GRIDLOCK AVOIDANCE SYSTEM (GAS) Functional Specifications Briefing Briefing Highlights Introduction Functional Specs Project Overview Schedule/Resources/ Budget Background/ Project Objectives Conclusion Questions Introduction GAS intends to develop a computerbased simulation model to mimic the behavior of the Hampton Roads Interstate System south of Mercury Blvd. to Battlefield Blvd. Overview Overview Effective operation of the interstate highway system in Hampton Roads is an integral piece of the infrastructure and it is necessary for continued development of the area. We intend to provide transportation authorities and city planners with data results that describe the system’s operations at current and at modified vehicle flows in two formats; statistical and graphical. Problems The average Driver wastes 41 hours behind the wheel on congested highways in Hampton Roads. * Overall, the price of congestion to local drivers -- including time, fuel, and vehicle operating costs -- is $645. * * Drivers idle a work week away, Debbie Messina, The Virginian-Pilot, Dec. 3, 1998, copyright 1998, Landmark Communications Inc. Background Year 1982 1996 Percent change Inventory Measures Freeway Daily VMT (000) 3870.00 6700.00 173.13 Lane-Miles 410.00 610.00 148.78 VMT/Lane-mile 9440.00 10985.00 Congested Fwy Travel (%) 35.00 50.00 142.86 15.00 Percent Moderate Congestion 60.70 40.40 66.56 Percent Heavy Congestion 32.00 23.60 73.75 Percent of Severe Congestion 7.30 36.00 493.15 28.70 Annual Hours of Delay Total (1000 Person-Hours) 10750.00 31925.00 296.98 Rank 27.00 32.00 Freeway Recurring Person-Hours (000) 2180.00 6180.00 283.49 * Drivers idle a work week away, Debbie Messina, The Virginian-Pilot, Dec. 3, 1998, copyright 1998, Landmark Communications Inc. 70.0 60.0 50.0 40.0 30.0 20.0 10.0 0.0 Moderate Heavy Year 19 96 19 94 19 92 19 90 19 88 19 86 Severe 19 84 19 82 Percentage Congestion Norfolk Congestion Objectives Provide transportation authorities and city planners with data results that describe the system’s operations at current and at modified vehicle flows in two formats; statistical and graphical. Demonstrate a small segment of the Hampton Roads interstate system through simulation for project validation and verification. Market the project on a consultant basis to other communities. Project completion by the end of the calendar year 2001. Software and hardware to be Y2K compliant. Gridlock Avoidance System Formatted traffic flow data Output Statistical Data Graphical Data Organization Structure Dave Grant Project Manager Administration Co-ordination Carl Craft Department Head Simulation Taylor Frith Department Head Data Gathering Simulation Nhu Nguy Web Data Head Data Gathering Simulation David Graham Data Assistant Traffic Data Chuck Askin Department Head Web Page Geoff Weller Asst. Dept Head Web Page Functional Specs Can-Dos Produce a detailed, quantitative description of system performance for the present Hampton Roads Interstate Highway. Long-term lane closures (construction/repairs). Short-term lane closures (breakdowns/collisions). Can-Dos (cont.) Addition of lanes/interchanges to current system. Addition of alternative routes to current system. Reaction of system to speed limit changes. System reaction to changes in vehicle mix (percentage of cars/trucks/commercial vehicles). Can-Dos (cont.) Introduction of weather phenomena on system (bright sun at eye level during AM and PM hours). Introduction of weather changes on system. (snow, heavy rain, etc.). Introduction of seasonal phenomena to system (tourists, vacationers, etc.). Functional Specs Can’t Do Not a real-time system. Surface road traffic patterns not included. Individual lane change tendencies not included. Driver related attribute tendencies not included. System entering and exiting for individual vehicles at predetermined points is not illustrated. Phase I Fall 1998 Project Feasibility Presentation Organizational Diagram Cost/Resource Plan Proposed Schedule Milestones Presentation Detailed Map of Hampton Roads Interstate Highway System 11/98 11/98 11/98 11/98 11/98 12/98 Phase I Fall 1998 (cont.) Functional Specifications Document delivered Initial Data gathered Project Scope Determined Approval Proofs of Concept Presentation 12/98 12/98 12/98 12/98 Phase II Spring 1998 Final Data for Demo gathered Select Demo highway segment Subcontract work for CS 300u and CS 250 Preliminary Project Prototype Specifications 1/99 15% 1/99 50% 1/99 40% 2/99 10% Phase II Spring 1999 (cont.) Project Home Page Demo Project Prototype Demo Grant Proposal Document delivered 3/99 4/99 75% 5% 4/99 5% Research, Development, and Implementation Phase III Lease office space and begin operations 6/99 Format and prepare data for simulator migration 6/99 - 6/00 Phase III (cont.) Unit Testing 1/00 - 12/00 Unit Regression Testing 6/00 - 1/01 System Testing 1/01 - 9/01 System Regression Testing 9/01 - 12/01 Project Delivery 12/01 Resources CS 300u Conduct survey of real-life traffic patterns. Marketing research to determine funding sources. CS 250 Collect and format data for Statistical Analysis. Collect and format data for Simulator migration. Resources (cont.) Dr.Leathrum (ODU - ECE) Dr.Overstreet (ODU - CS) Mr.DennisWatson (VDOT) Mr.GarlandCampbell (VDOTSr. Traffic Engineer) Budget: Personnel ODU Faculty Advisor (annual cost $46,000) $ ODU Graduate Student workers (12 - 15 working 20 hours per week at $15 per hour) Total Personnel Costs 115,000 450,000 565,000 Budget: Office Office Space (annual cost $18,000) Office Furniture (annual cost $6,000) Office Supplies (annual cost $7200) Total Office Costs $ 45,000 15,000 18,000 78,000 Budget: Equipment Six Gateway E-5200 computers One AlphaServer 8200 5/625, UNIX, 2 CPU, 4 GB, 4.3 GB KFTHA Note: Media and doc required for first system on site One EISA Bridge $ 15,600 178,000 2,000 Budget: Equipment (cont.) Two PCI 3 port RAID controller w/4 MB cache Note: If using 9 GB drives refer to SOC for significant restrictions 6,400 Twenty-three 4.3 GB 7200 RPM Storage Works Ultra Wide Disk 27,000 Three Storage Wide Shelf for 8299 (SE, Single BUS) 4,300 One PS/2 style Keyboard – North American/English 100 Budget: Equipment (cont.) One VT510, White, Low-emissions, US/Canada/Mexico One Power cord for 8200 One Bulkhead assembly kit for KZPSC-BA Four 2.0 meter VHDCI male to VHCDI male cable Lexmark OPTRA 3455 network printer Hewlett-Packard OfficeJet Pro 1175C all-in-one printer 400 100 100 600 2,600 1,000 Budget: Equipment (cont.) Statistical software package Hewlett-Packard DeskJet 2500C Plotter IBM Fast Ethernet LAN switch 1100 Evaluation Simulator Engines Total Equipment Costs 200 9,400 1,900 4,300 $ 254,000 Budget: Total Total Personnel Costs Total Office Costs Total Equipment Costs ODU Research Foundation $ 565,000 78,000 254,000 403,000 Total Project Expenditures $ 1,300,000 Conclusion The biggest hurdle to overcome is a correct depiction of the current highway system. Through the development of our prototype, the extensive unit and system level testing, and the research data collected from organizations such as the Virginia Department of Transportation, (VDOT), we can deliver a reliable an effective tool to be used in the fight to overcome and eventually defeat ‘Highway Gridlock’ in the Hampton Roads area. Conclusion In order to avoid this threat we must act decisively and quickly. A weapon in our arsenal such as the GAS project could thwart any possibility of surrendering the area to gridlock forever. It will not only preserve our current lifestyle but work to better it in the future. Conclusion The risk of gridlock capturing and holding Hampton Roads and many other cities for ransom throughout the United States is a real and identifiable threat. The Gridlock Avoidance System is a necessary tool to insure the stability of the infrastructure of the Hampton Roads area. The risks of not proceeding with the project far outweigh the risks of proceeding on schedule. Conclusion 1,300,000 people in Hampton Roads 975,000 vehicles @$645 per vehicle Total cost of not proceeding with GAS $629,000,000 That is $1 vs. $483 for every person in Hampton Roads * 1997 estimates from HamptonRoads.com Conclusion Thank you for the opportunity to present our project to you and remember that a vote of confidence for the GAS project will allow Hampton Roads to continue to be a winner now and for future generations.