# Explain the various components of a building with a (l0) neat sketch

```St;HUUL UF PLANNING AND AKt;HITI!:Cl'lJ.J.{E: VIJAYA WADA
~
B. PLAN, I YEAR - I SEMESTER, DECEMBER 20J JO~~mLDING
MATERIALS, CONSTRUCTION AND STRUCTURES
~
Time - 2.00 Hours
Maximum Marks -50
.
a. Question No.2 is compulsory.
Q 1.
Explain the various components of a building with a
neat sketch.
(l0)
Q2.
a. Why foundation is required in any structure?
b. Differentiate between super structure and sub
structure.
c. Explain raft foundation with a neat sketch.
d. Define safe bearing capacity f soils?
(2)
(2)
Q3.
a. What is the P!!!p.Q&sect;eMof (loorsi1i windows and
ventilators in a building?
b. Explain the diffe;:ent xparts of a staircase with a
neat sketch.
c. Why the.re,J.sn~ed for g~pmetri.ca\ staf~~? Dra&quot;,: a
geometrical] stair of your choIce and name Its
parts.
(4)
(2)
(2)
(5)
(3)
Q4.
Discuss a building material of your c~ice and explain
its sourc~, ptq'p~rties%'an&lt;!i~s appli~atipn~'in building
construction.
(10)
Q5.
Write
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
(l0)
Q6.
a. Define shear-stress and explain the behavior or
rectangular block of height L and length I and
width units when shear force is applied
tangentially along top face of block.
b. Define elastic limit and young modules of
elasticity.
a short notes on the following:-Mortar
Bricks
Cement
Steel rods
Aggregate
PTO
(6)
(4)
-2-
Q7.
a. Derive bending moment and shear force equations
for a simply Supported beam of span I carrying a
b. Draw a Bending Moment (BM) and shear force
diagram for simply supported beam carrying
5 KN
Q8.
12 KN
&quot;'-
~
I
(6)
J
,
.
(ii) What are tlie different types of test for 'identifying
the nature of soil and its layers.
/
-,
*** 'iL*****0-
(6)
9 KN
(i) Write short notes on the following:
a. Augur Boring
,I
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(4)
(4)
```