Today’s Date: 3/20/15 Causes of the Civil War – Study Guide Quiz Date: Friday, March 27th Students can also study for this assessment by visiting http://quizlet.com/10823560/vs7a-northern-and-southern-states-and-west-virginia-flash-cards/ Rebel: To act against something. Plantation: A large farm where cash crops are grown. Abolitionist: One who was against slavery and wanted laws passed that would force slave owners to free their slaves. Agricultural area: an area with many farms Industrial area: an area with many factories Northern Economy: Based on industry and relied on paid workers. Southern Economy: Based on agriculture and relied on slavery. New states were forming in the Western Territories, which caused more differences between the North and South. The North wanted the new states to be “free states” and the South wanted the new states to be “slave states”. Virginia on Slavery: Virginia was divided over the issue of slavery. The people who lived in the western counties of the state were against slavery and sided with the North. The people in the eastern counties of the state depended on slavery and sided with the other southern states. Formation of West Virginia: The disagreement between the two regions in Virginia led to this new state. Nat Turner: A slave who led a revolt against plantation owners in Virginia in 1831. 60-70 slaves roamed the countryside killing white men, women and children. He was captured and put to death. Harriet Tubman: A famous runaway who risked her life to lead hundreds of slaves to freedom on the Underground Railroad. John Brown: A well-known abolitionist who tried to start a slave rebellion at Harpers Ferry, Virginia in 1859. The rebellion plan failed and the leader was convicted of treason and hanged. Presidential Election of 1860: Many southerners wanted a president who would favor slavery. The presidency went to Abraham Lincoln and the South feared that slavery would soon be abolished. Within months, many states seceded from the Union and formed the Confederate States of America. Underground Railroad: A network of secret routes and safe houses that helped slaves escape to the north into “free” territories like Canada. Abolitionists, such as Tubman, risked their own lives and safety to help other achieve freedom.