Standards of Learning: The Civil Rights Movement
SOL: 9 a The student will demonstrate knowledge of the key domestic and international issues during the second half of the twentieth and early twenty-first centuries by a.
Examining the Civil Rights Movement and the changing role of women.
Students should understand:
The Civil Rights Movement resulted in
that ensured constitutional rights to all citizens regardless of race.
Women activists were inspired by the achievements of the
and took action to gain equality for themselves, particularly in the workplace.
Question: What were some effects of segregation on American society?
Answer: Some effects of segregation: a) b) c)
facilities and resources for white and African American students
Separate public facilities (e.g.,
, drinking fountains, restaurants)
Question: How did the African American struggle for equality become a mass movement? How did the law support the struggle for equality for African Americans?
Answer: Civil Rights Movement: a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h)
Opposition to Plessy v. Ferguson – “
Brown v. Board of Education –
Martin Luther King, Jr. –
resistance against segregated facilities; “I have a dream” speech
Rosa Parks – Montgomery (AL) bus
, sit-ins, marches
Expansion of the NAACP
Rights Act of 1964
Voting Rights Act of
Question: How were women disadvantaged in the workplace?
Answer: Workplace disadvantages included:
for women than for men doing the same job
Question: What actions were taken to improve conditions for women?
Answer: Conditions improved due to:
National Organization for Women
: Federal legislation to force colleges to give women equal
The Equal Rights Amendment: despite its
, its focus on equal opportunity employment created a wider range of options and advancement for women in