BANGLADESH UPDATE ON JOINT COUNTRY ASSISTANCE EVALUATION (JCAE) Nils Fostvedt Presentation to DAC Evaluation Network June 27, 2007 The Final Slide: Questions for Discussion – Now or Later ►Can connect to other evaluation activities for Bangladesh? ►Can build on this work for a possible phase 2? ►Can build on this work together with other pilots to develop approaches to evaluating total ODA? November 2006 (I) ► First presentation by Bruce Murray ► Many active donors ► Four major donors account for some 80% of ODA – – – – ADB DFID Japan World Bank ► These four donors also have a joint framework for their country assistance strategies November 2006 (II) ►An evaluation in two phases: • Phase 1 – Joint Country Assistance Evaluation (JCAE) of the four donors • Phase 2 – Integrate the other donors (28 or more) November 2006 (III) ►Daunting coordination problems ►Several issues requiring resolution, including: • How best to involve government • How best to involve other donors • Methodological approach • Evaluation management November 2006 (IV) ►JCAE worth doing in spite of problems, if • Reduce transaction costs for government. • Able to address broader issues. • Can feed into next joint CAS framework and next PRSP • Serve as a pilot (one among several) towards evaluation of total ODA. Progress so far. ►Extensive consultations between ADB, DFID, Japan, WB and with SIDA ►Have approached the government ►Joint meeting ►Agreed framework going forward The Framework (I) - Timing ► Aug – Nov 07 • Overview Report ► Sep/Oct 07 • Preparatory Mission ► Nov 07 – Jun 08 • Sector Reports ► Summer 08 • Synthesis Mission with Workshop(s) ► Spring 09 • Synthesis Report (So about 18 months after Preparatory Mission) The Framework (II) - Structure ►Overview Report: Background, macro/socioeconomic aspects and foreign aid picture ►Sector evaluations using DAC evaluation criteria ►Overview and sector evaluations divided between the four partners ►Evaluation period: 1997 – 2007/08 (with emphasis on the later years) The Framework (III) – Eight Sector Evaluations ► Central and local government support – DFID ► Private sector development – DFID ► Rural sector – JBIC ► Water supply, sanitation, and urban infrastructure – ADB ► Transport – JBIC ► Energy – WB ► Education – ADB ► Health, nutrition, and social protection – WB The Framework (IV) – Cross-Cutting Themes ►Should be addressed in all sector evaluations: • • • • • • • • • Capacity building Governance Environment including natural disasters Role of private sector Civil society / NGOs Aid instruments / harmonization Results focus Gender Transaction costs The Framework (V) - Methodology ► Compromises between partner approaches ► Map partner objectives and apply DAC evaluation criteria ► Also address counterfactuals ► Combine portfolio reviews and top-down assessments ► Consider degree of aid fragmentation and also transaction costs Relationship with Government ►Wish for close involvement ►But degree of interest unknown for now ►Some special country circumstances Relationship with Other Donors ► Want to try methods and lessons for working together ► Network observer at working group ► Invite close contacts and inputs including on methodology ► Would like to benefit from regular discussions at DAC network ► Would also wish to have close interaction including workshops in Dhaka (Sep 07 and Summer 08) ► And would like discussions on how to link Phase 1 and possible Phase 2 Summing Up ► The JCAE, if it succeeds, will be a major step forward ► Challenging problems, both methodological and practical ► Compromises essential ► Approach is still being developed, is untested and involves significant risks ► Constructive advice, support and continuous dialogue warmly welcome Questions for Discussion – Now or Later ►Can connect to other evaluation activities for Bangladesh? ►Can build on this work for a possible phase 2? ►Can build on this work together with other pilots to develop approaches to evaluating total ODA? Thank you.