Introduction to Public Service P11.0020 New York University Spring, 2009

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Introduction to Public Service P11.0020
Robert F. Wagner School of Public Service
New York University
Spring, 2009
Paul C. Light
[email protected]
Class: Wednesdays, 2:00-4:45
Office Hours: Wednesdays 11:00-1:00
Course Description
This course is designed to give students a broad introduction to public service. Students
will explore the history of public service in American life, examine the contemporary
erosion of interest in public service, explore different options for public service, and draw
lessons from their own experience about how to increase the likelihood that more
Americans will engage in public service during their lives. The course will also ask just
what the term “public service” means—the course will focus on the broadest possible
definition, which includes everything from voting, volunteering, and socially-responsible
personal behavior to careers in government, nonprofits, and private firms.
The course is built around a simple model of public service in two dimensions. The first
involves the duration/intensity of the experience—long-term v. short-term, occasional v.
durable. Voting is a short-term engagement, while public service careers in government,
nonprofits, and private firms tend to be longer-term. The second dimension involves the
motivation for service—coercive v. by personal choice, required v. given freely.
Volunteering tends to be given by choice, though service learning is a form of required
volunteering, while the draft and other forms of national service involve coercion or
strong incentives for participation.
GIVEN FREELY
Voting
Careers
LOW-INTENSITY
HIGH-INTENSITY
Service Learning
Draft
REQUIRED
1
The course is also designed to explore the range of alternatives for public impact,
whether through traditional political participation (voting), personal volunteering and
advocacy, careers in public service, service on nonprofit boards, and socially-responsible
engagement in corporate careers. The course will argue that all citizens have the chance
to engage in public service during their lives—the question is how to improve the odds
that they will both make and sustain their commitment. Students will be asked to keep
track of their own definitions of public service over the course of the semester, while
answering a series of questions through journal entries in response to readings and
discussion.
Course Requirements
Students are required to attend all classes and complete all assignments on time. The
class will be built around discussion of the readings and journal entries. Readings are to
be completed before class. There will be a final examination, a research paper making a
single recommendation for increasing the amount of public service, which will be due on
the last day of class. Students will also keep a journal that will be graded from time-totime during the semester. Final grades will be based on the following formula. Each
journal entry is to be no longer than two pages and preferably shorter (no more than 300
words), and the final research paper is to be no longer than ten pages (2,500 words).
10% class participation
40% journal
25% final exam
25% research paper
Readings
There are required books in the course:
Martin Wattenberg, Is Voting for Young People (Pearson/Longman)
Paul Light, The Search for Social Entrepreneurship (Brookings)
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Course Schedule
A BRIEF HISTORY OF PUBLIC SERVICE
Week 1a.
Week 1b.
Course Introduction January 21
The Framer’s Intent
U.S. Constitution, available on BB
Federalist Papers, Nos. 10 (“The Mischiefs of Faction”), 51 (“Checks and
Balances”), and 70 (“Energy in the Executive”), available online at
http://avalon.law.yale.edu/subject_menus/fed.asp
Alexis de Tocqueville, Democracy in America, Vol. 1, chapter 12 (Political
Associations), Vol. II, Section 2, chapter 5 (Relation of Civil to Political),
available online at http://xroads.virginia.edu/~HYPER/DETOC/toc_indx.html
JOURNAL ENTRY: WHAT IS THE CONSTITUTION’S VIEW OF
POLITICAL PARTICIPATION?
Week 2a.
The Early History of Public Engagement (Skocpol Week) January 28
Theda Skocpol, Marshall Ganz, and Ziad Munson, “A Nation of Organizers: The
Institutional Origins of Civic Volunteerism in the United States,” American
Political Science Review, September 2000, available on BB
Jocelyn Crowley and Theda Skocpol, “The Rush to Organize: Explaining
Associational Formation in the United States, 1860s-1920s,” American Journal of
Political Science, October 21, available on BB
Week 2b.
The Professionalization of Public Engagement
Skocpol, Rachel Cobb, and Casey Klofstad, “Disconnection and Reorganization:
The Transformation of Civic Life in Late-Twentieth Century America,” Studies in
American Political Development, Fall 2005, available on BB
Skocpol, “Building Community Top-Down or Bottom-Up?” Brookings Review,
Fall 1997, available on BB
JOURNAL ENTRY: WHAT IS YOUR HISTORY OF VOLUNTEERING?
WHAT WENT WELL? WHAT DIDN’T?
Week 3a.
The Recent Erosion February 4
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Putnam, "The Strange Disappearance of Civic America," American Prospect,
December 1, 1996, available online at
http://www.prospect.org/cs/articles?article=the_strange_disappearance_of_civic_
america
National Commission on Civic Renewal, Index of Civic Heath: Hopeful Signs in
America’s Civic Health, available on BB
Center for Information and Research on Civic Learning and Engagement
(CIRCLE), 2008 Civic Health Index, available on BB
JOURNAL ENTRY: HOW MUCH SOCIAL CAPITAL DO YOU GENERATE?
Week 3b.
The September 11 Response (and Katrina, too) (Putnam Week)
Robert Putnam, “Bowling Alone: America’s Declining Social Capital,” Journal of
Democracy, 1995, available on BB
Curtis Gans, “Table for One, Please,” Washington Monthly, July/August, 2000,
available on BB
Putnam, "Bowling Together," American Prospect, February 11, 2002, available
online at http://www.prospect.org/cs/articles?articleId=6114
JOURNAL ENTRY: HOW DID SEPTEMBER 11 AFFECT YOUR DESIRE TO
ENGAGE? WHAT ABOUT KATRINA?
Week 4a.
Why Engage? February 11
The Saguaro Seminar, Better Together, “Introduction,” entire book available on
BB for this and future assignments
Bennett and Resnick, “The Implications of Nonvoting on Democracy in the
United States,” American Journal of Political Science, July 1990, available on BB
Wattenberg, Is Voting for Young People, chapter 6
JOURNAL ENTRY: SHOULD THE NATION WORRY ABOUT NONPARTICIPATION?
Week 4b.
How Engage?
Wattenberg, Is Voting for Young People, chapters 1, 2, and 3
4
Cynthia Gibson, Citizens at the Center: A New Approach to Civic Engagement,
available on BB
CIRCLE, Millennials Talk Politics, publication date unknown, available on BB
Michael Remany, “Fifteen Things Every Journalist Should Know about Public
Engagement,” National Civic Review, Summer 2008, available on BB
JOURNAL ENTRY: WHICH FORMS OF ENGAGEMENT ARE MOST
ATTRACTIVE TO YOU?
THE INVENTORY OF ENGAGEMENT
Week 5.
Defining Public Service Today February 18
Light, In Search of Public Service, available on BB
The Saguaro Seminar, Better Together, “Politics and Government,” available on
BB
Corporation for National and Community Service, College Students Helping
America, October 2006, available on BB
JOURNAL ENTRY: IS TAKING THIS CLASS A FORM OF PUBLIC
SERVICE?
Week 6.
Variations in Service February 25
Putnam, “E Pluribus Unum: Diversity and Community in the Twenty-First
Century,” Nordic Political Science Journal, spring, 2007, available on BB
J. Foster Bey, “Do Race, Ethnicity, Citizenship, and Socio-Economic Status
Determine Civic Engagement,” CIRCLE Working Paper #62, available on BB
Wendy Rahn, Geographies of Trust, Knight Foundation report, read pages 1-24,
browse and understand five models at pages 24-57, read pages 58-73.
Spend at least an hour visiting the Corporation for National and Community
Service (www.nationalservice.org), the Hands-On Network
(www.handsonnetwork.org), Idealist.org (www.idealist.org), the Peace Corps
(www.peacecorps.gov), and the Partnership for Public Service
(www.ourpublicservice.org), and examine and sort at least four different forms of
public service.
JOURNAL ENTRY: WHAT IS YOUR DEFINITION OF PUBLIC SERVICE?
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Week 7a.
THE FIRST REALM OF SERVICE: Voluntary/Short-Term
Engagement March 4
Corporation for National and Community Service, Youth Helping America,
November 2005, available on BB
Corporation for National and Community Service, Volunteer Growth in America,
2006, report available on BB
Andreasen, Katya, The Young and the Generous, report on behalf of Network for
Good, available on BB
JOURNAL ENTRY: WHAT KINDS OF VOLUNTARY SERVICE QUALIFY
AS PUBLIC SERVICE?
Week 7b.
Voting as Service
Wattenberg, Is Voting for Young People, chapter 5
Cynthia Gibson, “Thinking Outside the (Ballot) Box,” National Civic Review,
Summer, 2004, available online on BB
Find articles on 2008 youth voting turnout through a search engine of some kind;
come to class prepared to talk about voting turnout, mobilization methods,
reasons for turnout, comparisons with older Americans, etc.
JOURNAL ENTRY: IS IT RATIONAL NOT TO PARTICIPATE?
Week 8a.
Methods for Increasing Volunteerism March 11
Urban Institute, Volunteer Management Capacity in America’s Charities and
Congregations, pages 1-24, available on BB
Conference Board, Boomers are Ready for Nonprofits but are Nonprofits Ready
for Them? May 2006, available on BB
Spend an hour on the Guidestar website (www.guidestar.org) looking for four
organizations that be a good place to volunteer.
JOURNAL ENTRY: WHAT DRAWS YOUR ATTENTION TO A
VOLUNTEERING OPPORTUNITY
Week 8b.
Faith-Based Engagement
The Saguaro Seminar, Better Together, “Religion and Social Capital,” available
on BB
6
Mary Jo Bane, “Keeping the Faith,” Democracy, Winter 2008, available on BB
Nadeem Firoz and William E. Matthews, “President George W. bush and his
Faith-Based Initiative,” International Journal of Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector
Marketing, Winter 2003, available on BB
Spend time at the White House Office of Faith-Based Initiatives at
http://www.whitehouse.gov/government/fbci/, and read about the president’s view
of faith-based organizations; search the internet to find out how Bush and Obama
view the office differently.
JOURNAL ENTRY: IS FAITH-BASED ENGAGEMENT A FORM OF PUBLIC
SERVICE?
Week 9a.
THE SECOND REALM OF SERVICE: Required/Short-Term
Engagement March 25
The Saguaro Seminar, Better Together, “Youth and Social Capital,” available
online at http://www.bettertogether.org/pdfs/Youth.pdf
Corporation for National and Community Service, Youth Helping America, 2005,
available on BB
Spend at least an hour browsing the Corporation for National and Community
Service website on best practices in service learning, available online at
http://www.nationalserviceresources.org/epicenter/PracSearch_nslc.php
JOURNAL ENTRY: WHAT KIND OF SERVICE LEARNING HAVE YOU
DONE?
Week 9b.
What Students Learn (Read 3 of 4)
Learn and Serve America, Performance Report 2008, Introduction, pick five
states to read about on list, available on BB
Brandeis University, National Evaluation of Learn and Serve America, entire,
available on BB
National Youth Leadership Conference, Growing to Greatness, 2008, read pages
1-34, available on BB
CIRCLE, The Impact of Participation in Service-Learning on High School
Students’ Civic Engagement, Working Paper 33, November 2005 available on BB
JOURNAL ENTRY: HOW DID SERVICE LEARNING AFFECT YOU?
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Week 10.
Creating Markets for Public Service April 1
The Saguaro Seminar, Better Together, “Work and Social Capital,” available
online at http://www.bettertogether.org/pdfs/Work.pdf
Arinaitwe Stephenson, “The Pursuit of CSR and Business Ethics,” Journal of
American Academy of Business, March, 2009, available on BB
Judy Nagy and Alan Robb, “Can Universities be Good Corporate Citizens,”
Critical Perspectives on Accounting, February, 2008, available on BB
Michael Edwards, “Philanthrocapitalism: After the Goldrush” OpenDemocracy,
available at http://www.opendemocracy.net/ or on BB
JOURNAL ENTRY: IS NYU SOCIALLY RESPONSIBLE?
Week 11.
The Corporate Citizen/The Citizen Entrepreneur April 8
Pick five winners of Fast Company’s 2008 “Social Capitalist” award winners, and
browse the list, pick five for more detailed assessment, click through to several
slide shows, available online at http://www.fastcompany.com/social.
Martin and Osberg, “Social Entrepreneurship: The Case for Definition, Stanford
Social Innovation Review, available on BB
Light, In Search of Social Entrepreneurship, chapters 1-4, 7.
JOURNAL ENTRY: WHAT IS CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY?
Week 12a.
THE THIRD REALM OF SERVICE: Voluntary/Long-Term
Engagement April 15
Light, A Government Ill Executed, chapter 4 available on BB
Heather McLeod Grant and Leslie R. Crutchfield, “Creating High Impact
Nonprofits,” Stanford Social Innovation Review, fall 2007, available on BB
JOURNAL ENTRY: WHAT ARE YOU LOOKING FOR IN A JOB? A
CAREER?
Week 12b.
Entry Points, etc
Light, A Government Ill Executed, chapter 5 available on BB
Partnership for Public Service, “Tapping America’s Potential,” available online at
http://ourpublicservice.org/OPS/publications/
8
Partnership for Public Service, “Mid-Career Hiring in the Federal Government,”
available online at ibid.
JOURNAL ENTRY: HAVE YOU EVER HAD A PUBLIC-SERVICE
INTERNSHIP? IF YES, HOW DID IT AFFECT YOUR INTEREST IN A
PUBLIC-SERVICE CAREER? IF NOT, WHY NOT?
Week 13a.
Life in the Career Public Service April 22
Light, To Restore and Renew: Now Is the Time to Rebuild the Public Service,
available online at http://www.brookings.edu/views/articles/light/200111ge.htm
Light, The Content of Their Character: The State of the Nonprofit Workforce,
http://www.brookings.edu/views/papers/light/20021002.htm
Light, The Health of the Human Services Workforce, read pages 1-33, browse the
survey results, available on Blackboard
JOURNAL ENTRY: WOULD YOU RECOMMEND A JOB IN
GOVERNMENT OR NONPROFIT-LAND TO A FRIEND? WHY AND/OR
WHY NOT?
Week 13b.
Making a Difference in Government
Partnership for Public Service, “Service to America Medals” profiles, read six
2007 medal winners and read their stories online at
http://servicetoamericamedals.org/SAM/
Harvard University, John F. Kennedy School of Government “Innovation in
Government Award Winners,” read the entire pamphlet online at
http://content.knowledgeplex.org/streams/ksg/AshInstitute/KSG-1007_24pgs_LoResPg.pdf
Week 14.
THE FOURTH REALM OF SERVICE: Required/Long-Term
Engagement April 29 Papers Due
Corporation for National and Community Service, Serving Country and
Community: A Longitudinal Study of Service in Americorps, executive summary,
available at www.americorps.gov.
Wattenberg, Is Voting for Young People, chapter 8
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