LATIN AMERICA in the 20th CENTURY Problems After Independence, Post-1820s dominance by Creoles castas’ class divisions = o monoculture = foreign intervention o 20th Century Trends in Latin America Mexican Revolution (1910-1920) sets example for change in Latin America radical movements found appeal amongst o military dictatorships common o Post-Cold War: o Guatemala o 1944, Juan Arevalo & 1951, Jacobo Arbenz elected o US feared o CIA backed coup, 1954 o favored US trade interests Cuba o Cuban peasants in poverty o politically repressive & corrupt o showed favoritism to o peasants & students use o o promised reforms Castro: o o censorship + jailed/executed rivals exiles & refugees fled to o o successes in healthcare & public education o o US reaction? o o Cuba impoverished after Mexico Outcomes of the Mexican Revolution (1910-20)? o o Constitution of 1917 promised reforms o President Lazaro Cardenas, 1934-40 o o o Modern Politics: o 2000, President Vicente Fox (PAN) o 2 multi-party elections since Modern Economy: o 1980s-present: more support for free-market system o developing industrial economy o NAFTA, 1994 Goal?: How?: Benefits of NAFTA? Drawbacks of NAFTA? Elsewhere in Latin America Dictatorships & Dependencies o ex. Democracy & Development o ex.