EXTREME ENVIRONMENTS What are Extreme Environments? Environments are the conditions that surround people and how those conditions affect how we live. Extreme means well beyond the normal range for conditions such as temperature or alititude. Extreme Environments are place where we do not live but may be able to explore. Specialized equipment and technology are required for exploration. Examples (p. 190 and 191 in your textbook) Sometimes there are living things in these environments but they must be specially adapted to exist there. What do Explorers need to survive? Humans have basic needs such as food, water, shelter, clothing, and oxygen. Often, these needs cannot be met in Extreme environments without specialized knowledge, technology, tools, and equipment. Oxygen: there is no oxygen available for us in space or under water so we must bring it with us. Water: is very heavy to transport so technology is used in some areas. In deserts, condensed water is collected Snow is melted in cold environments Salt is removed from ocean water to provide drinking water. Food: is heavy and bulky to transport as well so dried food is often used because it weighs less. Also, there is no gravity in space so ‘spoon-bowl’ packages are used so that crumbs don’t float around and damage equipment. What do Explorers need to survive? Life Support Systems are methods of providing air, water, and food using techniques such as recycling. Recycling is using the same material over and over again. Astronauts may use plants on long trips to: Take in carbon dioxide and give off oxygen Purify water Provide food Human waste can even be broken down to provide nutrients for plants What do Explorers need to survive? Transportation - extreme environments often require specialized equipment in order to explore. What kind of vehicle would you need to explore: The ocean surface? Underwater? Mountain tops? Outer space? The South Pole? The Desert? What do Explorers need to survive? Clothing - extreme environments also require specialized clothing to protect from extreme cold or heat. Spacesuits not only protect but also include a life support system. Shelter – astronauts often work in space inside the shelter of the Space Station to provide protection and meet basic needs. What kind of shelter would you need to explore: The ocean surface? Underwater? Mountain tops? Outer space? The South Pole? The Desert?