EXPERIENCES IN RURAL WATER SUPPLY AND SANITATION GRAM VIKAS, INDIA

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EXPERIENCES IN RURAL WATER

SUPPLY AND SANITATION

GRAM VIKAS, INDIA

A familiar scene

Waiting for the dark..

More than 1.1 billion individuals donot have access to safe drinking water

More than 2.4 billion people donot have access to rudimentary sanitation

India signatory to MDG to reduce by half ……

The search continues ..

Private sector

Demand driven

Capacity building

Community involvement

Appropriate tech

.

SANITATION AND COST

ERA OF 80S - SUBSIDY DRIVEN

COST RECOVERY AND AFFORDABILITY

MILLIONS OF PEOPLE CONTINUE TO PAY HIGHER

PRICE FOR SUB STANDARD SERVICES

PROVISION OF SOCIAL COST ESSENTIAL IF ACCESS

TO BASIC SERVICE CONSTITUTE A HUMAN RIGHT

sanitation and

Sustainability

Health perspective- technological solution

Integration with water- ground picture different

Target approach has not helped

Need to create a “ win win” situation

CHA_0023

Bringing

Sanitation&Water supply

Village by

Village

Gram Vikas way

Location of Work

22 Districts

800 Habitations

50,000 Families

2,50,071 People

Context

80% morbidity in rural India

Due to lack of protected and safe drinking water and sanitation.

94% population in rural orissa have no access to protected water

Less than 1% have access to sanitation facilities

Unprotected water bodies are the breeding grounds for various waterborne ailments.

The daily drudgery doesn't spare anyone

Not even children…

Exclusion is a bane in society

Water and Sanitation

A vehicle for social inclusion

Core Values

Inclusion

Social

Equity

MANTRA

Cost Sharing

Gender

Equity

Sustainability

100% Coverage of all households

• Water and sanitation anchored within local institutional arrangements

•Equal representation of men and women

•Each household contributes an average of

Rs. 1000 ($22) towards corpus fund

People can and will pay for quality but there are social costs

TWIN PIT POUR FLUSH

24 x7 protected piped water supply to houses

• People contribute their labour and local materials and Gram

Vikas pays the cost of external materials (USD

75)

Training in Masonry

WATER TANKS

Ensuring Sustainability

Institutional mechanisms to enforce and maintain hygienic practices- group monitoring by children, women ..

Ensuring all time 100% coverage

Identification of maintenance mechanisms, e.g. contribution from harvests; community pisciculture; monthly payments

Introduction of volumetric pricing at the household level for water

Building Dignity , not just toilets!

Community Capital

Inclusive village institutions adopt democratic ways of functioning

Women gain public space and voice in village decision making process;

Capacities to negotiate and bargain with state and other agencies improved- role of contractor eliminated

Improvement in health status of women and children

Improved functioning of schools and increase in enrollment of children.

Results

85% reduction in incidence of water-borne diseases

Corpus fund of over Rs. 50 million

Toilet and bathing rooms constructed for 50246 households in 787villages

Toilets to new households: 359 units

Government development funds of about Rs.56 million accessed annually directly by villages

Over 90% immunisation of children

Over 90% enrolment of children in school; attendance over 80% for girl children

Influencing government policies on sanitation and water supply

CHALLENGES

• 100 PERCENT COVERAGE A TALL

ORDER

• INTEGRATION WITH WATER NOT

THE PRIORITY

• TARGET APPROACH

• CHALLENGE IN WORKING WITH THE

GOVERNMENT

V

I

K

A

S

G

R

A

M

An equitable and sustainable society where people live in peace with dignity

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