PV5870 - ParkerVision

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PV5870
PV5870
Rev. G
IQ Direct Conversion Modulator / Demodulator
The PV5870 is a direct conversion quadrature modulator / demodulator designed for communication systems
requiring excellent linearity with the lowest power consumption in the industry. The device is optimized for wideband applications with RF inputs ranging from 400 –3600MHz.
Benefits of the component include excellent amplitude and phase balance, low conversion loss with low noise
figure, very low DC offset, and low power dissipation. Intermodulation products IM2 and IM3 can be optimized
through adjustment. RF, LO and baseband interfaces are fully differential. The baseband outputs of the device can
interface directly to baseband amplifiers or low-pass filters.
The excellent linearity of the PV5870 direct conversion quadrature demodulator can improve receiver dynamic
range and significantly reduce bill of materials cost by eliminating the need for IF signal processing components.
Performance as a modulator is equally impressive. Excellent sideband suppression of >40dBc and carrier leakage of
<-40dBm are achievable without adjustment for 900MHz applications. The on-channel LO input has a broad
operating range from -6dBm to +6dBm. The modulator core operates from a 1.8V power supply while providing an
OIP3 of +21dBm and OIP2 of +60dBm along with a P1dB of +7.5dBm at 900MHz. The LO path uses a +3V power
supply that can be regulated as low as 2.85V.
General Features
• Operating RF Frequency:
o 400 MHz to 3600 MHz
• Very Low power consumption: <130mW
o 900MHz RF, [email protected], [email protected]
• Small PCB area and layout
• 20-Lead QFN Package
IQ Demodulator
• Highest Linearity in class:
o IIP3 +30dBm, IIP2 +70dBm adjustable
• Low insertion loss: 2.5dB @ 900MHz
• Noise Figure: 3.5dB @ 900MHz
• Phase Accuracy: 1°typical
• Amplitude imbalance: 0.05dB typical
Figure 1: PV5870 (as demodulator)
IQ Modulator
• CDMA ACPR -64dBc / -88dBc
• Carrier Leakage: - 42dBm @ 900MHz
• Sideband suppression: 40dBc typical
• 1dB output compression: +7.5dBm @ 900MHz
• OIP3 +21dBm, OIP2 +60dBm @ 900MHz
• Output return loss: 12dB
Applications
•
•
•
•
•
•
LTE, W-CDMA base station receivers/transmitters
Digital pre-distortion
RF-Identification (RFID)
Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
High-Linearity direct conversion
Point-to-point broadband radio
Figure 2: PV5870 (as modulator)
© 2014 ParkerVision, Inc., All rights reserved
Specifications and Information herein are subject to change without notice
8500-410-006
Page 1 of 8
PV5870
Rev. G
Contents
General Features ________________________________________________________________________________ 1
Applications ____________________________________________________________________________________ 1
Figure 1: PV5870 (as demodulator) ________________________________________________________________________ 1
Figure 2: PV5870 (as modulator) __________________________________________________________________________ 1
Pin Description _________________________________________________________________________________ 3
Absolute Minimum and Maximum Ratings ___________________________________________________________ 3
DC Specifications ________________________________________________________________________________ 4
RF Input Specifications ___________________________________________________________________________ 4
RF Output Specifications __________________________________________________________________________ 6
Package Description _____________________________________________________________________________ 7
© 2014 ParkerVision, Inc., All rights reserved
Specifications and Information herein are subject to change without notice
8500-410-006
Page 2 of 8
PV5870
Rev. G
Pin Description
Pin Number
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21[2]
Pin Name
GND
CMset
GND
HLC
Fboost
VDD3p0
LO+
GND
LOVDD1p8
nPD
I+
IQ+
QGND
RFin+
PW
RFinGND
epad
Description
GND
Common mode for IM adjustment
GND
Logic 1 (tie pin to VDD3p0 typically) or apply Logic “0” to increase P1dB[1]
Logic “0” for LO frequencies ≤ 2600MHz Logic “1” for LO frequencies > 2600MHz
+3V analog power supply
Local oscillator positive input
Ground
Local oscillator negative input
+1.8V digital power supply
Power down / sleep mode logic control
I channel baseband positive output
I channel baseband negative output
Q channel baseband positive output
Q channel baseband negative output
Ground
RF positive input
Ground (can be biased from 0Vdc to +1.5Vdc)
RF negative input
Ground
Ground
ESD
Ground
yes
Ground
yes
yes
yes
no
no
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
no
no
Notes:
1. Logic “0” on HLC pin 4 can be used to increase input referred P1dB to +21dBm. This is normally considered a temporary
operating condition and will increase conversion loss. It can also be used to increase the frequency range to 4GHz.
2. Exposed pad on bottom of package
Absolute Minimum and Maximum Ratings
Parameter
PV5870
Supply Voltage(s)
+3V Supply
+1.8V Supply
Storage Temp
Clock (LO) Input
Power
RF Input Power
Enable Voltage
BB Inputs
IP2 Adjust
Symbol
Conditions
VDD3p0
VDD1p8
CLKp, CLKn
AC coupled
RFp, RFn
nPD
I+,I-, Q+, QIP2_I, IP2_Q
AC coupled
Each input
© 2014 ParkerVision, Inc., All rights reserved
Specifications and Information herein are subject to change without notice
Min
Max
Unit
-0.3
-0.3
-40
+3.6
+1.98
+140
+10
Vdc
Vdc
°C
dBm
TBD
VDD3p0+0.3
1.5
2.5
dBm
V
Vp-p
V
-0.3
-0.3
-0.3
8500-410-006
Page 3 of 8
PV5870
Rev. G
DC Specifications
(TA = +25 ° C, VDD3p0 = +3V, VDD1p8 = +1.8V, VCMBB=1.5V)
Parameter
Temperature Range
Power Supply
Supply Voltage
Supply Current
Symbol
VDD3p0
IDD3p0
Supply Voltage
Supply Current
VDD1p8
IDD1p8
Power Down Current
Enable Voltage
nPD
IP2 Adjustment Range
CMset Adjustment Range
Iadj, Qadj
CMset
Conditions
LO tuned to 900MHz
LO tuned to 2.45GHz
LO tuned to 900MHz
LO tuned to 2.45GHz
PD5870 “on”
PV5870 “off”
Min
-40
Typ
2.85
1.71
2.25
3.0
23
23
1.8
33
72
10
1.5
1.5
Max
+85
Unit
°C
3.3
0.5
2.2
2.2
V
mA
mA
V
mA
mA
uA
V
V
V
V
Max
2600
3600[3]
2600
3600[3]
0
+6
Unit
MHz
MHz
MHz
MHz
dBm
dBm
+2
0.5
°
dB
dBm
dBm
dBm
dBm
dBm
dBm
dB
dB
dB
dB
dB
dB
300[7]
MHz
+2
0.5
°
dB
dBm
dBm
dBm
dBm
1.98
RF Input Specifications
(TA = +25 ° C, VDD3p0 = +3V, VDD1p8 = +1.8V, VCMBB=1.5V)
Parameter
Symbol
Conditions
Min
Typ
Fboost=0, HLC=1
400
RF Input Frequency
RFFreq
Fboost=1, HLC=1
2300
Fboost=0, HLC=1
400
Clock (LO) Input Frequency
LOFreq
Fboost=1, HLC=1
2300
LOFreq = 400MHz to 3000MHz
-6
-3
Clock (LO) Input Power
Pin
LOFreq = 3000MHz to 3600MHz
0
+3
RF I-Q Demodulator: fLO = 900MHz, fRF1 = 901MHz, fRF2 = 901.8MHz, Fboost=0, HLC=1 [4]
Quadrature phase error
FRFIN=901MHz, FLO=900MHz
-2
I/Q Amplitude Imbalance
FRFIN=901MHz, FLO=900MHz
-0.5
Third-Order Intercept
IIP3
PIN1, PIN2 = -10dBm each tone.
+25
+30
Second-Order Intercept
IIP2
PIN1, PIN2 = -10dBm each tone.
+70[5]
Fboost=0, HLC=1
+14
Input Compression
IP1dB
Fboost=1, HLC=1
+14
Fboost=1, HLC=0
+21
LO Leakage
FLO=FRF, RFIN Differential
-60
Fboost=0, HLC=1
2.1
[6]
Conversion Loss
Fboost=1, HLC=1
2.4
Fboost=1, HLC=0
9.6
Fboost=0, HLC=1
3.0
[6]
DSB Noise Figure
NF
Fboost=1, HLC=1
3.1
Fboost=1, HLC=0
9.8
I or Q, Differential baseband
Baseband Bandwidth
BW3dB
load 125 Ohms
RF I-Q Demodulator: fLO = 2450MHz, fRF1 = 2451MHz, fRF2 = 2451.8MHz, Fboost=0, HLC=1 [4]
Quadrature phase error
FRFIN=2451MHz, FLO=2450MHz
-2
I/Q Amplitude Imbalance
FRFIN=2451MHz, FLO=2450MHz
-0.5
Third-Order Intercept
IIP3
PIN1, PIN2 = -10dBm each tone.
+25
+28
Second-Order Intercept
IIP2
PIN1, PIN2 = -10dBm each tone.
+65[5]
Fboost=0, HLC=1
+14
Input Compression
IP1dB
Fboost=1, HLC=1
+14
© 2014 ParkerVision, Inc., All rights reserved
Specifications and Information herein are subject to change without notice
8500-410-006
Page 4 of 8
PV5870
Parameter
Symbol
Conditions
Min
Typ
Fboost=1, HLC=0
+20
LO Leakage
FLO=FRF, RFIN Differential
-42
Fboost=0, HLC=1
3.3
[6]
Conversion Loss
Fboost=1, HLC=1
3.3
Fboost=1, HLC=0
8.2
Fboost=0, HLC=1
6.8
[6]
DSB Noise Figure
NF
Fboost=1, HLC=1
4.8
Fboost=1, HLC=0
9.5
I or Q, Differential baseband
Baseband Bandwidth
BW3dB
load 125 Ohms
RF I-Q Demodulator: fLO = 3000MHz, fRF1 = 3001MHz, fRF2 = 3001.8MHz, Fboost=1, HLC=1 [4]
Quadrature phase error
FRFIN=3001MHz, FLO=3000MHz
-2
I/Q Amplitude Imbalance
FRFIN=3001MHz, FLO=3000MHz
-0.5
Third-Order Intercept
IIP3
PIN1, PIN2 = -10dBm each tone.
+25
Second-Order Intercept
IIP2
PIN1, PIN2 = -10dBm each tone.
+65
Fboost=1, HLC=1
+12
Input Compression
IP1dB
Fboost=1, HLC=0
TBD
LO Leakage
FLO=FRF, RFIN Differential
-50
Fboost=1,
HLC=1
3.3
Conversion Loss[6]
Fboost=1, HLC=0
6.5
Fboost=1, HLC=1
6.3
DSB Noise Figure[6]
NF
Fboost=1, HLC=0
8.9
I or Q, Differential baseband
Baseband Bandwidth
BW3dB
load 125 Ohms
RF I-Q Demodulator: fLO = 3600MHz, fRF1 = 3601MHz, fRF2 = 3601.8MHz, Fboost=1, HLC=1 [4]
Quadrature phase error
FRFIN=3601MHz, FLO=3600MHz
-2
I/Q Amplitude Imbalance
FRFIN=3601MHz, FLO=3600MHz
-0.5
Third-Order Intercept
IIP3
PIN1, PIN2 = -10dBm each tone.
+22
Second-Order Intercept
IIP2
PIN1, PIN2 = -10dBm each tone.
+47
Fboost=1, HLC=1
+11
Input Compression
IP1dB
Fboost=1, HLC=0
TBD
LO Leakage
FLO=FRF, RFIN Differential
-37
Fboost=1, HLC=1, LO=+3dBm
5
[6]
Conversion Loss
Fboost=1, HLC=1, LO=+6dBm
5
Fboost=1, HLC=0, LO=0dBm
6.6
Fboost=1, HLC=1, LO=+3dBm
14.8
DSB Noise Figure[6]
NF
Fboost=1, HLC=1, LO=+6dBm
12.6
Fboost=1, HLC=0, LO=0dBm
9
I or Q, Differential baseband
Baseband Bandwidth
BW3dB
load 125 Ohms
Max
Unit
dBm
dBm
dB
dB
dB
dB
dB
dB
300[7]
MHz
+2
0.5
°
dB
dBm
dBm
dBm
dBm
dBm
dB
dB
dB
dB
300[7]
MHz
+2
0.5
°
dB
dBm
dBm
dBm
dBm
dBm
dB
dB
dB
dB
dB
dB
300[7]
MHz
Rev. G
Notes:
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Higher LO power ≥0dBm is required for operation to 3600MHz
Mini-Circuits TC1-1-13 baluns on RF and LO ports, Coilcraft WB2.5-6TSL transformer on baseband ports
CMset = +2V to +2.1V, Fboost=0, HLC=1
Transformer and evaluation board losses de-embedded
Will be limited by choice of load and/or transformer
© 2014 ParkerVision, Inc., All rights reserved
Specifications and Information herein are subject to change without notice
8500-410-006
Page 5 of 8
PV5870
Rev. G
RF Output Specifications
(TA = +25 ° C, VDD3p0 = +3V, VDD1p8 = +1.8V, VCMBB=1.5V)
Parameter
Symbol
Conditions
Min
[8,9]
RF I-Q Modulator: fLO = 900MHz, F1=+3.5MHz F2=+4.5MHz
Output Power
VI=VQ=2Vp-p differential
Output IP3
OIIP3
POUT = -8dBm each tone
Output IP2
OIIP2
POUT = -8dBm each tone
Output P1dB
OP1dB
CMset(pin 2) =1.8Vdc
Carrier Feedthrough
No adjustment
Sideband Suppression
No adjustment
Quadrature phase error
-2
I/Q Amplitude Imbalance
-0.5
Noise Floor
LO input power 0dBm
Baseband Bandwidth
BW3dB
RF Return Loss
Balun dependent
LO Input Return Loss
Balun dependent
RF I-Q Modulator: fLO = 2450MHz, F1=+3.5MHz F2=+4.5MHz [8,9]
Output Power
VI=VQ=2Vp-p differential
POUT = -8dBm each tone,
Output IP3
OIIP3
CMset=1.8Vdc
POUT = -8dBm each tone,
Output IP2
OIIP2
CMset=1.8Vdc
Output P1dB
OP1dB
CMset(pin 2) =1.8Vdc
Carrier Feedthrough
No adjustment
Sideband Suppression
No adjustment
Quadrature phase error
-2
I/Q Amplitude Imbalance
-0.5
Noise Floor
LO input power 0dBm
Baseband Bandwidth
BW3dB
RF Return Loss
Balun dependent
LO Input Return Loss
Balun dependent
Cellular Modulation: CDMA2000, fLO = 837MHz, LO power = -3dBm, CMset = 2Vdc
ACPR (CDMA2K Modulation)
885KHz (Pout=-2dBm)
1.98MHz
Typ
+5
+21
+60
+7.5
-42
-40
-148
20010
12
12
Max
+2
0.5
Unit
dBm
dBm
dBm
dBm
dBm
dBc
°
dB
dBm/Hz
MHz
dB
dB
+4
dBm
+17
dBm
+50
dBm
+6
-42
-35
dBm
dBm
dBc
°
dB
dBm/Hz
MHz
dB
dB
-145
20010
12
12
+2
0.5
64
88
dBc
dBc
Notes:
8. Mini-Circuits TC1-1-13 baluns on RF and LO ports
9. Iadj, Qadj at +1.8V and CMset at +1.8V
10. Choice of operational amplifier, transformer, and source impedance will influence the realizable baseband bandwidth.
© 2014 ParkerVision, Inc., All rights reserved
Specifications and Information herein are subject to change without notice
8500-410-006
Page 6 of 8
PV5870
Rev. G
Package Description
20-Lead Plastic QRN (4mm x 4mm)
© 2014 ParkerVision, Inc., All rights reserved
Specifications and Information herein are subject to change without notice
8500-410-006
Page 7 of 8
PV5870
Rev. G
© 2014 ParkerVision, Inc., All rights reserved
Specifications and Information herein are subject to change without notice
8500-410-006
Page 8 of 8
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