communication.
An employee monitors an incoming telegram at a
telecommunications office in Bangalore, India.
By 1985-86, when telegraph services were in highest
demand, 60 million telegrams were sent each year and
there were 45,000 telegraph offices.
Telegraph services in India date back to 1850, when
the first experimental telegraph line was established between Calcutta and Diamond Harbour. The British East
India Company started using the telegraph a year later, and by 1854—when the system opened to the public—
telegraph lines had been laid across the country. The telegraph continued to thrive, in India and around the
world, even after Alexander Graham Bell patented the telephone in 1876. For more than half a century,
telegrams were sent over cable lines, but in 1902 (capitalizing on the work of Italian inventor Guglielmo
Marconi) the Indian system went wireless.
In India, as in the rest of the world, a trend toward
digital communications that began with the advent
of the digital computer in the 1960s, increasingly
threatened the continued relevance of the
telegraph. By the 1980s, the analog facsimile
telegraph, perfected in the 1930s and used to send
information over telephone and telegraph lines, was
replaced by the digital fax machine. Fax—and
later email—began to eclipse telegrams, regular
mail and other earlier communications systems, a
process that only accelerated with the rise of the
Internet.
In the 1990s, Indian telecommunications company
Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd. (BSNL) took over the
International telegraph services from India were stopped
three years ago because there were no longer any
telegraph offices overseas.
The relative longevity of the telegraph service in India is
because of the slow pace of mobile phone penetration in
remote areas. But as mobile networks have expanded,
telegrams have been exposed as lacking on cost, speed
and accessibility.
It cost 27 rupees (Dh1.67) to send a telegram of up to 50
words that takes up to 48 hours to be delivered,
compared with 10 paise (100 paise = 1 rupee) to send an
SMS that is received almost instantaneously.
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TCC DIGEST - MAY - JUNE 2013
24
country’s telegraph system from the Indian
postal service. But the increasing dominance
of email and SMS continued to take its toll
on the newly privatized telegraph. Two years
ago, faced with declining revenues, BSNL
instituted the first telegram price hike in some
60 years. From three or four rupees (U.S. $0.05
to $0.07) for 50 words, the price of taar shot up
to 27 rupees (U.S. $0.47) for 50 words. Last
March, in a last-ditch effort to cut costs, the
company ceased international telegraph service.
Despite these efforts to make the telegraph
business financially viable, BSNL still posted losses of some 17 million rupees (U.S. $290,000) during the last
two years.
The country’s first telegraph lines were laid by the East India
Company in 1851 in Calcutta (now Kolkata), stretching about
40 kilometres down the Hoogly River to the Diamond Harbour.
Just four years later 6,400km of cables had been laid.
In 1857, freedom fighters attacked British telegraph offices in
the north Indian cities of Meerut (in present day Uttar
Pradesh) and Ambala (now Punjab) to prevent messages about
their movements reaching Delhi ahead of their arrival. A
memorial still stands in front of the old telegraph building in
New Delhi, dedicated to those who died fighting for both
sides.
The service went wireless in 1902 but the length of telegraph
lines grew to 160,000km by the time of independence in 1947
as cables continued to be laid in remote areas. Telegraph
offices were sending 17 million messages a year at that time
܉îí˜ ËŸÁ‹ ÜøˆFŸ°‹ ÝFò£Œ
G¡ø¶ ñ¡ùõ¡ «è£™
When BSNL then asked the Indian government
to support the telegraph again, the company
was told to evaluate whether the system was
still necessary. As a result, in consultation with
the Department of Posts, BSNL decided to cease
all services beginning July 15. A senior BSNL
official told the Times of India that: “The
telegram had lost its relevance. The basic idea
of a taar was to send a message fast. Now SMS,
fax and emails do that job. With smart phones,
people send and receive emails on the move. So
when we sought government support to keep
the telegram alive, we were asked to decide its
fate on a commercial basis and hence will now
be discontinuing the service.” The company
plans to shift telegraph staff members to work
with its modern-day successors, including
mobile services, landline telephony and
broadband.
An official from India’s National Federation of
Telecom Employees criticized the decision to
shut down the telegraph, arguing that people in
poorer areas of the country, who are unable to
afford the Internet, computers or phones, still
rely on telegrams. In addition, Indian courts had
previously accepted only telegrams and
telegram receipts as proof of evidence in civil or
criminal suits.
TCC DIGEST - MAY - JUNE 2013
25
In the age of smartphones, India is only the latest
country to bid goodbye to the telegram. Western
Union, the dominant telegraph company in the
United States since its founding in 1856, was
reorganized as the Western Union Corporation in
1988 and refocused on handling money transfers and
related services. In 2006, the company shut down its
telegraph services for good. On the other hand,
correspondents in Sweden and the United Kingdom
still use telegrams for nostalgia purposes, and a
dwindling number of countries—including Russia,
Canada, Germany, Switzerland, Belgium, Mexico, the
Netherlands, Slovenia and Bahrain—continue to offer
full telegraph services.
A worker taps out a telegram at the
Central Telegraph Office in New Delhi.
å¼
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àôèˆ¬î‚ è£Šð¶ Üóê¬ìò ªêƒ«è£ô£°‹.
TCC DIGEST - MAY - JUNE 2013
JUDICIAL
26
SUPREME COURT
à„êcFñ¡ø î¬ô¬ñ cFðF ðîM 㟹 Mö£
JUSTICE MR.P.SATHASIVAM SWORN IN AS THE 40TH CHIEF JUSTICE OF INDIA
Justice Thiru P Sathasivam sworn in
as the 40th Chief Justice of India.
He took over the post from Justice
Altamas Kabir, who served as the CJI
for over nine months.
Justice Thiru Sathasivam, 64, took
oath in the name of God at a brief
ceremony at Darbar Hall of
Rashtrapati Bhavan.
Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh,
Vice President Mr.Hamid Ansari, UPA
Chairperson
Mrs.Sonia
Gandhi,
Leader of the Opposition in Lok
Sabha Mrs.Sushma Swaraj, her Rajya
Sabha counterpart Mr.Arun Jaitley,
NDA Working Chairperson Mr.L K Advani, CPI leaderMr. D Raja, several Union ministers were present at the
ceremony.
Justice Sathasivam was elevated to the Supreme Court in August, 2007 and would demit office on April 26,
2014.
He was born into an agricultural family to Palanisamy and Natchiammal at Kadappanallur village near Bhavani
of Erode district. He graduated in law from Government Law College, Chennai after completing his BA degree
to become the first graduate in his family and his village. Justice P.Sathasivam after successful completion of
law enrolled as an Advocate on 25 July 1973 at Madras. He then was appointed to the post of Additional
Government Pleader and further as the Special Government Pleader in the Madras High Court. He also worked
as Legal Adviser for several State owned Transport Corporations, Municipalities, Nationalized Banks etc. He was
appointed as a permanent Judge of the Madras High Court on 8 January 1996. After a short while transferred
to the Punjab and Haryana High Court on 20 April 2007. He was then elevated to the post of Judge of Supreme
Court on 21 August 2007.
Justice Sathasivam authored several path-breaking judgments including the Reliance Gas Judgment (May 2010)
wherein he emphasised the use of natural resources through public sector undertakings. He observed that “in
a national democracy like ours, the national assets belong to the people” and “the government owns such
assets for the purposes of developing them in the interests of the people”.
Justice Sathasivam delivered the verdict in the controversial triple murder case of Stains and upheld the
conviction of Dara Singh. On 19 April 2010, he delivered the judgment in the Jessica Lal Murder Case of
April 29, 1999.
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TCC DIGEST - MAY - JUNE 2013
27
MEDICAL
STANLEY MEDICAL COLLEGE
v죡L ñ¼ˆ¶õ‚ è™ÖK
STANLEY MEDICAL COLLEGE (75 YEARS)
Stanley
Medical College and Hospital, one of the oldest and
pioneering centre for excellence in India in the field of Medical
Education. The seed for this institution was sown as early as 1740,
The East India Company first created the medical department. The
Stanley Hospital now stands on the old site of ‘Monegar Choultry’
established in 1782. In 1809 Assistant John understood created
‘Native Infirmary’ with Monegar Choultry and leper asylum.
In 1830 a well known philanthropist Raja Sir Ramasamy Mudaliar
endowed a hospital and dispensary in the Native Infirmary. In 1836
Madras University established M.B. & G.M. and L.M & S Medical
Courses in the Native Infirmary. In 1903 Hospital Assistant Course
introduced with help of East India Company.
In 1911 the first batch of outgoing student’s were awarded their
diploma LMP (Licensed Medical Practitioner).
In 1933 Five Year D.M. & S (Diploma in Medicine & Surgery) course
was inaugurated by His Excellency Sir George Frederick Stanley.
Then this school was named after him by Governor of Madras
Presidency on 27th March 1934. In 1941, 3 Medical and Surgical
units were created. On July 2nd of 1938 the school was upgraded
as Medical College and MBBS Course was introduced with 39
students. The college was inaugurated
by Dr. T.S. Rajan, the then Health
Minister of Madras province and named
Stanley Medical College. From 1964
onwards 7 Medical and 7 surgical units
were established, and then from 1963,
150 students were admitted.
I n 1 9 6 4 , D r. R a d h a k r i s h n a n , t h e
President of India laid foundation stone
for College Auditorium to mark Silver
Jubilee Celebration. The College was
bestowed with the prestigious Stanley
Hospital with bed strength 1271 and OP
attendance of 4312 per day of the year.
The unique feature is its 8-storied
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Üóê¬ìò Ü®¬òŠ ªð£¼‰F àôè‹ G¬ôªðÁ‹.
Sir George Fredrick Stanley
TCC DIGEST - MAY - JUNE 2013
28
surgical complex and pediatrics block with all super
specialties under one roof. The Institute of Plastic Surgery
and Center for Rehabilitation of Hand Injury is one of the
best centers of South East Asia. Similarly, the Department
of Medicine and surgery are one of the oldest faculties of
medical education guided by top class physicians and
Surgeons.
New mens hostel behind the pediatric block campus,
constructed in about one acre, accommodating 500
students, was inaugurated - Aug 2011.
New women’s hostel campus opposite the existing women’s
hostel, with separate block for 300 UG students and
another block for 150 PG students was inaugurated on
2 February 2013, by Honorable Chief Minister of Tamil nadu.
A new multistory building with Seven floors in the Hospital
campus, (stands in the place of old buildings housing
Cardew ward, Pentland ward, Bryson ward, Bannerman
ward and old Plastic surgery building) is to be Inaugurated
soon.
The existing Silver jubilee auditorium in the college campus is to be renovated soon.
Stanley Medical College celebrated its Golden Jubilee in July 1988. Now during its 75th year, the Platinum
Jubilee celebrations are being organized.
Thus Stanley has developed to an Institute of International standard of doctors with characteristic and identical
Stanleyan spirit, and still continues to grow by nurturing the young medical talents to bloom and to spread
their wings into the unknown territories of medicine and to achieve
The College is associated with the well known Government Stanley Hospital which has 1280 beds for
in-patient treatment. The hospital has an out-patient attendance of around 5000 patients per day. A unique
feature is its 8-story surgical complex equipped to perform up to 40 surgeries simultaneously, and a separate
pediatrics block with all specialities under one roof.RSRM hospital is also attached for obstetrics and
Gyneacology care. and a modern 7 story medicine complex under construction expected to be completed in
2013.
The three well known departments of the Stanley Medical Hospitals are Surgical Gastroenterology, Urology and
the Institute of Hand Rehabilitation and Plastic Surgery. The Institute for Research and Rehabilitation of Hand
and the Department of Plastic Surgery (IRRH & DPS) is one of the best centers in Southeast Asia. The
Department of Surgical Gastroenterology was the first in India to perform a successful liver transplant, under
the leadership of Dr. R.P. Shanmugam, Surgical Gastroenterologist and the first among Hospitals/ Hospital
Departments in India to obtain the ISO 9001 certification. The Department of Urology performs up to fifty
kidney transplants a year.
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TCC DIGEST - MAY - JUNE 2013
31
HEALTH
FAST FORWARD
«õè‹ - M«õè‹?
READY, STEADY, ACCELERATE
Abraham Lincoln once said that the best thing about the future is that it
comes one day at a time. Unfortunately, this is no longer true. Today, the
future comes in 10-minute instalments, seconds are broken down into
millseconds, smoke has become a unit of time with most work being done
during ‘smoke breaks’. As a New Yorker columnist once said, “Whole office
cultures chug along on a collective nicotine buzz.” We’re living life on the fast
lane, where we’re witnessing the acceleration of just about everything.
From remote controls to speed dial buttons, machines are designed to save
time. The time saved is used for ‘leisure’.
As James Gleick says in his book Faster, “By the eighties, the breakfast-cereal
market stagnated in the US. Toaster food like frozen waffles and Pop-Tarts
took over in some homes, before they, too, gave way to even faster food
in the form of granola bars.”
Clocks cannot tell our time of day
For what event to pray
According to Euromonitor and market- Because we have no time, because
For the ancients, speed was
research firm RNCOS, India’s $13 billion We have no time until
indefinable. Before it meant
fast-food market is growing at 25-30 We know what time we fill,
velocity, old English speed
percent a year. Global players like Why time is other than time was
meant success and prosperity,
- W.H.Auden
Domino’s and McDonalds are pushing
hence the coinage ‘God Speed’.
into second - and thirdMachines gave us everyday
tier cities. Online
power to change a thing’s
retailers like Flipkart SPEED QUIZ
speed by turning a dial or
ship close to 30,000 We forbid you from reaching for your smart
depressing a pedal.
items per day or 20 phone
products per minute.
1) Where is the office of the director of the
Directorate of Time?
In fashion, the action has moved from the ramp to online.
In 2011, Burberry, for the first time, live-tweeted its
2) Who said this? “There is more to life than
collection before it was launched at the London Fashion
simply increasing its speed.”
Week. In India, brands like Zara and Elle have ushered in
the trend of fast fashion where designs move from catwalk 3) What year did the film Speed, starring
Sandra Bullock and Keanu Reeves, release?
to store in 15 days.
Vanity Fair reported how last month Ferrari entered what
has colloquially become known as the ‘hypercar’ market
with its Ferrari LaFerrari. Hypercar is a term used to
denote an ultra exclusive, ultra-fast vehicle. To reduce
weight and new technology like sophisticated engine
massaging to increase power, acceleration and top speed.
«õô¡Á ªõ¡P î¼õ¶ ñ¡ùõ¡
«è£ôÉà‹ «è£ì£ ªîQ¡
4) How many hours ahead of Greenwich Mean
Time is India Standard Time?
5) Who won the first ever Formula One
Championship race and which year was it?
(For Answers, see at the end of the article)
TCC DIGEST - MAY - JUNE 2013
32
A brief history of time – from machines to the internet
It was only in the machine age that people became aware of speed as a quality that could be measured. For
the ancients, speed was indefinable. Before it meant velocity, old English
speed meant success and prosperity, hence the coinage ‘God speed’.
Teenage aggression is on the
With new household appliances that today we take for granted. Cloth rise. There are increasing
dryers that steam the wrinkles out, dishwashers that clean your dishes, cases of road rage and
drive-throughs that wash your cars, toaster ovens and microwaves to warm violence on the streets.
pre-packaged dinner and vaccum cleaners to suck the dirt off rugs. But our Children today don't
need for speed outran the natural lifespan of the machine age-hence the understand the principle of
birth of the internet. On the internet we can do a variety of things-check delay of gratification
mail, read blogs, buy stock and pay your phone bill at the same time. The - Anita Raja, Psychologist
success of websites and apps depends on the case of navigation and
webpage design. But more than all that, site speed. According to the eight
second rule, a person will not wait more that eight seconds for a site to load. Internet companies in the US
lose more than $4billion a year for each extra second their site takes to load.
The Starbucks generation
If you could alter the speed of machines, then why not alter the
speed of the human machine? In the nineteenth century, a few
pioneers in substance abuse discovered that they could alter the
pace of the central nervous system and create the sensation of
altered pace. Arthur Conan Doyle’s Sherlock Holmes relied on
cocaine to shift from torpor to action. Celebrated writer Ken Kesey
wrote his famous novel One Flew Over The Cuckoo’s Nest on LSD
and says drug use raised his mind to a higher creative plane.
Amphetamines-particularly
methamphetamine-stimulate
the
nervous system, accelerate the heartbeat, and spark a fast-talking,
restless feeling of excitement and energy. The slang for such drugs
is ‘speed’. According to UN figures, 29 percent of Amphetamine –
Type Stimulants (ATS) users are from India.
Besides drugs, the last socially acceptable mood-altering drug is
caffeine. Coca-Cola began as a nineteen century tonic with caffeine
as its secret ingredient.
In India, we’re witnessing a growing coffee culture, which is
prompting
international
companies
like
Italy’s
Lavazza,
Switzerland’s Nestle and US based Starbucks to set up shop here.
According to market-research firm Euromonitor, India’s coffee market is going to grow at 9 per cent to $486.6
million this year. Starbucks in a joint venture with Tata opened its first Indian stores in October 2012.
Energy drinks like Redbull promise to ‘give you wings’. The company is growing at 30 per cent every year and
controls close to 80 percent of the Rs.250 crore energy drinks market in India. Even drinking alcohol and
smoking tobacco have become speed based pursuits. We toss off distilled spirits, notes the historian Wolfgang
Schivelbusch and thus we achieve more or less instantaneous intoxication. If we want to understand the
progress of smoking technology from pipe to cigar to cigarette, he says, what comes to mind is acceleration.
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TCC DIGEST - MAY - JUNE 2013
33
Hurry sickness and Type A
A central element of lifestyle management is the skill to
balance work with leisure activities, family life and social
involvements. But now with data over-load and a higher
pressure lifestyle, it has become increasingly difficult. This
has led to a constant sense of urgency. You find you’re
always rushing to get things done but at the end of the day,
many things remain undone. This is the trap of hurry
sickness.
The term was coined by a contract caterer in the UK called
Gardner Merchant. Merchant conducted research on about
10,000 people and discovered that at one time or another,
most of them have experienced hurry sickness. Technology,
which is exponentially increasing, is supposed to improve
our lives by making things easier.
Do you suffer from hurry sickness?
Here are some factors to determine whether
you suffer from hurry sickness
Do you move from one check-out line to
another because it looks shorter/faster?
Do you count the cars in front of you and
get in the lane that has the least or is going
the fastest?
Do you multi-task to the point of forgetting
one of the tasks?
Do you press the ‘door close’ button as
soon as you enter an elevator?
Do you press 88 instead of 90 on the
microwave in order to save time?
Hurry sickness can also be determined by the Type A and
Type B personality types-a theory propounded in the 1950s
by cardiologists Meyer Friedman and Ray Rosenman. Type A
personalities are more prone to hurry sickness. They’re hostile, impatient and
competitive while Type personalities live at a lower stress level and typically
work steadily, enjoying achievement but not becoming stressed in its absence.
It’s not just mental health that Type A people are at risk of. Once in a while,
behaviour affects physiology. Sudden dashes for the train can accelerate
heartbeats and raise blood pressure. “The great men of the centuries past
were never in a hurry,” writes Dr.Cecil Webb Johnson in Nerve Troubles, an
English monograph of the early 1900s. “And that’s why the world will not
forget them in a hurry.”
Apps to snap
Three apps to help you
save time.
4 ingredients – This handy
recipe app will cut your
cooking time in half.
Featuring
According to psychologist Anita Rajah, we live in the instant world-instant coffee, instant results and instant
gratification. That is why there’s a low level of frustration tolerance among Indian youth. “Teenage aggression
is on the rise,” she says. “There are increasing cases of road rage and violence on the streets. Children today
don’t understand the principle of delay of gratification. They see a certain lifestyle in advertisements and films
and they aspire to that lifestyle. Yet, they’re unwilling to wait and hence take out the frustration and anger
on their parents.”
It’s all in your brain
Fast thinking is considered to be a sign of intelligence. But this is not proven. Charles Darwin considered himself
too slow-witted to engage in argument. “I suppose I’m a very slow thinker,” he said the year he published The
Origin of Species. Einstein described himself as a slow thinker. These examples notwithstanding, quick-witted
people engender respect. Some companies like Microsoft are particularly known for hiring on the basis of mind
speed.
Brain activity can be revved up or slowed. Dr.Jamuna Rajan, neuropsychologist at NIMHANS, says there are
various factors that are crucial for the normal functioning of the brain.
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TCC DIGEST - MAY - JUNE 2013
34
Studies have pointed out the importance of slow waves in the brain that are required for calm, relaxation and
are also implicated in memory formations. Various factors like arousal, alertness and practice have been known
to affect the speed at which the brain processes information and responds to the stimuli in its environment.
Lack of sleep, substance abuse, chronic stress and fatigue slow down the brain activity. Continuous heightened
levels of stress harmones can lead to shrinkage of the hippocampus and hence memory deficit.
You Speak
Says Anu Ahuja, fashion choreographer and former model, “I’m just returning from
a fashion week in Delhi. In four days, it is my twins’ third birthday. So I have to
go home and organise the cake, figure out the menu, send out invitation cards,
etc. My husband and I keep making plans to go out but it never happens. Twenty
years ago, this was not the case. Everything happened at a much more relaxed
pace. Psychologically too, we were more laid back. I remember going white water
rafting with my friends, going to the beach, sitting around a bonfire and gossiping.
Today, people want a lot of things in a very short time. Just look mat a crowded
airport or a restaurant. Nobody has the time to stand and wait. Everybody’s doing
something – most of the time, checking their smart phones. People want to fill
their days with some activity or other all the time.”
Anu Ahuja
If in fashion, the frenzy lies in the profusion of activities, in advertisement it lies in the speed of storytelling.
A generation ago, the word ‘subliminal advertising’ came into mainstream vocabulary. It denotes the
phenomenon of seeing images without really seeing them. Says and man Prahlad Kakkar, “Advertisements are
about the art of telling a story in under two minutes. Speed is of the essence. With the advance in technology,
if there were 15 shots in and ad earlier, today there are 22 but it looks like three or four. Everything happens
in suchn a rush that people are tired of flying past things without t he time to digest anything.
Artists like Bose Krishnamachari, “My art is a juxtaposition of speed with slowness,” he says. “Today, everyone
is an inventor. Everyone has his 15 minutes of fame. I consider art and life to be the same. The adrenalinepumping speed of a professional motorcycle racer, S.Sarath Kumar road racer and national champion in the
125cc class, says that racing is as much about knowing when to slow down as it is about speeding up. For me,
speed is my life, before a race.
Dr.Isaac Mathai, holistic physician and head of international holistic health centre, Soukya stress the importance
of connecting to your soul through the practice of meditation every day. “At Soukya, we use Ayurveda and
Panchakarma, naturopathy, homeopathy and yoga to restore the natural balance of the mind body and spirit,”
he says. Today we live in a highly competitive world where people want to cram more and more things into
one day. They don’t have time for their family or vacations. Even if they take vacations, they spend it doing
one thing after the other. We might take care of our physical health and neglect our mental, spiritual and
emotional wellbeing. These are just as important. For the last 24 years, I’ve been practising meditation. It
might be just for two minutes but I do it every day.
In a book by Sophie Kinsella called The Undomestic Goddess, the protagonist is a high-powered attorney who
doesn’t even have time to use the free spa coupon her mother gifted her with. When she loses her job by
accident, a series of incidents work together to install here as the domestic help in a household. Surprisingly,
she starts enjoying the job and begins to take pleasure in the smaller things, predictably, she lives happily ever
after. Happily-ever-afters might be a myth but simplifying your life is the key to a helluva lot of things.
- Courtesy : The Week
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TCC DIGEST - MAY - JUNE 2013
39
ENTREPRENEUR
WOMEN
WOMEN ENTREPRENEURS MEAN BUSINESS - USA
Steve Fox
Freelance Writer, Former Newspaper Publisher & Reporter based in Ventura, California
Wanted
to be happy with what I was doing for living,” says Delia Bonfilio in discussing why she started her
own business in1998. “I worked in a small design studio, learned how that company operated and then went
out my own”:
Bonfilio Design, whose clients range from Avon and the Animal Rights Coalition to the city of New York,
is one of more than eight million women-owned businesses in the United States. These firms are a rapidly
expanding slice of the American economy that has grown some 54 percent in the past 15 years according to
a March 2012 study, the State of Women-Owned Business Report published by American Express OPEN, which
examined U.S. Census Bureau data. “We are not taking about women making clothes in their spare bedroom,”
say Marsha Firestone, founder and president of the Women Presidents’ Organization, whose member run
multimillion- dollar companies. “Women own about 30 percent of all private- held companies in the country,
and as of the end of 2011, they generated $1.3 trillion in revenues and employed more than 7.7 million
people,” she adds.
Women’s success benefits everyone, including men, Firestone emphasizes.
“Economics security is the key stone of stable society,” she says. “if we want to grow
employment and the overall tax base, we need to take advantage of every possible
opportunity. If you shut out half of your population, you are leaving out a great
resource.”
Diane Tomb
President & CEO
National Association of
Women Business Owners
“They have passion
for an idea, a vision
to succeed long-term
after the business is
launched….”
The idea that women cannot run big companies is debunked by the American Express
OPEN study. Among the key findings: Between 2002 and 2012 the majority
women-owned firms with $10 million or more in revenues rose from 8110 to 12700-a
566.6 percent increase. During the same time period, the
number of women-owned firms with $1 million or more in
revenues grew from 116,895 to 152,900-a 30.7 percent
increase.
What’s more, the $10 million and up companies were
concentrated
in industries not usually considered as
“feminine”- 20 percent were in whole trade, 12 percent in
finance and insurance, 11 percent in transportation and
warehousing, and 10 percent in arts and entertainment and
recreation.
Successful women entrepreneurs share a number of traits, says
Diane Tomb, president and CEO of National Association of
Women Business Owners, which has chapters in 60 countries. “They have passion for
an idea, a vision to succeed long-term after the business is launched, and a
willingness and attitude to fail before you succeed and to take risks.”
- Diane Tomb
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Marsha Firestone
Founder & President
Women Presidents’
Organization
TCC DIGEST - MAY - JUNE 2013
40
Women who start their own business find ways to
overcome challenges, says Anie Borja, executive
Between 2002 and 2012, the number
director of
the National Women’s Business
of majority women-owned firms
Council, a federal agency that provides advice to
with $10 million or more in revenues
rose from 8,110 to 12,700 –
the U.S. President, Congress and the Small
56.6 percent increase.
Business Administration on economic issues of
importance to women business owners. “Women
can do more with less,” Borja says. “They are very resourceful, and they tend to be more
cautions and risk-averse. Studies show that they are less likely than men to think they need
startup capital.”
Anie Borja
CONNECTING WOMEN AROUND THE WORLD
Although they might not realize it, women in developing countries who
wonder if they can advance themselves have a strong ally working on their
behalf.
The Council on Women’s Leadership at Meridian, based at Meridian International
Center in Washington, D.C., connects and educates leaders from diverse fields
and disciplines who share an interest in impacting women’s empowerment and
leadership opportunities. Founded in 2010, the council works to strengthen
international understanding of the political, economic and social factors that
accelerate the empowerment of women in their local communities, nationally
and globally. Michele Manatt, chair and co-founder of the council, believes
women are natural entrepreneurs.
Michele Manatt
Chair & Co-Founder
Council on Women’s
Leadership at Meridian
“Women can do many things at the same time – they don’t’ have just one occupation,” Manatt says in
an interview. “Their ability to conceptualize a business and try out ideas does not come at the exclusion
of other duties such as taking care o their households, their children, their parents.”
The council’s many events and programs bring together women from developing countries who exchange
ideas and experiences with leading figures in a variety of fields from the United States and elsewhere.
Hundreds of women from India, Pakistan, Egypt, Colombia, Sub-Saharan Africa, Latin America and the
Caribbean have participated in the council’s programs. “The overriding purpose of our networking tis to
break down the wall that women live within their worlds so they understand that women across many
disciplines share similar values and objectives,” Manatt says.
In her address marking the annual celebration of International Women’s Day on March 8, Manatt noted that
women’s issues are a global priority for the United States. “Today, we can all be encouraged that the issues
of the advancement of women and girls are more central to how U.S policy makers and opinion leaders
analyze and respond to foreign policy challenges,” she said. The council’s work will bear fruit for many
years to come, Manatt believes.
“We have developed a network of very promising future leaders, in the political, cultural, economic and
education areas, who have come to us through programs we organize and execute, “Manatt says. “We
believe we plant seeds in them that will sprout and flourish when they get back home.”
The Council on Women’s Leadership at Meridian – http://www.meridian.org/cwl
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TCC DIGEST - MAY - JUNE 2013
41
Networking groups and mentors can be of great benefit to women entrepreneurs, says
Stuti Jalan, who was selected for the Fortune/U.S. State Department Global Women’s
Mentoring Partnership and also participated in the Dell Women’s Entrepreneur Network
sponsored by the computer manufacture.
“Interacting with other entrepreneurs gave me more perspective,” says Jalan, founder
of Crosshairs Communication, a public relations and brand consultancy wit officers in
New Delhi and Mumbai. “I was pretty content with the way my business, which gave
me the belief that I could grow my company internationally.”
Women entrepreneurs are optimistic about others following in their footsteps.
“There’s more boldness in women” says Borja of the National Women’s Business Council.
“We’ve learned that you don’t just have to play it safe and that calculated risk is good.
We’ve learned that it’s O.K. to shoot for the stars.”
Stuti Jalan
Founder,
Crosshairs Communication
Courtesy : Span Magazine
TRAVEL
RAILWAYS
SMART WAY FOR BOOKING TRAIN TICKET
Say
goodbye to internet. From July onwards booking rail tickets
will be as simple as sending an SMS. Any mobile user can operate
this system using handsets ranging from feature phones to
smartphones.
IRCTC In a time most of things like banking booking air tickets,
calling a cab and so on can be done through mobile phone, Indian
Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation (IRCTC) plans to use
SMS services of mobile phones from July to make rail ticket
booking easier. According to a newspaper report quoting a senior
IRCTC official, “The bookings can be made from anywhere and at
any time in a secure manner without a need to log onto the internet or stand in a queue.”
The report further added that any mobile user can operate this system using handsets ranging from feature
phones to smartphones.
In contrast to the current procedure of booking rail tickets on mobile which are done through a web browser
or app, the proposed service will enable user to book ticket through a simple SMS or a menu-based dialing
service which is mostly used by the banks nowadays to offer account services to its clients.
Though not much clarity is there about how will the new ticket booking system work but as the launch date
approaches IRCTC will be sharing further information of the same.
In the last couple of months IRCT has been adopting mobile technology in a big way to make the rail journey
of passengers, right form booking a ticket to reaching destination, a smooth experience.
It all started in January 2012, when IRCT started working on revamping its mobile apps for booking tickets from
smartphones (different OS). Following that Railways also allowed passengers to show SMS sent from IRCTC as
proof of ticket instead of paper tickets while travelling to ticket examiner.
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TCC DIGEST - MAY - JUNE 2013
42
INFRASTRUCTURE
PPP INFRASTRUCTURE AND POWER PROJECTS MOST PRONE TO CORRUPTION: UN BODY
Public private partnerships or PPP projects in India’s roads and power
sectors are most prone to corruption, with private partners’ evasion of
revenue-share due to the government emerging as the biggest menace,
a United Nations’ body has found.
The UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) has also flagged loopholes
in Indian laws’ ability to curb such graft, and suggested that private partners in PPPs be designated as public
officials to make them accountable under the Right to Information Act. This would also bring such projects
under the proposed laws to protect whistleblowers and guarantee service delivery to citizens.
The UNODC reviewed India’s preparedness to deal with such corruption in its report on ‘Probity in Public
Procurement’, underlining that such spending from the exchequer accounts for 20% to 30% of India’s gross
domestic product (GDP) - much higher than the 15% of global GDP spend on public procurement.
India has awarded around 758 PPP projects, worth nearly 4 lakh crore, in core sectors such as roads, energy
and airports as well as developmental sectors such as education and healthcare. But as the UN has pointed
out, there is no central law to govern either PPPs or public procurement.
Dear
Sir,
It is with great pride I have to admit that the way you
involve and you organize things are. Really wonderful
and it shows leadership, courage and involvement.In
special edition for including my article in page 53 is much appreciated and your
Magazine standard is world class. Many thanks.
Wish you all the best of everything and God Bless.
Warm Rgds
Capt.G Ramaswamy
CEO, SeaTeam Management (India) Pvt Ltd.
Dear
Shri Chozha Naachiyar Rajasekar,
Thank you for your effort on TCC EXIM Award and
Special Edition. I am in receipt of your TCC EXIM
AWARD fn special edition. I am delighted to see my article on page 25. I have gone
through all articles and the pictures, it is pertinent to say that your release is
something unique and mind boggling information’s for the future. Great Vision, and
you have connected the entire shipping world through your love and affection.
Congratulations and Keep it up.
Warm regards,
Ennarasu Karunesan
CEO & Director, DP World Chennai
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TCC DIGEST - MAY - JUNE 2013
45
RAILWAYS
160 YEARS
Þ‰Fò ÞóJ™¶¬ø
160 YEARS OF INDIAN RAILWAYS TRACK RECORDS
‘160
years of Indian Railways’, an exhibition of over
200 photographs from the archives of the Indian
Railways’ makes a brilliant effort to rekindle this lost
glory.
The photographs are categorised in sections and was
displayed in Lalit Kala Academy, Chennai.
A train emerging from a tunnel in the Badarpur Lumding
hill section in Assam
While one section marvels at the architectural
brilliance of the railway stations, another introduces
the viewer to the many tunnels and bridges through
which the trains tediously travel.
One realises how the simple and austere stations of the
British era received a touch of grandiose after 1857, as
they emerged as centres of political importance.
Besides landmark stations, several famous people have
been caught on the many frames on display. While
Jawaharlal Nehru is seen inside a locomotive, Gandhiji
is seen descending from a third class compartment with
his followers.
As you stop to look at a photograph of Bhagat Singh at
the Lahore railway police station, do not miss out on
that of Rabindranath Tagore, gazing out of a train window.
Dr. Nalli Kuppuswami Chetty at M. Karunagaran
Indian Railways Exhibition
From photographs of bullockpulled trains, dating back to 1866, to that of the Srinagar station which opened
in 2008, the collection of photographs offer a compact look at the intricate network of the Indian Railways.
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TCC DIGEST - MAY - JUNE 2013
46
VISUAL VIEWS OF RAILWAY’S JOURNEY
The three generations of Indian Railways Locomotives – Steam,
Diesel & Electrical engines making different eras of the railways
Railway Turntable used for reversing of steam engines
at Bitragunta
The 1st Express train on South Central Railway ‘Ajanta Express’
– 1st Apr 1967
Occasionally elephants were used for pushing odd
wagons in small goods sheds.
A train loaded to capacity at a Railway Station in
the Punjab, waiting to take passengers into exile
following India, Pakistan partition
Salt worker loading salt in Rann of Kutch
Bullock train, started in 1860. The first narrow gauge railway from Dabhai to Miyagam
hauled by bullock
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Þ¬øªò£¼ƒ° «ï˜õ¶ 
A helicopter loaded on a flat wagon for
transportation
Howray Railway Station – Formed in 1906Romanesque Style of Design
The two steam engines, one them in the Fairy Queen, the oldest running
engine- the railway was used to bring construction material right to the
construction site (Parliament House)
TCC DIGEST - MAY - JUNE 2013
47
VISUAL VIEWS OF RAILWAY’S JOURNEY
Madras Railway Station – Built in the Romanesque was
opened for traffic on 7th Apr 1973.
Gandhiji’s supporters spinning the ‘Chakra’ at a railway
station
Mahatma Gandhi travelled frequently by Indian Railways
covering the length and breadth of the country in a III
class compartment
Sh.Lal Bahadur, Minster for Railways at 100th Steam Engine
from the workshop at Chittaranjan Locomotive works.
Sh.Lal Bahadur examining a coupled wheel assembly
at Chittaranjan Locomotive.
Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore gazes out of the train. He
penned six poems of ‘Gitanjali’ while travelling on train.
Mahatma Gandhi at Madurai Railway station
Shri Radhakrishnan, the then President of India
meeting Railway officials at Howrah Railway Station
Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru
inspecting a locomotive
Inspection of narrow gauge Steam locomotive
Shri Rajiv Gandhi inspecting a locomotive
Shri.Rajendra Prasad, the First President of India at
Jharsuguda Railway station
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TCC DIGEST - MAY - JUNE 2013
48
VISUAL VIEWS OF RAILWAY’S JOURNEY
Renowned Film maker Shri Satyajit Ray visits the Metro
Railway at Kolkata
The Hon’ble Paul Martin cutting the ribbon along with Shri
Jagajivan Ram, Minister for Railways which was presented
to Govt of India by the Govt and people of Canada
Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru at the inauguration of the
children’s train at Bal Bhawan, New Delhi 1958
A view of Egmore Railway Station in Chennai built by
South Indian Railways in 1906
Advertisements on trains – a popular form
Hoardings of Murphy Radio and others on top of the
Madras Central Railway Station
A dining car attached to a train
Punalur bridge on Senkotta – Punalur section – an arch bridge
A view of tunnel under construction
The coal needed to be watered in order to keep the
dust from flying
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«êó£ Fò™õ¶ 
Cleaning and maintenance of a DC electrical locomotive of
Great Indian Peninsula Railways.
A Points man setting the tract in
order to change the direction of
an incoming train.
TCC DIGEST - MAY - JUNE 2013
49
VISUAL VIEWS OF RAILWAY’S JOURNEY
A train guard giving the start
signal to the locomotive pilot of
his train
Overhauling and maintenance of a steam locomotive at Chittrajan
Locomotive works
A linemen checking the electrical line
Men at work in a workshop
A steam locomotive is shifted from one workshop to
another at CLW
Was
Draftsmen at work in their workshop
An elephant helping the formation of trains at Salt Cotaurs
near Basin Bridge Power house
Steam locomotives awaiting overhauling
Inside view of Railway workshop
going through TCC Digest Mar-Apr 13. Lot of work has gone into it. Congrats!
Warm regards
D. Murali
Editor, Shrinikethan
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TCC DIGEST - MAY - JUNE 2013
51
AWARDS
MMA
MMA AWARDS FOR MANAGERIAL EXCELLENCE
Recognition for Managerial Excellence
MMA has always promoted sound management knowledge, experience and ideas in various disciplines. With the
objective of annually awarding excellence in managerial thinking, action and demonstrable results to companies
and institutions* who have their corporate or registered office in any of the Southern States of Andhra Pradesh,
Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Puducherry, MMA instituted this award in 2002 with the support of M/s Ashok
Leyland Ltd.
Awards for 4 segments
MMA Awards for Managerial Excellence is designed to recognise and reward
companies and institutions that are broadly comparable. To this end, four
Awards are given in the following categories:
Category A: Award for Managerial Excellence - Manufacturing Sector
Category B: Award for Managerial Excellence - Services Sector
Category C: Award for Managerial Excellence - SME Sector
Category D: Award for Managerial Excellence - Educational Institutions
Definition of Small & Medium Enterprises (SME): Organisation with an annual
turnover of upto Rs.100 crores (nett sales - i.e. excluding all taxes such as
excise duty, service tax, cess, etc)
Winner of 12th MMA Award for Managerial Excellence
– Manufacturing Sector
Ms.Gowri Kailasam, President, Rane (Madras) Ltd
Manufacturer of Steering Gears: Rane (Madras) Ltd business model was built with TQM
and Customer focus as the base (Enablers). They identified four major pillars areas of
Excellence viz, Business, Employee, Operational and Financial. Vital activities were
identified in each of these pillar with Strategic initiatives of the company, Vision &
Mission as the objective. RML implemented Lean Production System (LPS) in the year
2005 and thereafter a Roadmap was built to for World class manufacturing. RML focuses
on Innovation, Diversification of adjacent space and new development opportunities as
milestones to achieve its next decade’s theme of “Profitable growth”.
Winner of 12th MMA award for Managerial Excellence – Services Sector
Mr.T.T.Srinivasaraghavan, MD, Sundaram Finance Ltd.
Sundaram Finance has grown over the past decades on the foundations of dedicated
customer service, fair business practices, efficient, safe and trusted financial policies.
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TCC DIGEST - MAY - JUNE 2013
52
Faith. Depositor Confidence. Institutional Trust. Investor Steadfastness. Employee loyalty. These five pillars
support the strong edifice of Sundaram Finance. An edifice built in 1954, when Shri T.S.Santhanam envisioned
the future of Hire-purchase Finance in India. Sundaram Finance was promoted by Madras Motor Insurance
Company, a part of the reputed TVS Group. Sundaram Finance not only invests in its people but also in the
latest advanced state-of-the-art technology.
It set industry standards by computerising and networking all its offices through a variety of communication
media including VSAT installations. These ensure efficient and smooth functioning of all its systems and
procedures resulting in better customer service.
Winner of 12th MMA award for Managerial Excellence – SME Sector
Mr.M.R.Subramonian, MD, Adtech Systems Ltd, Trivandrum
Adtech Systems Limited is a specialist company in Integrated Electronic Security
Systems started in the year 1992. Adtech has its registered office at Chennai India. The
employee strength today stands at over 100 people spread across branch offices /
support centres in all major cities across India. Adtech has strategic tie-ups with Global
leading Security Companies Tyco Sensormatic - USA, InVue Security - USA, Alpha Security
- USA, Shopline- France, Mobotix, MTX Global, Star Vedia for an entire range of security
systems which include CCTV, IP CCTV, Time & Access Control Systems, Antishoplifting
Systems, Display Secure Systems, Display Fixtures, Intrusion / Fire Detection Systems,
Entrance Control Systems and IBMS.
Adtech’s Customer Profile include Retail Chain segments ( Department Stores, Hyper / Super Markets, Fashion,
Lifestyle, Jewellery, Books & Music, CDIT Stores), Software Development Centres, Private and Public
Enterprises, Police Department, R&D Institutions, Museums, Hotels, Hospitals, Call Centres...
Winner of 12th MMA award for Managerial Excellence – Educational Institutions
Dr.Srinivasan Sundarrajan, Director NIT-Trichy
The National Institute of Technology (formerly known as Regional Engineering College)
Tiruchirappalli, situated in the heart of Tamil Nadu on the banks of river Cauvery, was
started as a joint and co-operative venture of the Government of India and the
Government of Tamil Nadu in 1964 with a view to catering to the needs of man-power
in technology for the country. The college has been conferred with autonomy in
financial and administrative matters to achieve rapid development. Because of this
rich experience, this institution was granted Deemed University Status with the
approval of the UGC/AICTE and Govt. of India in the year 2003 and renamed as National
Institute of Technology. NIT-T was registered under Societies Registration Act XXVII of
1975.
The institution offers Under Graduate Courses in ten branches and Post Graduate Courses in twenty one
disciplines of Science, Engineering & Technology besides Ph.D. in all the departments. The faculty is inducted
through a process of open advertisement throughout the country. The college is an example of cultural unity
with students drawn from most of the states in the country.
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ì¡ð ®¡ î¬ô
53
AGREEMENT
TCC DIGEST - MAY - JUNE 2013
EPL NISSAN
SIGNING OF AGREEMENT BETWEEN ENNORE PORT LIMITED AND
NISSAN MOTOR INDIA PVT.LTD FOR EXPORT OF CARS THROUGH ENNORE PORT
(L-R) Mr.Atulya Misra, Chairman, Chennai Port Trust, Mr.M.A.Bhaskarachar, Chairman and MD, Ennore Port Ltd,
Hon’ble Minister for Shipping Mr.G.K.Vasan, Mr.Kenchiro Yomura, MD & CEO, Nissan Motor India P.Ltd.
Ennore Port (EPL) CMD Mr.M A Bhaskarachar and Mr.Kenichiro Yomura, President of Nissan’s India operations
and MD and CEO of Nissan Motor India Pvt Ltd (NMIPL), signed the agreement in the presence of Union Shipping
Minister Mr.G K Vasan.
As per the agreement, Nissan Motor India “can enjoy concessions in the wharfage up to 60,000 units per
annum.”. Free parking space for the first 15 days and priority in handling its automobile units are part of the
fresh agreement, NMIPL said.
The automaker had signed its first pact with EPL in 2008 and started exports of cars in 2010. It has so far
exported over 2.5 lakh units.Nissan Motor India said the agreement is valid for 10 years which can be
terminated by either of them with a three-month notice.
“It is subject to cancellation if the export of automobile units of Nissan or Renault is found through any other
sea ports other than EPL or Chennai Port either in part or in full,” the EPL added.
The EPL CMD said they had worked hard for eight months to finalise the agreement and outlined his
commitment to provide all facilities to NMIPL. Mr.Yomura said his firm was the first auto company to sign a
pact with EPL, adding cars had been exported to over 100 countries in Africa and Europe from the south Indian
port.
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TCC DIGEST - MAY - JUNE 2013
TOP MOVES
54
õ£›ˆ¶‚èœ
The Tamil Chamber of Commerce congratulate Justice Mr. P Sathasivam for becoming
the 40th Chief
Justice of India succeeding Justice Mr.Altamas Kabir.
Born into an agricultural family, Justice Mr.Sathasivam was the first lawyer in his family and in his
village. Justice Mr. Sathasivam hails from the Madras Bar and was elevated as a Permanent Judge of
the Madras High Court on 8th January, 1996. On 20th April 2007 Justice Sathasivam was transferred to
the Punjab and Haryana High Court and further elevated to the Supreme Court on 21st August 2007.
Notably, Justice Mr.Sathasivam has not served as Chief Justice of any High Court.
The Chamber congratulates Mr.Raghuram Govind Rajan for being appointed as 23rd Governor of the
Reserve Bank of India.
He formerly served as the President of the American Finance Association and was the chief economist
of the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Mr.Rajan's previous work with the Indian government
includes his helmsmanship of a Planning Commission-appointed Committee on Financial reforms, and
as Honorary Economic Adviser to Prime Minister Manmohan Singh. Mr.Raghuram G. Rajan was born
to an Indian diplomat in Bhopal in 1963 to a Tamil family. He was abroad till his 7th year of school
and in 1974, he moved back to India from Belgium.
The Tamil Chamber of Commerce congratulate Mr.Vishwapati Trivedi, I.A.S on being taken charge as the
Shipping Secretary, Ministry of Shipping.
Mr. Vishwapati Trivedi, a 1977 batch IAS officer of Madhya Pradesh cadre, succeeding Mr.Pradeep Kumar
Sinha. Before joining Shipping Ministry, Mr.Trivedi was heading Inland Waterways Authority of India. He
has also served as Secretary in the department of Social Justice and Empowerment and Mines. Worked
as Special Secretary and Financial Adviser in the Ministry of Home Affairs among others.
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Ü‰î‚ °F¬ó‚è£óó¬ùŠ ð£ó£†®M†´, Üõ‚° ñ†´‹ î¡ Hóêƒèˆ¬î Ýó‹Hˆî£˜. õ‹,
ñ‰Fó‹, ð£õ‹, ¹‡Eò‹, ªê£˜‚è‹, ïóè‹ â¡Á êóñ£Kò£èŠ «ðCŠ Hóñ£îŠð´ˆF M†ì£˜. Hóêƒè‹ º®‰î¶‹,
âŠð® Þ¼‰î¶ â¡Á Üõ¬ùŠ 𣘈¶Š ªð¼¬ñò£è‚ «è†ì£˜.
äò£,  °F¬ó‚è£ó¡. âù‚° å¡Á‹ ªîKò£¶. Ýù£™ å¡Á ñ†´‹ ªîK»‹.  ¹™½ ¬õ‚èŠ «ð£ù
ÞìˆF™ å«ó å¼ °F¬ó Þ¼‰î¶ â¡ø£™, Ü ñ†´‹  ¹™ ¬õŠ«ð¡. ºŠð¶ °F¬ó‚è£ù ¹™¬ô»‹
܉î å¼ °F¬ó‚«è ªè£†®M†´ õó ñ£†«ì¡’’, â¡ø£¡ Üõ¡. Üšõ÷¾î£¡ °¼ ÜF˜‰¶M†ì£˜.
Þ¼¹ù½‹ õ£Œ‰î ñ¬ô»‹ õ¼¹ù½‹
õ™ôóµ‹ ï£†®Ÿ° àÁŠ¹
TCC DIGEST - MAY - JUNE 2013
55
SHIPPING
MAERSK
õ£¬öŠðö‹ õöƒAò õ£ŒŠ¹
BANANA BRINGS FORTUNE TO MAERSK
The secret to making money be
found in 8.4 billion bananas. That’s
how much of the fruit A.P. MoellerMaersk A/S container line, moved
last year. The company’s reliance on
refrigerated boxes helped keep it
profitable as the industry posted a
second straight year of losses.
Moving perishable food in
refrigerated containers is expected
to grow at an average of 4.5 percent
a year until 2016- twice the pace
forecast for ordinary books this year,
according to Drewry Maritime
Equality Research. Maersk and its
rivals are seeking to move more
goods in cooled containers whose
fright rates are 3.5 times higher-to
offset losses from other goods.
Bananas are the biggest cargo moved by refrigerated containers,
also known as reefers.
“Transport of refrigerated goods is
one bright spot for shipping lines,” said Jay Ryu, an analyst at
Daewoo Securities Co. in Seoul. “Moving things like meat and
wine will generate more earnings than wastepaper and hay.”
New cooling methods manufactured by United Technologies
Corp. (UTX) have helped Maresk to work with farmers in the
Philippines and apple growers in New Zealand to transport
fruits farther. Shipping lines are hauling $6 billion of computers
are perishable goods in refrigerated boxes daily.
New cooling methods have
helped Maresk to work
with farmers in the
Philippines and apple growers
in New Zealand to transport
fruits farther
Furniture and construction material are the top two items by
volume that the container line industry moves. Bananas are the
biggest cargo moved by refrigerated containers, also known as
reefers. Then comes frozen chicken, citrus, fish and dairy
products. Some mobile phones and displays are also shipped in air conditioned boxes, according to United
Technologies.
The world’s 30 biggest container-shipping companies had a combined loss of $6billion in 2011, and narrowed
it to $239 million last year, according to market researcher Alphaliner.
áŸÁ‹ ñ¬ö»ñ£Aò Þ¼õ¬è c˜õ÷º‹, î‚èõ£Á ܬñ‰î ñ¬ô»‹, ܉î
ñ¬ôJL¼‰¶ Ýø£è õ¼‹ c˜ õ÷º‹, õLò Üóµ‹ ï£†®Ÿ° àÁŠ¹‚è÷£‹.
TCC DIGEST - MAY - JUNE 2013
56
Transport using refrigerated containers is expected to increases to 212 million tons in 2016 from 172 million
tons in 2011 because global population is forecast to increase to 7.45 billion by then, according to shipping
consultant Drewry.
“This forecast will have a direct effect on worldwide perishable reefer demand, particularly in the high-volume
import regions such as Western Europe, North America and Asia,” said Rahul Kapoor, a Singapore-based analyst
at Drewry. Moving goods in cooled boxes gives companies more margins, he added. In mid-March, it cost $1,700
to move a non-refrigerated forty-foot box to north Europe from Santos, Brazil, according to Drewry. In
comparison, rates for frozen meat in a cooled container on the same route were about $5000, and as much
as $6000 to Russia.
Maersk has invested $1.9 billion in the reefer business since 2008. It delivered 11.6 million tons of refrigerated
cargo last year, using its230,000 reefers-each capable of carrying 25 tons of chicken. Every week, the company
moves at least 1,000 boxes filled with bananas from the Philippines, stated Chief Executive Officer of Maersk
Line’s Asia-Pacific operations. Maresk also uses a technology that helps slow the aging process of the fruit. In
developing economies, about 50 percent of all vegetables and so on are lost during transportation because it’s
poorly stored.
With Maersk, CMA CGM SA, Hapag-Lloyd AG, NOL and other shipping lines all embracing this trade, demand for
boxes and new technology is also rising.
- Courtesy : - Sagar Sandesh Newspaper
HEJ¡¬ñ ªê™õ‹ M¬÷M¡ð‹ ãñ‹
ÜEªò¡ð ®ŸAš ¬õ‰¶
TCC DIGEST - MAY - JUNE 2013
57
TOURISM
LANGKAWI - 4 NIGHTS / 5 DAYS
LANGKAWI-where is it?
Langkawi is an archipelago is made up of 99 islands in Malaysia west
coast. Surrounded by turquoise sea, interior of the main island is a
mixture of picturesque paddy fields jungle-clad hills. If you are
intent on carting off duty-free alcohol, cigarettes and chocolate,
then this is place to be still ,nature –lovers will find the island
just as agreeable as the shoreline is fringed by power-fine sand a
nd swaying coconut trees. In this place famous billa movie
shoted.
The island is especially recognized for its excellent diving
opportunities and this tropical gem hides a treasure trove of others
exciting holiday opportunities. From the expansive underwater world
Langkawi along Pantai Cenang to the soaring cable car in Pantai Kok, Langkawi is an electrifying locale that
keeps visitors coming back for more.
Langkawi is big folk: besides the main island, the 500sqkm Pulau langkawi, there are a bunch of offshore is
lets that will really draw your interest (namely Pulau Dayang bunting, Pulau Singa Besar, Pulau Payar Marine
Park and Pulau Besar Basah).
Sightseeing attractions are liberally scattered around: the island‘s most
and its southern appendage of Pantai Tengah but it is in Kuah that
you will find most Langkawi Dalam Taman to Al-Hana and Pantai Kok
also house some interesting sights, specifically Mahsuri’s Tomb and
uninhabited, a few have been designated for tourism so that vistors
from all over the world can admire and appreciate the magical
beauty of Langkawi.
A MODEL ITINERARY FOR YOU
DAY 1: LANGKAWI
Arrive at Langkwai airport and proceed for you transfer to your
hotel. You have the rest of the day at leisure to explore this
paradise island surrounded by turquoise waters of the sea on your
own. Overnightstay in Langkwai.
«ï£J™ô£F¼ˆî™, ªê™õ‹, M¬÷ ªð£¼œ õ÷‹, Þ¡ðõ£›¾,
ï™ô è£õ™ ÝAò Þ‰î 䉶‹ ®Ÿ° Üö° â¡Á ÃÁõ˜.
developed beach in Pantai Cenang
TCC DIGEST - MAY - JUNE 2013
58
DAY 2: PULAU PAYAR MAINE park
It takes 10 mins to reach from Langkwai to Puiah Payar Marine Park.
After breakfast visit to the Pulau Paya Marine Park offers the best
view of marine life in all of Malaysia. The day will offer snorkeling,
diving enthusiasts keen on exploring Langkwai’s water. This excursion
includes transportation, equipment, simple lunch and water. This tour
takes approximately 7 hours.Overnight stay.
DAY 3: MANGROOVE TOUR AND EAGLE SQUARE
Breakfast at hotel,Morning Visit to Mangrove Tour and Eagle Feeding,
Eagle Square a 19 acre landmark featuring a large bronze eagle
statue. The Dataran Lang , literally the Eagle Square, is the very first landmark that comes across the sight
of visitors, arriving by ferry, to Langkwai. Located next to Lagenda Park near Kuah Jetty, the square boasts
of a wonderful statue of a reddish brown eagle all geared for a flight. The eagle, with its huge brown wings,
is preached on a massive rock, looking afar at the vast Andaman Sea. Back to hotel - Overnight at hotel.
DAY 4: HALF DAY CITY TOUR
WITH SKY BRIDGE
After breakfast Half Day city tour by coach (Includes : visit to
Fountain of Wealth , Merlion Park, Thian Hock Kheng temple, The
Jewel Box, visit to the Jewelley –wholesale factory, Botanic Gardens)
and Sky Bridge and visit Underwater World Langkwai is one of the
island’s best-known
attractions. Spread across nearly six acres.
Located at the southern end of Pantai Cenang (almost at the border
of Pantai Tengah), beside the Zone duty-free shopping center, it is
Malaysia’s largest aquarium. The huge white –washed structure houses
more than 200 different species of marine and freshwater fish
including harbor seals, rock hopper penguins, sharks, giant rays and the enormous Amazonian arapaima – the
biggest freshwater fish in the world.
Back to Hotel, overnight at hotel.
DAY 5: LANGKWAI DEPARTURE
After a hearty breakfast, in the afternoon, check-out of the hotel and proceed to the airport to board a return
flight. TYPE OGF HOILDAY: LESIURE LOVERS, HONEY MOONERS.
- Courtesy : Tamil Selvam, World Travel Club
HP : 98408 75645, E : [email protected] / [email protected]
Dear
Shri Chozha Naachiar Rajasekar
Your TCC Digest are very beautiful, very informative and good service activities. You are the only person, who
can do such things in Tamil Nadu. It is not possible to another person.
Your Digest is the best one in throughout South India.
- “Sevarathna” Rtn.PHF. Vommina Subrahmaniam,
President, Nellore District Chamber of Commerce & Industry
ì¡ð ï£ì£ õ÷ˆîù ï£ì™ô
ï£ì õ÷‰î¼ 
TCC DIGEST - MAY - JUNE 2013
61
BROADCASTING
AIR
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ALL INDIA RADIO (CHENNAI) – 75 YEARS (EARS SERVICE) OF DEDICATED SERVICE
HISTORY OF BROADCASTING
The Madras Presidency Radio Club was formed by Mr.C.V.Krishnaswamy Chetty on 16 May
1924 at Holloways Garden, Egmore. On 31 July 1924 a 40 watts MW station with the
callsign 2GR was started by them. Later the power was increased to 200 Watts. In 1927
it was closed down due to financial difficulties and given to the Corporation of Madras.
On 1 April 1930 it was revived by the Corporation of Madras and operated on 770 kHz.
In 1926 there was also another station which operated by Crampton Elec. Co. on 1360
kHz with 120 watts.
On 16 June 1938 All India Radio Madras was inaugurated
by Thiru Rajaji with a 10 kW SW transmitter operating
on 6085,7260 & 9590 kHz and a 250 watt MW transmitter
on 1420 kHz. On 4 Jan 1949 a 1 kW MW transmitter was
started on 1420 kHz along with a 500 watt SW
transmitter operating on 4920,6085 & 7260 kHz. When
AIR was started, the station operated by the Corporation
of Madras closed down. On 9 June 1950, a 1 kW
transmitter started on 1110 kHz . It was upgraded to 20
kW on 11 Jan 1956 on 940 kHz and shortly changed to
the present frequency of 720 kHz. This was upgraded to
2x100 kW on 14 May 1987. The station used callsigns in
the VUM series in the past like VUM1, VUM2 etc..
The B Channel which first operated on 1420 kHz
Then premier of Madras presidency,
changed to 1150 kHz in 1977, then to 1584 kHz in the
Thiru Rajaji signs the visitor’s book at the station’s
MW reshuffle on November 23, 1978 followed by 1395
inauguration in 1938
kHz in 1984 and then to the present 1017 kHz from 14
Apr 2003. At first it was 1 kW which was later upgraded to 10 kW in the mid 1990s and then to 20 kW from
17 Oct 2001. A mobile transmitter of 10 kW was used in between in 2001 when the new transmitter was being
installed.
Vividh Bharati service started in Madras on SW on 3 Oct 1957 with a 100 kW transmitter and on MW 1550 kHz
with a 2.5 kW transmitter on 15 June 1961. In the MW reshuffle on 23 November 1978 it was changed to 738
kHz. It was upgraded to 2x10 kW on 14 Oct 1994.
Madras has many firsts including the first FM station in India and the first Campus Community Radio station
in the country. In the mid 1980s during the peak of Sri Lankan crisis, there was a low power station calling
itself Voice of Tamil Illam which was operating on the 40 Meter Ham Band (7 MHz) from Chennai in Tamil and
English and giving out an address in Chennai. The Indian authorities closed it eyes on this station’s activities
and it continued for some time. It was jammed by the Sri Lankan authorities and so it used to change the
frequencies in between the broadcasts.
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«õ‰î¬ñ M™ô£î 
TCC DIGEST - MAY - JUNE 2013
62
Glory period
In 1924, Carnavalli V Krishnaswamy, a Manchester-trained
engineer of the Corporation of Madras, founded the Madras
Presidency Radio Club and started the first broadcasting
service in India. When the Club ran into financial difficulties,
Krishnaswamy persuaded the Corporation to take over
Madras Broadcasting in 1929.
All India Radio took over the Madras Municipal Broadcasting
Service in 1938. AIR started functioning at Marshalls Road,
Egmore and it moved to its present location in July 1954. In
1977, India’s first ever-regular FM service was broadcast
from this station. The station has been a vibrant radio
station and has witnessed numerous moments of glory in
these years.
NSK and T A Maduramperforming at All India Radio,
Chennai
In an era where there was no TV or internet, the radio played a unique role. In Chennai, it provided a platform
for many artists. For Carnatic musicians, performing at AIR was a privilege. Legends like M S Subbulakshmi,
Madurai Mani Iyer, M L Vasanthakumari and T N Rajarathinam Pillai have all performed for AIR Chennai. “For
the last one-and-a-half years, every Friday, we have been organising music programmes where Carnatic
musicians perform live before audiences,” says
Srinivasan. “Carnatic singers like Balamuralikrishna,
Sanjay Subrahmanyam and Aruna Sairam have
participated in it.” Many artists who performed on radio
shows have gone on to make their mark in films. “Actors
Nagesh, Manorama and Sivaji Ganesan have participated
in programmes,” says M Selvakumar, programme
executive, who has worked for 37 years with AIR
Chennai.
Reading news in All India Radio by Famous news reader
Mr.H.Ramakrishnan
In the 1950s and 1960s, serial plays broadcast were
extremely popular. For instance, in the 60s, ‘Kappu Katti
Chathiram’ was a hit. “Each episode dealt with a social
issue and the lead role was played by Manorama,” says
Selvakumar.
Old-timers also remember ‘Thenkinnam’, a programme
dealing with film music, which was popular in the 1970s.
Leading film actors like MGR and Sivaji Ganesan would play the songs they liked and tell the audience why
they had chosen the songs. The commercial broadcasting service started on 1968 to garner revenue for radio
programmes and ‘Thenkinnam’ was broadcast as part of it.
Comperes of children’s shows, fondly known as ‘radio annas’, were popular. “Ayya Sami, a radio anna in the
1960s, did shows for children every Sunday,” says Srinivasan. In Chennai, people often gathered on Marina beach
to listen to the radio as one section of the beach had a radio along with a loud-speaker.
It was here that crowds gathered on August 14, 1947, to listen to Jawaharlal Nehru’s famous midnight speech
on the eve of Independence. Old-timers at the Chennai station also remember certain landmark broadcasts.
ÝŸÁ ðõ˜‚°‹ Üó‡ªð£¼œ Ü…CˆîŸ
«ð£ŸÁ ðõ˜‚°‹ ªð£¼œ
63
TCC DIGEST - MAY - JUNE 2013
“When Annadurai died in February 1969, AIR gave a
running commentary of the funeral procession from four
or five spots,” says M Selvakumar, programme
executive, who has worked for 37 years with AIR
Chennai.
Prasar Bharati Parivar is proud of hundreds of
administrative, engineering, programme and news
persons who have worked tirelessly to bring the stations
to this stage and those who are still working at the
stations and contributing their pie for upliftment of
local masses.
Specifications:
Actor Lakshmi at the AIR studio
Its studioes are in near the beach in Mylapore. The MW
& SW transmitters are presently located at Avadi, about
25 kms away from Chennai in a 275 acre site. Its peripheral wall is about 7 kms long! The staff quarters are
also located here. One has to pass through security checks at 3 places to enter the transmitter building.
There are 3 transmitter buildings at this site. In the first building which is about 1 km away from the main
entrance, are two SW transmitters. On the way we can see their large antennas.
In one room is the 50 kW BEL HHB 144 transmitter made by Bharat Electronics, Bangalore and commissioned
in 1994. It is used for the A channel programs on 4920 & 7160 kHz.
In the next room is a 100 kW BBC SK 51F3 transmitter made by British Brown Boveri and commissioned on
19 Feb 1985. Currently it operates on 7270 kHz with test broadcasts of AIR FM Gold programs relayed from
New Delhi received via satellite. Later it is proposed to be used for the new a AIR news channel. Earlier it
used to operate on 4790,4990,7270,7275 etc. with External Services to Sri Lanka in Tamil, English & Sinhala
and Vividh Bharati programs on 10330 etc. on the Home Service. This transmitter can in fact operate from 3900
to 26100 kHz. This transmitter is known as M5. (M stands for Madras and 5 is transmitter no.)
Earlier in this building there used to be two other SW transmitters. One was a 10 kW Philips KVFH10/12A SW
transmitter which was commissioned on 16 June 1938. It used to operate on 4920,6085,7160 and 9575. It was
dismantled after 1994 when it was replaced by the 50 kW BEL transmitter. A workshop is working in that room
now.
The other one, a 100 kW Marconi BD253 (Players) SW transmitter was on air from 22 March 1957. From 3
October 1957 it broadcast the popular Vividh Bharati programs on 6115, 7235,9750,15125 kHz etc. It was also
used for the External Service to S.E.Asia on 15335 kHz and for the programs for the Indian Peace Keeping Forces
in Sri Lanka on 7205,7340, and 9910 kHz in the mid 1980s. It was dismantled around 1992 and in its exact place
the BEL 50 kW transmitter was installed. There is a standby studio also here.
The 2nd transmitter building is about half a km away from the SW building. In this building there are the 2x10
kW BEL HMB 163 MW transmitters operating on 783 kHz with Vividh Bharati programs which were commissioned
on 14 October 1994. Next to it is a 20 kW Harris DX20 MW transmitter operating on 1017 kHz with B channel
programs which was commissioned on 17 October 2001. Interestingly these two transmitters use the same self
radiating mast antenna of 91.5 Meters using the Diplexing System. There are standby generators in this building.
A Mobile BEL 10 kW transmitter was in use here temporarily when Harris transmitter was under installation.
(ð¬ìªò´ˆ¶Š) «ð£˜ªêŒò„ ªê™ðõ˜‚°‹ Üó‡ Cø‰î‹;
(ð¬ìªò´ˆîõ˜‚°) Ü…Cˆ ùŠ ¹èLìñ£è ܬì‰îõ˜‚°‹ ܶ Cø‰î‹.
TCC DIGEST - MAY - JUNE 2013
64
It has now moved to AIR Cuddapah now where a
new 100 kW transmitter is under installation.
Till 2001 an NEC MB124C was in use here on 1395
kHz by B Channel and this was moved to the A
channel building complex to be used as stand by
for the main transmitter there.
About quarter of a km away is the third building
in which there are the 2x100 kW BEL HMB 140 MW
transmitters operating on 720 kHz which was
commissioned on 14 May 1987.
There is also a 10 kW NEC MB124C transmitter
which is used as standby. As the transmitter site is
near the coast they use directional antenna to
Actor Kamal Hassan at the AIR studio
beam towards the mainland. For this, the main
self radiating mast tower is 148 Meters high while
the reflector tower is of 122 Meters. There is standby generator for the 10 kW NEC transmitter. Programs on
5 channels from the studioes are received by Studio to Transmitter Link on 1440 MHz and some programs are
also received by Satellite.
There was and old 20 kW BBC SM42 A3 transmitter here which was commissioned on 11 Jan 1956 and
dismantled in the mid 1990s. At first it used to operate on 940 kHz but shortly it was changed to the present
channel of 720 kHz.
In the entire site I could see over 15 towers. Several cows were grazing under the antennas, may be to bring
down the grass. They also use Motorola walkie talkies in the site. The Security people and others were seen
using transistor radios and wired speakers and listening to their station keenly which was giving the results of
the Indian General Elections during the time of my visit.
Avadi is just one site used by AIR Chennai. Till mid 1990s they used to have a small site at Guindy in the City.
I had the pleasure of visiting it in early 1990s. At that time the following transmitters were there.
1. AWA BTH 2 783 kHz 2.5 kW Vividh Bharati
2. BEL HMB 103 1395 kHz 1 kW B Channel
3. Collins 20 T MW 1 kW Standby Transmitter
These were dismantled in the mid 1990s when higher power transmitters came up in Avadi.
Another is the FM site at Chepauk. Here a 3 kW BEL HVB 123 transmitter was commissioned on 23 July 1977
which operated on 107.1 MHz.. It was in fact the very first FM station in India. The antenna was put on the
TV tower at this site. This was replaced by 2x5 kW transmitters on same channel in the 1990s. FM II transmitter
on 105.0 MHz with 5 kW was inaugurated on 15 May 1998. Both these FM transmitters are being replaced by
20 kW transmitters in the future.
AIR Chennai broadcasts in Tamil, Telegu, English, Hindi, Sanskrit etc. Being the station in the state capital,
several of its programs are also relayed by all other AIR stations in the State. AIR Chennai also uses the
following transponders of INSAT 3 C for networking downlink purposes. 1) S1 Transponder 2557.425 MHz, 2) S2
Transponder 2592.950 MHz. At Swamy Sivanand Salai, there is the AIR South Zone Regional Office also.
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裴‹ à¬ìò¶ Üó‡
TCC DIGEST - MAY - JUNE 2013
65
TRADE FAIR
CHINA
CANTON FAIR AUTUMN 2013 – A COLOSSAL EVENT WITH AWESOME BUSINESS POTENTIAL
Yù ãŸÁñF Þø‚°ñF è‡è£†C
The
114th session of China Import and Export Fair -or popularly known as the canton Fair- is all set to storm
the global stage this autumn. It will held at the colossal Pazhou complex in Guangzhou, China in three phases
of five days each namely:
Phase 1
:
Oct 15-19, 2013
Phase 2
:
Oct 23-27, 2013
Phase 3
:
Oct 31-Nov4, 2013
This biannual event held in Guangzhou
every spring and autumn is the largest
trade fair in China. It is also a
comprehensive one with the longest
history, the highest level, the largest
scale, having the most exhaustive
exhibits with the broadest distribution of
overseas buyers and the greatest
business turnover in China. The Fir cohosted by the Ministry of Commerce of
China and People’s Government of
Guangzhou Province, and organized by
China Foreign Trade Centre.
The previous hosting of Canton Fair in April 2013 attracted over 24,500 exhibitors and close to 2,02,766 visitors.
The 114th Canton Fair in October 2013 will focus on improving value-added products and competitiveness in
international markets. About 48 trading delegations, comprising over 20,000 of China’s best foreign trade
corporation (enterprises) with goods credibility and sound financials, take part in the Fair. These include foreign
trade companies, factories, scientific research institutions, foreign invested enterprises, wholly foreign–owned
enterprises, private enterprises, etc. business people from all over world gather in Guangzhou, exchange
business information and develop trade relations. Canton Fair is divided into 3 phases: the first phase focusing
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à¬ìò 裴‹ ÝAò Þ¬õ °‹ à¬ìò«î Üó‡ Ý°‹.
TCC DIGEST - MAY - JUNE 2013
66
on machinery, Electrical and Electronic products, the second phase focusing on Home and Decoration, while
the third phase focusing on textiles, garments and fashion accessories.
Orbitz Corporate & Leisure Travels (I) Pvt. Ltd is the Official Travel company for Canton Fair for 2013
appointed by the China Foreign Trade Centre (CFTC). Hence Oribtz enjoys certain privileges, among others,
like easy group registrations and relevant services for its delegates so that all formalities are simplified and
expedited with special privileges to VIP delegates in terms of lounge services.
To promote this mega bilateral trade event at press conference in Mumbai and Delhi, a team o f 3 delegates
from the China Foreign Trade Centre presented the scope and opportunities at the Canton Fair and how it is
an indispensable event for business growth. The Orbitz team also gave a presentation on its travel packages
to Canton Fair and its role as a facilitator to participating at Canton Fair. It has thus emerged as India’s leading
and most preferred travel company for business travel to the Canton Fair.
True to its reputation for having led the largest Indian delegations to Canton Fair, Orbitz Business Tours has
a plethora of travel packages for the upcoming Canton Fair too. (These include world class airlines,
conveniently located 5 & 4- star hotels for independent travellers and visitor groups, Indian dinners by Indian
chef in the comfort of the hotel and all transfers. Depending on the choice of package, there will be a half
day city tour of Guangzhou with an enchanting Pearl River Cruise.)
It therefore makes sound business sense to travel to the Autumn session of Canton Fair- one of the world’s
biggest trade fairs- with Orbitz, officially the best in India.
For more information contact: Orbitz Corporate & Leisure Travels (I) Pvt. Ltd.
Tel : 022-2410 2801-30, 67282400 Fax : 022-2410 2805
Contact person : Ms. Laju Jariwala
E-Mail: [email protected]
TDS - IMPORTANT UPDATION - 194-IA
IMPORTANT UPDATE FOR TDS SUITE CUSTOMERS AND OTHER TDS DEDCUTORS
The
Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) has come out with an online form for making TDS payment on
property transactions. The form has to filled online at:
e-Payment of TDS on Sale of Property
From June 1st 2013, transfer by a resident of immovable property (other than agricultural land) where
consideration exceeds Rs 50 lakhs would attract TDS @ 1% u/s 194 IA. The person is required to deduct
tax and would not be required to obtain a Tax Deduction Account Number.
This form requires mandatory quoting of PAN which is verified with the IT Department’s website. It also
asks for address of the transferor and transferee along with the address of the property transaction.
WHY SHOULD YOU USE TDS SUITE FOR FILING YOUR TDS RETURN?
78% of the sample 1000 eTDS files for 24Q (Quarter 4) checked randomly had errors and did not comply
with eTDS file formats specified by Income-tax Department. The employees of these deductors may not
get proper tax credit.
àò˜õèô‹ F‡¬ñ ܼ¬ñÞ‰ A¡
ܬñõó‡ â¡Á¬ó‚°‹ Ë™
TCC DIGEST - MAY - JUNE 2013
67
ENTERTAINMENT
J.P. CHANDRABABU
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ï®è˜.
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: õ£†? õ£†?
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àòó‹, Üèô‹, àÁF, ð¬èõó£™ ÜN‚è º®ò£î ܼ¬ñ ÝAò Þ‰î °‹
ܬñ‰F¼Šð«î Üó‡ â¡Á Ë«ô£˜ ÃÁõ˜.
TCC DIGEST - MAY - JUNE 2013
꣊O¡
68
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å¼ ªð£™ô£î åJ†  «ñ¡. ‹, Ivì˜ ê£˜L, cƒè ÞQ«ñ™
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Þ™¬ô. â¡ è¬ìC è£ôˆ¬î ÞŠð®«ò G‹ñFò£ èN„ê£ â¡ù¡Â G¬ù‚A«ø¡. Ýù£™...
ê‰Fó𣹠: Ýù£ â¡ù ꣘?
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ê˜õ˜
: ꣘... àƒè¬÷ ܪñK‚è¡ Þ¡çð˜«ñû¡ ÝHR™ Þ¼‰¶ ªìLç«ð£Q™ ÊHø£ƒè.
ê‰Fó𣹠: üv† â IQ† (æ´Aø£˜)
(ܪñK‚è£ â¡ø ªê£™¬ô‚ «è†ì¶‹ ꣘L ꣊O¡ ÜŠð®«ò ñòƒA M¿Aø£˜. F¼‹H õ‰î ê‰Fóð£¹, ꣊O‚°
ܼA™ Aì‰î ¬èŠHó‹¬ð»‹ ªî£ŠH¬ò»‹ è‡èO™ åŸP‚ªè£œAø£˜.)
- Courtesy : Mughil
Sixthsense Publications
CÁ裊HŸ «ðKìˆî î£A àÁð¬è
á‚è‹ ÜNŠð¶ Üó‡
TCC DIGEST - MAY - JUNE 2013
69
LEADERSHIP
INDIAN WAY
î¬ô¬ñŠ ð‡¹
LEADING THE TRAIL
AN ANICIENT INDIAN STORY BRINGS HOME THE IMPORTANCE OF A LEADER, THE ORIGINAL CHANGE-MAKER,
LEADING AN ENTIRE COMMUNITY ALONG IN A NEW PERSPECTIVE
ONE day, Brahma, father of all living creatures, found a
grain of rice at his feet. “Who is responsibilities for you?”
he asked. The farmer claimed responsibility, as he had sown
the seed and harvested the grain. The seed claimed
responsibility, as without the seed no grain can be created.
The soil claimed responsibility, as without soil a seed cannot
germinate. The sun claimed responsibility, as without
sunlight plants cannot grow. Finally, the rain claimed
responsibility as unless there is timely rain, and adequate
rain, nothing can grow. “Everyone is essential the grain”,
said Brahma, “But only one is critical: the farmer. For it is
the farmer who makes a plant a valued crop . Without him,
rice would have been just another weed in the wild forest.
So it is with business. Who claims responsibility for success? At the
time of investment, no one really known if the business will be
successful. Success is always realised in hindsight. Who takes the
credit for the business: the entrepreneur, his employees, the banker
the market conditions? It is very difficult to pinpoint a single factor
for success. But ultimately, everything depends on the
entrepreneur, who took the initiative to transform an idea into
reality. Had he not had the desire, had he not overcome his doubt,
the enterprise would never take shape.
In the Rig Veda, the poet wonders what existed before everything
else. And after much pondering he concludes, the first to exist,
even before breath, is desire-kama. Without kama, there would be
no movement from formlessness(asat) to form(sat), from
darkness(tamas) to light (jyoti), from hopeless (mrityu) to hope (amrita). The entrepreneur is the seat of kama,
without whom culture would not exist.
Parakh once asked his father to what the family owed its fortune. His father said, “To the consumers who buy
the metal we produce, to the workers who work in our mines, to the government who regulates us fairly, to
the market that has been favourable, to the earth which provides us the minerals that we mine, but most
importantly to my grandfather who invested all his wealth in the mining business. They were traders then, but
he wanted to be involved in a primary industry, something close to earth, that would support all other
industries, his family did not support him. So he raised capital on his own. That desire, and ability to cope
with risk, of your great-grandfather is the critical factor without which we would not be where we are”.
- Courtesy : Culturuma
裂è«õ‡®ò Þì‹ CPò, ñŸø Þì‹ ªðKò ð󊹜÷,
ù âF˜ˆ¶ õ‰î ð¬èõ¼¬ìò á‚般î ÜN‚èõ™ô¶ Üó‡ Ý°‹.
TCC DIGEST - MAY - JUNE 2013
70
FORMATION
NEW STATE
ªî½ƒè£ù£ ñ£Gô‹ àîò‹
FORMATION OF 29TH STATE OF INDIA - TELANGANA - AP
Formation:
Telangana will be the 29th state of India comprising
10 districts with plenty of water and some other
natural resources in a backward region lacking
development that was at the heart of the separate
state demand. As and when the state is formed, the
jewel in the crown will always be the city of
Hyderabad, which may for some time, at least 10
years to start with, be the joint capital for the rest
of Andhra.
With a population of over 3.5 crore, the new state
comprising mostly the areas of the princely Nizam
state will have 17 Lok Sabha seats and 119 assembly
seats. When it joins the Indian Union, people of the
region would hope that the new identity would help them overcome the challenges of poverty and
backwardness which were at the roots of the separate State movement.
Need for Separation:
The demand for a separate identity for Telangana is
virtually as old as the state of Andhra Pradesh, which
came into existence in November 1956 through the
States Reorganisation Act. The Andhra Pradesh
government website says: “Telangana agitation was
started by the people of the region when they felt that
Andhra leaders had flouted the Gentlemen’s Agreement
which facilitated the formation of Andhra Pradesh.
“In the beginning, the movement demanded the
implementation of the safeguards agreed upon earlier,
but later it wanted the separation of Telangana from
Andhra Pradesh.” That the seat of government in
Hyderabad has persistently ignored the needs of
Telangana at the expense of the other regions of the
state has been a constant grouse of the advocates of separate statehood.
But given the lack of development, Telangana has served as a fertile ground for the Maoist insurgency to take
root. A clutch of leaders of the Naxalite movement hail from the region. As proponents of a separate Telangana
claim, the carving out of a new state would give a fresh impetus for the people of the region to aspire for
growth and development. Especially with the inclusion of Hyderabad, Telangana would find itself in control of
one of the primary centres of India’s tech story.
ªè£÷ŸèK‚ ªè£‡ìÛˆ î£A Üèˆî£˜
G¬ô‚ªèO có¶ Üó‡
TCC DIGEST - MAY - JUNE 2013
71
Offices of major national and international corporates houses are present in Hyderabad, drawing people from
across the country to the city. Needless to say it is the loss of Hyderabad which would rankle most with ‘Unified
Andhra’ supporters.
But the people of Telangana argue that the seat of the Nizams was always an integral part of their region.
The Telangana agitation, as they point out, was started by the people of the region who complained that
“Andhra” leaders had flouted the “Gentlemen’s Agreement” which had facilitated the formation of the state,
in November 1956.
The feeling of betrayal was also implicit in the discontent, which spread among Telangana officials and the
unemployed youth of the region, who felt they were being exploited by the people from the rest of the state
who had flocked to the new capital.
Districts of Telangana
The new Telangana State would comprise the 10 districts of
Hyderabad,
Medak,
Adilabad,
Khammam,
Karimnagar,
Mahbubnagar, Nalgonda, Nizamabad, Rangareddy and Warangal.
Now, according to the Backward Regions Grant Fund 2009-10,
13 districts in Andhra Pradesh have been identified as being
backward, of which nine are in Telangana. Classified as a semiarid region with a predominantly hot and dry climate,
Telangana is not amongst the most fertile regions of the
country.
Resources
But it does have its share of natural resources and notably
contains 20% of the country’s coal deposits. Among other
natural resources are mica and bauxite along with some
limestone reserves.
Dear
Shri Chozha Naachiar Rajasekar,
I was extremely happy to go through your b-monthly journal TCC Digest for
March-April 2013. It is really nice in form and content. Start with and end
with, everything has been nice including editorial, articles, messages,
photographs, etc. The art paper and nice presenting add its charm further.
I hasten to appreciate the efforts employed by everyone of your team. I wish
you all to continue to do the same.
Yours sincerely,
DR.K.MALAISAMY
Former Member of Parliament (Lok Sabha)
Former Member of Parliament (Rajya Sabha)
Former Home Secretary to Govt. of Tamil Nadu
Former State Election Commissioner of Tamil Nadu
ð¬èõó£™ ¬èŠðŸøŠð´õ º®ò£î, î¡Qì‹ àí¾Šªð£¼œ
ªè£‡ì, àœO¼Š«ð£˜ G¬ôˆF¼Šð âOî£Aò ñ à¬ìò¶ Üó‡.
TCC DIGEST - MAY - JUNE 2013
INFRASTRUCTURE
72
WORLD TALLEST BUILDING
SHANGHAI TOWER
At 632 metres, the Shanghai Tower will become China’s tallest structure and the centrepiece of the city’s
skyline. With a distinctive helix-like façade, it will also become the world’s tallest double skin building. Aurecon
was engaged to provide engineering design for mechanical, electrical and plumbing (MEP) services, as well as
facade engineering design with Gensler Architects and building science services.
This involved integrating services design with environmentally sustainable design objectives, the structural
framework and varying surface geometry. Aurecon also undertook extensive building science, geometric analysis
and wind tunnel testing to address the building’s complex design issues, integrating sustainable design
objectives, the structural framework and varying surface geometry. The project’s unique double layer system
combines an inner façade with a fully unitised curtain wall with a warped outer surface. The façade system
design achieves tolerances from -10 millimetre to +19 millimetre from thermal, wind pressure, seismic load,
fabrication and installation movements.
The tower’s intelligent skin is setting new benchmarks in tall building façade design, with the innovative
upward spiral design reducing wind loads and capturing rainwater for air-conditioning and central
heating.
May - June 2013
Views expressed by the Authors of the Article in the Journal are not the views of the Chamber
Published by Chozha Naachiar Rajasekar on behalf of The Tamil Chamber of Commerce and published from ‘Sivakami Complex’, New No.318 (Old No.174),
Thambu Chetty Street, 1st Floor, Chennai 600 001, and printed by S.Saravana Kumar, Nataraj Graphics, No.227, Kutchery Road, Mylapore, Chennai 600 004.
Tel: 25231930 / 25228419 Email: [email protected] Website: www.tamilchamber.org
Editor : Mr.Chozha Naachiar Rajasekar
â™ô£Š ªð£¼À‹ à¬ìˆî£Œ Þ숶
ï™ô£œ à¬ìò¶ Üó‡
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