EMT 251/4 Introduction to IC Design

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EMT 251/4!
Introduction to IC Design!
(Pengantar Rekabentuk Litar Terkamir)
LECTURER!
Mr. Fazrul Faiz Zakaria!
[email protected]
1
Course Evaluation
Course Work = 30%!
Lab - 5%!
Mini Project - 15%!
Assignment / Tutorial / Quiz - 10%
Examination = 70%!
Test 1 - 10%!
Test 2 - 10%!
Our Appointment
day
time
venue
remark
Lectures
Thursday
10am-12pm
DKP2
Comm
Thursday
4-5pm
DKR1
Comm
The PLAN....
Course Content
Study week
1
Briefing
Introduction to ICs and transistor fundamentals, !
2
Brief History, Invention of the transistor, Transistor Types,
MOS ICs, Moore’s Law, Design versus Fabrication, major
companies.
3.
Netlist
4
Netlist circuit representation Of transistor level circuits.
Combinational Logic Design!
Static CMOS (Complementary CMOS) circuits!
! nMOS and pMOS as switches, Pull-up and pull-down
networks, signal strength.!
! Inverter, NAND, NOR, Complex gates!
!
The PLAN....
Course Content
Study week
5
Combinational Logic Design (continued)!
Pass Transistor, Transmission Gate (Pass gate), Pseudo-nMOS
circuits
Dynamic CMOS Circuits Domino logic, NORA logic.!
6
7
8&10
9
!
CMOS Fabrication!
Cross-sections – nMOS, pMOS, inverter, dopants, oxide layers,
well and substrate taps, mask set. Inverter fabrication steps.
Layout!
Sticks Diagram, Actual Layout & Design Rules, Area
Estimation
Mid Sem break
The PLAN....
Course Content
Study week
Circuit Characterization!
NMOS and PMOS enhancement model!
11-12
! I-V characteristics!
! Formulas for cut off, linear and saturation region (threshold voltage)!
! Voltage transfer characteristics for an inverter!
! Regiona,b,c,dande.
Performance Estimation!
13-14
! R, C, L calculations!
! Delay estimation, Power consumption!
! Scaling techniques, Effects of scaling!
! ITRS
Design methodology!
15
! Top-down, Bottom-up, Behavioral level, Structural level, Standard cell,
Full custom!
! Interchange format (GDS tools)
16
Study week & Final examination
Text book
CMOS VLSI - A Design
Perspective!
Wolf, Rabaey, Jan M. Weste, Neil
H.E. !
Compiled by: Norina Idris,
Norhawati Ahmad, Rizalafande
Che Ismail, Muammar
Mohamad Isa, Siti Zarina Md
Naziri, Muhammad Imran
Ahmad !
Pearson, 2008.
Other References
Vai, M. M., VLSI Design, CRC Press, 2001. !
Wolf, W., Modern VLSI Design – System on Chip, Prentice
Hall, 2002. !
Weste, Neil H.E. and Harris, D., CMOS VLSI Design- A
Circuits and Systems Perspective, Prentice Hall, 2005. !
Kang, Sung-Mo and Leblebici, Yusuf, CMOS Digital
Integrated Circuits- Analysis and Design, McGraw-Hill,
2005. !
Uyemura, John P. Introduction to VLSI Circuits and
Systems, John Wiley, 2002.
What is IC???
Purpose of the
course
To introduce the concepts and
techniques of modern integrated
circuit design(CMOS VLSI).!
To provide experience designing
integrated circuits using Commercial
Computer Aided Design (CAD) Tools
What is VLSI
Very Large Scale Integration!
involves packing more and more logic
devices into smaller and smaller area!
VLSI circuits are everywhere ... your
computer, your car, your brand new
state-of-the-art digital camera, the
cell-phones, and what have you
Dealing with VLSI
Digital VLSI circuits are predominantly CMOS based!
The VLSI design process:!
1. A typical digital design flow is as follows:!
- Specification
- Architecture
!
!
- RTL
Coding !
- RTL
Verification !
- Synthesis
!
- Backend
!
- Tape
Out to Foundry to get end product….a wafer with repeated
number of identical Ics.
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