Compromise of 1850 -admission of California as free state

Compromise of 1850
-admission of California as free state
-rest of Mexican cession as two states: New Mexico and Utah with no federal restrictions on slavery
-settlement of Texas-New Mexico boundary favoring New Mexico
-Federal government would assume debt of Texas
-abolition of slave trade in Washington, DC
-more effective fugitive slave law
-Douglas passed each part as separate bills; sections voted for ones that aided them and against those
that did not
Nashville Convention
-advocates of southern rights; "fire eaters"
-moderates took control
Kansas-Nebraska Act - 1854
-"firestorm that consumed Whigs"
-against Missouri Compromise
-division of Nebraska Territory into Kansas and Nebraska
-goal: one slave and one free state
-south was split on vote; little northern support
Ostend Manifesto
-by US ambassadors in Britain, France and Spain
-"US must obtain Cuba by any means"
-Pierce denied it
-split: antislavery "conscience Whigs" led by Seward and Conservative Whigs led By Fillmore
Dred Scott Decision
-slave could not sue for freedom
-blacks could not be citizens ever
-Missouri Compromise unconstitutional (against 5th Amendment's protection of property)
Crittenden Proposal
-compensation for owners of runaway slaves
-repeal of North's personal liberty laws
-constitutional amendment to prohibit federal government from interfering with southern slavery
-constitutional amendment to restore Missouri Compromise line to remaining territories
-the plan failed from Republican opposition