Study Guide for Chapter 3, Middle and South America Pages 115-181, Geography 101 Dr. Kathrine Richardson Terms The Amazon Basin Shifting Cultivation Merchantilism Creoles Mestizos The Slave Trade Rural to Urban Movements Hacienda Plantation ISI Structural Adjustment Programs Informal Economy NAFTA Democracy Liberation Theology Evangelical Protestantism What is one thing that all of Middle and South America have in common? Who were the first people that settled the region? (Where were they originally from?) How did many people live in the region before Europeans arrived (types of societies)? Why were Spain and Portugal able to conquer the region in such a short time frame (less than 200 years)? What were the principal sources of Portuguese wealth in its colony of Brazil? What is a legacy of colonialism in Middle and South America? What roles did revolutionary leaders often serve after winning independence from colonial powers? What types of jobs do men take when they move to the city from rural areas? Women? Why do governments in the region favor export oriented agriculture? What was one major lasting impact of the Catholic Church in the region? How did the Catholic Church change in the nineteenth century in the region? What perpetuated the rapid spread of Evangelical Protestantism throughout Middle and South America?