Name: _________________________ Test Date: _______________ Ch. 9 Our American Culture Need to Know Study Guide * Immigrants moved to the United States for new opportunities. * Prejudice affected the lives of some immigrants by making it difficult to find good jobs. *Most immigrants from Europe first went to Ellis Island upon arriving in the United States. *The Great Migration was where African Americans moved from rural areas (farming areas) in the south to big cities in the north in search of better jobs and a better life. * People modify, or change, their environment to meet their needs. * To meet transportation needs, people build roads, highways, bridges, and railroads. * A tunnel is a path under something. It speeds up transportation. * A canal is a waterway dug across land. It speeds up transportation too. * The Panama Canal is a waterway that was built to connect the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean. It made it much faster and easier for ships to travel from one ocean to the other. *Dams make electricity from water power. *HYDRO means WATER – hydro is the word the ancient Greeks used for “water.” *A reservoir collects and stores water for an area. *Farms use irrigation systems to bring water to fields during dry spells. *Irrigation is the moving of water to dry land for farming. * Terracing is a way to farm on hillsides. The ancient Inca people used this method of farming. *Terraces look like giant stairs on the side of a mountain or hill. *Pollution is anything that makes a natural resource dirty or unsafe to use. *Conservation means saving resources to make them last longer. * Landfills are places where trash is dumped.