Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) and Decontamination Learning Objectives By the end of this section the participant should be able to Define PPE Name the five levels of PPE Describe what the contamination reduction corridor is What is PPE? Personal Protective Equipment All clothing and other work accessories designed to create a barrier against hazards Different types provide respiratory, skin and eye protection Respiratory Protection Garments and Barriers Protective suits Splash/droplet protection (includes vapor) Gloves Boots Eye protection Levels of Personal Protective Equipment Level A Level B Level C Level D Bio-PPE Level A Highest Level of Protection (Vapor and Splash) Fully encapsulated Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus or Supplied Airline Chemical resistant boots/gloves Level B Same respiratory protection as Level A SCBA worn on outside of chemical resistant suit Chemical resistant boots/gloves All seams are taped to seal Level C Air-Purifying Respirator Uses Filter Powered (PAPR), Cartridge or Canister Chemical resistant suit, boots, and gloves All seams are taped to seal Level D Standard protective work uniforms Gown or Coat Eye shield Mask Gloves Bio-PPE Contact and Respiratory Protection Standard Precautions N95 respirator and proper protection of skin and eyes PPE Level Selection Level A/B only for specialized situations Not for the lay person (hospital workers, Public Health, EMS/Police) Need much training Create hazards for wearer High cost Require annual fit testing and maintenance Level D for patient care after decon PPE Level Selection Except for rare cases, Level C will be the best choice for a known element, especially in healthcare Highly contagious medical care Decontamination line Open area assessment for triage What If I Am Caught Without PPE? Get out and get away as fast as possible! Double layer T-shirt over nose & mouth Types of Decontamination Emergency Respiratory Primary Secondary Equipment Mass Casualty Incident Site Hospital Decontamination Process 1. Triage 2. Remove and bag clothes 3. Shower soak/flush 4. Detergent soap scrub with sponge 5. Shower rinse 6. Dry and dress Factors that Affect Decontamination Process Physical & chemical properties of the material Amount & location of contaminant Contact time & temperature Level of protection & work function Reason for leaving hazard site Setting up the Contamination Reduction Corridor Resources: Personnel Water Decon solutions Air supplies Protective clothing Electricity/utilities Miscellaneous tools Setting up the Contamination Reduction Corridor Requirements: Planning Equipment Site Identification Coordinating Training Exercising Documentation Setting up the Contamination Reduction Corridor Determining Effectiveness of Decontamination: Visual examination Meters, instruments, test paper Testing by qualified lab Analysis of test swatches or samples Consulting with appropriate health officials Setting up the Contamination Reduction Corridor When the decontamination operation is over: You must also have a formal system to terminate your decontamination operations that will be part of your operational plan. Decontaminate the decon team Decontaminate or dispose of equipment Clean-up options Debriefings Record keeping Setting up the Contamination Reduction Corridor Additional Concerns Site security Force protection Evidence Collection Must be “coordinated with law enforcement”.