Safe, Low-Cost, High-Energy-Density, Solid-State Li

advertisement
Safe, Low-Cost, High-Energy-Density,
Solid-State Li-Ion Batteries
Eric Wachsman*, Liangbing Hu*, and Venkataraman Thangadurai**
*University of Maryland, College Park MD
**University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada
Our technology applies revolutionary advances in
solid-state-ionics and conventional ceramic fabrication
techniques to develop high-energy-density, low-cost, all
solid-state batteries.
• Based on high-conductivity, high-voltage,
intrinsically-safe (non-flammable) garnet solid state
electrolytes (SSE)
• Thin dense SSE layer supported by high surface area
porous electrodes results in low impedance cells
All-Ceramic
Battery
From Dr. Wachsman’s group: the first all
• Stable electrochemical voltage
window of garnet SSE allows for
high voltage (~6 V) cathodes and
thus higher energy/power density
• Porous SSE scaffold allows use of high
specificcapacitymetal-LianodewithnoSEI
formation
• Porous 3-D networked SSE scaffolds also
allowelectrodematerialstofillporevolume
with a smaller charge transfer resistance and
no electrode cycling fatigue
ARPA-E Program: Robust Affordable Next Generation EV Storage (RANGE)
Program Director: Dr. Ping Liu
Supported by:
•
Stable Limetal cycling with no dendrite shorting or performance decay
3 mA/cm2
We are developing high-power density, solid-state, lithium-ion batteries that overcome
all of the safety, stability, and performance issues of conventional Li-ion batteries. The
dense ceramic electrolyte prevents Li-dendrite shorting and overcomes thermal stability
issues of currently used organic liquid electrolytes. The all solid-state structure provides
revolutionary dimensional tolerance and mechanical strength, decreasing packaging
requirements and system weight. Moreover, our technology will also dramatically reduce
manufacturing costs using scalable, ceramic fabrication techniques that do not require dry
rooms or vacuum equipment.
Advantages:
Battery Pack *
Estimated Performance
• “Holy grail” metal anode provides maximum
theoretical energy and power density
Cell voltage
5V
• Dense ceramic SSE prevents dendrite growth
Specific capacity
62 Ah/kg
Volumetric capacity
230 Ah/L
• Li cycles between electrodes by pore filling
with no cycle fatigue or dimensional changes
Energy density (mass)
340 Wh/kg
Energy density (volume) 1,270 Wh/L
*Inclusive of packaging
• Wide operating temperature range with no
thermal runaway concern
• Mechanically robust and conformal
• Non-flammable and intrinsically safe
Research Group webpage
www.wachsman.umd.edu
Contact information
[email protected]
301-405-8193
Download
Related flashcards
Bacteria

13 Cards

Mitosis

29 Cards gattwik

Meiosis

26 Cards gattwik

Create flashcards