Huawei AMI Solution Huawei AMI Solution Consumers are more and more aware of the necessity to save energy in their home and to get a consumer cost effective monthly bill. In the next step they are adopting not only being consumers but also producers of energy, which would require an additional infrastructure. Conventional manual metering approaches face some critical challenges brought by the surge in power consumption and the expanding business scope of power companies. Such as: Forward • Cannot acquire and analyze real-time power consumption which is necessary for effective line loss analysis. • Low efﬁciency and errors and low accuracy are inevitable in manual meter reading. • Cannot achieve pre-payment at multiple rates, remote control, or anti-power-stealing etc. The key is to deploy Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI) in the power grids. AMI's upfront beneﬁt is its ability to facilitate a favorable interaction between power companies and customers. To illustrate, it allows power companies to keep precise tabs on power consumption and lets consumers take actions to optimize their power use. 01 Huawei AMI Solution Huawei AMI Solution 02 Huawei AMI Solution Huawei AMI Solution Solution Introduction As a leading global ICT solutions provider, Huawei has brought its ICT extensive experience in the electric power industry into the AMI solution that helps power companies leverage such functions as smart metering, line loss analysis, and devicebased customer interaction. Such a solution promises better user experience, power quality, and operating efﬁciency while reducing consumption, carbon emission, and operating costs. Huawei provides AMI solution consisting of a master station – DCP (Data Collection Platform), WAN (Wide Area Network), and NAN (Neighborhood Area Network). DCP: The DCP contains a head-end system and a meter data management system (MDMS). The head-end system interacts with devices, manages communications protocols, adapts internet protocols, and collects and stores metering data. Thus, the Head-end system is also named Meter data collection system(MDCS). The MDMS focuses on business applications. It manages data analysis, monitors the operating status of systems, compiles statistics, analyzes reports, and manages operations and maintenance. Open interfaces will enable the MDMS to connect with ISV systems, i.e. billing systems (Billing), Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition (SCADA), and Energy Management System (EMS). As an integrated platform, Huawei DCP is adaptive to the united network management platform to provide one-stop network and business management services. WAN: The WAN refers to the transmission network that links the data concentrator unit (DCU) with the DCP. The WAN supports various access modes, like GPRS/3G, Ethernet, and medium-voltage PLC (power line carrier). Thus, speciﬁc networks are utilized for different areas with particular conditions. Huawei fulﬁlls the diversiﬁed customer needs with its professional wireless/ﬁxed-line network solutions that conform to power industry standards. NAN: The NAN contains meters, DCUs, and communication networks. NAN acquires and stores data of residential consumer and commercial & industrial business customers and transmits it to DCP systems for application level use. • The communication between Meters and DCUs in NAN are different based on application scenarios, such as RS485, PLC, ZigBee, Sub-GHz or GPRS/3G directly. • Meters can integrate Huawei PLC chip, Sub-GHz chip or GPRS/3G chip. • Based on Huawei AR routing platform, provide "All-inOne-Box" features including wireless and wired interface, ﬁrewall, routing, switching and VPN etc. Application DCP CRM Billing Prepayment DMS ERP EMS Data bus DCP (Data Collection Platform) Head-end (MDCS, Meter Data Collection System) MDMS (Meter Data Management System) WAN GPRS/3G NAN Distribution Meter Ethernet MV PLC DCU (Data Concentrator Unit) PLC/RS485 Zigbee/Sub-GHz GPRS/3G 3-ph meter PLC chip 03 High Density Area Low Density Area Industrial Customer GRPS/3G chip Huawei AMI Solution Functions of the AMI products Functions of DCP • Planning and performing data acquisition tasks: planning acquisition tasks as business requires, acquiring data, monitoring acquisitions, and checking data quality. • Querying electricity consumption: providing information services such as detailed power consumption data, tariffs, state of meters, meter alarming, and accepted credit threshold. • Troubleshooting: diagnosing and reporting abnormalities; detecting and pinpointing operational accidents of the DCP, DCUs and meters. • Line losses analysis: gathering monthly line losses and calculating the rate of line loss over the entire supply area (group) by the month, quarter, or year. • Curtailing electricity theft: determining skeptical thefts on the basis of metering reports and historical data curves. • Managing DCUs and meters: debugging DCUs, dismantling/replacing meters, checking meters for errors and theft, and switching DCUs/ meters. • Remote control: allowing remote switch-on or switch-off, adjusting tariffs, setting alarming or credited threshold, and monitoring communication channels. Functions of DCU • Upstream communication: Supporting GPRS, 3G, FE/GE, among other modes; supporting (internet accesses) both TCP/IP protocol and simple network management protocol (SNMP) that connects to the uniﬁed network management system (NMS). • Downstream communication: Supporting various data acquisition channels such as RS485, PLC, and ZigBee/Sub-GHz, supporting concurrent data acquisitions and allowing data acquired from meters of different protocols or conﬁgurations to travel in a single channel. Provide multiple FE and serial ports to integrate with distribution automation devices. • Communication protocol: Supporting login authentication and alarming; supporting IEC62056 (DLMS), IEC62055 (STS) to acquire data and issue token orders. • Security and Reliability: Supporting DES/3DES/AES encryption over VPN and IPSec, supporting Ethernet and 3G backup, fanless design and Ingress Protection 51, and working in the wild temperature of -40oC ~ 70oC. • Meter Data acquisition: Offering real-time data acquisition and historical data acquisition functions. The former provides realtime feedback and control over power use and supports the acquisition of offset data as well as the electric relay's state. The latter acquires historical data by the day, month, or by certain period (curve data). • Device Management: Managing conﬁguration related to factory default setting, equipment, cascade parameters, ﬂow, and meter parameters, among others. 04 Huawei AMI Solution Functions of the smart meter • Calculating: Calculating voltage, current, frequency, positive/negative energy, active power, reactive power and power demand etc. • Anti-tamper: Any attempt to open up covers of the meters will trigger an alarm; reverse current is carefully detected and calculated; strong magnetic can be detected. • Real-time billing: Supporting a programmable rate model with eight fee rates. • Load curve: Providing 16 customized load curves whose minimal recording interval lasts only 5 minutes. • Events recording: Offering 20 records with time-stamp, including power-on/power-off events, blackout/reconnection, and the modiﬁcations of metering parameters. • Accurate clock: built-in clock that meets IEC 61038 standards and supports remote time adjustment and summer time. • Local communication: Providing RS485 interface. • Remote communication: providing PLC, Sub-GHz, GPRS/3G etc. • Load control: supporting local load control which can cut off power when the power exceeds the limit value and lasts for a certain time. Solution Highlights Advantage 1 Based on leading M2M architecture and support intelligent All IP solution evolution. Based on a. The collector functions as gateway of the Internet of things that supports all IP addresses and Ipv6, facilitating future network migration. 2 Support a large number of concurrent connections and the management of a large number of meters. Management of millions of meters, concurrent management of tens of thousands of DCUs. Applicable to small state grids and large metropolitan grids. Support a rich variety of meters and the mainstream protocol IEC62056 (DLMS). Support various smart meters: Support three-phase meters, unidirectional meters, STS meters. Support data collection of electricity consumption, active, reactive, and apparent power, harmonic wave, current, voltage, active and reverse electricity, and power factors. Support interfaces of wireless GPRS/3G, PLC, RS485, Zigbee, and Sub-GHz meters. 4 Sub-GHz solution and PLC solution provide various Last Mile solutions to support different scenarios. Self-developed PLC chips are capable of anti-interference and 100% meter data reading rate. With key electricity transmission technologies, the power consumption of the PLC chips is low. The chips support high bandwidth and all IP addresses. Competitors have no self-developed PLC chips and have to buy them from other vendors. The Sub-GHz supports multiple frequencies, saving concentrators. The Mesh networking is highly reliable, covers a long distance, and is capable of antiinterference. 5 Provide open service software development kit (SDK) interfaces, support advanced application development, and integrate third-party applications. Based on M2M architecture, the platform layer has HTTP and JASON interfaces to connect to customized or integrated applications such as EMS and Billing. 6 Huawei is a leading IP communications vendor. The solution integrates the routing function. Users do not need to buy additional routers. Huawei is one of the Top 3 IP communications vendors and boasts 17-year experience in the ﬁeld. Huawei DCU is the ﬁrst collector in the industry to integrate functions such as access, routing, and security. It can use 3GE or GE uplinks. Collectors of other vendors only collect data. 3 05 Description Huawei AMI Solution Advantage 7 8 9 Description Support remote terminal unit (RTU) access and work at the electricity distribution side as well as the electricity consumption side. In addition to functioning as the DCU, Huawei can also connect to RTUs to power devices. Provide end-to-end data security and reliability and reduces operation risks. Application layer: electricity anti-theft analysis, user authentication and authorization management, digital support, log and event management, and device backup and disaster recovery centers in different places. Platform layer: Support ﬁrewalls, anti-virus software, anti-DDOS, Head-end system and distributed MDMS and 1:1 backup. Network layer: Support wireless and wired link backup and various VPN and IPSec data encryption. Data collection layer: water and dust proof, fanless DCUs can work in temperatures between -40 to 70℃. Support DES/3DES/AES encryption to ensure end-to-end security. Easy service deployment and easy maintenance USB-based service deployment that requires no conﬁguration. Visualized web management. Simple O&M. Uniform network management platform eSight realizes uniﬁed management of multiple devices. The master station system supports pre-installation to save commissioning time. Customer value Saving labor and operational costs Speeding up electricity charge AMI enables automatic data acquisition, reducing labor cost and operational costs since power companies do not longer need to send staff to read meters. AMI also prevents unwanted economic losses that are caused by manual data errors during manual meter reading. With its pre-payment and ﬂexible charging way, the Huawei AMI solution allows power companies to get the electricity bills ﬁlled as soon as possible. Reducing losses by restraining power theft Managing the health of the grid based on line loss analysis Smart meters and the DCP work jointly to detect, analyze, and identify attempts or actions to steal power. As a result, the AMI solution helps restrain power theft and reduces losses caused by it. The DCP analyzes line losses by time or area. This gives electric company an overview of the line losses over the entire supply area and helps them to optimize the whole grid. 06 Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. 2013. All rights reserved. No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means without prior written consent of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. Trademark Notice , HUAWEI, and are trademarks or registered trademarks of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. Other trademarks, product, service and company names mentioned are the property of their respective owners. General Disclaimer The information in this document may contain predictive statements including, without limitation, statements regarding the future financial and operating results, future product portfolio, new technology, etc. There are a number of factors that could cause actual results and developments to differ materially from those expressed or implied in the predictive statements. 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