icc evaluation service, inc - ICC-ES

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August 31, 2010
TO:
PARTIES INTERESTED IN EVALUATION REPORTS ON SEISMIC
PERFORMANCE OF NONSTRUCTURAL COMPONENTS AND
NONBUILDING STRUCTURES
SUBJECT: Proposed Revisions to the Acceptance Criteria for Seismic Certification by
Shake Table Testing of Nonstructural Components and Nonbuilding
Structures, Subject AC156-1010 R1 (BG/DZ)
Hearing Information:
Thursday, October 7, 2010
8:00 a.m.
Sheraton Gateway Hotel Los Angeles
6101 West Century Boulevard
Los Angeles, California 90045
(888) 627-7104
Dear Madam or Sir:
The subject acceptance criteria will be discussed at the hearing noted above. The subject
acceptance has been revised as reflected in the enclosed draft. The enclosed summary
dated June 23, 2010, by Schnieder Electric, provides background information for the
proposed revisions.
The proposal has the following revisions:
1. Revised title and content to referring to seismic certification instead of seismic
qualification. This change will make AC156 consistent with the special information,
such as testing, stated in Sections 13.2.1 and 13.2.2 of ASCE 7.
2. Updated content to permit evaluation reports to be issued in accordance with the 2006
or 2009 International Building Code (IBC). The staff does not support inclusion of the
2012 IBC, since it has not been published and consequently is not available for
adoption by jurisdictions.
3. Removal of references to the Uniform Building Code, since this code has become
obsolete as an enforcement document.
4. Addition of ASCE 7-10 in Section 1.3, which is proposed as alternative to ASCE 7-05.
A significant change occurs in Section 13.4, which now includes an exception to the
AC156-1010-R1
2
limitations on use of power-actuated fasteners and adds clearer provisions on use of
friction clips.
5. Addition of nonbuilding structures in accordance with Chapter 15 of ASCE 7-05. The
staff notes that Chapter 15 does not directly reference AC156 as does Chapter 13 for
nonstructural components, though Section 15.1.2 b does so by allowing use of
reference documents listed in Chapter 23, which includes AC156. Chapter 15 in
ASCE 7-10 includes revisions from ASCE 7-05, which draw upon other IBC
references for design information. Additional revisions need to be addressed within
the proposal for acceptance of nonbuilding structures, since AC156 references
Chapter 13 of ASCE 7 for design requirements, while Chapter 15 of ASCE 7 uses
different design bases, depending on the type of structure.
6. Revised Section 4.5 now states the minimum number of tests needed to represent a
product line.
7. Reformatting of the entire criteria.
Staff comments at this time are as follows:
1. Section 6.5.1: The limit on maximum AFLX-H is based on Eq. 13.3-2 of ASCE 7-05. By
setting Eq. 13.3-2 equal to Eq. 13.3-1 using ap =2.5 and z/h =1, and solving for Rp,
the resulting Rp is 1.875, which is less than the minimum value of 1.5 in Tables 13.5-1
and 13.6-1 of ASCE 7. Should the maximum value of AFLX-H be increased to match the
minimum Rp of 1.5? In addition, should AC156 include a minimum value of ARIG-H to
comply with Eq. 13.3-3 of ASCE 7-05?
2. In accordance with Section 13.2.5 of ASCE 7-05, testing according to AC156 should
be used to address seismic relative displacements. AC156 may need to be amended
to address this requirement. Comments are requested on this observation.
3. Section 12.5 of ASCE 7 requires structural systems be designed for critical effects of
seismic forces from any direction. The question is raised as to whether this aspect is
adequately addressed where uniaxial or biaxial tests are conducted, since these tests
by definition subject the unit under test to accelerations in the principal axis only.
You are cordially invited to submit written comments on agenda items, or to attend the
Evaluation Committee hearing and present verbal comments. If you wish to contribute to
the hearing, please note the following:
1. Written comments that are received by the Los Angeles business/regional office by
September 17, 2010, will be forwarded to the committee prior to the hearing, and will
be posted on the ICC-ES web site shortly after the comment deadline.
2. Written comments received up to ten days before the meeting, and staff memos
responding to comments, will be posted to the web site on September 28, 2010.
3. ICC-ES is no longer providing printed copies at the meeting of proposed acceptance
criteria, staff memos or public comments. These documents will be available on a
limited number of CDs at the meeting, for uploading to computers; and ICC-ES will
AC156-1010-R1
3
make arrangements with the hotel business center to have hard copies available for
photocopying.
4. Written comments that miss the deadline noted in item (1), above, will only be
available at the meeting if you provide 35 copies, collated, stapled, and three-hole
punched, either at the meeting itself or to the Los Angeles business/regional office by
September 28, 2010.
5. If you plan to speak for more than 15 minutes, or offer a visual presentation lasting
longer, you should notify ICC-ES staff as far as possible in advance. There will be a
computer, projector, and screen available at the meeting for anyone wishing to make a
visual presentation, and presentations in most cases will need to be in PowerPoint
format. Also, ICC-ES will need to be provided with your presentation at least a halfhour before the start of the relevant meeting session (morning or afternoon) on either
a CD or a flash card.
6. If you have any special needs related to a presentation, you should contact ICC-ES
staff well in advance of the meeting.
7. Any visual aids for viewing at committee meetings (charts, overhead transparencies,
slides, videos, electronic presentations, etc.) will be permitted only if a copy is
provided to ICC-ES, before the presentation, in a medium that can be retained with
other records of the meeting.
8. Any materials submitted for committee consideration are considered nonconfidential
and available for public discussion, as noted in Section 2.7 of the ICC-ES Rules of
Procedure for the Evaluation Committee.
9. Prior to the meeting, you should refrain from trying to communicate directly with
committee members about agenda items, either verbally or in writing. Committee
members reserve the right to refuse such communications.
Your cooperation with these guidelines is much appreciated, as is your interest in the
deliberations of the Evaluation Committee. If you have any question, please contact the
undersigned at (800) 423-6587, extension 3260, or David Zhao, at extension 2nd
Engineers Extension. You may also reach us by e-mail at [email protected]
Yours very truly,
Brian Gerber
Principal Structural Engineer
BG/md
Enclosures
cc:
Evaluation Committee
ICC EVALUATION SERVICE, LLC,
RULES OF PROCEDURE FOR THE EVALUATION COMMITTEE
1.0
PURPOSE
The purpose of the Evaluation Committee is to monitor the
work of ICC-ES, in issuing evaluation reports; to evaluate
and approve acceptance criteria on which evaluation
reports may be based; and to sponsor related changes in
the applicable codes.
2.0
MEETINGS
2.1
The Evaluation Committee shall schedule
meetings that are open to the public in discharging its
duties under Section 1, subject to Section 3.
2.2
All
announced.
scheduled
meetings
shall
be
publicly
2
2.3
Two-thirds ( /3) of the voting Evaluation
Committee members shall constitute a quorum. A majority
vote of members present is required on any action.
2.4
In the absence of the nonvoting chairmanmoderator, Evaluation Committee members present shall
elect an alternate chairman from the committee for that
meeting. The alternate chairman shall be counted as a
voting committee member for purposes of maintaining a
committee quorum and to cast a tie-breaking vote of the
committee.
2.5
Minutes of the meetings shall be kept.
2.6
An electronic audio record of meetings shall be
made by ICC-ES; no other audio, video, electronic or
stenographic recordings of the meetings will be permitted.
Visual aids (including, but not limited to, charts, overhead
transparencies, slides, videos, or presentation software)
viewed at meetings shall be permitted only if the presenter
provides ICC-ES before presentation with a copy of the
visual aid in a medium which can be retained by ICC-ES
with its record of the meeting and which can also be
provided to interested parties requesting a copy. A copy of
the ICC-ES recording of the meeting and such visual aids,
if any, will be available to interested parties upon written
request made to ICC-ES together with a payment as
required by ICC-ES to cover costs of preparation and
duplication of the copy. These materials will be available
beginning five days after the conclusion of the meeting but
will no longer be available after one year from the
conclusion of the meeting.
2.7
Parties interested in the deliberations of the
committee should refrain from communicating, whether in
writing or verbally, with committee members regarding
agenda items. All written communications and
submissions regarding agenda items should be delivered
to ICC-ES. All such written communications and
submissions shall be considered nonconfidential and
August 20, 2010
available for discussion in open session of an Evaluation
Committee meeting, and shall be delivered at least ten
days before the scheduled Evaluation Committee meeting
if they are to be forwarded to the committee. Materials
delivered to ICC-ES at least ten days before the
scheduled meeting will be posted on the ICC-ES web site
(www.icc-es.org) prior to the meeting. After this time,
parties wishing to submit materials for consideration by the
Evaluation Committee must deliver a sufficient number of
copies as directed by ICC-ES. Consideration of materials
not received by ICC-ES at least ten days before the
meeting is at the discretion of the Evaluation Committee.
Following the meeting, ICC-ES will make all materials
considered by the Evaluation Committee available on the
web site for a maximum period of one year following the
meeting. The committee reserves the right to refuse
recognition of communications which do not comply with
the provisions of this section.
3.0
CLOSED SESSIONS
Evaluation Committee meetings shall be open except that
the chairman may call for a closed session to seek advice
of counsel.
4.0
ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA
4.1
Acceptance criteria are established by the
committee to provide a basis for issuing ICC-ES
evaluation reports on products and systems under codes
referenced in Section 2.0 of the Rules of Procedure for
Evaluation Reports.
They also clarify conditions of
acceptance for products and systems specifically
regulated by the codes.
Acceptance criteria may involve a product, material,
method of construction, or service. Consideration of any
acceptance criteria must be in conjunction with a current
and valid application for an ICC-ES evaluation report, an
existing ICC-ES evaluation report, or as otherwise
determined by the Evaluation Committee.
4.2
Procedure:
4.2.1 Proposed acceptance criteria shall be developed
by the ICC-ES staff and discussed in open session with
the Evaluation Committee during a scheduled meeting,
except as permitted in Section 5.0 of these rules.
4.2.2 Proposed acceptance criteria shall be available
to interested parties at least 30 days before discussion
at the committee meeting.
4.2.3 The committee shall be informed of all pertinent
written communications received by ICC-ES.
4.2.4 Attendees at Evaluation Committee meetings
shall have the opportunity to speak on acceptance
Pg 1 of 2
ICC EVALUATION SERVICE, LLC, RULES OF PROCEDURE FOR THE EVALUATION COMMITTEE
criteria listed on the meeting agenda, to provide
information to committee members.
issued by ICC-ES is intended to provide a basis
for approval under the codes. If the subject of
the acceptance criteria is not regulated by the
codes, there is no basis for issuing a report, or a
criteria. (Specifics must be provided concerning
the inapplicability of the code.)
4.3
Approval of acceptance criteria shall be as
specified in Section 2.3 of these rules.
4.4
Actions of the Evaluation Committee may be
appealed in accordance with the ICC-ES Rules of
Procedure for Appeal of Acceptance Criteria or the ICCES Rules of Procedure for Appeals of Evaluation
Committee Technical Decisions.
5.0
COMMITTEE BALLOTING FOR ACCEPTANCE
CRITERIA
d.
The subject of the acceptance criteria needs to
be discussed in public hearings. The committee
member requests additional input from other
committee members, staff or industry.
5.3
An Evaluation Committee member, in voting on
an acceptance criteria, may only cast the following ballots:
5.1
Acceptance criteria may be issued without a
public hearing following a 30-day public comment period
and a majority vote for approval by the Evaluation
Committee when, in the opinion of ICC-ES staff, one or
more of the following conditions have been met:

Approved

Approved with Comments

Negative: Do Not Proceed
1.
The subject is nonstructural, does not involve life
safety, and is addressed in nationally recognized
standards or generally accepted industry standards.
6.0
COMMITTEE COMMUNICATION
2.
The subject is a revision to an existing
acceptance criteria that requires a formal action by the
Evaluation Committee, and public comments raised were
resolved by staff with commenters fully informed.
3.
Other acceptance criteria and/or the code provide
precedence for the revised criteria.
5.2
Negative votes must be based upon one or more
of the following, for the ballots to be considered valid and
require resolution:
a.
Lack of clarity: There is insufficient explanation of
the scope of the acceptance criteria or insufficient
description of the intended use of the product or
system; or the acceptance criteria is so unclear
as to be unacceptable. (The areas where greater
clarity is required must be specifically identified.)
b.
Insufficiency: The criteria is insufficient for proper
evaluation of the product or system.
(The
provisions of the criteria that are in question must
be specifically identified.)
c.
The subject of the acceptance criteria is not
within the scope of the applicable codes: A report
August 20, 2010
Direct communication between committee members, and
between committee members and an applicant or
concerned party, with regard to the processing of a
particular acceptance criteria or evaluation report shall
take place only in a public hearing of the Evaluation
Committee. Accordingly:
6.1
Committee members receiving an electronic
ballot should respond only to the sender (staff).
Committee members who wish to discuss a particular
matter with other committee members, before reaching a
decision, should ballot accordingly and bring the matter to
the attention of ICC-ES staff, so the issue can be placed
on the agenda of a future committee meeting.
6.2
Committee members who are contacted by an
applicant or concerned party on a particular matter that will
be brought to the committee will refrain from private
communication and will encourage the applicant or
concerned party to forward their concerns through the
ICC-ES staff in writing, and/or make their concerns known
by addressing the committee at a public hearing, so that
their concerns can receive the attention of all committee
members.
Pg 2 of 2
www.icc-es.org | (800) 423-6587 | (562) 699-0543
A Subsidiary of the International Code Council ®
PROPOSED REVISIONS TO THE ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA FOR
SEISMIC QUALIFICATION CERTIFICATION BY SHAKE-TABLE
TESTING OF NONSTRUCTURAL COMPONENTS AND SYSTEMS
NONBUILDING STRUCTURES
AC156
Proposed August 2010
Previously approved December 2006, June 2004, and January 2000
PREFACE
Evaluation reports issued by ICC Evaluation Service, LLC (ICC-ES), are based upon performance features of
the International family of codes and other widely adopted code families, including the Uniform Codes, the BOCA
National Codes, and the SBCCI Standard Codes. Section 104.11 of the International Building Code® reads as
follows:
The provisions of this code are not intended to prevent the installation of any materials or to
prohibit any design or method of construction not specifically prescribed by this code,
provided that any such alternative has been approved. An alternative material, design or
method of construction shall be approved where the building official finds that the proposed
design is satisfactory and complies with the intent of the provisions of this code, and that the
material, method or work offered is, for the purpose intended, at least the equivalent of that
prescribed in this code in quality, strength, effectiveness, fire resistance, durability and safety.
Similar provisions are contained in the Uniform Codes, the National Codes, and the Standard Codes.
ICC-ES may consider alternate criteria, provided the report applicant submits valid data demonstrating that the
alternate criteria are at least equivalent to the criteria proposed in this document, and otherwise meet the
applicable performance requirements of the codes. Notwithstanding that a product, material, or type or method
of construction meets the requirements of the criteria proposed in this document, or that it can be demonstrated
that valid alternate criteria are equivalent to the criteria in this document and otherwise meet the applicable
performance requirements of the codes, ICC-ES retains the right to refuse to issue or renew an evaluation report,
if the product, material, or type or method of construction is such that either unusual care with its installation or
use must be exercised for satisfactory performance, or malfunctioning is apt to cause unreasonable property
damage or personal injury or sickness relative to the benefits to be achieved by the use of the product, material,
or type or method of construction.
Acceptance criteria are developed for use solely by ICC-ES for purposes of issuing ICC-ES evaluation reports.
PROPOSED REVISIONS TO THE ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA FOR SEISMIC
QUALIFICATION CERTIFICATION BY SHAKE-TABLE TESTING OF
NONSTRUCTURAL COMPONENTS AND SYSTEMS NONBUILDING
STRUCTURES
1.0
2.0
SCOPE AND PURPOSE INTRODUCTION
1.1 Purpose: The purpose of this criteria is to
establishes minimum requirements for the issuance of ICC
Evaluation Service, Inc., evaluation reports on seismic
certification by qualification shake-table testing of
nonstructural components and nonbuilding structures
systems (hereinafter referred to as “equipment”) to be
recognized in ICC Evaluation Service, LLC, evaluation
reports in accordance with the 2006 or 2009 International
®
Building Code (IBC). Basis of recognition is IBC Section
104.11. Such reports relate to the seismic design
requirements for architectural, mechanical, electrical and
other nonstructural systems, components, and elements
permanently attached to structures, as specified in Section
1632 of the 1997 Uniform Building Code™ (UBC) and
Section 1613 of the 2006 International Building Code®
(IBC) This acceptance criteria is applicable for shaketable testing of nonstructural components and systems
that have fundamental frequencies greater than or equal
to 1.3 Hz
NOMENCLATURE:
2.1 UBC: The following symbols and notations have
the noted meaning in this document:
The reason for the development of this criteria is to
provide detailed procedures for seismic certification by
testing of nonstructural components and nonbuilding
structures as an alternative to code-prescribed analytical
requirements.
1.2 Scope: This acceptance criteria is applicable for
shake-table testing of nonstructural components and
nonbuilding structures that have fundamental frequencies
greater than or equal to 1.3 Hz. Testing done in
accordance with this criteria is intended to support data for
the seismic design of architectural, mechanical, electrical
and other nonstructural systems, components, and
elements permanently attached to structures, and
nonbuilding structures as specified in Section 1708.4 of
the 2009 IBC or Section 1708.5 of the 2006 IBC and
Section 13.2.2 of ASCE 7.
Ca
= Seismic coefficient, as set forth in Table 16Q of the UBC.
Na
= Near-source factor used in the determination
of Ca in Seismic Zone 4, related to the
proximity of the building or structure to
known faults having magnitudes and slip
rates as set forth in Tables 16-S and 16-U of
the UBC.
Hx
= Equipment attachment elevation with respect
to grade. For items at or below the base, Hx
shall not be taken to be less than 0.0.
Hr
= Building or structure roof elevation with
respect to grade.
Rp
= Equipment response modification factor. Rp
represents the energy absorption capability
of
the
equipment's
structure
and
attachments, set forth in Table 16-O of the
UBC.
Ip
= Equipment importance factor. Ip represents
the greater of the life-safety importance of
the component and the hazard exposure
importance of the structure, set forth in Table
16-K of the UBC.
2.2 IBC: The following symbols and notations have the
noted meaning in this document:
1.3 Codes and Referenced Standards:
SDS
= Design spectral response acceleration at
short period, as determined in Section
1613.5.4 of the IBC.
z
= Height of structure (in feet or mm) with
respect to grade, at point of attachment of
equipment the component. For items at or
below the base, z shall not be taken to be
less than 0.0.
h
= Average building/structure roof height (in feet
or mm) relative to the base elevation.
z/h
= Height factor ratio.
Rp
= Equipment response modification factor. Rp
represents the energy absorption capability
of the equipment's component structure and
its attachments, set forth in Table 13.5-1 or
13.6-1 of ASCE 7.
Ip
= Equipment importance factor. Ip represents
the greater of the life-safety importance
factor of the component and the hazard
exposure importance factor of the structure,
as set forth in Section 13.1.3 of ASCE 7.
®
1.3.1 2009 International Building Code (2009 IBC),
International Code Council.
®
1.3.2 2006 International Building Code (2006 IBC),
International Code Council.
1.3.3 ASCE Standard, SEI/ASCE 7-10, Minimum
Design Loads for Buildings and Other Structures,
American Society of Civil Engineers.
1.3.4 ASCE Standard, SEI/ASCE 7-05, Minimum
Design Loads for Buildings and Other Structures,
American Society of Civil Engineers.
1.3.5 FEMA 461, Interim Testing Protocols for
Determining the Seismic Performance Characteristics of
Structural and Nonstructural Components, June 2007,
Federal Emergency Management Agency.
1.3.6 IEEE
Standard
344-2004,
IEEE
Recommended Practice for Seismic Qualification of Class
1E Equipment for Nuclear Power Generating Stations,
IEEE.
2.3 Common to UBC and IBC: The following symbols
and notations have the noted meaning in this document:
2
PROPOSED REVISIONS TO THE ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA FOR SEISMIC QUALIFICATION CERTIFICATION BY
SHAKE-TABLE TESTING OF NONSTRUCTURAL COMPONENTS AND SYSTEMS NONBUILDING STRUCTURES
3.6 Equipment Force-resisting System: Equipment
force-resisting systems are tThose members or
assemblies of members, including braces, frames, struts
and attachments that provide structural stability for the
connected components and transmit all loads and forces
between the equipment component and the supporting
building structure or foundation. Equipment supports also
transmit lateral forces and/or provide structural stability for
the connected equipment.
ARRS = Spectral acceleration as calculated from
design seismic forces, Fp, and equipment
weight, Wp.
= Fp/Wp.
AFLX-H = Horizontal spectral acceleration calculated
for flexible equipment components.
AFLX-V = Vertical spectral acceleration calculated for
flexible equipment at z/h = 0.
3.7 Octave: The interval between two frequencies that
have a frequency ratio of 2.
ARIG-H = Horizontal spectral acceleration calculated
for rigid equipment components.
3.8 One-third Octave: The interval between two
1/
frequencies that have a frequency ratio of 2 3 1/3.
ARIG-V = Vertical spectral acceleration calculated for
rigid equipment at z/h = 0.
ap
3.0
3.9 One-sixth Octave: The interval between two
1/6
frequencies that have a frequency ratio of 2
1/6.
= In-structure equipment amplification factor.
The ap represents the dynamic amplification
of the equipment component relative to the
fundamental frequency of the building
structure.
Fp
= Horizontal seismic design force centered at
the equipment’s component’s center of
gravity, and distributed relative to the
equipment’s mass distribution (lbf or N).
Wp
= equipment Component operating weight (lbf
or N).
3.10 Required Response Spectrum
response spectrum generated using the
normalized spectra detailed in Section
acceptance criteria. The RRS constitutes a
be met.
(RRS): The
formulas and
6.5.1 of this
requirement to
3.11 Ring-down Time: The time required for vibration
of the shake table to decrease to a negligible level
following excitation.
3.12 3.11 Rigid Equipment Component: A component
or nonbuilding structure, including its attachments and
force-resisting structural members, having a fundamental
period less than or equal to 0.06 second (greater than or
equal to 16.67 Hz).
DEFINITIONS:
3.1 Attachments: The means by which equipment is
secured or restrained to the supporting by the seismic
force resisting system of the building structure or
foundation. Such attachments and restraints Examples
may include anchor bolting, welded connections,
mechanical fasteners and seismic vibration isolators
3.13 3.12 Subassemblies: A grouping or assemblage
of secondary sub-components and/or structural elements
that require attachment to the equipment’s primary force
resisting system to achieve structural stability.
3.14 Seismic capacity: Seismic capacity of a
component, for the purposes of this criteria, is defined as
capacity associated with the component’s internal
structure and its attachments to resist the seismically
induced forces and deformations, and maintain the
structural integrity. Post-test functionality shall be
maintained for equipment with Ip = 1.5,
3.2 Biaxial Test: A dynamic test in which the test
specimen is subjected to acceleration in one principal
horizontal axis and the vertical axis simultaneously. The
horizontal and vertical acceleration components are
derived from two different input signals that are phaseincoherent.
3.3 Build-hold-decay (BHD): The build-hold-decay
time interval envelope (5 + 0 / – 3 seconds, 20 + 6 / – 0
seconds and 5 + 0 / – 3 seconds, respectively) imposed
on the drive signal of the shake table to simulate the
nonstationary nature of an earthquake event. The build
time includes time necessary for acceleration ramp-up, the
hold time represents the earthquake strong motion time
duration, and the decay time includes the de-acceleration
ring down time. A straight linear approximation is
acceptable.
3.15 3.13 Test Response Spectrum (TRS): The
acceleration response spectrum that is developed from the
actual time history of the motion of the shake table test as
measured by reference control accelerometers mounted
on the shake table at a location near the base of the UUT.
3.16 3.14 Transmissibility: The nondimensional ratio
of the response acceleration amplitude of a system in
steady-state forced vibration to the excitation amplitude.
The ratio may be one of forces, displacements, velocities,
or accelerations and is used to characterize resonant
modes of structural vibration.
3.4 Damping: An energy dissipation mechanism that
reduces the amplification and broadens the vibratory
response in the region of resonance. Damping is
expressed as a percentage of critical damping. This
criteria is based on 5 percent of critical damping.
3.17 3.15 Triaxial Test: A dynamic test in which the
test specimen is subjected to acceleration in two principal
horizontal axes and the vertical axis simultaneously. The
two horizontal and the vertical acceleration components
are derived from three different input signals that are
phase-incoherent.
3.5 Flexible Equipment: Component or nonbuilding
structure, including its attachments and force-resisting
structural members, having a fundamental period greater
than 0.06 second (less than 16.67 Hz).
3.18 3.16 Uniaxial Test: A dynamic test in which the
test specimen is subjected to acceleration in one principal
3
PROPOSED REVISIONS TO THE ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA FOR SEISMIC QUALIFICATION CERTIFICATION BY
SHAKE-TABLE TESTING OF NONSTRUCTURAL COMPONENTS AND SYSTEMS NONBUILDING STRUCTURES
Name: Product name
axis. The acceleration components are derived from a
single input signal.
UUT Designation: Short alphanumeric UUT designator
used for plotting and test run purposes.
3.19 3.17 Unit Under Test (UUT): The equipment
component item to be qualification certification-tested.
UUT Function: A general description of the primary
function or end use of the product.
3.20 3.18 Zero Period Acceleration (ZPA): The peak
acceleration of motion time-history that corresponds to the
high-frequency asymptote on the response spectrum. This
acceleration corresponds to the maximum peak
acceleration of the time history used to derive the
spectrum. For use in this acceptance criteria, the ZPA is
assumed to be the acceleration response at 33.3 Hz or
greater.
4.0
Description: A detailed description of the UUT
configuration. This should include a listing of major
subassemblies and sub-components (e.g., bills of
material) and any other applicable product differentiation.
Identification No.: Supply UUT’s unique identification
number or serial number.
UUT REQUIRED INFORMATION:
Dimensions: Height = xx in. (mm); Width = xx in. (mm);
Depth = xx in. (mm).
Sections 4.1 through 4.7 4.6 detail the necessary
information to be provided for each UUT. Section 4 shall
be a complete document, submitted by the UUT
manufacturer or the manufacturer’s representative and
included as an appendix to the Qualification Test Plan
described in Section 6.1. Appendix A of this document
sets forth the information necessary to meet the
requirements of Section 4.0.
Weight: Approximately xxx lbs. (mm).
Restrictions: Provide
limitations on use.
4.3
any
product
restrictions
or
Seismic Parameters:
4.3.1 UBC: The following seismic parameters, used to
establish maximum UUT seismic qualification test
requirements, shall be provided:
4.1 Manufacturer and Testing Laboratory Contact
Information: The following contact information shall be
specified:
Hx = Equipment attachment elevation with respect to
grade.
4.1.1 Manufacturer’s contact information as follows:
name and address and the individual(s) representing the
primary point of contact for all correspondence regarding
the seismic qualification testing per this procedure.
Hr = Building or structure roof elevation with respect to
grade.
Ca = Seismic coefficient.
Manufacturer: Company name
Ip = Equipment importance factor.
Address: Company address
Phone Number: Representative(s) phone number
4.3.2 IBC: The following seismic parameters, used to
establish maximum UUT seismic qualification test
requirements, shall be provided as shown in Table 1
below:
E-mail: Representative(s) e-mail address.
z = Equipment attachment elevation with respect to grade.
Primary Contact: Representative(s) name
4.1.2 Testing laboratory’s contact information as
follows: name and address and the individual(s)
representing the primary point of contact for all
correspondence regarding the seismic qualification testing
per this procedure.
h = Average building/structure roof elevation with respect
to grade.
SDS = Spectral response acceleration at short period.
Ip = Equipment importance factor.
Testing Laboratory: Laboratory name
Table 1: Shake Table Test Parameters
Address: Laboratory address
Building
Code
Primary Contact: Representative(s) name
Phone Number: Representative(s) phone number
IBC 20**
E-mail: Representative(s) e-mail address.
4.2 UTT Description: A description of the UTT shall
be provided, including the following items:
Test
Criteria
SDS
(g)
z/h
Horizontal
Vertical
AFLX-
ARIG-
AFLX-
ARIG-
H
H
V
V
ICC-ES
AC 156
4.4 Functionality and Operability Requirements: A
listing and detailed description shall be provided of the
functionality and operability equipment requirements
and/or tests used to verify pre- and post-seismic-testing
functional compliance of components.
4.2.1 General description of the UUT’s primary
function.
4.2.2 Detailed description of the UUT’s hardware
configuration, including subassemblies and unique product
identification numbers and/or serial numbers.
Each test and/or requirement should be listed as a
separate line item.
4.2.3 Overall dimensions and weight of the UUT.
4.5 Equipment
Component
Product
Line
Extrapolation and Interpolation: Testing every single
configuration of a given equipment component product line
4.2.4 Any restrictions or limitations on equipment use.
4
PROPOSED REVISIONS TO THE ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA FOR SEISMIC QUALIFICATION CERTIFICATION BY
SHAKE-TABLE TESTING OF NONSTRUCTURAL COMPONENTS AND SYSTEMS NONBUILDING STRUCTURES
may not be feasible. Therefore, it may be necessary to
select test specimens that adequately represent the entire
equipment component product line. The following criteria
shall be used to establish UUT configuration requirements
for representing an equipment product line (UUT
configuration rationale shall be provided):
same type of mounting hardware specified for proposed
installations. Substitution of nonhazardous materials and
fluids is permitted for verification of equipment
components or subassemblies that contain hazardous
materials or fluids, provided the substitution does not
reduce the functional demand on the equipment
component or subassembly.
Minimum of two components/products shall be tested
for a product line with similar structural configuration and
dynamic response. Where a range of products are tested,
the two components/products tested shall be the largest
and smallest, or alternative representative samples.
4.5.4 Mass Distribution: A rationale shall be
provided explaining that the selected UUT’s mass
distribution is one contributing to the least seismic capacity
of the UUT compared to other mass distribution options
that are available within the product line being qualified.
The weight and mass distribution shall be similar to the
typical weight and mass distribution of the equipment
component being represented. Weights equal to or greater
than the typical weight shall be acceptable.
The following criteria shall be used to establish UUT
configuration requirements for representing a component
product line (UUT configuration rationale shall be
provided):
4.5.1 Structural Features: A rationale shall be
provided explaining that the two selected UUT’s structural
configurations is one are offering the least seismic
withstand capacity compared to other options that are
available within the product line being qualified. The UUT’s
force-resisting systems shall be similar to the major
structural configurations being supplied in the product line.
If more than one major structure is a configurable option,
then these other structural configurations shall be
considered in the equipment component product line
extrapolation and interpolation rationalization process.
4.5.5 Equipment Variations: A rationale shall be
provided explaining that the selected UUT’s overall
variations contribute to the least seismic withstand
capacity of the UUT compared to other variations that are
available within the product line being qualified. Other
equipment component variations, such as number of
units/components in production assemblies, indoor and
outdoor applications, etc., shall be considered in the
equipment component product line extrapolation and
interpolation rationalization process.
4.6 Installation Instructions:
include the following items:
4.5.2 Mounting Features: A rationale shall be
provided that explains that the two selected UUT’s
mounting configurations is one are offering the least
seismic withstand capacity compared to other mounting
options that are available within the product line being
qualified. The configuration mounting of the UUT to the
shake-table shall simulate mounting conditions for the
product line. Seismic testing of equipment components
may be conducted using the smallest diameter tie-down
bolt size (or minimum weld size) that can be
accommodated with the provided tie-down clearance
holes (or base structural members) on the equipment
components. If several mounting configurations are used,
they shall be simulated in the test.
Instructions
shall
1. Description of how the UUT will be installed in the field.
2. Description of how the UUT will be installed during the
qualification certification test.
4.7
Flexible Equipment Component:
4.7.1
Component Force-resisting System:
4.7.1.1 Equipment force-resisting systems are
tThose members or assemblies of members, including
braces, frames, struts and attachments that provide
structural stability for the connected components and
transmit all loads and forces between the equipment
component and the supporting building structure or
foundation. Equipment supports also transmit lateral
forces and/or provide structural stability for the connected
equipment.
Use of specific test results shall be limited to the
mounting type and configuration. Where individual
components of a multi-component system are certified by
test, the flexibility of the supporting structure in the
equipment to point of anchorage shall be replicated in the
test setup. Alternately, the input motions for the test setup
may be modified to account for this flexibility using a
rational analytical method. The components from the
mounting brackets to the supporting structure shall have
similar flexibility and strength to what is used in the
component certification test and may be certified by a
supporting analysis.
4.8 Special Test Requirements (Optional) The UUT
manufacturer or the manufacturer’s representative can list
any test requirements that would be deemed special or
beyond the norm for seismic qualification testing (i.e.,
requesting displacement and/or force monitoring
instrumentation, requesting additional response monitoring
accelerometers, or requesting electronic data output of
accelerometer sensors, etc.).
4.5.3 Subassemblies: A rationale shall be provided
explaining that the selected UUT’s subassemblies are
representative of production hardware and offer the least
seismic withstand capacity of the UUT compared to other
subassembly options that are available within the product
line being qualified. The major subassembly components
shall be included in the UUT. These components shall be
mounted to the specimen structure at locations similar to
those specified for proposed installations. The
components shall be mounted to the structure using the
5.0 TESTING LABORATORIES AND REPORTS OF
TESTS:
5.1 Testing Laboratories: Testing laboratories shall
comply with Section 2 of the ICC-ES Acceptance Criteria
for Test Reports (AC 85) and Section 4.2 of the ICC-ES
Rules of Procedure for Evaluation Reports.
5.2
Test Reports:
5.2.1 General: Test reports shall comply with AC 85.
5
PROPOSED REVISIONS TO THE ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA FOR SEISMIC QUALIFICATION CERTIFICATION BY
SHAKE-TABLE TESTING OF NONSTRUCTURAL COMPONENTS AND SYSTEMS NONBUILDING STRUCTURES
5.2.2 Specific: Reports of all tests noted in Section 6
are required. In addition, the following items must be
reported:
5.2.2.9
UUT required information in accordance
with Section 4.0 shall be added to the test report as an
appendix.
5.2.2.1
Identification of equipment component
being qualified along with their dimensions and weights.
5.3 Product Sampling: Sampling of components for
tests under this criteria shall comply with Section 3.1 of
AC85.
For a custom product line, where subcomponents in each assembled product can potentially be
different, all qualified sub-components along with their
dimensions and weights shall be listed. If there is more
than one manufacturer or material for any sub-component,
each manufacturer’s sub-component for each material
shall be treated as separate product. Different operating
conditions for equipment for which equipment is qualified
shall be listed.
6.0 SEISMIC QUALIFICATION CERTIFICATION TEST
PROCEDURE
6.1 Qualification Seismic Certification Test Plan:
The UUT shall be subjected to a seismic certification
qualification test program, considering all elements noted
in this section. The seismic certification qualification test
plan is intended to satisfy the requirements of Section
1632 of the UBC and/or Section 1708.4 1613 of the 2009
IBC or Section 1708.5 of the 2006 IBC and Section 13.2.2
of ASCE 7 for equipment components. References for
setting the test plan and objectives include ANSI/IEE 344
and FEMA 461.
5.2.2.2
Seismic parameters and derived RRS
levels for equipment that is being qualified in accordance
with Section 4.3.
5.2.2.3
Results of pre- and post-test structural
integrity and functionality and operability requirements
and/or testing.
6.2 Pre-test Inspection: Upon arrival at the test
facility, the UUT shall be visually examined and results
documented by the testing laboratory, to verify that no
damage has occurred during shipping and handling.
5.2.2.4
Testing facility location and a list of
observers present for test/functionality verification.
6.3 Pre-test Functional Compliance Verification:
Functionality and operability requirements and/or tests, as
specified in Section 4.4, shall be performed by an
accredited testing laboratory to verify pre-test functional
performance. Functional testing could be performed at
either the test facility or at the UUT manufacturing facility.
Test description and results shall be documented in
accordance with Section 5.2 (Test Reports).
5.2.2.5
Testing equipment description including
size and capacity of the shake table and verification of
calibration of instruments used in the test.
5.2.2.6
Equipment mounting details, including all
interface connections.
Photograph of component set-up on the shake
table before and after test including detailed photographs
of anomalies observed during or after test.
6.4 Seismic Simulation Test Setup: Seismic ground
motion occurs simultaneously in all directions in a random
fashion. The requirement is to perform qualification testing
in all three principal axes, two horizontal and vertical.
However, for qualification certification test purposes,
uniaxial, biaxial or triaxial test machines are allowed in
accordance with the following test requirements.
5.2.2.7
Test data, including proof of performance,
TRS plots, acceleration time histories of the shake table
input motion, acceleration transmissibility plots, UUT
dimensions and measured weight, etc.
5.2.2.7.1 TRS plots in each of the three directions
shall show corresponding RRS, 90 percent RRS, and 130
percent of RRS. Damping ratio used in generating RRS
and TRS shall be indicated on the TRS plots.
6.4.1 Triaxial, Biaxial, and Uniaxial Testing
Requirements: The preferred method of performing
testing is using a triaxial shake table. However, it is
recognized that capable triaxial testing facilities are limited
in number, and this may restrict testing access. The
following requirements shall be used when performing
triaxial, biaxial, or uniaxial testing.
5.2.2.7.2 The resonance frequency in each of the
three directions for each UUT shall be included in the
report similar to Table 2 below.
Table 2: Unit Under Test (UUT) Resonance Frequency
UUT
Identification
Resonance Frequency (HZ)
Front-to-Back
Side-to-Side
6.4.1.1 Triaxial Testing: If a triaxial test is
performed, the test shall be performed in one stage with
the two principal horizontal axes and the vertical axis of
the UUT simultaneously tested.
Vertical
6.4.1.2 Biaxial Testing: If a biaxial test is
performed, the test shall be performed in two stages, with
the UUT rotated 90 degrees about the vertical axis for the
second stage.
5.2.2.7.3 Verification that shake table motion in
three orthogonal directions are phase-incoherent
(statistically independent) shall be provided.
6.4.1.3 Uniaxial Testing: If a uniaxial test is
performed, the test shall be performed in three distinct
stages, with the UUT rotated after each stage, such that
all three principal axes of the UUT have been tested.
5.2.2.8
Test results and conclusions (including a
statement of any anomalies observed during or after the
test, and justification that the equipment is still qualified).
Resolution of all significant anomalies, which affect either
equipment force resisting system or functionality of
equipment with Ip = 1.5, shall be addressed in the test
report.
6.4.2 Weighing: The UUT shall be weighed prior to
performing the Seismic Simulation Tests. The measured
6
PROPOSED REVISIONS TO THE ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA FOR SEISMIC QUALIFICATION CERTIFICATION BY
SHAKE-TABLE TESTING OF NONSTRUCTURAL COMPONENTS AND SYSTEMS NONBUILDING STRUCTURES
V,
and ARIG-V. The RRS shall be defined using a damping
value equal to 5 percent of critical damping.
UUT weight shall be recorded in the Test Report of as set
forth in Section 7.2 5.2.
6.4.3 Mounting: The UUT shall be mounted on the
shake table in a manner that simulates the intended
service mounting in accordance with Section 4.6 4.5.2.
The mounting method shall be the same as that
recommended for actual service, and shall use the
minimum recommended bolt size, bolt type, bolt torque,
configuration, weld pattern and type (if applicable), etc.
The orientation of the UUT during the tests shall be such
that the principal axes of the UUT are collinear with the
axes of excitation of the shake table. A description of any
interposing fixtures and connections between the UUT and
the shake table shall be provided.
6.4.4 Monitoring: Sufficient vibration response
monitoring instrumentation shall be used to allow
determination of the applied acceleration levels in the
principal horizontal and vertical axes of the shake table.
Reference control accelerometers shall be mounted on the
shake table at a location near the base of the UUT.
Vibration response monitoring instrumentation shall also
be used to determine the response of the UUT, at those
points within the structure that reflect the UUT’s response
associated with its structural fundamental frequencies.
Placement locations for the response sensors shall be at
the discretion of the UUT manufacturer or the
manufacturer’s representative and approved by the test
laboratory prior to testing. Sensors shall be installed,
calibrated and approved by the test laboratory prior to
testing. The accredited laboratory shall document the
location, orientation, and calibration of all vibration
monitoring sensors.
FIGURE 1—REQUIRED RESPONSE SPECTRUM,
NORMALIZED FOR EQUIPMENT THE COMPONENT
6.5.1.1 UBC: The required response spectra for both
horizontal and vertical directions shall be developed
based on the formula for total design lateral force as
specified in Equation (32-2) of the UBC:
Fp = ap CaRp / Ip Hx Hr W ( ) p 13
The height factor ratio (Hx / Hr) accounts for above grade
level equipment installations within the primary supporting
structure and ranges from zero at grade-level to one at
roof level, essentially acting as a force increase factor to
recognize building amplification as you move up within the
primary structure. The site-specific seismic coefficient, Ca,
varies per geographic location (as set forth in Table 16-Q
of the UBC) and site soil conditions. The Ca factor is used
to define the general design earthquake response
spectrum curve and is used to determine the design
seismic forces for the primary building structure. The Ca
factor ranges from 0.06 to 0.66 depending on the
seismicity of a given location. The ratio of Rp over Ip (Rp /
Ip) is considered to be a design reduction factor to account
for inelastic response, and represents the allowable
inelastic energy absorption capacity of the equipment’s
force-resisting system. During the seismic simulation test,
the UUT will respond to the excitation and inelastic
behavior will naturally occur. Therefore, the ratio (Rp / Ip)
shall be set equal to 1, which is indicative of an unreduced
response. The importance factor, Ip, does not increase the
seismic test input motion but does affect the requirement
for the UUT to demonstrate a level of functionality
following seismic simulation testing, and is used in this
criteria to determine post-test UUT functionality
compliance in accordance with Section 6.7. The
component amplification factor, ap, acts as a force
increase factor by accounting for probable amplification of
response associated with the inherent flexibility of the
nonstructural component. The component amplification
factor, ap, shall be taken from the formal definition of
flexible and rigid components. By definition, for
fundamental frequencies less than 16.7 Hz the equipment
is considered flexible (maximum amplification ap = 2.5),
which corresponds to the amplified region of the RRS. For
fundamental frequencies greater than 16.7 Hz the
6.4.5 Resonant Frequency Search: The resonant
frequency search test is for determining the resonant
frequencies and damping of equipment. The data obtained
from the search test is an essential part of an equipment
certification qualification; however, the search test does
not constitute a seismic test certification qualification by
itself. A low-level amplitude (0.1± 0.05 g peak input; a
lower input level may be used to avoid equipment
damage) single-axis sinusoidal sweep from 1.3 to 33.3 Hz
shall be performed in each orthogonal UUT axis to
determine resonant frequencies. The sweep rate shall be
two octaves per minute, or less, to ensure adequate time
for maximum response at the resonant frequencies.
Transmissibility plots of the in- line UUT response
monitoring sensors shall be provided along with a table
showing resonant frequencies in accordance with Section
5.2.2.7.2.
6.5
Multifrequency Seismic Simulation Tests:
6.5.1 Derivation of Seismic RRS: The equipment
component earthquake effects shall be determined for
combined horizontal and vertical load effects. The required
response spectra for the horizontal direction shall be
developed based on the normalized response spectra
shown in Figure 1, and the formula for total design
horizontal force, Fp. The required response spectra for the
vertical direction shall be developed based on two-thirds of
the ground-level base horizontal acceleration. The seismic
parameters specified in Section 4.3 shall be used to
calculate the RRS levels as defined by AFLX-H, ARIG-H, AFLX7
PROPOSED REVISIONS TO THE ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA FOR SEISMIC QUALIFICATION CERTIFICATION BY
SHAKE-TABLE TESTING OF NONSTRUCTURAL COMPONENTS AND SYSTEMS NONBUILDING STRUCTURES
z
z


AFLX  H  S DS 1  2  and ARIG  H  0.4 S DS 1  2 
h
h


equipment is considered rigid (minimum ap = 1.0), which
corresponds to the ZPA. This results in two normalizing
acceleration factors that, when combined, define the
horizontal equipment qualification RRS:
where AFLX-H is limited to a maximum value of 1.6 times
SDS.
AFLX = 2.5 Ca 13 and ARIG = Ca , Hx Hr 13 Hx Hr
where AFLX is limited to a maximum value of 4 times Ca
and ARIG is limited to a maximum value of 3 times Ca. For
vertical response, Hx may be taken to be 0.0 for all
attachment heights.
For vertical response, z may be taken to be 0.0 for all
attachment heights, which results in:
6.5.1.1 6.5.1.2 IBC: The required response
spectra for both horizontal and vertical directions shall be
developed based on the formula for total design horizontal
force, Fp, as follows: in accordance with either Section
6.5.1.2.1 or Section 6.5.1.2.2 of this acceptance criteria.
In lieu of determining the spectral acceleration as
described in this section, equivalent provisions based on
ASCE 7 Equation 13.3.4 shall be permitted for structurespecific applications.
6.5.1.1.1 6.5.1.2.1 Building—Generic: When
the building dynamic characteristics are not known or
specified, the horizontal force requirements shall be as
determined using Equation 13.3-1 of ASCE 7, which
reads as follows:
6.5.1.2.2 Building Specifics: Equipment requirements
may alternatively be defined using the results of a
dynamic analysis procedure for the seismic design of a
specific building per Sections 12.9, 16.1 and 16.2 of
ASCE 7. Response spectra constructed in accordance
with Section 1613.5 of the IBC, using R = 1.0, shall be
used in the analysis of the building structural system. A
result of the dynamic analysis procedure yields the
following parameters for AFLX and ARIG:
Fp 
AFLX-V =0.67*SDS and ARIG-V = 0.27* SDS
0.4a p S DS 
z
1  2  W p
R p I p   h 
AFLX = 2.5 Ax ai and ARIG = Ax ai,
The height factor ratio (z / h) accounts for above gradelevel equipment installations within the primary supporting
structure and ranges from zero at grade–level to one at
roof level, essentially acting as a force increase factor to
recognize building amplification as you move up within the
primary structure. The site-specific ground spectral
acceleration factor, SDS, varies per geographic location
(taken from the design value maps) and site soil
conditions. The SDS factor is used to define the general
design earthquake response spectrum curve and is used
to determine the design seismic forces for the primary
building structure. The ratio of Rp over Ip (Rp / Ip) is
considered to be a design reduction factor to account for
inelastic response and represents the allowable inelastic
energy absorption capacity of the equipment’s forceresisting system. During the seismic simulation test, the
UUT will respond to the excitation and inelastic behavior
will naturally occur. Therefore, the ratio (Rp / Ip) shall be set
equal to 1, which is indicative of an unreduced response.
The importance factor, Ip, does not increase the seismic
test input motion but does affect the requirement for the
UUT to demonstrate a level of functionality following
seismic simulation testing, and is used in this criteria to
determine post test UUT functionality compliance in
accordance with Section 6.7. The component amplification
factor, ap, acts as a force increase factor by accounting for
probable amplification of response associated with the
inherent flexibility of the nonstructural component. The
component amplification factor, ap, shall be taken from the
formal definition of flexible and rigid components. By
definition, for fundamental frequencies less than 16.7 Hz
the equipment is considered flexible (maximum
amplification ap = 2.5), which corresponds to the amplified
region of the RRS. For fundamental frequencies greater
than 16.7 Hz the equipment is considered rigid (minimum
ap = 1.0), which corresponds to the ZPA. This results in
two normalizing acceleration factors, that when combined,
defines the horizontal equipment qualification RRS:
Where Ax is the torsional amplification factor per Section
12.8.4.3 of ASCE 7 and ai is the acceleration at level i,
obtained from the dynamic analysis procedure. For vertical
response, two-thirds of the response spectra used in the
analysis of the building structural system may be used.
6.5.2 Derivation of Test Input Motion: To meet the
required response spectra as defined in Section 6.5.1, the
corresponding shake-table drive signals shall be
nonstationary broadband random excitations having an
energy content ranging from 1.3 to 33.3 Hz. The drive
signal composition shall be multiple-frequency random
excitations, the amplitudes of which adjusted either
manually or automatically based on multiple-frequency
bands. The exact bandwidth of individual bands employed
shall be left to the discretion of the test laboratory.
Typically, one-third-octave bandwidth resolution is used
with analog synthesis equipment. However, the use of
digital synthesis equipment may require narrower
frequency bands on the order of one sixth-octave
bandwidth. The process involves use of an aggregate of
multiple narrowband signals that is input to the shaketable with each band adjusted until the TRS envelops the
RRS according to the criteria specified in Section 6.5.3.
The total duration of the input motion shall be 30 seconds
(nominal), with the non-stationary character being
synthesized by an input signal build-hold-decay envelope
of 5 seconds, 20 seconds, and 5 seconds, respectively.
The input duration of the time history tests shall contain at
least 20 seconds of strong motion. Strong motion
durations greater than 20 seconds shall be considered
acceptable. Independent random signals that result from
an aggregate of the narrowband signals shall be used as
the excitation to produce phase incoherent motions in the
principal horizontal and vertical axes of the shake table.
6.5.3 Test Response Spectrum Analysis: The test
response spectrum (TRS) shall be computed using either
8
PROPOSED REVISIONS TO THE ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA FOR SEISMIC QUALIFICATION CERTIFICATION BY
SHAKE-TABLE TESTING OF NONSTRUCTURAL COMPONENTS AND SYSTEMS NONBUILDING STRUCTURES
justifiable analytical techniques or response spectrum
analysis equipment using the control accelerometers
located at the UUT base per Section 6.4.3. The TRS shall
be calculated using a damping value equal to 5 percent of
critical damping. The TRS must envelop the RRS based
on a maximum-one-sixth octave bandwidth resolution over
the frequency range from 1.3 to 33.3 Hz, or up to the
shake table limits. The amplitude of each narrowband
signal shall be independently adjusted in each of the
principal axes until the TRS envelops the RRS, within the
limitations of the test machine. It is recommended that the
TRS should not exceed the RRS by more than 30 percent
over the amplified region of the RRS (within the limitations
of the shake table control system). Any acceleration-signal
filtering performed within the range of analysis must be
defined. The general requirement for the enveloping of the
RRS by the TRS can be modified under the following
conditions:
multifrequency seismic simulation tests performed in
accordance with Section 6.5. The following conditions
shall apply:
6.6.1 Attachments:Structural integrity of the
component attachment system shall be maintained.
Limited yielding of the attachments shall be acceptable.
Equipment design must ensure that the anchored UUT will
not leave its mounting and cause damage to other building
components or injury to personnel during the seismic
event. Structural integrity of the equipment attachment
system shall be maintained.
6.6.2 Equipment
Force-resisting
System:
Structural integrity of the equipment force-resisting system
shall be maintained. Equipment design must ensure that
structural failure of the lateral force–resisting system of the
UUT would not cause a safety hazard to life or limb.
Structural damage, such as limited local yielding, to UUT
force-resisting members is acceptable and structural
members and joints not comprising the UUT forceresisting system shall be allowed minor fractures and
anomalies.
6.5.3.1 Amplified Region of RRS: In the
performance of a test program, the TRS may not fully
envelop the amplified region of the RRS (frequencies less
than or equal to 8.3 Hz). The general requirement for a
retest may be exempted if the following criteria are met:
6.7 Post-test Functional Compliance Verification:
Based upon the specified UUT importance factor in
Section 4.3 6.5.1, equipment component being qualified
must be capable of performing its intended functions after
the seismic event. Functionality and operability
requirements and/or tests, as specified in Section 4.4,
shall be performed on the UUT to verify post-test
functional and operational compliance. Functional testing
may be performed by an accredited testing laboratory at
either the test facility or at the UUT manufacturing facility
when required test equipment is not available at the test
facility. (Requirements of this section are satisfied if one of
the following criteria is met.)
6.5.3.1.1 In those cases in which it can be shown
by use of the resonance search in Section 6.4.4 6.4.5 that
no resonance response phenomena exist below 5 Hz, the
TRS is required to envelop the RRS only down to 3.5 Hz.
Excitation must continue to be maintained in the 1.3 Hz to
3.5 Hz range, within the limitations of the shake table.
6.5.3.1.2 When resonance phenomena exist
below 5 Hz, the TRS is required to envelop the RRS only
down to 75 percent of the lowest frequency of resonance.
6.5.3.1.3 When the absence of resonance
response phenomena below 5 Hz cannot be justified, the
general requirement applies and the low-frequency
enveloping should be maintained down to 1.3 Hz.
6.7.1 Components with Ip = 1.0: At the completion
of the seismic testing, the UUT does not pose a life or limb
safety hazard due to collapse or due to major
subassemblies becoming separated. Structural integrity of
anchorage system and component force-resisting system
shall be maintained. Structural damage, such as limited
local yielding, to UUT force-resisting members is
acceptable and structural members and joints not
comprising the UUT force-resisting system shall be
allowed minor fractures and anomalies.
6.5.3.1.4 A single point of the TRS may fall
below the RRS (for frequencies less than or equal to 8.3
Hz) by 10 percent or less, provided the adjacent one-sixthoctave points are at least equal to the RRS.
6.5.3.1.5 A maximum of two of the one-sixthoctave analysis points may be below the RRS (for
frequencies less than or equal to 8.3 Hz), as under the
same constraints as noted in 6.5.3.1.4.
6.7.2 Components with Ip = 1.5: The equipment is
deemed to be essential to the continued operation of a
facility, and/or essential to maintaining critical life support
systems, and/or contains materials deemed to be
hazardous, to humans or the environment, in quantities
greater than the exempted amounts listed in the code.
After completion of the seismic testing, the UUT shall
satisfy the functional and operational requirements and/or
tests specified in Section 4.4, with equivalent results to
those of the pre-test functional compliance testing of
Section 6.3. UUT materials deemed to be hazardous shall
not have been released into the environment in quantities
greater than the exempted amounts listed in the code. In
addition, at the completion of the seismic testing, the UUT
does not pose a life-safety hazard due to collapse or major
subassemblies becoming separated. Structural integrity of
anchorage and component force-resisting system shall be
maintained. Structural damage, such as limited local
6.5.3.2 ZPA Region of RRS: In the performance
of a test program the TRS may not fully envelop the ZPA
region of the RRS (frequencies greater than 8.3 Hz). The
general requirement for a retest may be exempted if the
following criteria are met:
6.5.3.2.1 A single point of the TRS may fall
below the RRS (for frequencies greater than 8.3 Hz) by 10
percent or less, provided the adjacent one-sixth-octave
points are at least equal to the RRS.
6.5.3.2.2 A maximum of two of the one-sixthoctave analysis points may be below the RRS
(frequencies greater than 8.3 Hz), as under the same
constraints as noted in Section 6.5.3.2.1.
6.6 Post-test Inspection: The UUT shall be visually
examined and results documented upon completion of the
9
PROPOSED REVISIONS TO THE ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA FOR SEISMIC QUALIFICATION CERTIFICATION BY
SHAKE-TABLE TESTING OF NONSTRUCTURAL COMPONENTS AND SYSTEMS NONBUILDING STRUCTURES
7.3 ANSI/IEEE
Standard
344-1987,
IEEE
Recommended Practice for Seismic Qualification of Class
1E Equipment for Nuclear Power Generating Stations
(1987), Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers,
Inc.
yielding, to UUT force-resisting members is acceptable
and structural members and joints not comprising the UUT
force-resisting system shall be allowed minor fractures
and anomalies. Minor repairs to the UUT (such as
replacing a bulb) are allowed for the equipment to satisfy
this section. Any repairs shall be documented and
included in the final test report noted in Section 5.2.
7.0
7.1
7.4 IEEE Standard 693-1997, IEEE Recommended
Practice for Seismic Design of Substations (1997),
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.
REFERENCES
1997 Uniform Building Code™.
7.5 ASCE Standard, SEI/ASCE 7- 05, Minimum
Design Loads for Buildings and Other Structures,
American Society of Civil Engineers.
7.2 2006 International Building Code®, International
Code Council.
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PROPOSED REVISIONS TO THE ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA FOR SEISMIC QUALIFICATION CERTIFICATION BY
SHAKE-TABLE TESTING OF NONSTRUCTURAL COMPONENTS AND SYSTEMS NONBUILDING STRUCTURES
ANNEX A
Section 4.0 UUT Required Information Template
UUT: Name
This appendix details the necessary required information to be provided to the test laboratory for each equipment item (UUT)
to be seismically qualified. Sections in parentheses refer to sections of this criteria.
Manufacturer’s Contact Information (Section 4.1.1)
Manufacturer:
Company name
Address:
Company address
Primary Contact:
Representative(s) name
Phone Number:
Representative(s) phone number
Test Laboratory’s Contact Information (Section 4.1.2)
Test Laboratory:
Lab name
Address:
Lab address
Primary Contact:
Representative(s) name
Phone Number:
Representative(s) phone number
Test Specimen Description (Section 4.2)
Name:
Product name
UUT Designation:
Short alphanumeric UUT designator used for plotting and test run purposes.
UUT Function:
A general description of the primary function or end use of the product.
Description:
A detailed description of the UUT configuration. This should include a listing of major subassemblies
and components (e.g., bills of material) and any other applicable product differentiation.
Identification No.:
Supply UUT’s unique identification number or serial number.
Dimensions:
Height = xx in. Width = xx in. Depth = xx in.
Weight:
Approximately xxx lbs.
Restrictions:
Provide any product restrictions or limitations on use.
Seismic Parameters (Section 4.3)
Building Code:
List the required code (1997 UBC and/or 2006 IBC)
Height Factors:
The ratio of (Hx/Hr) for UBC and/or the ratio of (z/h) for IBC shall be provided
Seismic Coefficient: Provide the specific seismic coefficient as required per the building code (SDS value for IBC and Ca
value for the UBC)
Importance Factor: Specify the desired importance factor. The Ip value will dictate the level of acceptance criteria used
during qualification testing.
Functional and Operability Requirements (Section 4.4)
Required Testing:
List and define any testing that will be used in the determination of pre- and post-functional compliance.
Each test and/or requirement should be listed as a separate line item.
Equipment Product Line Extrapolation and Interpolation (Section 4.5)
Structural:
A rationale shall be provided explaining that the selected UUT’s structural configuration is one offering
the least seismic withstand capacity compared to other options that are available within the product line
being qualified.
Mounting:
A rationale shall be provided explaining that the selected UUT’s mounting configuration is one offering
the least seismic withstand capacity compared to other mounting options that are available within the
product line being qualified.
Subassemblies:
A rationale shall be provided explaining that the selected UUT’s subassemblies are representative of
production hardware and offer the least seismic withstand capacity of the UUT compared to other
subassembly options that are available within the product line being qualified.
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PROPOSED REVISIONS TO THE ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA FOR SEISMIC QUALIFICATION CERTIFICATION BY
SHAKE-TABLE TESTING OF NONSTRUCTURAL COMPONENTS AND SYSTEMS NONBUILDING STRUCTURES
Mass
Distribution:
A rationale shall be provided explaining that the selected UUT’s mass distribution is one contributing to
the least seismic withstand capacity of the UUT compared to other mass distribution options that are
available within the product line being qualified.
Variations:
A rationale shall be provided explaining that the selected UUT’s overall variations contribute to the least
seismic withstand capacity of the UUT compared to other variations that are available within the product
line being qualified.
Installation Instructions (Section 4.6)
Field Mounting:
Describe how the product is to be mounted in field applications. This should include the quantity, size,
grade and installation torque of mounting fasteners, or weld size and weld type for welded installations.
Sketch:
Provide a sketch of the UUT mounting hole bolt pattern or welding details.
Test Mounting:
The preferred test specimen mounting is to directly attach the UUT to the shake-table using the fieldmounting configuration. Alternatively, the UUT may be secured to a rigid interface test fixture and then
the test fixture is secured to the shake table. Details of recommended interface test fixtures should be
defined.
Special Test Instructions (Optional)
Request:
Define any special instructions that may be beyond the standard test requirements of AC156. This could
include requests for additional response accelerometers or displacement and force monitors, digital
output from accelerometers, etc. Each unique request should be listed as a separate line item.
12
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