MAPPING PATHWAYS TO COLLEGE AND CAREER SUCCESS

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MAPPING PATHWAYS TO COLLEGE
AND CAREER SUCCESS
PRESENTED BY
KAREN L. ALEXANDER, PH.D.
AC HIE V E T E X A S PRO J E C T C O O R D IN ATO R
[email protected]
COPYRIGHT © NOTICE
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reproduced without the express written permission of TEA, except under the following conditions:

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TEA.

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personal use only without obtaining written permission of TEA.

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reasonable charge to cover only the cost of reproduction and distribution may be charged.

Private entities or persons located in Texas that are not Texas public school districts, Texas Education Service
Centers, or Texas charter schools or any entity, whether public or private, educational or non-educational, located
outside the state of Texas MUST obtain written approval from TEA and will be required to enter into a license
agreement that may involve the payment of a licensing fee or a royalty.
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For information contact: Office of Intellectual Property, Texas Education Agency, Room 2-186,
1701 N. Congress Ave., Austin, TX 78701-1494; phone 512-463-9270 or 512-463-9713;
[email protected]
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A NEED IN TEXAS
• What makes a student college and career ready?
• How are today’s students different than students of
the past?
• What are some of the challenges of this new
population?
With permission from © 2013 Texas College & Career Readiness Center
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OUR MANY CHALLENGES…
• A high dropout rate of secondary students
• Students who graduate are lacking in basic
math and science skills
• Most students think they are going to college
but do not prepare for it or any other possible
future
• Extraordinarily high remediation rates
for two-year college applicants
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TRUE OR FALSE
Texas leads the nation in students
entering college.
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OF 100 9TH GRADERS, HOW MANY…
100
90
Best-Performing State
86
Texas
80
70
Nation
69.5
65.3
59.6
60
50
44
40
41.7
37.1
29.8
30
30.2
23.7
20.5
20
13.6
10
0
Graduate from High School
Directly Enter College
Enroll in a Second Year
Graduate within 150% of
Program Time
Source: NCES – Common Core Data, IPEDS Residency and Migration Survey, IPEDS Enrollment Survey, IPEDS Graduation Rate Survey (2008)
© 2013 TEXAS COLLEGE & CAREER READINESS CENTER
With permission from © 2013 Texas College & Career Readiness Center
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TRUE OR FALSE
The fastest growth will occur in jobs
requiring a bachelor’s degree.
COPYRIGHT © 2013, TEXAS EDUCATION AGENCY
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ECONOMIC REALITIES
Half of all new jobs in the
U.S. will require
postsecondary degree.
Fastest growth will occur
in jobs requiring an
associate’s degree.
Occupations
2008-2018
1/3 of all job openings in
the U.S. will require a
postsecondary degree.
80% of the top 20 growth
occupations in Texas will
require education above
the high school level.
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PERCENTAGE OF ADULTS WITH AN
ASSOCIATES DEGREE OR HIGHER BY AGE
60
WORLD:
■ 55-64 ▲ 25-34
TEXAS:
■ 45-64 ▲ 25-34
50
40
30
20
10
0
9
Sources: Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development. (2009). Education at a glance. US Census Bureau. (2009). American community survey.
2 0 1©
3 2013
T E X A Texas
S C O LCollege
L E G E & Career
C A R E EReadiness
R R E A D I NCenter
ESS CENTER
With permission© from
TRUE OR FALSE
AchieveTexas College and Career
Initiative is the name for career clusters
in Texas.
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ACHIEVETEXAS
COLLEGE AND CAREER INITIATIVE
•Created around career clusters
•Improve learner achievement – both
academic and technical
•Promote successful transitions from
secondary to postsecondary education
•Support workforce and economic
development
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ACHIEVETEXAS SUPPORTS ALL 16 CAREER CLUSTERS
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TRUE OR FALSE
AchieveTexas is an initiative for CTE
students only.
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TRUE OR FALSE
Some careers are better than others.
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ACHIEVETEXAS IS BASED UPON…
Concept - Students can succeed in school,
career, and life if they plan their own individual
college and career success.
Philosophy - No career option is intrinsically
better than the other. Whether the choice is
right or not depends on the personal goals of
the student.
Goal - To prepare students for college and
career, and allow them to choose the options
that are best for them.
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ACHIEVETEXAS IS DESIGNED TO…
•Work for students to support their career
goals
•Initiate early career awareness
•Expose students to all available career
opportunities through career exploration
•Help students transition successfully to
postsecondary education and
career
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TRUE OR FALSE
AchieveTexas spans all grades.
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CAREER DEVELOPMENT SPANS ALL GRADES
Steps to Success
Employment: Career Advancement
Continuing Education and Lifelong Learning
Postsecondary: Career Preparation
Achieving credentials: college, certification, apprenticeship, military
9-12: Programs of Study Related to a Career Goal
Academics and technical courses, intensive guidance, individual graduation plans
Grade 8: Career Exploration and Transition
Develop graduation plans based upon personal interest/cluster areas
6-8: Initial Career Exploration
Discovering interest areas
K-5: Understanding the Importance and Value of Work and Jobs
Introduction to the world of careers
EIGHT STEPS FOR SYSTEM BUILDING
1. Decide to implement AchieveTexas
2. Span all grades
3. Add Programs of Study for all students
4. Enhance guidance and counseling
5. Build seamless connections
6. Establish extended learning
7. Build strong partnerships
8. Support intense professional
development
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IMPLEMENTATION RESOURCES
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QUESTIONS?
COLLEGE AND CAREER READINESS
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TRUE OR FALSE
There is a difference between readiness
for college and eligibility for college.
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READINESS VS. ELIGIBILITY
• Readiness and eligibility are two different goals
• More students are going to college than ever
before and this trend is likely to continue
• Two-year colleges have seen a noticeable
enrollment increase
With permission from © 2013 Texas College & Career Readiness Center
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TEXAS STATEWIDE POSTSECONDARY
ENROLLMENT BY INSTITUTION
(2006-2010)
800,000
743,252
750,000
692,845
700,000
650,000
600,000
617,507
575,712
Public 2-year*
587,244
557,550
532,226
550,000
500,000
Public 4-year
491,140
497,195
2006
2007
509,136
450,000
400,000
350,000
300,000
2008
2009
2010
*Headcount only includes students enrolled in credit-bearing classes
Source: THECB. (2011). Texas higher education: Statewide longitudinal enrollment.
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© 2013 TEXAS COLLEGE & CAREER READINESS CENTER
DAVID T. CONLEY
•Four Dimensions of CCR
•Seven Principles of CCR
www.epiconline.org
www.collegecareerready.org/
the-book
COPYRIGHT© TEXAS EDUCATION AGENCY
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COLLEGE AND CAREER READY
David T. Conley, 2010
The level of preparation a student needs in order to
enroll and succeed—without remediation—in a creditbearing course at a postsecondary institution that
offers a baccalaureate degree or transfer to a
baccalaureate program, or in a high-quality certificate
program that enables students to enter a career
pathway with potential future advancement.
COPYRIGHT© TEXAS EDUCATION AGENCY
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TRUE OR FALSE
College ready is the same as career
ready.
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ACTE DEFINES CAREER READY
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CONSIDER THIS DATA…
Source: Texas HS Snapshot College Readiness Survey Summary data with 19, 505 students and 37 different high schools represented.
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© 2013 TEXAS COLLEGE & CAREER READINESS CENTER
CONSIDER THIS DATA…
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© 2013 TEXAS COLLEGE & CAREER READINESS CENTER
FOUR DIMENSIONS OF CCR (STUDENT)
Key Cognitive Strategies
• Problem formulation, research, interpretation, communication, precision
and accuracy
Key Content Knowledge
• Key foundational content and “big ideas” from core subjects
Academic Behaviors
• Self-management skills: time management, study skills, goal setting,
self-awareness, persistence
Transitions
• Admissions requirements, college types and missions,
affording college, college culture, relationships with
professors
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SEVEN PRINCIPLES OF CCR (DISTRICT)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Create and Maintain a College and Career Going Culture
Create a Core Academic Program Aligned with College Readiness
Standards
Teach Key Self-Management Skills and Academic Behaviors and
Expect Students to Use Them
Make College and Career Real
Create Assignments and Grading Policies that More Closely
Approximate College Expectations
Make the Senior Year Meaningful and
Challenging
Build Partnerships and Connections to
Postsecondary Programs
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ACHIEVETEXAS PROMOTES CCRS
• Goal is readiness for college and career.
• CTE courses integrate academic standards and
career preparation skills in a way that the
standards and skills can be applied to the real
world.
• CTE courses (TEKS) were revised to include
CCRS—academic and cross-disciplinary.
• Cross walking the CTE TEKS and CCRS.
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TRUE OR FALSE
AchieveTexas College and Career
Planning Guides promote the
dimensions of college readiness.
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WHAT ARE YOU DOING WITH…
Academic Behaviors?
Contextual Skills and
Awareness?
 College and Career
Planning Guides
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QUESTIONS?
PROGRAM OF STUDY MODEL COMPONENTS
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WHY PROGRAMS OF STUDY?
• Programs of study can be the centerpiece of the
guidance program.
• Programs of study help students plan an
individualized coherent educational path.
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TRUE OR FALSE
Conley supports the concept of
programs of study.
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ACCORDING TO CONLEY, P. 21
•
Schools need to, “create an intellectually coherent program of study that
is systematically designed to focus on…the “big ideas” of each subject
area taught.”
•
“Key cognitive strategies should be developed over a sequentially more
challenging progression throughout four years of high school.”
•
“If the content of the program of study is carefully organized around the
kinds of key organizing and supporting concepts and information
described previously, this structure of challenging and appropriate
content can be used as a framework for developing key
thinking and reasoning skills and other supporting cognitive
habits that will affect success in college.”
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TRUE OR FALSE
Programs of Study address all levels of
education.
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PROGRAMS OF STUDY IN TEXAS
• 122 models are available at www.achievetexas.org
• Models illustrate various career goals in all 16 career clusters
• Components:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Middle school connection
Requirements for the Recommended High School Graduation Plan
Secondary certifications
Extended learning opportunities, including CTSOs
College credit opportunities
Postsecondary linkages
Career opportunities from entry level to advanced
Professional associations
• Recent revisions include more postsecondary detail
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Specific POS career goal
is listed first. Related
career goals are listed
with the assigned O*NET
Code. Hyperlinked to the
specific occupation as
described in the
Occupational Outlook
Handbook, 2010-11
Edition.
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Districts can list courses
offered for high school
credit at the 8th grade,
such as Algebra I.
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Core Courses reflect
changes resulting
from Texas House
Bill 3 (2009). CareerRelated Electives
reflect approved
CTE courses
resulting from the
TEKS revision
process. All POS are
based upon the
Recommended High
School Graduation
Program and can be
adapted for the
Distinguished
Achievement
Program (DAP).
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Career and Technical Student
Organizations (CTSOs) have
hyperlinks to take students to
the organizations’ website.
CTSOs are curricular
organizations supporting the
related CTE courses.
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Districts may customize this
section by listing all of the
college credit opportunities
available on the local level
while students are enrolled in
high school.
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Examples are
provide of on-the-job
training and
certifications that
are available at the
secondary level.
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Postsecondary section is
hyperlinked to additional pages
providing more details about
programs. Sample career options
are provided with each degree
level. Occupations reflect entrylevel through professional-level
positions that require advanced
degrees.
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Details are provided
on specific
coursework
available with the
Associate’s Degree
related to the
specific career goal
as well as the
available licenses
and certifications.
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Postsecondary
programs can be
researched through
these two websites.
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IMPLEMENTATION OF PROGRAMS OF STUDY
CTE must have POS that…
• Align rigorous academic standards and student achievement
standards;
• Include Academic and CTE content in a coordinated, nonduplicative progression of courses;
• Are relevant and challenging at the secondary and
postsecondary level;
• Lead to employment in high skill, high wage, or high demand
occupations;
• Offer opportunities for dual credit; and
• Lead to a degree, certificate, or credential.
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RESEARCH INDICATES…
“The process of creating individual
learning plans…helps engage students in
their own development, a critical
component in their success.”
Chait, R., Muller, R.D., Goldware, S., & Housman, N.G. (2007). Academic interventions to help
students meet rigorous standards: State policy options. Washington, DC: Institute for
Educational Leadership.
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TRUE OR FALSE
All 16 Career Clusters™ must be
implemented in local districts.
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ALL 16 CLUSTERS IN EVERY SCHOOL?
• Local districts choose which career clusters to
implement based on the needs of the students,
community, and local economy.
• Not all schools will be able to offer all 16 clusters.
• Goal is to use advanced technology to give students a
sample of each career cluster and enhance their
opportunities for high-demand, high-skill, or high-wage
occupations.
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MINIMUM REQUIREMENT
• TAC§74.3 Description of a Required Secondary
Curriculum states that a district must provide career and
technical education courses selected from at least three
of the eight (sixteen) career and technical areas
(clusters) taught on a campus in the school district with
provisions for contracting for additional offerings with
programs or institutions as may be practical.
• Perkins grant requirement—at least one POS
in each of the three locally selected clusters.
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IMPLEMENTATION RECOMMENDATIONS
• Districts should set a goal for implementation
based on recommendations from their local
advisory committee or board.
• Eight Steps in the Implementation Guide are
recommendations for local implementation.
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GO BEYOND THE MINIMUM!
Former CTE Program Names
Family & Consumer Sciences
Career Clusters™
Education and Training
Human Services
Hospitality & Tourism
Agricultural Sciences
Agriculture, Food & Natural Resources
Business Education
Business Management &
Administration
Finance
Information Technology
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COHERENT SEQUENCE OF CTE COURSES
• Two or more CTE courses for three or
more credits
•Locally defined
•Courses can be from multiple clusters
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These courses
could be added to a
POS in Health
Sciences
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ACHIEVETEXAS RESOURCES
Counselor Guide
and
Counselor Kits
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TRUE OR FALSE
State and Federal CTE funds can be
used to enhance local career guidance
services.
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CAREER GUIDANCE AND ACADEMIC COUNSELING
Perkins IV defines as…
• providing access for students (and parents, as
appropriate) to information regarding career
awareness and planning with respect to an
individual’s occupational and academic future; and
• providing information with respect to career options,
financial aid, and postsecondary options, including
baccalaureate degree programs.
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STUDENTS WHO RECEIVED CAREER COUNSELING
SERVICES WHILE IN HIGH SCHOOL (GYSBERS, 2008)
•
Had slightly higher high school academic records.
•
Were more satisfied with their high school experiences.
•
Were more consistent with their career choices and
remained longer in their chosen areas after high school.
•
Made more progress in their chosen areas of
employment.
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•
Were more likely to enter postsecondary education
and then graduate.
•
Were more satisfied with their post-secondary
education.
•
Reported greater satisfaction with their lives five years
out of high school.
•
Expressed more positive attitudes about the
counseling they received while in high school.
Gysbers, N. (June 2008). College and Career Readiness for All Students: A Major
Goal of Comprehensive School Counseling Programs. 9th Annual
Transforming School Counseling Academy.
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COPYRIGHT©2013 TEXAS
EDUCATION AGENCY
TRUE OR FALSE
AchieveTexas supports counselor
mandates.
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BENEFITS FOR COUNSELORS
• Meets TEC §28.0212—Personal Graduation
Plans (PGPs)
• Meets TEC §33.007—Counseling Public
School Students Regarding Higher Education
• Supports TEC §33.005—Model
Comprehensive, Developmental Guidance,
and Counseling Program
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COMPREHENSIVE, DEVELOPMENTAL
GUIDANCE, AND COUNSELING PROGRAM
Four core components form the foundation:
1. A guidance curriculum
2. A responsive services component
3. An individual planning system
4. System support
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PARTING THOUGHT
Dropout Rate
3.00%
2.50%
2.00%
1.50%
1.00%
0.50%
0.00%
Overall
TEA data show that
students who take two
or more CTE courses
have a significantly
lower dropout rate and
higher scores on state
assessments.
CTE
Dropout Rate
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WITH ACHIEVETEXAS…
• We can build a college and career ready culture.
• We can better inform parents of opportunities for their
students.
• We have an opportunity to impact ALL students.
• We can improve the coordination between core and
career-related electives.
• ALL students will benefit from a focus on academic and
technical skills.
• ALL students can focus their future.
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QUESTIONS?
FOR MORE INFORMATION
• Visit these websites
• www.achievetexas.org
• www.careertech.org
• Email Dr. Karen Alexander at
[email protected] or
• Cindy Miller
[email protected]
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