th 4 Grade PSSA Reading Vocabulary affix a prefix or suffix Example: hopeful (ful =full of) alliteration the repetition of initial consonant sounds in neighboring words Example: Slimy slugs slither slowly down the sidewalk. author's purpose The author can persuade, entertain, or inform the reader/audience. character traits the personality traits of a character in the story (adjectives that describe a character) Examples: The boy was determined to win the race. climax -the high point or turning point of the story -happens after the rising action falling action the main events of the story after the climax first person point of view A main character tells the story using words such as I, me, and myself. hyperbole an exaggeration Example: I’m so hungry I could eat a horse! idioms an expression that cannot be taken literally Example: The test was as easy as pie. imagery words that appeal to one of the senses: sight, taste, touch, hear, or smell Example: The ice cream sundae melted in my mouth because it was so creamy. metaphor a comparison of two objects without using like or as Example: He is a giant. onomatopoeia the use of a word to suggest the meaning Examples: Crunch! Crackle! Buzz! personification an object that is given human qualities Example: The flowers were dancing in the grass. plot a summary of the story that includes the rising action, climax, and falling action resolution the solution of the story rising action the main events of the story before the climax setting the time and the place of the story where and when Example: The setting of the story Cinderella is in a castle a long time ago. simile a comparison of two objects using like or as Example: The sisters are like two peas in a pod. symbolism an object representing an idea Example: The eagle is a symbol of the United States. third person point of view The author tells the story about the main characters using the words such as them, he, and she.