EMT 251/4! Introduction to IC Design! (Pengantar Rekabentuk Litar Terkamir) LECTURER! Mr. Fazrul Faiz Zakaria! [email protected] 1 Course Evaluation Course Work = 30%! Lab - 5%! Mini Project - 15%! Assignment / Tutorial / Quiz - 10% Examination = 70%! Test 1 - 10%! Test 2 - 10%! Our Appointment day time venue remark Lectures Thursday 10am-12pm DKP2 Comm Thursday 4-5pm DKR1 Comm The PLAN.... Course Content Study week 1 Briefing Introduction to ICs and transistor fundamentals, ! 2 Brief History, Invention of the transistor, Transistor Types, MOS ICs, Moore’s Law, Design versus Fabrication, major companies. 3. Netlist 4 Netlist circuit representation Of transistor level circuits. Combinational Logic Design! Static CMOS (Complementary CMOS) circuits! ! nMOS and pMOS as switches, Pull-up and pull-down networks, signal strength.! ! Inverter, NAND, NOR, Complex gates! ! The PLAN.... Course Content Study week 5 Combinational Logic Design (continued)! Pass Transistor, Transmission Gate (Pass gate), Pseudo-nMOS circuits Dynamic CMOS Circuits Domino logic, NORA logic.! 6 7 8&10 9 ! CMOS Fabrication! Cross-sections – nMOS, pMOS, inverter, dopants, oxide layers, well and substrate taps, mask set. Inverter fabrication steps. Layout! Sticks Diagram, Actual Layout & Design Rules, Area Estimation Mid Sem break The PLAN.... Course Content Study week Circuit Characterization! NMOS and PMOS enhancement model! 11-12 ! I-V characteristics! ! Formulas for cut off, linear and saturation region (threshold voltage)! ! Voltage transfer characteristics for an inverter! ! Regiona,b,c,dande. Performance Estimation! 13-14 ! R, C, L calculations! ! Delay estimation, Power consumption! ! Scaling techniques, Effects of scaling! ! ITRS Design methodology! 15 ! Top-down, Bottom-up, Behavioral level, Structural level, Standard cell, Full custom! ! Interchange format (GDS tools) 16 Study week & Final examination Text book CMOS VLSI - A Design Perspective! Wolf, Rabaey, Jan M. Weste, Neil H.E. ! Compiled by: Norina Idris, Norhawati Ahmad, Rizalafande Che Ismail, Muammar Mohamad Isa, Siti Zarina Md Naziri, Muhammad Imran Ahmad ! Pearson, 2008. Other References Vai, M. M., VLSI Design, CRC Press, 2001. ! Wolf, W., Modern VLSI Design – System on Chip, Prentice Hall, 2002. ! Weste, Neil H.E. and Harris, D., CMOS VLSI Design- A Circuits and Systems Perspective, Prentice Hall, 2005. ! Kang, Sung-Mo and Leblebici, Yusuf, CMOS Digital Integrated Circuits- Analysis and Design, McGraw-Hill, 2005. ! Uyemura, John P. Introduction to VLSI Circuits and Systems, John Wiley, 2002. What is IC??? Purpose of the course To introduce the concepts and techniques of modern integrated circuit design(CMOS VLSI).! To provide experience designing integrated circuits using Commercial Computer Aided Design (CAD) Tools What is VLSI Very Large Scale Integration! involves packing more and more logic devices into smaller and smaller area! VLSI circuits are everywhere ... your computer, your car, your brand new state-of-the-art digital camera, the cell-phones, and what have you Dealing with VLSI Digital VLSI circuits are predominantly CMOS based! The VLSI design process:! 1. A typical digital design flow is as follows:! - Specification - Architecture ! ! - RTL Coding ! - RTL Verification ! - Synthesis ! - Backend ! - Tape Out to Foundry to get end product….a wafer with repeated number of identical Ics.