Chapter 19: Elements and their Properties
Identify and describe the properties of the alkali metals and the alkaline earth metals. Differentiate among the transition metals. Identify and describe the properties of the halogens and the noble gases.
____________________ Metals o Does not include __________________________________. o Shiny, ______________________________, and ________________________ o _______________________ than other metals o ________________________________________ of heat and electricity o ___________________________________________ of all of the metals! o Have _____________________________________________________ that they give up easily o _________________________________.
Alkaline Earth Metals:
____________________ Metals o Shiny, malleable, and ductile o _______________________________________, but not as much as group 1 o Have ______________________________________ that are easily given up
____________________ Metals o Shiny, _________________________________, and _____________________ o Often form __________________________ compounds o They often have a ___________________________ number of valence electrons • Iron (Fe) can have _____ or ______! o Includes the _____________________________ and ___________________________
____________________ Nonmetals o _____________________________________ o Have ______________________________________________________ • Halogens ________________________________________________ from metals to form an ionic compound called a _______________. o _________________________________ o _________________________________ is the most chemically reactive of all the elements.
The Nobel Gases:
____________________ Nonmetals o Exist as _______________________________________ (not in compounds!) o Have ___________________________ electrons so they are very ____________________ o Produce distinctive _____________________ when electricity is passed through these gases