Homework 14 - Chapter 9: Expanding Markets and Moving West Read pg. 272 - 300 and answer the questions. Section 1: The Market Revolution 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. What did Sam Morse do for a living before inventing the telegraph? How much did the first 40 miles of telegraph cost? How long did it take for Morse to send the first electric message? How did the revolutionize communication? How did industrialization change the lives of workers and consumers? Farmers changed from self sufficiency to specializing in a cash crops like cotton and wheat? Why is this siginificant? The developments are called the market revolution. How did this improve the standard of living for all Americans? What is capitalism? Who are entrepreneurs? Why are Americans still the most successful businessmen in the world even today? What inventions did the following make: Goodyear Howe Singer Morse Fulton 12. Why did railroads emerge as the most important technological advancement of the 1850s? 13. Railroads, canal, and paved roads linked the north, south, and west together. What was the impact on the growth of the US in each region? 14. What did John Deere invent, it is not the tractor? 15. What did Cyrus McCormick invent? 16. How did they change agriculture? Section 2: Manifest Destiny 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. Summarize Amelia Knight’s journey on the Oregon Trail. According to Jefferson what was the US supposed to do with the western lands? What does the term Manifest Destiny mean? What attracted settlers to the west? Why did Chief Black Hawk lead a rebellion against the US? After the failure where did the last Indians east of the Mississippi move to? What was the middle ground and why was it so important to both settlers and Indians in the west? What did the Fort Laramie Treaty say? Why did it fail to prevent the next US/Indian war? Which trail connected Missouri to New Mexico? Which trail ran from Missouri to the Williamette Valley? Why did everyone want to travel the Oregon trail and risk the great dangers? Who was Joseph Smith? What happened to him? 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. Who was the next leader of the Mormons? Where did the Mormon Trail end? Where the Mormons successful in creating Deseret? Why were the Mormons persecuted from New York all the way to Utah? How did President Polk resolve the territory dispute the US and Great Britain? How did the campaign slogan “54 40 or Fight” help Polk win the election of 1844? Section 3: Expansion in Texas 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. Who was Stephen Austin? What warning did he give from prison? How did the mission system operate in Spanish territories? How did newly independent Mexico attempt to strengthen itself? Who were the empresarios and what made them powerful? What lead Americans to answer the fever call: “Go to Texas”!? How much had the US previously offered Mexico for Texas land? How did Santa Anna start the Texas Revolution? What happened at the Alamo? Why is this event important in Texas history? Who was the hero of Texas during the Revolution? What happened at the Battle of San Jacinto? What was the battle cry? What was born in September of 1836? Why did Texas have to wait 9 years until 1845 to join the US? Section 4: The War with Mexico 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. What observations did Captain Robert E. Lee make about the first battle he fought in during the Mexican War? Why did President Polk push for war with Mexico? What did John Slidell propose to Mexico? In the US, how did people from the north, south, and west view the possible war with Mexico? What happened to General Zachary Taylor’s army near the Rio Grande River? What did Polk urge Congress to do? Was it justified? Who was Stephen Kearney and what was his major accomplishment? What was the major weakness of the Mexican Army? Who were the two major generals for the US army? What battle did Taylor win? How did Winfield Scott capture Mexico City and end the war? Who were the Los Ninos Heroes? What officially ended the Mexican War? What did the US gain from the war? What did the US buy for $10 million? How did Taylor win the election of 1848? Why were men such as Taylor and Scott future presidential candidates? What was found near Sutter’s Mill in 1848? Why are the 49ers famous? What happened to gold prospectors who arrived after the Gold Rush in 1850? 22. What was unique about the population of California in the 1850s?