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MasteringPhysics: Assignment Print View 1 of 7 http://session.masteringphysics.com/myct/assignmentPrint?assignmentID=... Chapter 30 Homework Due: 8:00am on Tuesday, March 23, 2010 Note: To understand how points are awarded, read your instructor's Grading Policy. [Return to Standard Assignment View] Electric Potential, Potential Energy, and Force Learning Goal: To review relationships among electric potential, electric potential energy, and force on a test charge This problem is a review of the relationship between an electric field , its associated electric potential , the electric potential energy , and the direction of force on a test charge. Part A Electric field lines always begin at _______ charges (or at infinity) and end at _______ charges (or at infinity). One could also say that the lines we use to represent an electric field indicate the direction in which a _______ test charge would initially move when released from rest. Which of the following fills in the three missing words correctly? ANSWER: (positive; negative; negative) (positive; negative; positive) (negative; positive; negative) (negative; positive; positive) Correct Note that the electric field vector is everywhere tangent to the electric field lines. Like electric field lines, the electric field vector generally points away from positive charges and toward negative charges. Part B Would a positive test charge released from rest move toward a region of higher or lower electric potential (compared to the electric potential at the point where it is released)? Hint B.1 Potential, field, and force Hint not displayed ANSWER: higher electric potential lower electric potential Correct Part C Now imagine that the sign of our test particle is changed from positive to negative, but the electric potential remains the same. Which of the following statements is correct? Hint C.1 Direction of field and force Hint not displayed Hint C.2 Direction of force and potential energy gradient Hint not displayed ANSWER: The direction of the force will change and it will point to regions of higher potential energy. The direction of the force will not change and it will point to regions of higher potential energy. The direction of the force will not change and it will point to regions of lower potential energy. The direction of the force will change and it will point to regions of lower potential energy. Correct Problem 30.37 The electric field in a region of space is -1900 , where is in meters. Part A What is the potential difference between and ? Express your answer using two significant figures. ANSWER: = 760 Correct Problem 30.47 The electric potential in a region of space is 210 100 , where and are in meters. Part A What is the strength of the electric field at ? Express your answer using two significant figures. ANSWER: = 1400 Correct 3/23/2010 2:45 PM MasteringPhysics: Assignment Print View 2 of 7 http://session.masteringphysics.com/myct/assignmentPrint?assignmentID=... Part B What is the direction of the electric field at ANSWER: = 155 Correct ? Give the direction as an angle (in degrees) counterclockwise from the positive -axis. counterclockwise from the positive -axis Capacitance: A Review Learning Goal: To review the meaning of capacitance and ways of changing the capacitance of a parallel-plate capacitor. Capacitance is one of the central concepts in electrostatics. Understanding its meaning and the difference between its definition and the ways of calculating capacitance can be challenging at first. This tutorial is meant to help you become more comfortable with capacitance. Recall the fundamental formula for capacitance: , where is the capacitance in farads, is the charge stored on the plates in coulombs, and voltage is related to the strength of the electric field is the potential difference (or voltage) between the plates. In the following problems it may help to keep in mind that the and the distance between the plates, , by . Part A What property of objects is best measured by their capacitance? ANSWER: the ability to conduct electric current the ability to distort an external electrostatic field the ability to store charge Correct Capacitance is a measure of the ability of a system of two conductors to store electric charge and energy. It is defined as . This ratio remains constant as long as the system retains its geometry and the amount of dielectric does not change. Capacitors are special devices designed to combine a large capacitance with a small size. However, any pair of conductors separated by a dielectric (or vacuum) has some capacitance. Even an isolated electrode has a small capacitance. That is, if a charge is placed on it, its potential with respect to ground would change, and the ratio is its capacitance . Part B Consider an air-filled charged capacitor. How can its capacitance be increased? Hint B.1 What does capacitance depend on? Hint not displayed ANSWER: Increase the charge on the capacitor. Decrease the charge on the capacitor. Increase the spacing between the plates of the capacitor. Decrease the spacing between the plates of the capacitor. Increase the length of the wires leading to the capacitor plates. Correct Part C Consider a charged parallel-plate capacitor. How can its capacitance be halved? Check all that apply. ANSWER: Double the charge. Double the plate area. Double the plate separation. Halve the charge. Halve the plate area. Halve the plate separation. Correct Part D Consider a charged parallel-plate capacitor. Which combination of changes would quadruple its capacitance? ANSWER: Double the charge and double the plate area. Double the charge and double the plate separation. Halve the charge and double the plate separation. Halve the charge and double the plate area. Halve the plate separation and double the plate area. Double the plate separation and halve the plate area. Correct Problem 30.19 3/23/2010 2:45 PM MasteringPhysics: Assignment Print View 3 of 7 A switch that connects a battery to a http://session.masteringphysics.com/myct/assignmentPrint?assignmentID=... capacitor is closed. Several seconds later you find that the capacitor plates are charged to . Part A What is the emf of the battery? ANSWER: 3.00 Correct Equivalent Capacitance Consider the combination of capacitors shown in the diagram, where = 3.00 , = 11.0 , = 3.00 , and = 5.00 . Part A Find the equivalent capacitance Hint A.1 of the network of capacitors. How to reduce the network of capacitors Hint not displayed Hint A.2 Find the capacitance equivalent to , , and Hint not displayed Hint A.3 Two capacitors in series Hint not displayed Express your answer in microfarads. ANSWER: = 2.59 Correct Part B Two capacitors of capacitance = 6.00 and = 3.00 are added to the network, as shown in the diagram. Find the equivalent capacitance of the new network of capacitors. Hint B.1 How to reduce the extended network of capacitors Hint not displayed Hint B.2 Find the equivalent capacitance of , , , , and Hint not displayed Hint B.3 Two capacitors in series Hint not displayed Express your answer in microfarads. ANSWER: = 2.54 Correct Problem 30.25 You need a capacitance of 50.0 , but you don't happen to have a 50.0 capacitor. You do have a 75.0 capacitor. Part A What additional capacitor do you need to produce a total capacitance of 50.0 ANSWER: 150 3/23/2010 2:45 PM MasteringPhysics: Assignment Print View 4 of 7 http://session.masteringphysics.com/myct/assignmentPrint?assignmentID=... Correct Part B Should you join the two capacitors in parallel or in series? ANSWER: in parallel in series Correct A Simple Network of Capacitors In the figure are shown three capacitors with capacitances applied potential . The capacitor network is connected to an . After the charges on the capacitors have reached their final values, the charge on the second capacitor is 40.0 . Part A What is the charge Hint A.1 on capacitor ? How to approach the problem Hint not displayed Hint A.2 Series or parallel? Hint not displayed Hint A.3 Calculate the potential difference across the second capacitor Hint not displayed Hint A.4 Calculate the potential difference across the first capacitor, Hint not displayed ANSWER: = 80.0 Correct Part B What is the charge on capacitor Hint B.1 ? How to approach the problem Hint not displayed Hint B.2 Series or parallel? Hint not displayed Hint B.3 Capacitors in series Hint not displayed Hint B.4 Calculate the total charge in the initial section Hint not displayed Express your answer in microcoulombs to three significant figures. ANSWER: = 120 Correct Part C What is the applied voltage, Hint C.1 ? How to approach the problem Hint not displayed Hint C.2 Calculate the equivalent capacitance Hint not displayed Hint C.3 Find the total charge Hint not displayed Express your answer in volts to three significant figures. 3/23/2010 2:45 PM MasteringPhysics: Assignment Print View 5 of 7 ANSWER: http://session.masteringphysics.com/myct/assignmentPrint?assignmentID=... = 37.3 Correct Problem 30.61 What are the charge on and the potential difference across each capacitor in the figure ? Part A ANSWER: 4.00 Correct Part B ANSWER: 1.00 Correct Part C ANSWER: 12.0 Correct Part D ANSWER: 1.00 Correct Part E ANSWER: 16.0 Correct Part F ANSWER: 8.00 Correct Problem 30.73 The flash unit in a camera uses a 3.0 battery to charge a capacitor. The capacitor is then discharged through a flashlamp. The discharge takes , and the average power dissipated in the flashlamp is 10 . Part A What is the capacitance of the capacitor? ANSWER: 22.2 Correct Problem 30.33 Two 4.6- -diameter metal disks are separated by a 0.23- -thick piece of paper. (Dielectric constant for paper is , its dielectric strength is .) Part A What is the capacitance? Express your answer using two significant figures. ANSWER: = 0.24 Correct Part B 3/23/2010 2:45 PM MasteringPhysics: Assignment Print View 6 of 7 http://session.masteringphysics.com/myct/assignmentPrint?assignmentID=... What is the maximum potential difference between the disks? Express your answer using two significant figures. ANSWER: = 3.7 Correct The Capacitor as an Energy-Storing Device Learning Goal: To understand that the charge stored by capacitors represents energy; to be able to calculate the stored energy and its changes under different circumstances. An air-filled parallel-plate capacitor has plate area and plate separation . The capacitor is connected to a battery that creates a constant voltage . Part A Find the energy Hint A.1 stored in the capacitor. Formula for the energy of a capacitor Hint not displayed Express your answer in terms of , , , and . Remember to enter as epsilon_0. ANSWER: = Correct Part B The capacitor is now disconnected from the battery, and the plates of the capacitor are then slowly pulled apart until the separation reaches Hint B.1 . Find the new energy of the capacitor after this process. What quantity remains constant? What characteristic of the capacitor does not change in this process? ANSWER: charge voltage between the plates capacitance energy Correct In particular, look carefully at the quantities that do change. Hint B.2 Find the charge on the capacitor What is the charge that resides on the plates of the capacitor? Express your answer in terms of some or all of the variables , , and . Remember to enter as epsilon_0. ANSWER: = Correct Hint B.3 How does the capacitance change? How does the capacitance change in this process? ANSWER: remains constant increases by a factor of 3 decreases by a factor of 3 increases by a factor of 9 decreases by a factor of 9 Correct Hint B.4 What is the formula for the energy? Which of the following formulas is most useful in finding for this situation? ANSWER: Correct Express your answer in terms of , , , and . ANSWER: = 3/23/2010 2:45 PM MasteringPhysics: Assignment Print View 7 of 7 http://session.masteringphysics.com/myct/assignmentPrint?assignmentID=... Correct The increase in energy of the capacitor comes from the external work that must be done to pull the plates apart. Keep in mind that the plates have opposite charges and attract each other; some work must be done by an external agent to pull them apart. Part C The capacitor is now reconnected to the battery, and the plate separation is restored to . A dielectric plate is slowly moved into the capacitor until the entire space between the plates is filled. Find the energy the dielectric-filled capacitor. The capacitor remains connected to the battery. The dielectric constant is Express your answer in terms of , , , , and of . . ANSWER: = Correct Score Summary: Your score on this assignment is 111.3%. You received 73.84 out of a possible total of 75 points, plus 9.68 points of extra credit. 3/23/2010 2:45 PM