GLOVE CONSTRUCTION TYPES OF LEATHER COW : Offers comfort, durability and breathability. Provides heat and abrasion resistance. PIG : GOAT DEER: Offers the greatest breathability due to its porous texture. Pigskin often becomes softer and more pliable with use. Goat is the softest most abrasion resistant leather. Goatskin provides excellent dexterity due to its supple feel. Is naturally soft, long wearing and warm. CUTS OF LEATHER GRAIN LEATHER Grain leather is found on the smooth external side of the hides; provides ultimate durability and dexterity while being both oil and water repellent. SPLIT LEATHER Split leather is found on the rougher internal side of the hide, there are three types of split leather which are; side split, shoulder split and belly split. SIDE SPLIT LEATHER Offers the best in terms of durability and quality from the split leather cuts. This is the most expensive of the cuts. SHOULDER SPLIT LEATHER Is quite durable and is slightly more economical then side split. BELLY SPLIT LEATHER Is the most economical and also the least durable of the split leather cuts. WORK GLOVE PATTERNS GUNN CUT CLUTE CUT AMBIDEXTROUS Seams follow the natural crease of the hand providing excellent comfort. Primarily used in leather gloves. Seams are on the back of hand, allowing for a seamless palm; which adds to the overall comfort and manoeuvrability of glove. This style allows the glove to be worn on either hand; increases the gloves life by allowing the wearing to reverse and switch hands once a particular area becomes worn. Clute is generally used for fabric gloves and lightweight leathers. THUMB STYLE KEYSTONE THUMB WING THUMB STRAIGHT THUMB The thumb is inserted separately and includes a double layer of leather for added protection. The keystone provides more comfort and dexterity then other patterns. The thumb has no exposed seams which provides additional wear in the thumb area and added comfort. This basic pattern requires the least amount of material and is most cost efficient. GLOVE CONSTRUCTION KNIT WRIST SLIP ON The wrist is designed to hold glove in place and prevents debris from entering glove. This style is designed specifically for easy on/off. GAUNTLET SAFETY CUFF BAND TOP The gauntlet style provides similar protection as the safety cuff with additional length for added wrist and forearm protection. The safety cuff is designed to protect the wrist area. Opened cuff area allows for quick removable when required. The band top is cooler then a knit wrist and is easier to remove. CUFF STYLES (Used with machinery) SYNTHETIC AND OTHER MATERIALS NITRILE NATURAL RUBBER LATEX Nitrile offers good protection against oils, bases, many solvents, esters, grease and animal fats; while providing excellent resistance to snags, abrasions, punctures and cuts. Natural rubber latex provides high resistance to cuts; resists bases, acids, alcohols and diluted aqueous solutions of most types of chemicals. Latex may cause allergic reactions In some individuals, if you have sensitivity to latex we recommend switching to P.V.C, nitrile or neoprene. NEOPRENE PVC (POLYVINYL CHLORIDE) Neoprene provides resistance to a wide range of oils, acids, caustics and solvents. Not as resistant to snags, abrasions, cuts as Nitrile and Natural Rubber. PVC provides good resistance to abrasions and cuts; good protection against many acids, caustics, bases and alcohols. PVC is not recommended for ketones and many other types of solvents. PVA (POLYVINYL ALCOHOL) POLYURETHANE PVA has very high resistance to aliphatics, aromatics, chlorinated solvents, esters and most ketones. Resistant to snags, punctures and cuts. When exposed to water and light alcohols PVA breaks down quickly. Polyurethane resists bases, acids, alcohols, grease and animal fat. Not recommended for most types of organic solvents. Excellent protection against snag, punctures, abrasion and cuts. POLYETHYLENE KEVLAR Polyethylene provides economical protection from chemicals, oils, fats, punctures and abrasion. Material complies with FDA regulations for food contact. Kevlar is 5 times stronger then steel by weight and can provide protection up to 900°F with a liner. Kevlar is known for its high strength but is not recommended for use in abrasive applications. SPECTRA TWARON Spectra is a polyolefin fibre and is known for its strength and cut resistance. Also offers excellent abrasion resistance and can be repeatedly laundered. Twaron is made from an extremely strong synthetic lightweight fibre that provides excellent heat and cut resistance. SUPPORTED VS UNSUPPORTED GLOVES A supported glove is made by dipping a knit or woven cloth liner into a glove compound such as latex. The liner supports the compound and adds strength. An unsupported glove is dipped directly into the glove compound with no supporting lining. Unsupported gloves are better to use for dexterity while supported gloves provide better cut resistance.