Section 3: Families of the Periodic Table - Notes

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Chapter 19: Elements and their Properties

Section 3: Families of the Periodic Table - Notes

Date:_____________

Learning Goals:

 Identify and describe the properties of the alkali metals and the alkaline earth metals.  Differentiate among the transition metals.  Identify and describe the properties of the halogens and the noble gases.

Alkali Metals:

 ____________________ Metals o Does not include __________________________________. o Shiny, ______________________________, and ________________________ o _______________________ than other metals o ________________________________________ of heat and electricity o ___________________________________________ of all of the metals! o Have _____________________________________________________ that they give up easily o _________________________________.

Alkaline Earth Metals:

 ____________________ Metals o Shiny, malleable, and ductile o _______________________________________, but not as much as group 1 o Have ______________________________________ that are easily given up

Transition Metals:

 ____________________ Metals o Shiny, _________________________________, and _____________________ o Often form __________________________ compounds o They often have a ___________________________ number of valence electrons • Iron (Fe) can have _____ or ______! o Includes the _____________________________ and ___________________________

Halogens:

 ____________________ Nonmetals o _____________________________________ o Have ______________________________________________________ • Halogens ________________________________________________ from metals to form an ionic compound called a _______________. o _________________________________ o _________________________________ is the most chemically reactive of all the elements.

The Nobel Gases:

 ____________________ Nonmetals o Exist as _______________________________________ (not in compounds!) o Have ___________________________ electrons so they are very ____________________ o Produce distinctive _____________________ when electricity is passed through these gases

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